Michael Palin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Michael Palin
Michael Palin.jpg
Palin in Trento, Italy in 2005
Born Michael Edward Palin
(1943-05-05) 5 May 1943 (age 71)
Broomhill, Sheffield, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
Alma mater Brasenose College, Oxford
Occupation Actor, writer, television presenter, comedian
Years active 1965–present
Known for Monty Python and Travel documentaries
Spouse(s) Helen Gibbins
(1966–present)
Children 3
Website
Palin's Travels

Michael Edward Palin, CBE, FRGS (pronounced /ˈplɨn/; born 5 May 1943) is an English comedian, actor, writer and television presenter known for being one of the members of the comedy group Monty Python and for his travel documentaries.

Palin wrote most of his comedic material with Terry Jones. Before Monty Python, they had worked on other shows such as the Ken Dodd Show, The Frost Report, and Do Not Adjust Your Set. Palin appeared in some of the most famous Python sketches, including "Argument Clinic", "Dead Parrot", "The Lumberjack Song", "The Spanish Inquisition", and "The Fish-Slapping Dance".

Palin continued to work with Jones after Python, co-writing Ripping Yarns. He has also appeared in several films directed by fellow Python Terry Gilliam and made notable appearances in other films such as A Fish Called Wanda, for which he won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role.[1] In a 2005 poll to find The Comedians' Comedian, he was voted the 30th favourite by fellow comedians and comedy insiders.[2]

After Python, he began a new career as a travel writer and travel documentarian. His journeys have taken him across the world, including the North and South Poles, the Sahara Desert, the Himalayas, Eastern Europe and Brazil. In 2000 Palin was honoured as a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for his services to television.[3] From 2009 to 2012 Palin was the president of the Royal Geographical Society.[4] On 12 May 2013, Palin was made a BAFTA fellow, the highest honour that is conferred by the organisation.[5]

Early life and career

Palin was born in Broomhill, Sheffield, West Riding of Yorkshire, the second child and only son of Mary Rachel Lockhart (née Ovey) and Edward Moreton Palin.[6][7] His father was a Shrewsbury School and Cambridge-educated engineer working for a steel firm.[8] His maternal grandfather, Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Lockhart Ovey, DSO, was High Sheriff of Oxfordshire in 1927.[9] He started his education at Birkdale Preparatory School, Sheffield, and later Shrewsbury School. His sister Angela was nine years older than he was. Despite the age gap the two had a close relationship until her suicide in 1987.[8][10] He has ancestral roots in Letterkenny, County Donegal.[11]

When he was five years old, Palin had his first acting experience at Birkdale playing Martha Cratchit in a school performance of A Christmas Carol. At the age of 10, Palin, still interested in acting, made a comedy monologue and read a Shakespeare play to his mother while playing all the parts.[12] After his school days in 1962 he went on to read modern history at Brasenose College, Oxford. With fellow student Robert Hewison he performed and wrote, for the first time, comedy material at a university Christmas party.[13] Terry Jones, also a student in Oxford, saw that performance and began writing together with Hewison and Palin.[12] In the same year Palin joined the Brightside and Carbrook Co-operative Society Players and first gained fame when he won an acting award at a Co-op drama festival.[14] He also performed and wrote in the Oxford Revue (called the Et ceteras) with Jones.[15]

In 1966 he married Helen Gibbins, whom he first met in 1959 on holiday in Southwold in Suffolk.[8] This meeting was later fictionalised in Palin's play East of Ipswich.[16] The couple have three children and a grandchild. His youngest child, Rachel (b. 1975) is a BBC TV director, whose work includes MasterChef: The Professionals, shown on BBC2 throughout October and November 2010.[17][18] While still a baby, his son William briefly appeared in Monty Python and the Holy Grail as "Sir Not-appearing-in-this-film". His nephew is the theatre designer Jeremy Herbert.[citation needed]

After finishing university in 1965 Palin became a presenter on a comedy pop show called Now! for the television contractor Television Wales and the West.[19] At the same time Palin was contacted by Jones, who had left university a year earlier, for assistance in writing a theatrical documentary about sex through the ages.[20] Although this project was eventually abandoned, it brought Palin and Jones together as a writing duo and led them to write comedy for various BBC programmes, such as The Ken Dodd Show, The Billy Cotton Bandshow, and The Illustrated Weekly Hudd.[21] They collaborated in writing lyrics for an album by Barry Booth called Diversions. They were also in the team of writers working for The Frost Report, whose other members included Frank Muir, Barry Cryer, Marty Feldman, Ronnie Barker, Ronnie Corbett, Dick Vosburgh and future Monty Python members Graham Chapman, John Cleese and Eric Idle. Although the members of Monty Python had already encountered each other over the years, The Frost Report was the first time all the British members of Monty Python (its sixth member, Terry Gilliam, was at that time an American citizen) worked together.[8] During the run of The Frost Report the Palin/Jones team contributed material to two shows starring John Bird: The Late Show and A series of Bird's. For A series of Bird's the Palin/Jones team had their first experience of writing narrative instead of the short sketches they were accustomed to conceiving.[22]

Following The Frost Report the Palin/Jones team worked both as actors and writers on the show Twice a Fortnight with Graeme Garden, Bill Oddie and Jonathan Lynn, and the successful children's comedy show Do Not Adjust Your Set with Idle and David Jason. The show also featured musical numbers by the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band, including future Monty Python musical collaborator Neil Innes. The animations for Do Not Adjust Your Set were made by Terry Gilliam. Eager to work with Palin[23] sans Jones, Cleese later asked him to perform in How to Irritate People together with Chapman and Tim Brooke-Taylor. The Palin/Jones team were reunited for The Complete and Utter History of Britain.

During this period Cleese contacted Palin about doing the show that would ultimately become Monty Python's Flying Circus.[8] On the strength of their work on The Frost Report and other programmes, Cleese and Chapman had been offered a show by the BBC, but Cleese was reluctant to do a two-man show for various reasons, among them Chapman's reputedly difficult personality. At the same time the success of Do Not Adjust Your Set had led Palin, Jones, Idle and Gilliam to be offered their own series and, while it was still in production, Palin agreed to Cleese's proposal and brought along Idle, Jones and Gilliam. Thus the formation of the Monty Python troupe has been referred to as a result of Cleese's desire to work with Palin and the chance circumstances that brought the other four members into the fold.[24]

Monty Python

Main article: Monty Python

In Monty Python, Palin played various roles, which ranged from manic enthusiasm (such as the lumberjack of the Lumberjack Song, or Herbert Anchovy, host of the game show "Blackmail") to unflappable calmness (such as the Dead Parrot vendor, Cheese Shop proprietor, or Postal Clerk). As a straight man he was often a foil to the rising ire of characters portrayed by John Cleese. He also played timid, socially inept characters such as Arthur Putey, the man who sits idly by as a marriage counsellor (Eric Idle) makes love to his wife (Carol Cleveland), and Mr. Anchovy, a chartered accountant who wants to become a lion tamer. He also appeared as the "It's" man at the beginning of most episodes.

Palin frequently co-wrote sketches with Terry Jones and also initiated the "Spanish Inquisition sketch", which included the catchphrase "Nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition!" He also composed songs with Jones including "The Lumberjack Song", "Every Sperm is Sacred" and "Spam". His solo musical compositions included "Decomposing Composers" and "Finland".[25]

Other work

After the Monty Python television series ended in 1974, the Palin/Jones team worked on Ripping Yarns, an intermittent television comedy series broadcast over three years from 1976. They had earlier collaborated on the play Secrets from the BBC series Black and Blue in 1973. He starred as Dennis the Peasant in Terry Gilliam's 1977 film Jabberwocky. Palin also appeared in All You Need Is Cash (1978) as Eric Manchester (based on Derek Taylor), the press agent for the Rutles.

In 1980, Palin co-wrote Time Bandits with Terry Gilliam. He also acted in the film.

In 1982, Palin wrote and starred in The Missionary, co-starring Maggie Smith. In it, he plays the Reverend Charles Fortescue, who is recalled from Africa to aid prostitutes.

In 1984, he reunited with Terry Gilliam to appear in Brazil. He appeared in the comedy film A Fish Called Wanda, for which he won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role.[1] Cleese reunited the main cast almost a decade later to make Fierce Creatures.

After filming for Fierce Creatures finished, Palin went on a travel journey for a BBC documentary and, returning a year later, found that the end of Fierce Creatures had failed at test screenings and had to be reshot.

Apart from Fierce Creatures, Palin's last film role was a small part in The Wind in the Willows, a film directed by and starring Terry Jones. Palin also appeared with John Cleese in his documentary, The Human Face. Palin was in the cast of You've Got Mail, the Tom Hanks and Meg Ryan romantic comedy as a subplot novelist, but his role was eventually cut entirely.[26]

He also assisted Campaign for Better Transport and others with campaigns on sustainable transport, particularly those relating to urban areas, and has been president of the campaign since 1986.[27]

Palin has also appeared in serious drama. In 1991 Palin worked as producer and actor in the film American Friends based upon a real event in the life of his great grandfather, a fellow at St John's College, Oxford.[28] In that same year he also played the part of a headmaster in Alan Bleasdale's Channel 4 drama series G.B.H..

Palin also had a small cameo role in Australian soap opera Home and Away. He played an English surfer with a fear of sharks, who interrupts a conversation between two main characters to ask whether there were any sharks in the sea. This was filmed while he was in Australia for the Full Circle series, with a segment about the filming of the role featuring in the series.

In November 2005, he appeared in the John Peel's Record Box documentary.[29]

Michael Palin, Nightingale House, November 2010

In 2013 Michael Palin appeared in a First World War drama titled The Wipers Times written by Ian Hislop and Nick Newman.[30]

Television documentaries

Travel

Palin's first travel documentary was part of the 1980 BBC Television series Great Railway Journeys of the World, in which, humorously reminiscing about his childhood hobby of train spotting, he travelled throughout the UK by train, from London to the Kyle of Lochalsh, via Manchester, York, Newcastle upon Tyne, Edinburgh and Inverness. At the Kyle of Lochalsh, Palin bought the station's long metal platform sign and is seen lugging it back to London with him.

In 1994, Palin travelled through Ireland for the same series, entitled "Derry to Kerry". In a quest for family roots, he attempted to trace his great grandmother – Brita Gallagher – who set sail from Ireland 150 years ago during the Great Famine (1845–1849), bound for a new life in Burlington, New Jersey. The series is a trip along the Palin family line.

Starting in 1989, Palin appeared as presenter in a series of travel programmes made for the BBC. It was after the veteran TV globetrotter Alan Whicker and journalist Miles Kington turned down presenting the first of these, Around the World in 80 Days, that gave Palin the opportunity to present his first and subsequent travel shows.[31] These programmes have been broadcast around the world in syndication, and were also sold on VHS tape and later on DVD:

Following each trip, Palin wrote a book about his travels, providing information and insights not included in the TV programme. Each book is illustrated with photographs by Basil Pao, the stills photographer who was on the team. (Exception: the first book, Around the World in 80 Days, contains some pictures by Pao but most are by other photographers.)

All seven of these books were also made available as audio books, and all of them are read by Palin himself. Around the World in 80 Days and Hemingway Adventure are unabridged, while the other four books were made in both abridged and unabridged versions, although the unabridged versions can be very difficult to find.[citation needed]

For four of the trips a photography book was made by Pao, each with an introduction written by Palin. These are large coffee-table style books with pictures printed on glossy paper. The majority of the pictures are of various people encountered on the trip, as informal portraits or showing them engaged in some interesting activity. Some of the landscape photos are displayed as two-page spreads.

Palin's travel programmes are responsible for a phenomenon termed the "Palin effect": areas of the world that he has visited suddenly become popular tourist attractions – for example, the significant increase in the number of tourists interested in Peru after Palin visited Machu Picchu.[32] In a 2006 survey of "15 of the world's top travel writers" by The Observer, Palin named Peru's Pongo de Mainique (canyon below the Machu Picchu) his "favourite place in the world".[33]

Palin notes in his book of Around the World in 80 Days that the final leg of his journey would originally have taken him and his crew on one of the trains involved in the Clapham Junction rail crash, but they arrived ahead of schedule and caught an earlier train.

Art and history

In recent years, Palin has written and presented occasional documentary programmes on artists that interest him. The first, on Scottish painter Anne Redpath, was Palin on Redpath in 1997. In The Bright Side of Life (2000), Palin continued on a Scottish theme, looking at the work of the Scottish Colourists. Two further programmes followed on European painters; Michael Palin and the Ladies Who Loved Matisse (2004) and Michael Palin and the Mystery of Hammershøi (2005), about the French artist Henri Matisse and Danish artist Vilhelm Hammershøi respectively. The DVD Michael Palin on Art contains all these documentaries except for the Matisse programme.

In November 2008, Palin presented a First World War documentary about Armistice Day, 11 November 1918, when thousands of soldiers lost their lives in battle after the war had officially ended. Palin filmed on the battlefields of Northern France and Belgium for the programme, called the Last Day of World War One, produced for the BBC's Timewatch series.[34]

Activism

In July 2010, Palin sent a message of support for the Dongria Kondh tribe of India, who are resisting a mine on their land by the company Vedanta Resources. Palin said, "I’ve been to the Nyamgiri Hills in Orissa and seen the forces of money and power that Vedanta Resources have arrayed against a people who have occupied their land for thousands of years, who husband the forest sustainably and make no great demands on the state or the government. The tribe I visited simply want to carry on living in the villages that they and their ancestors have always lived in".[35]

On 2 January 2011, Palin became the first person to sign the UK-based Campaign for Better Transport's Fair Fares Now campaign.

Recognition

Class 153, no. 153335 'Michael Palin' at Cambridge.

Each member of Monty Python has an asteroid named after him. Palin's is Asteroid 9621 Michaelpalin.[36]

In honour of his achievements as a traveller, especially rail travel, Palin has two British trains named after him. In 2002, Virgin Trains' new £5 million high speed Super Voyager train number 221130 was named "Michael Palin" – it carries his name externally and a plaque is located adjacent to the onboard shop with information on Palin and his many journeys.[37] Also, National Express East Anglia named a British Rail Class 153 (unit number 153335) after him. In 2008, he received the James Joyce Award of the Literary and Historical Society in Dublin.

Palin was instrumental in setting up the Michael Palin Centre for Stammering Children in 1993.[38]

In recognition of his services to the promotion of geography, Palin was awarded the Livingstone Medal of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society in March 2009, along with a Fellowship to the Society.[39] In June 2013, he was similarly honoured in Canada with a gold medal for achievements in geography by the Royal Canadian Geographical Society.[40]

In June 2009, Palin was elected for a three-year term as President of the Royal Geographical Society.[41]

Because of his self-described "amenable, conciliatory character" Michael Palin has been referred to as unofficially "Britain's Nicest Man."[42]

Bibliography

Travel books

All his travel books can be read at no charge, complete and unabridged, on his website.

Autobiography (contributor)

Diaries

Fiction

Children's books

Plays

Selected filmography

Year Film Role Notes
1971 And Now for Something Completely Different Various roles Also writer
1975 Monty Python and the Holy Grail Various roles Also writer
1975 Three Men in a Boat Harris
1977 Jabberwocky Dennis Cooper
1978 All You Need Is Cash Eric Manchester/Lawyer
1979 Monty Python's Life of Brian Various roles Also writer
1981 Time Bandits Vincent Also writer
Nominated - Saturn Award for Best Writing
1982 Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl Various roles Also writer
1982 The Missionary The Reverend Charles Fortescue Also writer/producer
1983 Monty Python's The Meaning of Life Various roles Also writer
1983 The Crimson Permanent Assurance Workman Short film
1984 A Private Function Gilbert Chilvers
1985 Brazil Jack Lint
1988 A Fish Called Wanda Ken Pile BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
1991 American Friends Reverend Francis Ashby Also writer
1996 The Wind in the Willows The Sun
1997 Fierce Creatures Adrian 'Bugsy' Malone
2010 Not the Messiah (He's a Very Naughty Boy) Mrs. Betty Palin/Julius Caesar/Bevis
2011 Arthur Christmas Ernie Clicker Voice only
2015 Absolutely Anything Voice only

Television

Awards

BAFTA Awards

  • 2005 Won – BAFTA Special Award
  • 2009 Won – BAFTA Special Award as part of the Monty Python team for outstanding contribution to film and television[44]

References

  1. ^ a b "Film Nominations 1988". BAFTA. Retrieved 11 January 2008. 
  2. ^ Michael Palin Biography Yahoo.com. Retrieved 7 May 2012
  3. ^ "Trio of Dames lead showbiz honours". BBC News. 31 December 1999. Retrieved 15 August 2006. 
  4. ^ People & Staff Royal Geographical Society. Retrieved 24 June 2012
  5. ^ "Michael Palin To Receive Academy Fellowship At The Arqiva British Academy Television Awards". 
  6. ^ Nick Barratt (11 November 2006). "Family detective". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 25 October 2008. 
  7. ^ "Michael Palin Biography (1943–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 1 June 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Chalmers, Robert (29 July 2012). "The dark knight rises: Perhaps Michael Palin isn’t the nicest chap in Britain after all...". The Independent. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  9. ^ The Pythons Autobiography by The Pythons, pg. 31
  10. ^ "The wandering man". Thestandard.com.hk. Retrieved 1 June 2011. [dead link]
  11. ^ "First Letterkenny heritage magazine launched". Donegal News. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013. "Over 100 people attended the official launch of Letterkenny Community Heritage Group’s new magazine in the Station House Hotel this week. [...] Did you know that Michael Palin of Monty Python fame has ancestral roots in the town?" 
  12. ^ a b Ross, 200
  13. ^ Michael Palin biography[dead link]
  14. ^ "ABC TV Documentaries: Sahara episode 3/4". Australian Broadcasting Company. Retrieved 2 September 2006. 
  15. ^ Desert Island Discs, Radio 4, Sat 17 November 1979 - http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/features/desert-island-discs/castaway/b74f8680#p009mwvb
  16. ^ Ross, 57
  17. ^ Warman, Anna. "Travelling with Michael Palin". Retrieved 14 August 2006. 
  18. ^ "Home truths on Wanderlust". Camden New Yournal. 27 September 2007. Retrieved 7 September 2008. 
  19. ^ Michael Palin by John Oliver at BFI Screen Online, URL accessed 13 December 2006
  20. ^ Hodgkinson, Tom (2006). "In Conversation with Michael Palin". The Idler. Retrieved 20 December 2006. 
  21. ^ Biography at Pythonet.org, URL accessed 17 December 2006
  22. ^ "A Series Of Bird's". BBC Guide to Comedy. Retrieved 16 September 2006. 
  23. ^ Ross, 91
  24. ^ The Pythons Autobiography By The Pythons; Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, Michael Palin, John Chapman, David Sherlock, Bob McCabe; Thomas Dunne Books; 2003
  25. ^ Monty Python Sings - Monty Python: Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards: AllMusic
  26. ^ "NEWS 1999_01_17 - Michael Palin Dropped From Final Print of Hanks/Ryan Romantic Comedy". Daily Llama. Retrieved 1 June 2011. 
  27. ^ Campaign for Better Transport website[dead link]
  28. ^ American Friends at Rotten Tomatoes.com, URL accessed 13 December 2006
  29. ^ "John Peel's Record Box", 2005
  30. ^ "Python Palin stars in BBC WWI drama". BBC News. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  31. ^ Vestey, Michael (6 August 2005). "Watching over Whicker". Findarticles.com. Retrieved 25 October 2008. [dead link]
  32. ^ Webster, Ben (14 January 2005). "Globetrotter Palin brought down to earth by eco-lobby". The Times (London). Retrieved 14 August 2006. 
  33. ^ Wilkinson, Carl (8 January 2006). "My favourite place in the world". The Observer (UK). Retrieved 18 August 2007. 
  34. ^ "Timewatch – The Last Day of World War One". BBC. Retrieved 1 November 2008. 
  35. ^ Michael Palin sends message to support Dongria Kondh, Survival International
  36. ^ "JPL Small-Body Database Browser". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 17 October 2006. 
  37. ^ Virgin Trains, URL accessed 13 December 2006
  38. ^ "Palin's centre for stammerers wins £340,000 grant". Retrieved 9 September 2008. 
  39. ^ "Royal Scottish Geographical Society: Medals & Awards". Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  40. ^ Ouzounian, Richard (26 June 2013). "Michael Palin, from Monty Python to travel series host". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 26 June 2013. 
  41. ^ "Michael Palin announced as new president of Royal Geographical Society (with IBG)". Retrieved 25 November 2009. 
  42. ^ Lee, Marc (24 August 2009). "Michael Palin: he's not a Messiah, just a very nice man". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  43. ^ "BAFTA Film Awards - Best Supporting Actor 1989". BAFTA. 
  44. ^ "Monty Python Special Award". Retrieved 20 October 2009. [dead link]
  45. ^ "TV Baftas 2013: all the winners". The Guardian. 12 May 2013. 
  46. ^ "Michael Palin To Receive Academy Fellowship At The Arqiva British Academy Television Awards". BAFTA. 

Further reading

  • Jones, Mark (2010), The Famous Charisma Discography The Record Press/Bristol Folk Publications ISBN 978-0-9563531-1-5 – discography of Monty Python's record label, includes foreword by Michael Palin
  • Novick, Jeremy (2001), Life of Michael: an Illustrated Biography of Michael Palin Headline Publishing (a division of Hodder Headline) ISBN 0-7472-3529-5
  • Ross, Robert (1997). Monty Python Encyclopedia B.T. Batsford Ltd, London ISBN 1-57500-036-9
  • Wilmut, Roger (1980). From Fringe to Flying Circus: Celebrating a Unique Generation of Comedy 1960–1980 Eyre Methuen Ltd ISBN 0-413-50770-X

External links