Farmington, New Mexico

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The City of Farmington
City
Farmington Civic Center
Farmington Civic Center
Official seal of The City of Farmington
Seal
Nickname(s): Baseball Town, U.S.A
Location of Farmington in New Mexico
Location of Farmington in New Mexico
Coordinates: 36°45′6″N 108°11′23″W / 36.75167°N 108.18972°W / 36.75167; -108.18972Coordinates: 36°45′6″N 108°11′23″W / 36.75167°N 108.18972°W / 36.75167; -108.18972
Country United States
State New Mexico
County San Juan
Founded 1901
Government
 • Mayor Thomas Roberts (R)
Area
 • Total 27.0 sq mi (69.9 km2)
 • Land 26.6 sq mi (68.8 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
Elevation 5,395 ft (1,644 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 45,877
Time zone Mountain Time Zone (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) Mountain Daylight Time (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 87401, 87402, 87499
Area code(s) 505
FIPS code 35-25800
GNIS feature ID 0902246
Website www.fmtn.org
Sixth most populous New Mexico city

Farmington is a city in San Juan County in the US state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 U.S. Census the city had a total population of 45,877 people. Farmington (and surrounding San Juan County) makes up one of the four Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA's) in New Mexico. The U.S. Census Bureau's population estimate in 2011 for Farmington was about 45,256.[1]

Farmington is located at the junction of the San Juan River, the Animas River, and the La Plata River, and is located on the Colorado Plateau. Farmington is the largest City of San Juan County, one of the geographically largest counties in the United States covering 5,538 square miles (14,340 km2). The county seat and the other city in San Juan County is Aztec. Farmington serves as the commercial hub for most of northwestern New Mexico and the Four Corners region of four states. Farmington lies at or near the junction of three important highways U.S. Highway 550, U.S. Highway 64, and New Mexico Highway 371.

It is on the Trails of the Ancients Byway, one of the designated New Mexico Scenic Byways.[2]

The primary industries of San Juan County are in the mining of petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Major coal mines are the Navajo and San Juan mines, operated by BHP Billiton 15 to 19 miles (24 to 31 km) southwest of Farmington. The coal mined from the Navajo and San Juan mines is used entirely for fuel for the nearby Four Corners Generating Station and San Juan Power Plant to produce electric power.

Farmington is known across New Mexico and throughout the southwest for its baseball tournaments, and the Ricketts Ball Park is the home of the Connie Mack World Series.[3] Farmington High School claimed the AAAA Baseball State Championship four years in a row from 2005 through 2008. Piedra Vista High School also claimed the AAAA Baseball State Championship in 2010 and 2011.[4]

History[edit]

The area that is now Farmington was settled by the Anasazi in the 7th Century. Ruins can be visited at nearby Salmon Ruins and in Aztec Ruins.[5] When the Anasazi left the area, the Navajos, Jicarilla Apaches, and Utes moved into the area. A key part of the region was known in Navajo as "Totah", which means "where three rivers meet".[6]

Although Spanish and American mineral prospecting happened in the area, there were few permanent settlements. In 1868, the Navajo Nation was created taking up the western half of San Juan County, New Mexico. Six years later, the U.S. government offered territory in the rest of San Juan County to the Jicarilla Apache but they refused. As a result, the area was opened for settlement and a number of settlers moved into the region from Southern Colorado.[5] The area was originally known as "Junction City" because of the access to the three rivers.[6]

In 1901 the town was incorporated and named Farmington with a population of 548.[5] By September 19, 1905, the railroad was finished connecting Farmington to Durango, Colorado expanding economic and settlement opportunities. It was unusual in that it was a standard gauge railroad that connected to the Denver & Rio Grande Western narrow gauge lines of southwestern Colorado. The railroad converted the line to narrow gauge in 1923. The line was abandoned in 1968 and the line was dismantled to Durango in 1969.[7] In addition, in the 1920s there was significant investment in natural gas and oil in the area, although actual production remained low until the 1950s. With construction of a developed road connecting Farmington to U.S. Route 66 and Albuquerque in the 1940s and the construction of the San Juan Basin Natural Gas Pipeline in 1953 – a venture led by Tom Bolack – the population expanded significantly.[5] It expanded from 3,637 in 1950 to 35,000 in 1953 and the expansion continued after that.[5] However, the significant connection to the energy industry made the economics of the town largely vulnerable to international market fluctuations during the 1970s energy crisis and resulted in some economic diversification.[5]

In 1967, as part of a joint U.S. Government-El Paso Electric operation, an underground nuclear detonation occurred 50 miles (80 km) east of Farmington and about 25 miles (40 km) south of Dulce, New Mexico in present day Carson National Forest. This pilot project of Operation Plowshare, codenamed Project Gasbuggy, was an attempt to fracture a large volume of underground bedrock to make more natural gas available for extraction by gas wells.[8]

The people of Farmington have been the subject of several civil rights investigations, including the 2005 report, The Farmington Report: Civil Rights for Native Americans 30 Years Later.[9]

On March 18, 1950, Farmington was the site of a mass UFO sighting where over half the town's population was reported to have seen large saucers in the sky flying at rapid speeds.[6]

Geography[edit]

Farmington is located at 36°45′6″N 108°11′23″W / 36.75167°N 108.18972°W / 36.75167; -108.18972 (36.751549, −108.189768).[10]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Farmington has a total area of 27.0 square miles (70 km2), of which 26.6 square miles (69 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it is water.

The Navajo Indian Reservation is west of Farmington, the Ute Mountain Indian Reservation is to the northwest, and the Southern Ute Indian Reservation is northeast of the city. Prehistoric Native American ruins are located nearby. The Aztec Ruins National Monument and the Salmon Ruins are ancient dwellings located just to the northeast and the east of Farmington. Mesa Verde National Park lies about 40 miles (64 km) to the northwest, and Chaco Culture National Historical Park is about 50 miles (80 km) to the southeast.

Climate[edit]

Farmington has a semi-arid climate.[11] The city can experience hot summers and cold winters with low precipitation throughout the year. The average annual snowfall is 12.3 inches (0.31 m).[12]

Climate data for Farmington, New Mexico
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 41
(5)
47
(8)
56
(13)
65
(18)
75
(24)
85
(29)
90
(32)
87
(31)
79
(26)
66
(19)
52
(11)
41
(5)
65.3
(18.4)
Average low °F (°C) 20
(−7)
25
(−4)
30
(−1)
36
(2)
46
(8)
55
(13)
61
(16)
60
(16)
52
(11)
40
(4)
29
(−2)
21
(−6)
39.6
(4.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.53
(13.5)
0.61
(15.5)
0.78
(19.8)
0.65
(16.5)
0.54
(13.7)
0.21
(5.3)
0.90
(22.9)
1.26
(32)
1.04
(26.4)
0.91
(23.1)
0.68
(17.3)
0.50
(12.7)
8.61
(218.7)
Source: The Weather Channel[13]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2010, there were 45,877 people, 17,548 housing units, and 11,500 families residing in Farmington. The racial makeup of the city (non-Hispanic) was 52.4% White, 0.8% African American, 21.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.4% of the population.

There were 16,466 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.7 and the average family size was 3.19.

A.F. Miller store and home, Farmington, circa 1885, the first store in Farmington.

Education[edit]

The Farmington Municipal School District serves over 10,000 students in grades K-12 in 18 schools.[15] The high schools are Farmington High School, Piedra Vista High School, and Rocinante High School. There are six private schools.[15] San Juan College is a public two-year college with average enrollment of about 10,000.[16]:2–2

College Boulevard is a 3-mile (4.8 km) road with a variety of levels of education, from preschool to an associate degree.[17] The schools that can be attended here include (in order) Casa Montessori Pre-School, Mesa Verde Elementary School, Heights Middle School, Piedra Vista High School, and San Juan College. All five located on College Boulevard.

Farmington Public Library moved into a new building in 2003 and holds about 200,000 items in its collection. There is a branch library in Shiprock.

Transportation[edit]

Air transportation

Highway

Railroad There is no passenger railroad service anywhere in San Juan County.

Intercity bus There is intercity bus service in Farmington.

Activities[edit]

Farmington has been the home of the Connie Mack World Series baseball tournament, played in August every year at Ricketts Park (capacity 5,072), for 43 years. Connie Mack league regular season play allows players between the ages of 16 to 18 to participate. The Connie Mack World Series consists of 10 teams from various regions around the United States, including a team from Puerto Rico.[3]

San Juan Plaza in Farmington is also home to an annual strongman competition which takes place the last Saturday of July.

Farmington holds a riverfest once a year. Area rivers are celebrated with a festival of music, fine arts, food, entertainment, a 10K and 5K run & walk, riverside trail walks and river raft rides.

Pinon Hills Golf Course, designed by Ken Dye, in Farmington is one of the United States' Top Municipal Golf Courses. Owned and operated by the City of Farmington, Pinon Hills has been ranked in the Top Municipal Golf Courses by Golfweek Magazine for several years.[18]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Farmington, New Mexico, U.S. Census Bureau, accessed December 29, 2012.
  2. ^ Trail of the Ancients. New Mexico Tourism Department. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "History". official site. Connie Mack World Series. Retrieved December 9, 2010. 
  4. ^ "New Mexico State Baseball Champions" (PDF). NMAA. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Smith, Claudia. "Farmington". New Mexico Office of the State Historian. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  6. ^ a b c Hudnall, Ken; Hudnall, Sharon (2005). Spritis of the Border IV: The History and Mystery of New Mexico. El Paso: Omega Press. 
  7. ^ http://www.actionroad.net/DRGW-Relics/DRGW-Relics-FMN.htm
  8. ^ Szasz, Ferenc M. (2006). Larger than Life: New Mexico in the Twentieth Century. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press. p. 156. 
  9. ^ http://www.usccr.gov/pubs/122705_FarmingtonReport.pdf
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-AnOY3bX30oI/TZvUMicLbUI/AAAAAAAAABg/J5l2PgBA2Cc/s1600/climatemapusa2yv3.png
  12. ^ "Welcome to Farmington, New Mexico". Farmington Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  13. ^ "Average Weather for Farmington, NM – Temperature and Precipitation". Retrieved August 16, 2012. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ a b "Schools in Farmington New Mexico". Farmington Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved May 18, 2008. 
  16. ^ San Juan College Fact Book 2007 (PDF). Farmington, NM: San Juan College Office of Institutional Research. Retrieved May 18, 2008. 
  17. ^ http://distance.unm.edu/index.cfm?fuseaction=centerinfo&center_del_code=FMNGTN distance.unm.edu
  18. ^ "Best Municipal Courses 2011". Golfweek. Retrieved September 1, 2012. 

External links[edit]