Battersea (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Battersea in Greater London.
|Electorate||73,028 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Jane Ellison (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Battersea North and Battersea South|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|Replaced by||Battersea North and Battersea South|
|Created from||East Surrey|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 History
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
Less densely populated than late Victorian times and covering the north-eastern third of the London Borough of Wandsworth, Battersea in this context includes central Wandsworth and in the same way as Chelsea on the opposite bank, adjoins the Thames before flowing through central London.
It takes in all of the district of Battersea including its large Battersea Park which has played host in recent years to international circus productions, riverside and London Heliport and stretches eastwards to include Nine Elms and surrounding the Park: Queenstown generally fairly widely known large neighbourhoods of Battersea Town;[n 4] and westwards to include most of Wandsworth town, including the riverside, Town Hall and East Hill.[n 5] Battersea also stretches south between Wandsworth Common and Clapham Common to include Balham Ward, the eastern end of Balham (the west for General Elections is in Tooting).
From as early as 1892 the Liberal-Labour (UK) party prominent national politician John Burns represented the area in Parliament and the area was noted for affluent streets alongside Clapham Common counterbalanced by slum clearances in the early and mid twentieth century, accelerated by the Blitz which like Camberwell, Lambeth and Southwark destroyed a moderate number of buildings in the area and led to a marked redistribution of poor to social housing in Outer London and beyond.
Council housing of unaesthetic high-rise flats is concentrated by the South West Main Line some of them prefabricated buildings however a majority of the housing stock is privately owned or rented. While in the early 20th century Battersea was among the most secure Labour safe seat, since the 1970s the constituency has been home to a majority of wealthy or middle-income professionals, and tradespeople, including to a small extent yuppies, and the Conservatives lacking an MP in the area since 1964 gained John Bowis in 1987 who served the area until 1997. A considerable majority returned to Labour for the elections of 1997, 2001 but only a very marginal majority in 2005[n 6] and the Conservative Party's Jane Ellison won the seat in Parliament in 2010 with a majority of 5977 votes. As, like the government, the seat did not fall to a Conservative Party candidate in 2005 (unlike, for example, Putney) but fell to a member of that party in 2010 (unlike, for example, Tooting), Battersea is a national bellwether constituency since 1987.
It is bordered by the constituencies of-
- Hammersmith & Fulham
- Kensington & Chelsea
- Cities of London & Westminster
- Balham, Fairfield, Latchmere, Northcote, Queenstown, St Mary’s Park, Shaftesbury.
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 provided that the Constituency was to consist of-
- "No. 2 Ward of Battersea Parish,
- No. 3 Ward of Battersea Parish, and
- So much of No. 4 Ward of Battersea Parish as lies to the north of a line drawn along the centre of Battersea Rise, and to the west of a line drawn along the centre of the St. John's Road."
Battersea constituency was originally created in 1885. From 1892 to 1918 the seat was held by trade union leader John Burns who served as a Minister (of the Crown) in the Liberal Cabinets of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and Herbert Asquith from 1905 until 1914.
The constituency was split in 1918 into Battersea North, which by Battersea Power Station and still particularly in Nine Elms was gradually replacing overcrowded terraces had only four years of a Conservative MP from 1931 and Battersea South which had 38 years of a Conservative MP, the most recent spell ended in 1964. The two constituencies were rejoined in 1983, although some areas of Battersea South became part of the adjoining Tooting constituency. Alf Dubs, who had previously been MP for Battersea South, won the constituency for the Labour Party in 1983 and the Conservative candidate John Bowis won in 1987 and 1992. Martin Linton won it back for the Labour Party in 1997 and held the seat until 2010.
In 2001, the candidate T.E Barber used the candidate description "No fruit out of context party", and advocated the end of, amongst other crimes against food, pineapples on pizza. (David Boothroyd)
In the book "Things Can Only Get Better: Eighteen Miserable Years in the Life of a Labour Supporter," John O'Farrell describes his experiences of being the secretary of Queenstown Branch of the Battersea Labour party, during which time Labour lost every election in which they participated, and eventually lost the MP, Alf Dubs.
The old Battersea North seat is one of only two seats in London to have had a Communist MP Shapurji Saklatvala represented the area from 1922 to 1929. A wealthy aristocratic Indian he was not only one of the first Communists ever elected to the House of Commons but also only the third from an ethnic-minority background. At first, Saklatvala had local Labour party support but then stood as a Communist in 1924 with local Labour party backing. However, the national party stepped in to ensure in 1929 that an official Labour candidate stood against him. The Battersea Labour Club (a drinking club not directly connected with the political party)had a notice on its notice board up until the 1980s banning Communists from admission to the club.
Members of Parliament
|22nd||1885–1886||Octavius Vaughan Morgan||Liberal|
|see Battersea North and Battersea South for 1918-1983|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2010: Battersea|
|Liberal Democrat||Layla Moran||7,176||14.7||-0.1|
|Hugh Salmon for Battersea Party||Hugh Salmon||168||0.3||+0.3|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+6.5|
|General Election 2005: Battersea|
|Liberal Democrat||Norsheen Bhatti||6,006||14.6||+2.5|
|General Election 2001: Battersea|
|Liberal Democrat||Siobhan Vitelli||4,450||12.1||+4.7|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Battersea|
|Liberal Democrat||Paula Keaveney||3,482||7.4||+0.3|
|Referendum Party||Mark Slater||804||1.7||+1.7|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Joseph Marshall||127||0.3||+0.3|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+10.20|
|General Election 1992: Battersea|
|Liberal Democrat||Roger O'Brien||3,659||7.0||−4.9|
|Natural Law||William Stevens||98||0.2||+0.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Battersea|
|Social Democrat||David I. Harries||5,634||11.90||−5.6|
|Green||Sally G. Willington||559||1.18||+0.3|
|Workers Revolutionary||Anthony B. Bell||116||0.25||+0.3|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+4.6|
|General Election 1983: Battersea|
|Social Democrat||M. Harris||7,675||17.5||+9.4|
|National Front||Michael Salt||539||1.2||−1.0|
|Ecology||Sally G. Willington||377||0.9||N/A|
|Campaign for Black & White Unity||T. Jackson||86||0.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
1979 Prediction for Battersea boundaries
|General Election 1979: Battersea|
Elections in the 1910s
|General Election December 1910: Battersea and Clapham, Battersea|
|Conservative||Major Sir John Lane Harrington||6,544||44.0||-4.3|
|Socialist||Charles Nathaniel Lowe Shaw||477||3.2||N/A|
|General Election January 1910: Battersea and Clapham, Battersea|
|Conservative||Arthur Shirley Benn||7985||48.3||4.4|
Elections in the 1900s
|General Election 1906: Battersea and Clapham, Battersea|
|Conservative||Arthur Shirley Benn||5,787||43.9||-5.0|
|General Election 1900: Battersea and Clapham, Battersea|
Elections in the 1890s
|General Election 1895: Battersea and Clapham, Battersea|
|Conservative||Charles Ridley Smith||4,766||48.8||6.9|
|General Election 1892: Battersea and Clapham, Battersea|
Elections in the 1880s
|General Election 1886: Battersea and Clapham, Battersea|
|Liberal||Octavius Vaughan Morgan||3,683||51.3|
|Battersea by-election, 1886|
|Liberal||Octavius Vaughan Morgan||unopposed|
|General Election 1885: Battersea and Clapham, Battersea|
|Liberal||Octavius Vaughan Morgan||4,259||54.6|
|Conservative||John Edward Cooke||3,547||45.4|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- The London Borough of Wandsworth has had a Conservative Party majority of councillors in control since 1978.
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Queenstown Road Battersea is passed through by the South Western Main Line. Nine Elms is expected to be a large scale redevelopment of the Power Station area by the River Thames and to host the United States Embassy.
- Specifically: "Fairfield" ward, Wandsworth
- In the 2005 election, Linton's majority was reduced resulting in him having the fourth smallest Labour majority in the country.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Booth's 1898-99 Map of Poverty and wealth in London
- Bombsight — all recorded WWII bombs in London mapped
- 2001 Census - Tenure and Indices of Deprivation 2000 for wards
Northcote, Battersea (5,608th)
Latchmere (994th) of c. 8500.
- Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Sixth Schedule
- Booth Poverty Map For prostitution and other "Lowest class: Vicious and semi-criminal" classification see Cumberland Street written notes:  and a small cluster of streets by the railways in Nine Elms
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
- Debrett’s Illustrated Heraldic and Biographical House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1886
- Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1901
- Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1918