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|• Body||Dewas Municipal Corporation|
|Elevation||535 m (1,755 ft)|
|• Total||289,438 (Census 2,011)|
|• Rank||6'th highest in madhyapradesh|
|• Official||Hindi, Marathi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Dewas, (Hindi/Marathi: देवास)is an ancient town situated on the Malwa plateau in the West-central part of Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, about 143 km south west from state capital, Bhopal and 35 km from Indore the commercial capital of the state. It is the administrative center of the Dewas District, and was formerly the seat of two '15 Gun Salute' princely states during the British Raj, Dewas Junior state and Dewas senior state, ruled by the royal Maratha 'Puar' (or 'Pawar'). Today, Dewas is an industrial town and houses government's bank note press.
Origin of name
The name Dewas is derived from the Devi Vaishini hill in the city, commonly known as Tekri. The hill has a temple of deity Devi Tulja Bhawani, Chamunda Mata and Kalika Mata. The word Dewas is also believed to be a sandhi of words Dev deity and Vas Marathi for abode, thus Dewas means abode of the deity or god. Swami Shivom Tirtha wrote the History of the hill (Tekri)of Dewas in his book—Sadhan Shikhar. E.M.Forster wrote a Travelogue named -The Hill of Devi in 1953.The Hill of Devi is his non-fictional account of him.
Dewas lies northeast of Indore, southeast of Ujjain, and southwest of Shajapur. The city is located on the level plains of the Malwa plateau; to the south, the land rises gently to the Vindhya Range, which is the source of the Chambal and Kali Sindh rivers that flow north through the district on their way to the Ganges.The main river in dewas is Kshipra, which is known as holy river.
As of 2013[update] India census, Dewas had a population of 289,438 .Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dewas has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77% and, female literacy is 61%. In Dewas, 7% of the population is under 5 years of age. As it was a Maratha ruled state, Marathi and Hindi are widely spoken languages in Dewas.
Dewas has many industrial units providing employment to thousands of industrial workers. It has some industrial areas on Indore road and also few pockets of industries on Ujjain road.
Dewas t has many mid-sized and small industries. The largest companies include Tatas, Kirloskers, Arvind Mills, S Kumars, Tata - Cummins, Gajra Gears,Gabriel India Ltd, Ranbaxy Labs, Steel Tubes and the Bank Note press. The rapid industrialization took place in the late 70s and early 80s, but due to inadequate infrastructure, the pace has been slower since the late 80s. There are still large companies delivering substantial profits however. Dewas is known as the Soya capital of India and is a major part of the soya bean processing industry in the country.
In recent years, some industries have closed their operations due to a shortage of sufficient infrastructure to support growth. The main factor is the shortage of water as the water table has significantly reduced due to excessive usage in previous decades.
Due to its high location above mean sea level and at one corner of plateau, constant wind flows in the region making it perfectly suited for harvesting wind energy. MP wind farms have chosen an ideal location for planting more than 100 huge monster like wind mills on a hill some 13 km from Dewas. It generates around 15 megawatts of power. A few private companies have financed these to get uninterrupted power supply.
Dewas has many good schools for education up to HSC level. For higher education there are a few colleges but students prefer to move to Indore as it has got more advanced facilities and options for higher education and various professional courses to choose from.
- Government K.P. College
- Government Girls Degree College
- HAHU Medical College
- Prestige Institute Of Management Dewas
- Moulana Azad Collage Of Professional studies (MACPS)
- Guru Vashihtha College
- Government Polytechnic College
- New Tech Institute of Engineering and Technology
- Synergy Institute of Technology and Sciencee
- Government Basic Training College
- St. Mary's Convent S.S. School
- Vindhyachal Academy
- Central India Academy
- Sacred Heart Higher Secondary School
- san thome academy
- Shri Vishwakarma Middle School
- Anamay Higher Secondary School
- Shishu Vihar H.S.School
- Saraswati Vidhya Mandir
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Dewas
- Everest English Higher Secondary School
- Gyan Sagar Academy,
- Geetanjali Education Academy
- The Pioneer Public School
- Government NVM No.1
- B.C.M School
- Central India Academy
- Holy Trinity School
- Holy Higher Secondary School
- himalaya academy
- Government NVM No.2
- Kerala Public School
- Vidhya Shree Public School
- Morning Star School
- Sanskar Public School
- Mount Public School
- Agrawal Junior College
- Central Malwa Academy
- Bright Star Public Higher Secondary School
- Shishu Vihar Higher Secondary School
Print Media (Daily newspapers): Dewas Bhraman, Raj Express, Satyakaar, Dewas Darpan, United News of India (Varta), BPN Times.
Dewas Junction lies on Indore Junction BG - Ujjain Junction branch line and it has one line originating and going towards Maksi Junction which connects Nagda Bhopal Junction WR-CR link line. Indore - Ujjain line has been eletrified now. This would rather increase some more speed and connectivity.
There are regular trains plying to Mumbai (BCT), Delhi (NDLS), Kolkata (HWH), Chennai (MAS), Pune (PUNE), Ahmedabad (ADI), Lucknow (LKO), Jaipur (JP), Kanpur (CNB), Patna (PNBE), Thiruvananthpuram (TVC), Coimbatore (CNB), Eranakulam (ERS), Nagpur (NGP), Jammutavi (JAT), Amritsar (ASR), Dehradun (DDN), Ajmer (AII), Jodhpur (JU), Chhindwara (CWA), Jablapur (JBP), Gandhinagar (GNC), Gwalior (GWL), Bhilwara (BHL), Udaipur (UDZ) and other major cities.
Dewas is well connected to major cities in state and Central India through extensive network of national and state highways. NH3 Agra Mumbai National highway (A.B. Road) passes through the town. NH 86 starts from Dewas and goes up to Kanpur passing through UP via Ashta, Sehore, Bhopal, Raisen, Sanchi, Vidisha,Sagar,Chhatarpur,Malhara.Dewas is well connected with both cities Bhopal and Indore, political and commercial capital of MP. Dewas is connected to Bhopal by 4 lane expressway highway known as Dewas-Bhopal Corridor. It is described as one of the best road in central India.It is 142.6 km access controlled road made by SPV promoted by Chetak Enterprise Ltd. (CEL), Welspun Projects Limited. (WPL; previously known as MSK Projects (India) Limited and BSBK Ltd Dewas-Indore 6 lane access controlled expressway is under construction. Many underpasses are constructing over the villages and townships for making smooth traffic.
- Distance from Indore: 35 km
- Distance from Bhopal: 148 km
- Distance from Ujjain: 37 km
- Distance from Mumbai: 638 km
- Distance from Sonkatch: 33 km
- Distance from Maksi: 32 km
- Distance from Mhow: 62 km
Dewas was formerly the capital of two princely states of British India. The original state was founded in the first half of the 18th century by the brothers Tukaji Rao (senior) and Jivaji Rao (junior), from the Puar clan of Marathas, who advanced into Malwa with the Maratha Peshwa, Baji Rao, in 1728. The brothers divided the territory among themselves; their descendants ruled as the senior and junior branches of the family. After 1841, each branch ruled his own portion as a separate state, though the lands belonging to each were so intimately entangled, that even in Dewas, the capital town, the two sides of the main street were under different administrations and had different arrangements for water supply and lighting. The senior branch had an area of 446 sq mi (1,160 km2). and a population of in 62,312 in 1901, while the area of the junior branch was 440 sq mi (1,100 km2). and had a population of 54,904 in 1901. Both Dewas states were in the Malwa Agency of the Central India Agency. After India's independence in 1947, the Rajas of Dewas acceded to India, and their states were integrated into Madhya Bharat, which became a state of India in 1950. In 1956, Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh state.
Abhinav Cineplex, Ujjain Road. Orbit Theatre, Balgarh Road is not functional anymore, because of licence issue, it got closed and make a shopping complex.
- Dewas, MP
- bank note, press DEWAS. "Bank Note Press (BNP) Dewas". official government website. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- List of cities in Madhya Pradesh by population
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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