The Doobie Brothers

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The Doobie Brothers
Doobie Brothers 1974.JPG
The Doobie Brothers in 1974
Background information
Origin San Jose, California, U.S.
Genres Rock, pop rock, R&B
Years active 1970–1982, 1987–present
Labels Warner Bros., Capitol, Arista
Associated acts Southern Pacific, Steely Dan, Tower of Power
Website doobiebros.com
Members Tom Johnston
Patrick Simmons
John McFee
John Cowan
Guy Allison
Marc Russo
Tony Pia
Ed Toth
Past members See: Doobie Brothers former members

The Doobie Brothers are an American rock band. The band has sold more than 40 million albums worldwide throughout their career.[1][2]The group was inducted into The Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2004.[3]

Career[edit]

Original incarnation[edit]

Drummer John Hartman arrived in California in 1969 determined to meet Skip Spence of Moby Grape and join an aborted Grape reunion. Spence introduced Hartman to singer, guitarist and songwriter Tom Johnston and the two proceeded to form the nucleus of what would become The Doobie Brothers. Johnston and Hartman called their fledgling group "Pud" and experimented with lineups (occasionally including Spence) and styles as they performed in and around San Jose. They were mostly a power trio (along with bassist Greg Murphy) but briefly worked with a horn section.

In 1970 they teamed up with bass player Dave Shogren and singer, guitarist and songwriter Patrick Simmons. Simmons, who had belonged to several area groups (among them "Scratch", an acoustic trio with future Doobies bassist Tiran Porter) and also performed as a solo artist, was already an accomplished fingerstyle player whose approach to the instrument complemented Johnston's rhythmic R&B strumming.

The Doobie Brothers improved their playing by performing live all over Northern California in 1970. They attracted a particularly strong following among local chapters of the Hells Angels and got a recurring gig at one of the bikers' favorite venues, the Chateau Liberté in the Santa Cruz Mountains, and they continued playing the Chateau through the summer of 1975 (although some of these concerts did not include all band members and they were unannounced and of an impromptu nature). An energetic set of demos (eight of which were briefly and illegally released on Pickwick Records in 1980 under the title Introducing the Doobie Brothers, and have since been bootlegged on CD under that title and On Our Way Up as well, both with expanded song selections), showcased fuzz-toned dual lead electric guitars, three-part harmonies and Hartman's frenetic drumming and earned the rock group a contract at Warner Bros. Records in 1971.

At this point in their history, the band's image reflected that of their biggest fans—leather jackets and motorcycles. However, the group's 1971 self-titled debut album departed significantly from that image and their live sound of the period. The album, which failed to chart, emphasized acoustic guitars and frequently reflected country influences. The bouncy lead-off song "Nobody", the band's first single, has surfaced in their live set several times over the ensuing decades. Most recently, this song was re-recorded and added to their 2010 CD World Gone Crazy.

Also in 1971, the group toyed with the idea of adding a second drummer, supplementing Hartman's drumming on some of their shows with that of Navy veteran Michael Hossack while still touring behind their first album. In October 1971, the band recorded several songs for their second album with Shogren on bass, guitar & background vocals. But a little later, during the album's recording, Shogren left after disagreements with the group's new producer, Ted Templeman. Shogren was replaced in December 1971 with singer, songwriter and bass guitarist Tiran Porter, while Hossack was added to the lineup at the same time as a regular. Porter and Hossack were both stalwarts of the Northern California music scene, Porter having previously played in Scratch with Simmons. Porter brought a funkier bass style to the band and added his husky baritone to the voices of Johnston and Simmons, resulting in a rich three-part harmonic vocal blend.

The second album, Toulouse Street (which spawned the hits and classic rock staples, "Listen to the Music", and "Jesus Is Just Alright"), brought the band their breakthrough success after its release in July 1972. In collaboration with manager Bruce Cohn, producer Ted Templeman and engineer Donn Landee, the band put forward a more polished and eclectic set of songs. Pianist Bill Payne of Little Feat contributed keyboards for the first time, beginning a decades-long collaboration that included many recording sessions and even a two-week stint touring with the band in early 1974.[4]

A string of hits followed, including Johnston's "Long Train Runnin'" and "China Grove", from the 1973 album The Captain and Me. Other noteworthy songs on the album were Simmons' country-ish ode "South City Midnight Lady" and the explosive, hard rocking raveup "Without You", for which the entire band received songwriting credit. Onstage, the latter song would sometimes stretch into a 15-minute jam with additional lyrics ad-libbed by Johnston. A 1973 appearance on the debut episode of the television music variety show Don Kirshner's Rock Concert featured one such epic performance of the tune.

In the midst of recording sessions for their next album, 1974's What Were Once Vices Are Now Habits, and rehearsals for a 1973 fall tour, Hossack abruptly departed the band, citing burnout from constant touring. Drummer, songwriter and vocalist Keith Knudsen (who previously drummed for Lee Michaels of "Do You Know What I Mean" fame) was recruited promptly in September 1973 and left with the Doobies on a major tour a few weeks later (Hossack subsequently replaced Knudsen in the band Bonaroo, which served as an opening act for the Doobies shortly thereafter). Both Hossack's drums and Knudsen's voice are heard on Vices.

In 1974 Steely Dan co-lead guitarist Jeff "Skunk" Baxter learned that his band was retiring from the road and that Donald Fagen and Walter Becker intended to work almost exclusively with session players in the future. In need of a steady gig, he segued into the Doobie Brothers as third lead guitarist in the middle of their current tour. He had previously worked with the band in the studio, adding pedal steel guitar to both Captain ("South City Midnight Lady") and Vices ("Black Water", "Tell Me What You Want") and had already been playing with the band as a "special guest" during that year's tour.

Vices included the band's first No. 1 single: Simmons' signature tune "Black Water", which featured the memorable refrain, "I'd like to hear some funky Dixieland, pretty mama come and take me by the hand". It climbed to the top of the charts in March 1975 and eventually propelled the album to multi-platinum status. Johnston's lyrical "Another Park, Another Sunday" (as a single, it featured "Black Water" as the B-side) and his horn-driven funk song "Eyes of Silver" had also charted at numbers 32 & 52, respectively, the previous year.

During this period and for several subsequent tours, the Doobies were often supported on-stage by Stax Records legends The Memphis Horns. Live recordings with the horn section have aired on radio on the King Biscuit Flower Hour, though none have been officially released. They also appeared as session players on multiple Doobies albums.

By the end of 1974, Johnston's health was suffering from the rigors of the road. He was absent when the band joined the Beach Boys, Chicago, and Olivia Newton-John on "Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve" that December. By then, the western-themed Stampede had been completed for release in 1975. It featured yet another hit single, Johnston's cover of the Holland-Dozier-Holland-written Motown hit "Take Me in Your Arms" (originally sung by Kim Weston and also covered by the Isley Brothers and Blood Sweat and Tears). The song included a distinctive Baxter guitar solo. Simmons contributed the atmospheric "I Cheat the Hangman," as well as "Neal's Fandango," an ode to Santa Cruz, Jack Kerouac and Neal Cassady. Ry Cooder added his slinky slide guitar to Johnston's cowboy song, "Rainy Day Crossroad Blues".

By the start of the Spring 1975 promotional tour for Stampede, Johnston's condition was so precarious that he required emergency hospitalization for a bleeding ulcer. With Johnston convalescing and the tour already underway, Baxter proposed recruiting a fellow Steely Dan alum to fill the hole: singer, songwriter and keyboardist Michael McDonald. Simmons, Knudsen, Porter and McDonald divvied up and sang Johnston's parts on tour while Simmons and Baxter shared lead guitar chores.[5][6]

The Michael McDonald years[edit]

Under contract to release another album in 1976, the Doobies were at a crossroads. Their primary songwriter and singer remained unavailable, so they turned to McDonald and Porter for material to supplement that of Simmons. The resulting LP, Takin' It to the Streets, debuted a radical change in their sound. Their electric-guitar-based rock and roll gave way to a more soft rock and blue-eyed soul sound, emphasizing keyboards and horns and subtler, more syncopated rhythms. Baxter contributed jazz-inflected guitar stylings reminiscent of Steely Dan (as he had played with that group), along with more emphasis on compound chords and unusual, complex chords and sophisticated progressions with key changes and longer, more developed melody lines. Above all, McDonald's voice became the band's new signature sound. Takin' It to the Streets featured McDonald's title track and "It Keeps You Runnin'," both hits. (A second version of "It Keeps You Runnin'", performed by co-writer Carly Simon, appeared on her album Another Passenger, with the Doobies backing her.) Bassist Porter wrote and sang a tribute to the absent Johnston, entitled "For Someone Special." A greatest hits compilation, Best of the Doobies, followed before year's end. In 1996 the Recording Industry Association of America certified Best of the Doobies "Diamond" for sales in excess of 10 million units.

Their new sound was further refined and McDonald's dominant role cemented with 1977's Livin' on the Fault Line. It featured a cover of the Motown classic "Little Darling (I Need You)" and "Echoes Of Love", which had been written by James Mitchell for, but not recorded by, Al Green. Mitchell (then of the Memphis Horns) and Earl Randle had both worked with Green a good bit. Simmons added some music and lyrics, co-writing the finished version with Mitchell and Randle; the song was later covered by the Pointer Sisters and ex-New Seekers vocalist Lyn Paul. The album also featured the song "You Belong To Me" (co-written by McDonald and Carly Simon, who had a hit with her own version of the tune). To help promote Fault Line, the band performed live on the PBS show Soundstage. Jeff Baxter used an early type of guitar synthesizer (made by Roland) on many of the tracks (it is heavily featured in his solo on the title track, as well as on "Chinatown"). The combination of McDonald's cerebral approach to harmony, funkier beats and R&B vocal flavor, along with Baxter's guitar pyrotechnics, pushed the band away from the more proletarian biker-bong-boogie style that made them popular originally. Ironically, while the new sound made them a crossover pop-R&B-rock sensation, their abandonment of any pretense of still being a rock band saw a mass exodus of former fans, who now viewed the group as soft-rock sell-outs.[citation needed] The use of complex jazz chords, built on McDonald's thoroughly composed keyboard parts, tempered by strong pop hooks, resulted in an album that, though not really jazz, had a distinctly urban contemporary finish, adding the flavor of the "cool jazz" era to a pop setting.

The Doobie Brothers with the addition of Michael McDonald in 1976

Both Streets and Fault Line reflected Tom Johnston's diminished role in the group following his illness. Restored to fitness and briefly back in the fold, he contributed one original song to Streets, ("Turn It Loose"), and also added a vocal cameo to Simmons' tune "Wheels of Fortune." He also made live appearances with the band in 1976 (documented in a concert filmed that year at the Winterland in San Francisco, excerpts from which appear occasionally on VH1 Classic), but was sidelined once again in the fall due to exhaustion. None of Johnston's songs appeared on Fault Line, though he had written and the band had recorded five of his compositions for the album. Finally, before Fault Line was released, Johnston had his songs removed and he left the band that he co-founded (though he received credit for guitars and vocals and was pictured on the album's inner sleeve band photo). He embarked on a solo career that eventually yielded one modestly successful 1979 Warner Brothers album Everything You've Heard is True, which featured the single "Savannah Nights", and the less successful album Still Feels Good in 1981.

During the period of transition, the band also elevated former roadie Bobby LaKind to onstage backup vocalist and percussionist. In the studio, LaKind first contributed percussion to Streets but had been a member of the band's lighting crew since 1974. Additionally, in early 1978, the band appeared as themselves in two episodes of the ABC sitcom What's Happening!![7] The group performed the songs "Little Darlin' (I Need You)", "Black Water", "Takin' It to the Streets", and "Take Me in Your Arms (Rock Me a Little While)".

After almost a decade on the road, and with seven albums under their belts, the Doobies' career unexpectedly soared with the success of their next album, 1978's Minute by Minute. It spent five weeks at the top of the music charts and dominated several radio formats for the better part of two years. McDonald's song "What a Fool Believes", written with Kenny Loggins, was the band's second No. 1 single and earned the songwriting duo a Grammy Award for Record of the Year.[8] The album won a Grammy Award for Pop Vocal Performance by a Group and was nominated for Album of the Year.[8][9] Both "What a Fool Believes" and the title track were nominated for Grammys for Song of the Year, with "What a Fool Believes" winning the award.[8] Among the other memorable songs on the album were "Here to Love You," "Dependin' On You" (co-written by McDonald and Simmons), "Steamer Lane Breakdown" (a Simmons bluegrass instrumental) and McDonald's "How Do the Fools Survive?" (which featured a lengthy guitar coda improvised by Baxter in a single take, according to a 1980 interview in Guitar Player Magazine[citation needed]). Nicolette Larson and departed former bandleader Johnston contributed guest vocals on the album.

The triumph of Minute by Minute was bittersweet, however, because it coincided with the near-dissolution of the band. The pressure of touring while recording and releasing an album each year had worn the members down. Jeff Baxter and Michael McDonald had been in the midst of a creative conflict for some time. McDonald desired a direct, soulful and polished rock/R&B sound, while Baxter insisted on embellishing guitar parts in an increasingly avant garde style. (Both McDonald and Baxter elaborated on the matter in the documentary series Behind the Music, which aired on VH1 in February 2001). Just as the success of Minute by Minute had become apparent, founding drummer Hartman, longtime guitarist Baxter and LaKind exited through the revolving door. A two-song set on the January 27, 1979 broadcast of Saturday Night Live (with guest host Michael Palin) marked the final television appearance of this lineup, and a brief tour of Japan marked the last live performances of the band in its middle-period configuration (Hartman subsequently joined Johnston's touring band in 1979 and taped an appearance with Johnston that aired on Soundstage in 1980).

With the surprise smash album embedded in the charts and more money to be earned on the road, the remaining Doobies (Simmons, Knudsen, McDonald and Porter) decided to forge ahead. In 1979 Hartman was replaced by ace session drummer Chet McCracken and Baxter by multi-instrumental string player John McFee (late of Huey Lewis' early band Clover); Cornelius Bumpus (who had been part of a recent reunion of Moby Grape) was also recruited to add vocals, keyboards, flute and saxophone to the lineup. This lineup toured throughout 1979, including stops at Madison Square Garden and New York City's Battery Park for the No Nukes benefit shows with like-minded artists such as Bonnie Raitt, Crosby, Stills & Nash, James Taylor, Carly Simon, Jackson Browne, Bruce Springsteen and John Hall.

1980 marked the return of LaKind to the lineup as a full member and the Doobies released their ninth studio album, One Step Closer. The LP featured the hit title track and the Top 10 smash "Real Love" (not to be confused with the John Lennon composition) but did not dominate the charts and the radio as Minute by Minute had two years earlier, largely due to an oversaturation of the "McDonald sound" by many other artists (such as Robbie Dupree's hit "Steal Away", which copied the "McDonald sound" nearly note for note) heard on the radio at that time—not to mention McDonald's numerous guest vocal appearances on hits by other artists at that time, such as Kenny Loggins, Christopher Cross, and Nicolette Larson. The album itself was also noticeably weaker musically than the previous three with the band itself sounding tired and seemingly devolving to little more than McDonald's "backup band" by then (according to contemporary references at that time). "Ted and Michael became one faction against Pat and the rest of us,” Porter said in an interview.[10] Long frustrated with the realities of relentless touring and yearning for a stable home life, as well as battling self-admitted problems with cocaine, Porter left the band after the recording of Closer. Renowned session bassist Willie Weeks joined up and the Doobies continued touring throughout 1980 and 1981 (Post-Doobies, Weeks has performed with the Gregg Allman Band, Eric Clapton, and many others). Also, session vet Andy Newmark stepped in briefly for Knudsen, who was then in rehab.[citation needed]

By the end of 1981, even Simmons had resigned from the band. Now faced with the prospect of calling themselves "The Doobie Brothers" with no remaining original members, a sound that was light years away from their original version and a "leader" in McDonald who was ready for a solo career, the group elected instead to disband. It wasn't even decided upon until after a rehearsal done without Simmons in a vain attempt to keep the band going, according to an interview with McDonald for "Listen To The Music," the Doobie Brothers official video history/documentary released in 1989. He went on to say in that interview that by that point they couldn't have gotten further away from the Doobies sound if they had tried to. The reluctant Simmons, already hard at work on his first solo album, rejoined for a 1982 Farewell Tour on the promise that this truly would be the end. At their last concert at the Greek Theatre in Berkeley, they were joined onstage by founder Tom Johnston for what was presumed to be the final rendition of his staple, "China Grove". Former members Porter, Hossack and Hartman subsequently took the stage for an extended version of "Listen to the Music". Knudsen sang lead vocals while Johnston, Simmons and McFee traded licks on guitar. The live album Farewell Tour followed in 1983.

The first reunion[edit]

The Doobies hibernated for the next five years, with various members getting together in different configurations for annual Christmas season performances for the patients and staff at the Stanford Children's Hospital in the Bay area. Simmons released a commercially disappointing solo album, Arcade, in 1983. During the mid-1980s, Johnston toured U.S. clubs with a band called Border Patrol, which did not release any recordings. Hossack and (briefly) Simmons worked with the group. Around 1986 Johnston and Simmons began working on an album together (according to a 1989 interview with Simmons), but abandoned the project soon after with no known finished tracks. Knudsen and McFee formed Southern Pacific and recorded four albums that found success in the country charts (Former Creedence Clearwater Revival bassist Stu Cook would join the band in 1986 and former Pablo Cruise guitarist David Jenkins in 1988). Out of print for decades, Arcade was reissued on compact disc in early 2007 by specialty label Wounded Bird Records, which is also the home of Southern Pacific's and Tom Johnston's catalogs. Post-Doobies, McDonald became established as a solo artist. His voice dominated adult contemporary radio throughout the eighties, though his star faded in the nineties. He has experienced a renaissance of popularity in the new century as an interpreter of Motown classics.

The Doobie Brothers in concert at the Chumash Casino Resort in Santa Ynez, California, on August 31, 2006

The reformation of the Doobie Brothers was scarcely premeditated. On a personal quest for a worthy cause, Knudsen had become active in Vietnam veterans' affairs. Early in 1987 he persuaded eleven of the Doobie alumni to join him for a concert to benefit veterans' causes. Answering the call were Tom Johnston, Pat Simmons, Jeff Baxter, John McFee, John Hartman, Michael Hossack, Chet McCracken, Michael McDonald, Cornelius Bumpus, Bobby LaKind and Tiran Porter. There were no surplus bass players as Weeks had other commitments and long-absent Shogren reportedly was not invited.[citation needed] They soon discovered that tickets were in great demand, so the one concert quickly evolved into a twelve city tour. This expanded lineup was able to perform selections from every album using a smorgasbord of instrumentation that they could not have previously duplicated onstage. Baxter and McFee played pedal steel and fiddle, respectively, during "Black Water" and "Steamer Lane Breakdown." "Without You" featured no fewer than four drummers and four lead guitarists. Producer Templeman, a musician in his own right, banged percussion and LaKind sometimes played Knudsen's trap set while the latter came to the front of the stage to join the chorus. The tour culminated (sans McDonald, McFee and Knudsen) at the glasnost-inspired July 4 "Peace Concert" in Moscow, with Bonnie Raitt, James Taylor and Santana sharing the bill. Excerpts appearing later that year on the Showtime cable network included a performance of "China Grove".

The successful reunion sparked discussions about reconstituting the band on a permanent basis. They eventually decided to replicate the Toulouse Street/Captain and Me incarnation, settling on a lineup featuring Johnston, Simmons, Hartman, Porter and Hossack, plus more recent addition LaKind, and released Cycles on Capitol Records in 1989. It featured a Top Ten single, "The Doctor", which showcased Johnston's unmistakable voice and soaring lead guitar and reminded listeners of the band's pre-McDonald triumphs, which was natural given the line-up of the band at this time. The song was very similar to "China Grove," and the connection was further enhanced by guest Bill Payne's tinkling piano. There was more strong material on the album, including Johnston's "South Of The Border", Simmons' "Take Me To The Highway", a great version of the Isley Brothers' "Need A Little Taste Of Love", and a version of The Four Tops classic, "One Chain (Don't Make No Prison"), which had been covered by Santana years before. Cycles proved a successful, strong and very solid comeback album and was certified Gold. Bumpus also participated on the 1989 tour, adding his distinctive voice, keyboards, saxophone and flute to the proceedings. His presence bridged the gap between the current band and the McDonald era; he sang lead vocals on the song "One Step Closer" (as he originally had on the 1980 album) while Simmons took McDonald's part. The group was further augmented on the 1989 tour by Dale Ockerman (keyboards, guitar, backing vocals), Richard Bryant (vocals, percussion) and Jimi Fox (percussion, backing vocals). Due to illness, LaKind stepped down before the tour.

The 1990s, another disbandment, and the second reunion[edit]

The success of Cycles led to the release of 1991's Brotherhood, also on Capitol. The group members grew their hair back out, donned denim and leather, and attempted to revive their biker image of 1970. In spite of the makeover and strong material led by Simmons' now trademark "Dangerous" (featured in the Brian Bosworth biker film vehicle, Stone Cold), Brotherhood was unsuccessful, in part due to a lack of support on the part of Capitol Records.

The accompanying tour (with the 1989 line-up sans Bumpus) was ranked among the ten least profitable tours of the disappointing 1991 summer season by the North American Concert Promoters Association, according to an article published in Billboard Magazine on December 14 of that year.

The 1987 Doobie alumni band reunited on October 17 and 19, 1992 at the Concord Pavilion in Concord, California to perform benefit shows for LaKind's children. Noticeably frail, LaKind, who was terminally ill with cancer, nevertheless joined the group on percussion for a few numbers. The concerts were recorded and subsequently broadcast on the Superstars in Concert radio series accompanied by a plea for contributions to the LaKind family fund. Bobby LaKind died on Christmas Eve the same year.[citation needed]

A brief period of hiatus followed during which Simmons collaborated with bassist and songwriter John Cowan (ex-New Grass Revival), Rusty Young (of Poco) and Bill Lloyd (of Foster & Lloyd) on an unreleased project called Four Wheel Drive. When the band emerged yet again in 1993, Hartman and Porter were gone for good but former members Keith Knudsen and John McFee had rejoined on a full-time basis. Joined by Ockerman, Bumpus and former member Willie Weeks, the group toured with Four Wheel Drive as the opening act. After Weeks left the tour to resume his session work, Cowan played bass for both bands. Bumpus also left (to join the reunited Steely Dan), giving way to saxophonist, keyboardist and harmonica player Danny Hull. Alum Chet McCracken temporarily filled in for an injured Hossack in July 1993. Their 1994 tour included co-headlining appearances with Foreigner.

With renewed energy, the band began to experiment with different arrangements of several tunes. They even sampled McDonald's songbook from time to time, eventually restoring "Takin' it to the Streets" to the set on a semi-permanent basis with Simmons and new bassist Skylark (who joined in 1995) substituting for McDonald on vocals.

The band has toured continuously since 1993. In 1995 they reunited with McDonald for a brief co-headlining tour with the Steve Miller Band. The "Dreams Come True" tour featured all three primary songwriters and singers and reflected all phases of the band's career. Cornelius Bumpus joined the 1995 tour, with Chet McCracken replacing the absent Knudsen and Bernie Chiaravalle sitting in for John McFee. A 1996 double live album, Rockin' Down the Highway: The Wildlife Concert, featured guest star McDonald on three of his signature tunes. McDonald remains an occasional "special guest" and has joined the group for benefits, private corporate shows and parties (such as the wedding reception of Liza Minnelli and David Gest), as well. Baxter has also played with the band during concerts and the band have stated that they have an "open door" policy for guest appearances by former members.[citation needed]

Keyboardist Guy Allison (ex-Moody Blues and Air Supply) replaced Dale Ockerman in 1996. Marc Russo (ex-Yellowjackets) joined in early 1998 replacing Danny Hull.

In the late 1990s, the current band was forced to obtain an injunction preventing confusing or misleading uses of the "Doobie Brothers" moniker in advertisements promoting a tribute band featuring former members McCracken, Bumpus and Shogren accompanied by several lesser known musicians.[citation needed]

The 2000s[edit]

In 1999, Rhino Records released the group's first box set, entitled Long Train Runnin': 1970–2000. The box featured remastered tunes from the band's entire catalog, a new studio recording of the live concert staple "Little Bitty Pretty One," and an entire disc of previously unreleased studio outtakes and live recordings. Rhino's 2000 release, Sibling Rivalry, offered the band's first new studio album in nine years. The material, which reflected significant contributions from both Knudsen and McFee, ranged from rock to hip-hop, jazz to adult contemporary, and even country. The album sold poorly, reflecting the declining sales throughout the adult-oriented rock musical scene.

A serious motorbike mishap sidelined Hossack from mid-2001 to 2002. Drummer/percussionist M. B. Gordy was recruited to play drums during Hossack's absence and remained on percussion until 2005. Ed Wynne substituted for Russo on saxophone from April to August in 2002.

On February 8, 2005, Keith Knudsen, who had been battling cancer for almost ten years, died of pneumonia at Kentfield Rehabilitation Hospital.[citation needed]

Tom Johnston was forced to miss several shows in the summer and fall of 2007 following a surgery for throat ailment. Upon his return, he received vocal assistance from Simmons and McFee on certain tunes that he had traditionally sung in their entirety.

The Doobies provided the half-time entertainment for the FedEx Orange Bowl football game on January 1, 2009 in Miami, Florida.

For their 2010 summer tour they were (as previously in 1999 and 2008) once again paired with the band Chicago.

In May 2010, Skylark was forced to leave due to a stroke.[citation needed] John Cowan returned to replace Skylark. A few months later, Hossack was forced to sit out due to cancer. Tony Pia, a member of the Brian Setzer's Orchestra, came in to substitute for Hossack.[citation needed]

On September 28, 2010, a new album entitled World Gone Crazy, produced with their long-time producer Ted Templeman, was released. The first single from the album, entitled "Nobody", can be listened to on their official website.[11]

The group continues to tour heavily and remains a popular concert draw. From 2005 through 2007 they headlined benefit concerts at manager Cohn's B.R. Cohn Winery in Glen Ellen (once again sharing the stage with McDonald in 2006 and 2012). They have maintained a continuous and active presence on the Internet through their official website since 1996.

As of March 2012, five members of The Doobie Brothers pop-rock family are deceased: percussionist LaKind on Dec. 24, 1992 following his lengthy struggle with terminal cancer;[12] original bassist Shogren of unreported causes on Dec. 14, 1999;[13] Bumpus of a heart attack on Feb. 4, 2004 while in the air en route to California for a solo tour;[14] drummer and activist Keith Knudsen Feb. 8, 2005 of cancer and chronic pneumonia;[15] and drummer Michael Hossack of cancer on March 12, 2012.[16]

On November 13, 2012, the Doobie Brothers released Let the Music Play: The Story of The Doobie Brothers, which is a documentary of the band's history from their early days in the 1970s to the present.

Band members[edit]

The Doobie Brothers band members (by year)
1970–1971
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Dave Shogren – bass guitar, guitar, backing vocals
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion, backing vocals
1971–1972
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Dave Shogren – bass guitar, guitar, backing vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion, backing vocals
1972–1973
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Tiran Porter – bass guitar, guitar, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion, backing vocals
1973–1974
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Tiran Porter – bass guitar, guitar, vocals
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion, backing vocals
1974–1975
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Jeff "Skunk" Baxter – guitars, backing vocals
  • Tiran Porter – bass guitar, guitar, vocals
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion, backing vocals
1975–1977
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals (missed most of 1975 tour and the fall 1976 tour)
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Jeff "Skunk" Baxter – guitars, backing vocals
  • Tiran Porter – bass guitar, guitar, vocals
  • Michael McDonald – keyboards, synthesizers, vocals
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion, backing vocals
1977–1979
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Jeff "Skunk" Baxter – guitars, backing vocals
  • Tiran Porter – bass guitar, guitar, vocals
  • Michael McDonald – keyboards, synthesizers, vocals
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion, backing vocals
  • Bobby LaKind – percussion, vocals
1979–1980
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • Tiran Porter – bass guitar, guitar, vocals
  • Michael McDonald – keyboards, synthesizers, vocals
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • Chet McCracken – drums, percussion
  • Cornelius Bumpus – saxophone, flute, keyboards, vocals
1980–1982
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • Willie Weeks – bass guitar, backing vocals
  • Michael McDonald – keyboards, synthesizers, vocals
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • Chet McCracken – drums, percussion
  • Bobby LaKind – percussion, vocals
  • Joel Patrick Baker – bass guitar, tuba, backing vocals, standup bass
  • Michael "Oz" Owen – drums, percussion, timpani, backup vocals
1982–1987

Disbanded

1987
(plus October 1992)
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Jeff "Skunk" Baxter – guitars, backing vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • Tiran Porter – bass guitar, guitar, vocals
  • Michael McDonald – keyboards, synthesizers, vocals
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion. backing vocals
  • Chet McCracken – drums, percussion
  • Bobby LaKind – percussion, vocals
  • Cornelius Bumpus – saxophone, flute, keyboards, vocals
1988–1989
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Tiran Porter – bass guitar, guitar, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion, backing vocals
  • Bobby LaKind – percussion, vocals
  • Dale Ockerman – keyboards, guitar, backing vocals
1989–1990
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Tiran Porter – bass guitar, guitar, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion, backing vocals
  • Dale Ockerman – keyboards, guitar, vocals
  • Jimi Fox – percussion, backing vocals
  • Richard Bryant – percussion, vocals
  • Cornelius Bumpus – saxophone, keyboards, flute, vocals
1990–1991
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Tiran Porter – bass guitar, guitar, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion, backing vocals
  • Dale Ockerman – keyboards, guitar, backing vocals
  • Jimi Fox – percussion, backing vocals
  • Richard Bryant – percussion, vocals
1991–1992
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Tiran Porter – bass guitar, guitar, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • John Hartman – drums, percussion, backing vocals
  • Dale Ockerman – keyboards, guitar, backing vocals
1993
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • Willie Weeks – bass guitar, backing vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • Dale Ockerman – keyboards, guitar, backing vocals
  • Cornelius Bumpus – saxophone, flute, keyboards, vocals
1993–1995
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • John Cowan – bass guitar, backing vocals
  • Dale Ockerman – keyboards, guitar, backing vocals
  • Danny Hull – saxophone, harmonica, keyboards, backing vocals
1995
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • Michael McDonald – keyboards, synthesizers, vocals
  • Bernie Chiravalle – guitar, backing vocals
  • Chet McCracken – drums, percussion
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • Skylark – bass guitar, vocals
  • Dale Ockerman – keyboards, guitar, backing vocals
  • Cornelius Bumpus – saxophone, flute, keyboards, vocals
1996–1998
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • Michael McDonald – keyboards, synthesizers, vocals (special guest for Rockin’ Down the Highway: The Wildlife Concert)
  • Skylark – bass guitar, vocals
  • Danny Hull – saxophone, harmonica, keyboards, backing vocals
  • Guy Allison – keyboards, backing vocals
1998–2001
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • Skylark – bass guitar, vocals
  • Guy Allison – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Marc Russo – saxophone
2001–2002
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • Skylark – bass guitar, vocals
  • Guy Allison – keyboards, backing vocals
  • M. B. Gordy – drums, percussion
  • Marc Russo – saxophone
2002
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • Skylark – bass guitar, vocals
  • Guy Allison – keyboards, backing vocals
  • M. B. Gordy – drums, percussion
  • Ed Wynne – saxophone
2002–2005
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • Keith Knudsen – drums, percussion, vocals
  • Skylark – bass guitar, vocals
  • Guy Allison – keyboards, backing vocals
  • M. B. Gordy – drums, percussion
  • Marc Russo – saxophone
2005–2010
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums, percussion
  • Michael McDonald – keyboards, synthesizers, vocals (special guest in 2006 only)
  • Skylark – bass guitar, vocals
  • Guy Allison – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Ed Toth – drums, percussion
  • Marc Russo – saxophone
2010–2012
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, violin, vocals
  • John Cowan – bass guitar, backing vocals
  • Guy Allison – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Michael Hossack – drums (died March 12, 2012)
  • Tony Pia – drums, percussion
  • Marc Russo – saxophones
  • Ed Toth – drums
2012–present
  • Tom Johnston – guitars, keyboards, harmonica, vocals
  • Patrick Simmons – guitars, banjo, flute, vocals
  • John McFee – guitars, harmonica, dobro, pedal steel, violin, vocals
  • John Cowan – bass guitar, vocals
  • Guy Allison – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Marc Russo – saxophones
  • Ed Toth – drums
  • Tony Pia – drums, percussion

Substitutes/guests[edit]

The Memphis Horns[edit]

Discography[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Eikichi Yazawa, Japanese rock musician who has hired most of The Doobie Brothers as his back-up band.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Doobie Brothers To Make Grand Ole Opry Debut Saturday, February 26". Opry.com. 2011-02-18. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "RIAA". RIAA. Retrieved 2011-07-20. 
  3. ^ "The Vocal Group Hall of Fame Foundation". Retrieved 2011-04-26. 
  4. ^ Jackson, Blair. "Little Feat Article - Feb 2001" - MixOnline.com.
  5. ^ Menn, Don. "GP Flashback : The Doobie Brothers, June 1976" - Guitar Player Magazine.
  6. ^ Blackett, Matt. "The Doobie Brothers" - Guitar Player Magazine.
  7. ^ Sally Wade (writer); Mark Warren (director) (1978-01-28 & 1978-02-04). "Doobie or Not Doobie (Parts 1 and 2)". What's Happening!!. Season 2. Episode 16 & 17. ABC.
  8. ^ a b c "Grammy Awards 1980". Awards and Shows. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  9. ^ "Minute by Minute GRAMMY Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  10. ^ "Hide Doobie Brother Guitarist Recalls Santa Cruz Days". Santa Cruz Weekly. Retrieved 2012-05-23. 
  11. ^ "The Official Website". Doobie Brothers. Retrieved 2011-07-20. 
  12. ^ "Dead Rock Stars Club". Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  13. ^ "Dead Rock Stars Club". Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  14. ^ "Dead Rock Stars Club". Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  15. ^ "Dead Rock Stars Club". Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  16. ^ "Dead Rock Stars Club". Retrieved 2013-10-15. 

External links[edit]