Las Cruces, New Mexico
|City of Las Cruces|
|— City —|
|Nickname(s): The City of the Crosses|
|Motto: People Helping People|
|• Mayor||Ken Miyagishima|
|• City Manager||Robert Garza|
|• City||76.31 sq mi (122.81 km2)|
|• Land||76.29 sq mi (122.77 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||4,000 ft (1,219 m)|
|• City||99,665 (US: 288th)|
|• Metro||213,598 (US: 199th)|
|Time zone||Mountain (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||DST (UTC-6)|
|GNIS feature ID||0899715|
Las Cruces, also known as "The City of the Crosses", is the county seat of Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 97,618 in 2010 according to the 2010 Census, making it the second largest city in the state.
Las Cruces is the economic and geographic center of the fertile Mesilla Valley, which is the agricultural region on the flood plain of the Rio Grande which extends from Hatch, New Mexico to the west side of El Paso, Texas. Las Cruces is also the home of New Mexico State University (NMSU), New Mexico's only land grant university. The city's major employer is the federal government on nearby White Sands Test Facility and White Sands Missile Range. Recently the city has been home to many of the retired from across the country. The majestic Organ Mountains, ten miles (16 km) to the east, are dominant in the city's landscape, along with the Doña Ana Mountains, Robledo Mountains, and Picacho Peak.
The area where Las Cruces rose was previously inhabited by the Manso people, with the Mescalero Apache living nearby.:19 The area was later colonized by the Spanish beginning in 1598, when Juan de Oñate claimed all territory north of the Rio Grande for New Spain and later became the first governor of the Spanish territory of New Mexico.:20–21
The area remained under New Spain’s control until September 28, 1821 when the first Mexican Empire claimed ownership. The area was also claimed by the Republic of Texas during this time until the end of the Mexican-American War in 1846–48. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 established the United States as owner of this territory and Las Cruces was founded in 1849 when the US Army laid out the town plans.:36,40
Mesilla became the leading settlement of the area, with more than 2,000 residents in 1860, more than twice what Las Cruces had.:48 When the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway reached the area, the landowners of Mesilla refused to sell it the rights-of-way, and instead residents of Las Cruces donated the rights-of-way and land for a depot in Las Cruces.:58 The first train reached Las Cruces in 1881.:62 Las Cruces was not affected as strongly by the train as some other villages, as it was not a terminus or a crossroads, but the population did grow to 2,300 in the 1880s. Las Cruces was incorporated as a town in 1907.:135:63
Growth of Las Cruces has been attributed to the university, government jobs and recent retirees. New Mexico State University was founded in 1888. And it has grown as Las Cruces has grown. The establishment of White Sands Missile Range in 1944 and White Sands Test Facility in 1963 has been integral to population growth. Las Cruces is the nearest city to each, and they provide Las Cruces' work force many high-paying, stable, government jobs. In recent years, the influx of retirees from out of state has also increased Las Cruces’ population.
In the 1960s Las Cruces undertook a large urban renewal project, intended to convert the old downtown into a modern city-center.:115 As part of this, St. Genevieve's Catholic Church, built in 1859, was razed to make way for a Downtown Pedestrian Mall.:44,75,115 The original covered walkways are now being removed in favor of a more traditional main street thoroughfare.
The origin of the city's name is unknown. In Spanish "Las Cruces" means "the crosses." (Some have claimed an alternative meaning of "the crossroads" but this is grammatically implausible, as "cruce", the singular form of crossroad, is masculine and the phrase would be "Los Cruces".)
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2009)|
The approximate elevation of Las Cruces is 3,908 feet (1,191 m) above sea level.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 52.2 square miles (135 km2), of which 52.1 square miles (135 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.25%) is water.
Dona Ana County lies within the Chihuahuan Desert ecoregion, and the vegetation surrounding the built portions of the city are typical of this setting; it includes Creosote Bush (Larrea tridentata), Soaptree (Yucca elata), Tarbush (Flourensia cernua), Broom Dalea (Psorothamnus scoparius), and various desert grasses such as Tobosa (Hilaria mutica or Pleuraphis mutica) and Black Grama (Bouteloua eriopoda).
The Rio Grande bisects the Mesilla Valley and Las Cruces proper, supplying irrigation water for the intensive agriculture surrounding the city. Prior to farming and ranching, desert shrub vegetation extended into the valley from the adjacent deserts, including extensive stands of Tornillo (Prosopis pubescens) and Catclaw Acacia (Acacia greggii). Desert grasslands extend in large part between the edges of Las Cruces and the lower slopes of the nearby Organ and Robledo Mountains, where grasses and assorted shrubs and cacti dominate large areas of this mostly rangeland as well as the occasional large-lot subdivision housing.
The desert and desert grassland uplands surrounding both sides of the Mesilla Valley are often dissected with arroyos, which are dry streams that often carry water following heavy thunderstorms. These arroyos often contain scattered small trees, and they serve as wildlife corridors between Las Cruces' urban areas and adjacent deserts or mountains.
Unlike many cities its size, Las Cruces lacks a true central business district. This is because in the 1960s a large urban renewal project tore down a large part of the original downtown. Most Las Crucens would agree that the modern "heart" of the city, where most stores and restaurants are located, is the rapidly developing eastside area running north and south along Telshor Boulevard and east and west along Lohman Avenue. Las Cruces' only shopping mall and a variety of retail stores and restaurants are located in this area.
However, the historic downtown of the city is the area around Main Street, a six-block stretch of which was closed off in 1973 to form the "Downtown Mall", a pedestrianized shopping area. The downtown mall has an extensive farmers market each Wednesday and Saturday morning, where a variety of foods and cultural items can be purchased from numerous small stands that are set up by local farmers, artists, and craftspeople. It also contains museums, businesses, restaurants, churches, art galleries and theaters, which add a great deal to the changing character of Las Cruces' historic downtown.
In August 2005, a master plan was adopted, the centerpiece of which was the restoration of narrow lanes of two-way traffic on this model portion of Main Street shown to the right. Main Street was reopened to vehicular traffic in 2012.
In February 2013, Las Cruces Mayor Ken Miyagishima, announced during his State of the City Address that a 700-acre park is the area being developed behind the Las Cruces Dam, in cooperation with the Army Corps of Engineers. The area will feature trails through restored wetlands and serve as a major refuge for migratory birds. The park is expected to be larger than New York’s Central Park, and a key recreational area for the city.
Las Cruces has an arid climate. Winters alternate between cool and windy weather following trough and frontal passages, with warm, sunny periods in between; light frosts occur many nights. Spring months are warm and can be windy, particularly in the afternoons, sometimes causing periods of blowing dust and short-lived dust storms. Summers begin with hot weather, with some extended periods of over 100 °F (38 °C) weather not uncommon, while the latter half of the summer seeing increased humidity and frequent afternoon thunderstorms, with slightly lower daytime temperatures. Autumns quickly cool into warm to mild weather, and precipitation decreases.
Precipitation is often light from fall to spring, with some winter storm systems bringing steady precipitation to the Las Cruces area. Most winter moisture is in the form of rain, though some light snow falls most winters, usually enough to accumulate and stay on the ground for a few hours, at most. Warm season precipitation is often from heavy showers, especially from the late summer monsoon weather pattern.
|Climate data for Las Cruces, New Mexico (1981-2010 normals)|
|Record high °F (°C)||78
|Average high °F (°C)||59
|Average low °F (°C)||29
|Record low °F (°C)||−10
|Precipitation inches (mm)||0.51
|Source: NOAA |
Census 2010 data 
As of the 2010 census Las Cruces had a population of 97,618. The ethnic and racial makeup of the population was 56.8% Hispanic or Latino, 37.5% non-Hispanic white, 2.4% Afircan American, 1.7% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.1% non-Hispanic from some other race and 3.5% reporting two or more races.
Census 2000 data 
As of the census of 2000, there were 74,267 people, 29,184 households, and 18,123 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,425.7 people per square mile (550.5/km²). There were 31,682 housing units at an average density of 608.2 per square mile (234.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.01% White, 2.34% African American, 1.74% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 21.59% from other races, and 4.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 51.73% of the population.
There were 29,184 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 16.0% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,375, and the median income for a family was $37,670. Males had a median income of $30,923 versus $21,759 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,704. About 17.2% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over. I
2011 estimates 
Las Cruces and the Las Cruces Metropolitan Statistical Area's July 1, 2011 populations were estimated at 99,665 and 213,598 respectively by the United States Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program.
|This section requires expansion with: see WP:USCITY for needed topics. (September 2008)|
Film and television shoots 
Movies and TV series shot in Las Cruces include:
- The two-hour pilot episode for the TV series Cannon was shot in and around Las Cruces.
- In 1970 the movie Up in the Cellar was shot in and around Las Cruces and New Mexico State University. The film features scenes where buildings were destroyed and a radio station transmitter tower is destroyed. (This was actually part of an urban renewal project that removed a large part of "Old" Downtown Las Cruces.) The film stars Larry Hagman.
- The 1964 pilot, Calhoun: County Agent, starring Jackie Cooper and Barbara Stanwyck, was filmed in and around Las Cruces, but never aired. The process of writing and shooting the pilot is the subject of Merle Miller and Evan Rhodes's book Only You, Dick Daring!
- A scene for the movie Twins was filmed at Las Cruces International Airport, where Arnold Schwarzenegger's character catches a flight to try to catch up to his twin brother, played by Danny DeVito.
- Several scenes from the movie Traffic were filmed outside the Las Cruces International Airport.
- The 1984 movie Raw Courage (Ronny Cox, Art Hindle, and M. Emmet Walsh) was filmed in and around Las Cruces.
- In 2007–08, the movie The Burning Plain by Guillermo Arriaga was filmed in and around Las Cruces.
- In October 2009, Due Date with Robert Downey, Jr. filmed the car crash scene off the Rinconada bridge; and the overpass of I-25 and Highway 70 for the escape from Mexico. The Organ Mountains immediately east of Las Cruces were used extensively as a backdrop for the movie, once being incorrectly cited as mountains in Houston, Texas, where there are no mountains.
Arts and culture 
Annual events 
Most of Las Cruces's cultural events occur late in the year.
The Border Book Festival occurs the last weekend in April. It features a trade show, readings, workshops, panels, lucha libre, and family storytelling. The festival was founded in 1994 by authors Denise Chávez and Susan Tweit, and Chávez is the Executive Director of the festival.
Two wine festivals are held each year, one over memorial day weekend and one over labor day weekend. They are held at the fairgrounds just West of the city.
The Whole Enchilada Fiesta, held the last weekend in September, is southern New Mexico's most popular festival, with about 50,000 people attending each year. The centerpiece is the making of a large flat enchilada. The fiesta started in 1980 with a 6-foot (1.8 m) diameter enchilada, and it has grown over the years. In 2000 the fiesta's 10-foot-diameter (3.2 m) enchilada was certified by 1⁄2Guinness World Records as the world's largest. After the enchilada is assembled it is cut into many pieces and served to the fiesta attendees. The enchilada is the brainchild of local restaurant owner Roberto V. Estrada, who directs its preparation each year. The celebration also features a parade, live music, art and crafts, athletic events, a carnival, and a car and motorcycle show.
The Southern New Mexico State Fair, usually held the first week in October at the fairgrounds west of Las Cruces, promotes traditional agriculture. Boasting one of the largest Junior Livestock Shows in the state, the fair invites youth from six counties in New Mexico and Texas to participate.
The local Day of the Dead (Día de los Muertos), originated in Mexico, and is a celebration of the lives of those now dead. It is held November 1–2 by The Calavera Coalition, a nonprofit organization. The event is held at the plaza in Mesilla, and the Branigan Cultural Center in downtown Las Cruces.
The Renaissance ArtsFaire, founded in 1971, includes a juried art show and is put on the by the Doña Ana Arts Council each year in November. It is held at Young Park.
The Zuhl Museum (Located in the Alumni and Visitor's Center) at New Mexico State University focuses on geologic and collections including the finest collection of petrified wood on display and a large fossil and mineral collection.
There are four city-owned museums. The Branigan Cultural Center examines local history through photographs, sculpture, paintings, and poetry. The building is on the National Register of Historic Places. The Las Cruces Museum of Art offers art exhibits and classes. Las Cruces Museum of Natural History makes science and natural history more accessible to the general public and has an emphasis on local animals and plants. Las Cruces Railroad Museum is in the historic Santa Fe Railroad station. It exhibits the impact of the railroads on the local area.
The Las Cruces Symphony Orchestra is an 80-member orchestra, conducted by Dr. Lonnie Klein The orchestra consists of 47% students, 17% NMSU faculty, 20% other local musicians, and 16% professionals from outside Las Cruces. The venue of the orchestra is the NMSU Music Center Recital Hall. The orchestra received some notoriety with the world premiere of Bill McGlaughlin's Remembering Icarus, a tribute to local radio pioneer Ralph Willis Goddard, was performed by the LCSO on October 1, 2005. The performance was taped and broadcast nationally on NPR's Performance Today on December 9, 2005 and on July 4, 2007 on Performance Today and on Sirius Satellite Radio.
Other points of interest 
Several water tanks in Las Cruces have been painted with murals by Tony Pennock, including one at the intersection of Triviz Drive and Griggs Avenue. Also multimedia artist group Keep Adding have a large mural on Picacho Ave at the Lion's Park titled, Wave Nest.
Nearby points of interest 
The following points of interest are within a few miles of Las Cruces:
The town of Mesilla is a suburb of Las Cruces. It avoided the urban renewal that Las Cruces went through in the 1960s:115 and still has its historic downtown plaza. The Basilica of San Albino and many shops and restaurants are on the town plaza. The Gadsden Museum is dedicated to the family of Albert Jennings Fountain and includes artifacts from the time of the Gadsden Purchase, which made Mesilla a US possession. There is a Visitor Center inside the Town Hall. The Shalem Colony and Oahspe Museum commemorates the utopian Shalem Colony that existed near Las Cruces from 1884 to 1907 and the Oahspe bible that they used.
Fort Selden State Monument is a former United States Army post, active from 1865 to 1891. Buffalo soldiers were stationed here. Douglas MacArthur lived here as a boy (his father was post commander). The fort is located in Radium Springs, New Mexico, 13 miles (21 km) north of Las Cruces on Interstate 25. There is a visitor center.
Aguirre Springs Campground is a hiking area in the Organ Mountains. The entrance is on US Highway 70 on the east side of the mountains. Dripping Springs Natural Area is another hiking area, located farther south and on the west side of the mountains. Both areas are owned and managed by the Bureau of Land Management.
Prehistoric Trackways National Monument is the nation's newest national monument and is currently being developed just northwest of Las Cruces in the Robledo Mountains. This national monument protects 280 million year old fossil footprints and trackways discovered by Jerry P. MacDonald. These trackways include tracks from numerous extinct animals such as: Dimetrodon and Edaphosaurus.
|This section requires expansion with: see WP:USCITY for needed topics. (September 2008)|
The Las Cruces Kings have been a long running semi-professional football team in Las Cruces. Beginning in 2010 Season the Las Cruces Vaqueros were the first ever professional Sports Team in Las Cruces. Andrew Dunn was responsible for bringing the team to Las Cruces. In the 2011 season the Vaqueros joined the Pecos League of Professional Baseball Clubs against White Sands Pupfish, Roswell Invaders, Ruidoso Osos, Alpine Cowboys and Carlsbad Bats. Games will be played at Apodoca Park from May to August.  At the university level, the New Mexico State Aggies, the New Mexico State University teams, compete in the Western Athletic Conference.
Parks and recreation 
|This section requires expansion with: see WP:USCITY for needed topics. (September 2008)|
Las Cruces is a charter city (also called a home rule city) and has a council-manager form of government. The City Council consists of six City Councilors and one Mayor, who chairs the meetings.:Article II The Mayor is elected at-large and each of the City Councilors represents one neighborhood district within the City.:Article II Each resident of Las Cruces is thus represented by the Mayor and by one City Councilor. The Mayor and City Council serve staggered four-year terms. As of the 2009–2011 term, the Mayor is Ken Miyagishima. Councilors are: Miguel G. Silva, Dist. 1; Greg Smith, Dist. 2; Olga Pedroza, Dist. 3; Nathan P. Small, Dist. 4; Gill M. Sorg, Dist. 5; Sharon K. Thomas, Mayor Pro-Tem, Dist. 6. Other city officials are: City Manager, Robert Garza; Assistant City Manager/Chief Operating Officer, Brian Denmark; Assistant City Manager/Chief Administrative Officer, Mark Winson; Director of Communications, Udell Vigil; City Attorney, Harry "Pete" Connelly; Police Chief, Richard Williams; Fire Chief, Travis Brown.
Public schools 
Public schools are in the Las Cruces Public School District. The District covers the city of Las Cruces as well as White Sands Missile Range, the settlement of Doña Ana, and the town of Mesilla. The system has 24 elementary schools, seven middle schools, and five high schools. Of the high schools, San Andres High School is an alternative high school, and Mesilla Valley Training Center is a vocational high school.
There are also three charter schools within the Las Cruces Public Schools. Alma d'arte is a high school with a focus on an integrated arts curriculum. Las Montañas is new charter high school that opened in Fall 2007 and caters to at-risk students. La Academia Dolores Huerta Middle School is the only recognized dual language program in the state.
High schools 
- Arrowhead Park Early College High School
- Centennial High School
- Las Cruces High School
- Mayfield High School
- Oñate High School
Private schools 
There are four private Christian schools. College Heights Kindergarten is a private Christian kindergarten, founded in 1954. Desert Springs Christian Academy, Las Cruces Catholic School and Mesilla Valley Christian School are the other three Christian schools in the area. Also, a small independent Baptist Christian school called the Cornerstone Christian Academy located at the Cornerstone Baptist Church was established in 2005.
Colleges and universities 
New Mexico State University, or NMSU, is a land-grant university that has its main campus in Las Cruces, New Mexico. The school was founded in 1888 as Las Cruces College, an agricultural college, and in 1889 the school became New Mexico College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. It received its present name, New Mexico State University in 1960. The NMSU Las Cruces campus had approximately 18,500 students enrolled as of Fall 2012, and had a faculty-to-student ratio of about 1 to 19. NMSU offers a wide range of programs and awards associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees through its main campus and four community colleges. For 10 consecutive years, NMSU has been rated as one of America's 100 Best College Buys for offering "the very highest quality education at the lowest cost" by Institutional Research & Evaluation Inc., an independent research and consulting organization for higher education. NMSU is one of only two land-grant institutions classified as Hispanic-serving by the federal government. The university is home to New Mexico's NASA Space Grant Program and is one of 52 institutions in the United States to be designated a Space Grant College. During its most recent review by NASA, NMSU was one of only 12 space grant programs in the country to receive an excellent rating.
Dona Ana Community College is a branch of New Mexico State University. When it opened its doors in 1973 it served 500 students through six programs. In 2008, there were 4,607 full-Time equivalent credit enrollments and 7,401 non-credit students served by 133 full-time faculty, 360 part-time instructors, and 155 part-time non-credit teachers together with 227 full-time staff and 131 part-time staff.
DACC operates centers in Gadsden, Sunland Park, and White Sands Missile Range. In Las Cruces, its Central Campus is at 3400 S. Espina Street and its East Mesa Campus is at 2800 N. Sonoma Ranch Blvd. Community Education is available at all centers and campuses and also in Las Cruces at the Mesquite Neighborhood Learning Center at 804 N. Tornillo, and Workforce Center at 2345 E. Nevada St.
Thomas Branigan Memorial Library is the city's public library. It was constructed in 1979:93 and has a collection of about 185,000 items. The previous library building, also called Thomas Branigan Memorial Library, opened in 1935.:68–69 That building is now the Branigan Cultural Center.:8 and is on the National Register of Historic Places.
The metro area has TV broadcasting stations that serve the El Paso – Las Cruces Designated Market Area (DMA) as defined by Nielsen Media Research. The City of Las Cruces operates CLC-TV cable channel 20, an Emmy award-winning 24-hour Government-access television (GATV) and Educational-access television channel on Comcast cable TV in Las Cruces. CLC-TV televises live and recorded Las Cruces city council meetings, Dona Ana County commission meetings and Las Cruces School board meetings. The channel also televises City Beat, a monthly news magazine, hosted by Denise LaFrance-Ojinaga, with information directly related to the City of Las Cruces. Also available for viewing is health news and other government/education related programming, as well as current weather reports and road and traffic information. CLC-TV is not a Public-access television cable TV channel. In addition to a 2009 Emmy Award by the Rocky Mountain Southwest Chapter of the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, CLC-TV received a 1st and 3rd place award by the National Association of Telecommunications Officers and Advisors (NATOA) and five national Telly Awards, four platinum and one gold. All CLC-TV programming is available for viewing online at clctv.com.clctv
Las Cruces Sun-News is a daily newspaper published in Las Cruces by MediaNews Group. Las Cruces Bulletin is a weekly community newspaper published in Las Cruces by FIG Publications, LLC. It is tabloid size and covers local news, business, arts, sports, and homes. The Round Up is the student newspaper at New Mexico State University. It is tabloid size and published twice weekly. The Ink is a monthly tabloid published in Las Cruces, covering the arts and community events in southern New Mexico and west Texas.
Las Cruces has one television station, the PBS outlet KRWG-TV, operated by New Mexico State University. The Telemundo outlet KTDO-TV is licensed in Las Cruces but serves El Paso. The city also receives several Albuquerque, El Paso, and Ciudad Juárez stations. Las Cruces is in Nielsen Media Research's El Paso/Las Cruces television media market.
Las Cruces has one local commercial independent cable television station called "The Las Cruces Channel" (LCC98). It can be seen on Comcast cable channel 98. LCC-98 is not a Public-access television channel. The channel airs programs that are produced locally in their studio facility and by outside producers.
There are approximately ten commercial radio stations in the Las Cruces area, running a variety of formats. Four of these stations are owned by Bravo Mic Communications, LLC, a Las Cruces company. The local NPR outlet is KRWG-FM, operated by New Mexico State University. NMSU also operates a college radio station, KRUX. KRUC is a Spanish-language station in Las Cruces. Many El Paso stations are received in Las Cruces. See list of radio stations in New Mexico for a complete list of stations. Las Cruces is in Arbitron's Las Cruces media market.
- Las Cruces International Airport – No current regularly scheduled commercial passenger flights since July 25, 2005, when Westward Airways ceased operations. General aviation, private charters and CAP use the airport, amongst others.
- El Paso International Airport – Nearest airport with regularly scheduled commercial flights.
Major highways 
- Interstate 10, east-west travel: south-southeast to El Paso, Texas; west to Tucson, Arizona.
- Interstate 25, north-south travel: north to Albuquerque. Las Cruces is the southern terminus for Interstate 25 where it intersects Interstate 10.
- U.S. Route 70, east-west travel: northeast to Alamogordo; to the west it is merged with Interstate 10.
- U.S. Route 180
Las Cruces is served by the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway, via a branch line that extends from Belen, New Mexico to El Paso, Texas. Passenger service on this line was discontinued in 1968, due to low ridership numbers on the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway's (predecessor to the BNSF) El Pasoan train.
Bus Transit 
The city operates a small transit authority known as RoadRUNNER Transit. RoadRUNNER Transit operates a total of nine routes running Mondays through Saturdays. There is no Sunday service. An adult fare is $1.00. The active fleet consists of three Nova Bus RTS (2000 model year) and 11 Gillig Advantage (2004 and 2008 model years) transit buses, all of which are 35 feet (11 m) long and wheelchair-accessible.
City of Las Cruces provides water, sewer, natural gas, and solid waste services, including recycling centers. El Paso Electric is the electricity provider, Qwest is the telephone land line provider, and Comcast is the cable TV provider.
Memorial Medical Center is a for-profit general hospital operated by LifePoint Hospitals Inc.. The physical plant is owned by the City of Las Cruces and the County of Doña Ana, who signed a 40-year, $150 million lease in 2004 with Province HealthCare, since absorbed into LifePoint. Prior to 2004 it was leased to and operated by the nonprofit Memorial Medical Center Inc. The hospital is a licensed 286-bed acute care facility and is accredited by JCAHO. It offers a wide range of patient services. The University of New Mexico Cancer Center-South opened in 2006 on the MMC campus. It is 5,300 square feet (490 m2) and has 9 exam rooms.
The original facility was called Memorial General Hospital and was opened in April 1950 at South Alameda Boulevard and Lohman Avenue after the city obtained a $250,000 federal grant. In 1971 the city and county joined to build a new hospital on South Telshor Boulevard. In 1990 it was renamed Memorial Medical Center.
MountainView Regional Medical Center is a for-profit general hospital operated by Community Health Systems (formerly Triad Hospitals). It opened for business in August 2002. It is a 168-bed facility with a wide range of patient services.
Rehabilitation Hospital of Southern New Mexico is a 40-bed rehabilitative care hospital, operated by Ernest Health Inc.. It opened January 2005. It treats patients after they have been cared for at general hospitals for injuries or strokes.
General clinics 
Urgent care 
Notable people 
- Anwar al-Awlaki, Al Qaeda spokesman and regional leader who was born in Las Cruces. He was killed by the U.S. Government in 2011 for his propaganda on behalf of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.
- Jerry Apodaca was the 24th Governor of New Mexico and was born in Las Cruces.
- Richard Artschwager is an American painter and sculptor who grew up in Las Cruces.
- Rich Beem is an American professional golfer who played high school and college golf at Las Cruces High School and New Mexico State University. Beem won the 2002 PGA Championship.
- Barnard Elliott Bee, Jr. was a career United States Army officer and a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War. Bee spent six years in Las Cruces prior to the Civil War.
- Joseph Benavidez – Mexican-American mixed martial arts fighter
- Billy the Kid – 19th century frontier outlaw
- Baxter Black is an American cowboy, poet, philosopher, former large-animal veterinarian, and radio commentator, who grew up in Las Cruces and attended New Mexico State University.
- Frank Borman – retired NASA astronaut and engineer
- Randy Brown is an American professional basketball player who played for the Chicago Bulls while winning three NBA titles during 1996–98. Brown played basketball at New Mexico State University.
- Pamela Burford is an American novelist who was born in Las Cruces.
- Denise Chávez – author, playwright, and stage director
- John A. D. Cooper was an American physician and educator, and the first president of the Association of American Medical Colleges, who grew up in Las Cruces.
- Albert Fall – United States Senator from New Mexico and Secretary of the Interior.
- Richard Farrer – retired South African–American soccer player who grew up in Las Cruces.
- Col. Albert Jennings Fountain – lawyer, Indian fighter, and Republican politician in Texas and New Mexico whose disappearance remains a mystery.
- Chuck Franco - First Gentleman of New Mexico
- Pat Garrett – American Old West lawman who killed Billy the Kid
- Mimi Reisel Gladstein – professor of English and Theatre Arts at the University of Texas at El Paso, and is a specialist on authors Ayn Rand and John Steinbeck.
- Lou Henson – American basketball coach who coached the New Mexico State University and the University of Illinois teams to the Final Four.
- Po James – former American football running back who played for four seasons in the National Football League for the Philadelphia Eagles. James played collegiately at New Mexico State University.
- Charley Johnson – former NFL quarterback who resides in Las Cruces and professor of Chemical Engineering at his alma mater, New Mexico State University.
- Paul Wilbur Klipsch was an American engineer and high fidelity audio pioneer, known for developing the high-efficiency folded horn loudspeaker. Klipsch graduated from New Mexico State University.
- Kiki Lara – American soccer player who was born in Las Cruces.
- Delano Lewis – former U.S. ambassador to South Africa and former president and CEO of National Public Radio, resides in Las Cruces.
- Kerry Locklin – American football coach, most recently the defensive line coach for the New York Jets of the National Football League.
- Mireille Marokvia – French writer best known for her two books about her ordeals during World War II in Nazi Germany. Marokvia lived in Las Cruces later in life until her death in 2008.
- Mark Medoff – Tony Award winning American playwright and author of Children of a Lesser God.
- Rose Marie Pangborn – American scientist, born in Las Cruces, who was a pioneer in the sensory analysis of food.
- Buck Pierce – professional Canadian football quarterback who played football for New Mexico State University and lives in Las Cruces during the off-season.
- Bashir Ramzy – American long jumper in track and field, who won a bronze medal in the 2007 Pan American Games, was born in Las Cruces.
- Patricia Ryan – American writer of romance, mystery and erotic novels, was born in Las Cruces.
- Mai Shanley – beauty queen who was crowned Miss USA in 1984.
- Tom Smith, playwright and director, resides in Las Cruces, and teaches at New Mexico State University.
- Clyde Tombaugh – discovered Pluto, lived in Las Cruces until his death in 1997.
- Austin Trout - The defending WBA light middleweight champion of the world was born in Las Cruces.
- Prentiss Walker - former member of the United States House of Representatives from Mississippi lived part of his childhood in Las Cruces.
- Fredd Young – was a four-time pro-bowl football player for the Seattle Seahawks and the Indianapolis Colts – played for New Mexico State and currently lives in Las Cruces.
Sister cities 
Las Cruces Sister Cities Foundation is responsible for overseeing sister cities activities on behalf of the citizens of Las Cruces.
- Harris, Linda G. (1993). Las Cruces: An Illustrated History. Las Cruces: Arroyo Press. ISBN 0-9623682-5-3.
- Mexico, New (December 22, 2010). "Detailed Tables – American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2-10-11.
- Mexico, New (2010-12-25). "Census numbers show continued growth for Albuquerque area - NM Business Weekly". Lcsun-news.com. Retrieved 2010-12-25.
- "Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument". New Mexico Bureau of Geology & Mineral Resources. Retrieved April 29, 2010. citing from Chapin, C.E., McIntosh, W.C., and Chamberlin, R.M. (2004). "The Late Eocene—Oligocene peak of Cenozoic volcanism in southwestern New Mexico". In Mack, G.H., and Giles, K.A. The Geology of New Mexico, a Geologic History 11. New Mexico Geological Society Special Publication. pp. 271–294.
- Seager, W.R. (1981). "Geology of Oregon Mountains and southern San Andreas Mountains, New Mexico". Memoir of the New Mexico Bureau of Mineral Resources 36: 1–97.
- "Weather.com". Weather Channel. Retrieved 2012-07-28.
- 2010 general demographic profile of Las Cruces from the U.S. census]
- "Table 3. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in New Mexico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 (SUB-EST2011-03-35)". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. October 21, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 (CBSA-EST2011-01)". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. October 21, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- Calhoun: County Agent at the Internet Movie Database
- Miller, Merle; Rhodes, Evan (1964). Only You, Dick Daring! or, How to write one television script and make $50,000,000. Bantam.
- Moore, S. Derrickson (September 4, 2008). "Las Cruces Style: TGI (thank goodness it's) FTFS—let's party on!". Las Cruces Sun-News. ISSN 1081-2172.
- "Border Book Festival History". Border Book Festival. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved September 20, 2008.
- Moore, S. Derrickson (April 18, 2008). "Las Cruces Style: Mesilla festival is the place to be for merry book addicts". Las Cruces Sun-News. ISSN 1081-2172.
- Moore, S. Derrickson (April 11, 2008). "Border Book Festival : Celebration sharpens focus, goals in 14th year". Las Cruces Sun-News. ISSN 1081-2172.
- Moore, S. Derrickson (September 21, 2007). "Celebration powered by dedicated volunteer force". Las Cruces Sun-News. ISSN 1081-2172.
- "New Mexico Features: World's Largest Enchilada". New Mexico Blue Book (2007–2008 ed.). New Mexico Secretary of State. p. 344. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
- "Renaissance ArtsFaire". Doña Ana Arts Council. Retrieved September 20, 2008..
- "About the Museum". New Mexico Farm & Ranch Heritage Museum. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- "About the New Mexico State University Museum". New Mexico State University. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- "The Zuhl Collection". New Mexico State University. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- "Experience the City of Las Cruces Museums". City of Las Cruces. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
- Ramirez, Steve (August 22, 2008). "New Mexico veterans museum will be built in Las Cruces". Las Cruces Sun-News.
- "Governor Bill Richardson Accepts Task Force Recommendation on Site of State Veterans Museum" (PDF) (Press release). State of New Mexico. August 21, 2008. Retrieved March 20, 2010.
- "Las Cruces Symphony Orchestra at New Mexico State University". Las Cruces Symphony Orchestra. Retrieved October 10, 2008.[dead link]
- Moore, S. Derrickson (May 2, 2008). "Las Cruces Symphony Orchestra plans spectacular season". Las Cruces Sun-News. ISSN 1081-2172.
- Moore, S. Derrickson (September 30, 2005). "Symphony to honor radio pioneer". Las Cruces Sun-News. ISSN 1081-2172.
- "McGlaughlin's 'Remembering Icarus'". National Public Radio. December 9, 2005. Retrieved October 10, 2008.
- "In 2007, the Las Cruces arts and entertainment scene was... HOT, HOT, HOT". Las Cruces Sun-News. December 28, 2007. ISSN 1081-2172. Retrieved October 10, 2008.
- "Water Tanks Being Restored To Original Luster". City of Las Cruces. April 14, 2005. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
- "500th Anni of Columbus' Discovery of America Waymark". Waymarking.com. April 18, 2007. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
- "¡Viva Mesilla!". Old Mesilla Association. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
- McClure, Cassie (February 10, 2006). "Children's colony focus of museum". The Round Up. ISSN 0744-5555. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
- Moore, S. Derrickson (October 31, 2004). "Museum puts the pieces together of one colony". Las Cruces Sun-News. ISSN 1081-2172.
- "Come visit the Space Age... in the Old West". Space Murals, Inc. Museum and Gift Shop. Archived from the original on June 25, 2008. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
- Moore, S. Derrickson (April 11, 2007). "Goodies, gifts and history at Space Murals Museum". Las Cruces Sun-News. ISSN 1081-2172.
- "Fort Selden State Monument". New Mexico Department of Cultural Affairs. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
- "White Sands Missile Range Museum". White Sands Missile Range Historical Foundation. Retrieved August 6, 2008.
- "Welcome to Las Cruces Vaqueros Professional Baseball Team". Lascrucesvaqueros.com. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "Welcome to the Pecos League of Professional Baseball Clubs!". Pecosleague.com. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "City 'very close' to pro ball agreement – Las Cruces Sun-News". Lcsun-news.com. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- 2008 Reference Guide: Information on City of Las Cruces Departments and Services (PDF). City of Las Cruces Public Information Office. Retrieved July 24, 2008.
- "Parks Locations". City of Las Cruces. Retrieved July 24, 2008.
- "City encourages Las Crucens to get active". Las Cruces Sun-News. March 27, 2008. ISSN 1081-2172.
- "Municipal Code Part I: Charter". City of Las Cruces, City Clerk. March 5, 1985. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- "City Manager". City of Las Cruces. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- "City Council". City of Las Cruces. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- "Education". Greater Las Cruces Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved August 8, 2009.
- Schurtz, Christopher (July 21, 2008). "Charter schools post statewide growth". Las Cruces Sun-News.
- Gibbs, Jason (October 17, 2006). "School board OKs new at-risk charter school". Las Cruces Sun-News.
- "Arrowhead Park Early College High School". Las Cruces Public Schools. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "School Information Centennial High School". Las Cruces Public Schools. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "School Information Las Cruces High School". Las Cruces Public Schools. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "School Information Mayfield High School". Las Cruces Public Schools. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "School Information Oñate High School". Las Cruces Public Schools. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- Husson, Amanda L. (August 3, 2009). "Private schools offer options". Las Cruces Sun-News. Archived from the original on September 4, 2009. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
- Duncan, Argen (July 19, 2005). "Local earns award after lifetime of contributions". Las Cruces Sun-News.
- Vida Las Cruces. "Las Cruces Catholic School". Las Cruces Catholic School. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "Las Cruces Academy". Las Cruces Academy. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- Dickson, Todd G. (November 21, 2008). "Couple creating a school for advanced education; Las Cruces Academy to open by August 2009". Las Cruces Bulletin. p. A16. OCLC 53462847.
- "New Mexico State University". Nmsu.edu. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "Dona Ana Community College Self-Study February 2008". University Accreditation. NMSU Board of Regents. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Quick Facts". Dona Ana Community College. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Dona Ana Community College Organizational Chart January 2011". Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Campuses and Facilities". Dona Ana Community College. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- Harris, Linda G. (1998). One Book at a Time: The History of the Library in New Mexico. Albuquerque, NM: New Mexico Library Foundation. ISBN 978-1-887045-03-2. OCLC 38324662.
- (XLS) Public Library Statistics Summary File, July 1, 2007 to June 30, 2008 (Report). New Mexico State Library. May 15, 2009. http://www.nmstatelibrary.org/docs/annualreport/2007-2008publiclibrarystats.xls. Retrieved September 5, 2009.
- "Frequently Asked Questions about the NMSU Library". New Mexico State University. Retrieved May 21, 2008.[dead link]
- "Las Cruces Utilities". Departments. City of Las Cruces. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "Electricity for West Texas and Southern New Mexico". El Paso Electric.
- Schurtz, Christopher (June 12, 2005). "MMC holding annual open meeting". Las Cruces Sun-News. p. 1C.
- Ramirez, Steve (April 16, 2006). "Province merger a done deal". Las Cruces Sun-News. p. 1A.
- Schurtz, Christopher (May 13, 2004). "Hospital deal with MMCI to end". Las Cruces Sun-News. p. 1A.
- Schurtz, Christopher (May 14, 2004). "County, city end MMCI lease". Las Cruces Sun-News. p. 1A.
- Ramirez, Steve (June 16, 2005). "Hospital's ER set to get bigger". Las Cruces Sun-News. p. 1A.
- "Cancer center opens in Las Cruces". Las Cruces Sun-News. December 4, 2006.
- Dooley, Martha (1999). "Healthy Growth: Memorial Medical Center has grown to keep up with Las Cruces' population and technological advances". Celebrating 150 years of Las Cruces history. Las Cruces, New Mexico: Las Cruces Sun-News. p. 129. OCLC 50154273.
- Schurtz, Christopher (February 8, 2005). "Hospitals cooperating, but poised to begin competing". Las Cruces Sun-News. p. 1A.
- "Mesilla Valley Hospital". Psychiatric Solutions, Inc. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
- Stockberger, Brook (February 15, 2008). "Profile: Profile: Rehab facility manager likes making a difference". Las Cruces Sun-News.
- Stockberger, Brook (August 1, 2008). "Profile: Quillen helps bring health care to East Mesa". Las Cruces Sun-News.
- "Rio Grande Medical Group". Riograndemedical.com. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "Ben Archer Health Centers". Bahcnm.org. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "LCDF". Lcdfnm.org. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "Pinnacle Family Health Care". Pinnacle Family Health Care. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "Covenant Clinics". Covenant Clinics. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- "Las Cruces Sister Cities Foundation". Lascrucessistercities.org. June 30, 2010. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Las Cruces, New Mexico|
|Wikivoyage has travel information related to: Las Cruces|
|Mesilla||University Park||El Paso, Texas|
|Las Cruces, New Mexico|
|Doña Ana | Mesilla | University Park|
|Doña Ana County|
|New Mexico State University|