Portal:New Mexico

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New Mexico Portal

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New Mexico is one of the 50 states in the United States, and one of the last to be admitted into the union. Admitted on January 6, 1912 it became the 47th state. Located in the southwestern region of the U.S, New Mexico is the 4th largest state by land area in the continental U.S, but is among the least populated with a population density of only 15 per square mile. With a high percentage of Hispanic Americans and Native Americans, the demographics and culture of the state has a unique Spanish, Mexican, and American Indian influence. The climate of the state is highly arid and its territory is mostly covered by mountains and desert.

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Space Shuttle Columbia lands at Northup Strip with two T-38 Talon planes following.

White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), formerly known as the White Sands Proving Grounds, is a rocket range in New Mexico operated by the United States Army. The range which covers an area of almost 3,200 mi² (8 287 km²), gets its name from the white sands that are spread over many miles in the area. It is located in Doña Ana and Otero counties mostly within the Tularosa Basin (a valley between the Organ Mountains, San Andres Mountains and the Sacramento Mountains) but it also includes the northern reaches of the Jornada del Muerto.

Established on 9 July 1945, the range was the site of the world's first atomic weapon test on July 16, 1945 at what is now called Trinity site. V-2 rockets captured in Germany at the end of World War II were taken to WSMR for reverse engineering by the Hermes project, and as part of Operation Paperclip.

In 1963 NASA established the White Sands Test Facility on the range. For the next three years NASA launched Little Joe II boosters from Launch Complex 36 at White Sands to conduct launch escape system tests for the Apollo program. More recently, the NASA Space Shuttle program has used a landing area there known as White Sands Space Harbor located about 45 miles north of WSMR headquarters.


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State Facts


State symbols:

State Capital: Santa Fe
State Mottos: "Crescit eundo" ("It Grows as It Goes")
State Songs: "O Fair New Mexico"
State Tree: Two-Needle Piñon Pine
State Flower: Yucca flower
State Grasses: Blue grama
State Bird: Greater roadrunner
State Animal: Black Bear
State Reptile: New Mexico Whiptail Lizard
State Amphibian: New Mexico Spadefoot Toad
State Fish: Rio Grande cutthroat trout
State Insect: Tarantula Hawk Wasp
State Butterfly: Sandia Hairstreak
State Cookie: Bizcochito
State Vegetables: Hatch chile and Pinto Bean
State Rock: Turquoise
State Poem: A Nuevo Mexico
State Ships: USS New Mexico (BB-40) & USS New Mexico (SSN-779)
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State Question: Red or green? (Asked of restaurant patrons who order chile)

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Hotel "Inn and Spa at Loretto"
near to the Plaza in Santa Fe, New Mexico
Photo credit: User:JuliusR
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John Denver (December 31, 1943 – October 12, 1997), born Henry John Deutschendorf, Jr., was an American folk singer-songwriter and folk rock musician who was one of the most popular artists of the 1970s. He recorded and released some 300 songs, about half of which he had composed, and was named Poet Laureate of Colorado in 1977.

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Attractions

Hasta la Vista

The state also has a number of casinos located on Native American Indian Reservations that attract thousands of visitors each year.

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