Clapham (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Clapham
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1885–February 1974
Number of members one
Replaced by Streatham and Vauxhall
Created from Clapham

Clapham was a borough constituency in South London which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was created for the 1885 general election and abolished for the February 1974 general election.

Clapham constituency in the Metropolitan Board of Works area, showing boundaries used from 1885 to 1918.
Clapham constituency in the Parliamentary County of London from 1918 to 1949.
Clapham in the Parliamentary County of London from 1950 to 1974.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: In 1885 the constituency was established as a division of the parliamentary borough of Battersea and Clapham, in the northern part of the historic county of Surrey. It was based on the Clapham area of South London.

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the constituency was to consist of-

  • "The Parish of Clapham,
  • No. 1 Ward of Battersea Parish, and
  • No. 4 Ward of Battersea Parish, except so much as is comprised in Division No. 1 as herein described".[1]

In 1889 the area was severed from Surrey and became part of the new County of London. In 1900 local government in London was reorganised. The constituency became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth.

1918-1974: In the redistribution of 1918, the constituency became a division of Wandsworth. It consisted of the local government wards of Clapham North and Clapham South, with a part of Balham.

In 1965 the area became part of the London Borough of Lambeth and Greater London.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 John Fletcher Moulton, later Baron Moulton Liberal
1886 John Saunders Gilliat Conservative
1892 Percy Melville Thornton Conservative
1910 George Denison Faber, later the 1st Baron Wittenham Conservative
1918 by-election Harry Greer Conservative
1918 Sir Arthur du Cros, Bt Coalition Conservative
1922 by-election Sir John Leigh, Bt Conservative
1945 John Battley Labour
1950 Charles Gibson Labour
1959 Alan Glyn Conservative
1964 Margaret McKay Labour
1970 William Shelton Conservative
1974 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

General Election 1929: Clapham[2]

Electorate 48,061

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir John Leigh 13,507 41.7 -22.4
Labour J Allen Skinner 9,871 30.5 -5.4
Liberal Owen Picton Davies 8,991 27.8 n/a
Majority 3,636 11.2
Turnout 67.3 -2.2
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Clapham by-election, 1918
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Harry Greer 4,512 57.5 1.9
Independent Henry Hamilton Beamish 3,331 42.5 N/A
Majority 1,181
Turnout 23,526 33.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Battersea and Clapham, Clapham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Denison Faber 9,560 55.6 0.5
Liberal Sir John Williams Benn 7,639 44.4 -0.5
Majority 1,921
Turnout 22,611 76.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election January 1910: Battersea and Clapham, Clapham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Denison Faber 10,743 55.1 4.8
Liberal John George Kipling 8,762 44.9 -4.8
Majority 1,981
Turnout 22,611 86.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Battersea and Clapham, Clapham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Percy Melville Thornton 7,912 50.3 -20.6
Liberal Frederick Low 7,816 49.7 20.6
Majority 96
Turnout 19,180 82.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1900: Battersea and Clapham, Clapham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Percy Melville Thornton 7,504 70.9 10.6
Liberal Frank Duerdin Perrott 3,084 29.1 -10.6
Majority 4,420
Turnout 16,572 63.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Battersea and Clapham, Clapham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Percy Melville Thornton 5,925 60.3 7.0
Liberal John Kempster 3,904 39.7 -7.0
Majority 2,021
Turnout 13,872 70.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1892: Battersea and Clapham, Clapham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Percy Melville Thornton 5,170 53.3 0
Liberal Reginald McKenna 4,526 46.7 0
Majority 644
Turnout 12,124 80.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Battersea and Clapham, Clapham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Saunders Gilliat 3,816 53.3 5.4
Liberal John Fletcher Moulton 3,347 46.7 -5.4
Majority 469
Turnout 9,454 75.8
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1885: Battersea and Clapham, Clapham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Fletcher Moulton 3,976 52.1
Conservative Hon. Algernon Henry Bourke 3,650 47.9
Majority 326
Turnout 9,454 80.7
Liberal gain from new seat Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Sixth Schedule
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F.W.S.