Grammy Award for Record of the Year

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Grammy Award for Record of the Year
A gold gramophone trophy with a plaque set on a table
Gilded gramophone trophy presented to Grammy Award winners
Awarded for quality vocal or instrumental recording tracks
Country United States
Presented by National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences
First awarded 1959
Last awarded 2014
Official website grammy.com

The Grammy Award for Record of the Year is presented by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to "honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to sales or chart position."[1][2] The Record of the Year award is one of the four most prestigious categories at the awards (alongside Best New Artist, Song of the Year, and Album of the Year) presented annually since the 1st Grammy Awards in 1959. According to the 54th Grammy Awards description guide the award is presented "for commercially released singles or tracks of new vocal or instrumental recordings. Tracks from a previous year's album may be entered provided the track was not entered the previous year and provided the album did not win a GRAMMY. Award to the artist(s), producer(s), recording engineer(s) and/or mixer(s) if other than the artist."[3] Starting from the 55th Grammy Awards in 2013, mastering engineers will be considered nominees and award recipients in this category.[4]

Record of the Year is related to but is conceptually different from Song of the Year or Album of the Year:

  • Record of the Year is awarded for a single or for one track from an album. This award goes to the performing artist, the producer, recording engineer, and/or mixer for that song. In this sense, "record" means a particular recorded song, not its composition or an album of songs.
  • Song of the Year is also awarded for a single or individual track, but the recipient of this award is the songwriter who actually wrote the lyrics and/or melodies to the song. Thus, "song" in this context means the song as composed, not its recording.
  • Album of the Year is awarded for a whole album, and the award is presented to the artist, producer, recording engineer, and mastering engineer for that album. So, in this context, "album" means a recorded collection of songs (a multi-track LP, CD, or download package), not the individual songs or their compositions.

History[edit]

The honorees through its history have been:

  • 1959–1965: Artist only.
  • 1966–1998: Artist and producer.
  • 1999–2012: Artist, producer, and engineer and/or mixer.
  • 2013–: Artist, producer, mastering engineer, engineer and/or mixer.

Paul Simon holds the record for most wins in this category at three ("Mrs. Robinson" in 1969, "Bridge Over Troubled Water" in 1971, and "Graceland" in 1988).

Roberta Flack was the first artist to win Record of the Year in two consecutive years for the years 1972 ("The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face") and 1973 ("Killing Me Softly With His Song"). This happened again when the group U2 won for the years 2001 ("Beautiful Day") and 2002 ("Walk On"), the only occurrence of an artist winning the award two consecutive years with records from the same album.

Other artists to receive two Grammys for Record of the Year are Henry Mancini ("Moon River", "Days of Wine and Roses"); Art Garfunkel ("Mrs. Robinson", "Bridge Over Troubled Water"); The Fifth Dimension ("Up, Up And Away", "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In"); Eric Clapton ("Tears in Heaven", "Change the World"); and Norah Jones ("Don't Know Why," "Here We Go Again").

Frank Sinatra has the most nominations for Record of the Year for an artist and a male artist with seven nominations; he won the award once in 1967 for "Strangers In The Night". The Beatles have the most Record of the Year nominations for a group; they had four nominations ("I Want to Hold Your Hand", "Yesterday", "Hey Jude", and "Let It Be") but never won the award. Barbra Streisand has the most Record of the Year nominations for a female artist with five ("Happy Days Are Here Again", "People", "Evergreen (Love Theme From A Star Is Born)", "You Don't Bring Me Flowers", (with Neil Diamond) and "Woman In Love") but has never received the award.[5]

During the first 50 years of the Grammys, only five artists took the Record of the Year and Best New Artist awards during the same ceremony: Bobby Darin ("Mack the Knife"), Christopher Cross ("Sailing"), Sheryl Crow ("All I Wanna Do"), Norah Jones ("Don't Know Why"), and Amy Winehouse ("Rehab").

Process[edit]

Members of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences nominate their choices for record of the year. A list of the top twenty records are given to the Nominations Review Committee, a specially selected group of anonymous members, who then select the top five records to gain a nomination in the category in a special ballot.[6] The rest of the members then vote a winner from the five nominees.[7]

Recipients[edit]

28 of the winners of Record of the Year have also won Song of the Year. An asterisk (*) indicates the composition won Song of the Year as well.

Year[I] Winner(s) Work Nominees Ref.
1959 Modugno, DomenicoDomenico Modugno "Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare)" * [8]
1960 Darin, BobbyBobby Darin "Mack the Knife" [9]
1961 Faith, PercyPercy Faith "Theme from A Summer Place" [10]
1962 Mancini, HenryHenry Mancini "Moon River" *
1963 Bennett, TonyTony Bennett "I Left My Heart in San Francisco" [11]
1964 Mancini, HenryHenry Mancini "Days of Wine and Roses" * [12]
1965 Gilberto, AstrudAstrud Gilberto and Stan Getz "The Girl from Ipanema" [13]
1966 Alpert, HerbHerb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass
 · produced by Herb Alpert & Jerry Moss
"A Taste of Honey"
1967 Sinatra, FrankFrank Sinatra
 · produced by Jimmy Bowen
"Strangers in the Night"
1968 The 5th Dimension
 · produced by Johnny Rivers & Marc Gordon
"Up, Up and Away" * [14]
1969 Simon & Garfunkel
 · produced by Art Garfunkel, Paul Simon & Roy Halee
"Mrs. Robinson"
1970 The 5th Dimension
 · produced by Bones Howe
"Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" [15]
1971 Simon & Garfunkel
 · produced by Art Garfunkel, Paul Simon & Roy Halee
"Bridge over Troubled Water" * [16]
1972 King, CaroleCarole King
 · produced by Lou Adler
"It's Too Late" [17]
1973 Flack, RobertaRoberta Flack
 · produced by Joel Dorn
"The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" * [18]
1974 Flack, RobertaRoberta Flack
 · produced by Joel Dorn
"Killing Me Softly with His Song" * [19]
1975 Newton-John, OliviaOlivia Newton-John
 · produced by John Farrar
"I Honestly Love You"
1976 Captain & Tennille
 · produced by Daryl Dragon
"Love Will Keep Us Together" [20]
1977 Benson, GeorgeGeorge Benson
 · produced by Tommy LiPuma
"This Masquerade" [21]
1978 The Eagles
 · produced by Bill Szymczyk
"Hotel California" [22]
1979 Joel, BillyBilly Joel
 · produced by Phil Ramone
"Just the Way You Are" *
1980 The Doobie Brothers
 · produced by Ted Templeman
"What a Fool Believes" * [23]
1981 Cross, ChristopherChristopher Cross
 · produced by Michael Omartian
"Sailing" * [23]
1982 Carnes, KimKim Carnes
 · produced by Val Garay
"Bette Davis Eyes" * [23]
1983 Toto
 · produced by Toto
"Rosanna" [23]
1984 Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson
 · produced by Michael Jackson & Quincy Jones
"Beat It" [23]
1985 Turner, TinaTina Turner
 · produced by Terry Britten
"What's Love Got to Do with It" * [23]
1986 USA for Africa
 · produced by Quincy Jones
"We Are the World" * [23]
1987 Winwood, SteveSteve Winwood
 · produced by Russ Titelman & Steve Winwood
"Higher Love" [23]
1988 Simon, PaulPaul Simon
 · produced by Paul Simon
"Graceland" [23]
1989 McFerrin, BobbyBobby McFerrin
 · produced by Linda Goldstein
"Don't Worry, Be Happy" * [23]
1990 Midler, BetteBette Midler
 · produced by Arif Mardin
"Wind Beneath My Wings" * [23]
1991 Collins, PhilPhil Collins
 · produced by Hugh Padgham & Phil Collins
"Another Day in Paradise" [23]
1992 Cole, NatalieNatalie Cole with Nat King Cole
 · produced by David Foster
"Unforgettable" * [23]
1993 Clapton, EricEric Clapton
 · produced by Russ Titelman
"Tears in Heaven" * [23]
1994 Houston, WhitneyWhitney Houston
 · produced by David Foster
"I Will Always Love You" [23]
1995 Crow, SherylSheryl Crow
 · produced by Bill Bottrell
"All I Wanna Do" [24]
1996 Seal
 · produced by Trevor Horn
"Kiss from a Rose" * [25]
1997 Clapton, EricEric Clapton
 · produced by Babyface
"Change the World" * [26]
1998 Colvin, ShawnShawn Colvin
 · produced by John Leventhal
"Sunny Came Home" * [27]
1999 Dion, CelineCeline Dion
 · engineered/mixed by David Gleeson, Humberto Gatica & Simon Franglen;
 · produced by James Horner, Simon Franglen & Walter Afanasieff
"My Heart Will Go On" * [28]
2000 Santana featuring Rob Thomas
 · engineered/mixed by David Thoener,
 · produced by Matt Serletic
"Smooth" * [29]
2001 U2
 · engineered/mixed by Richard Rainey & Steve Lillywhite;
 · produced by Brian Eno & Daniel Lanois
"Beautiful Day" * [30]
2002 U2
 · engineered/mixed by Richard Rainey & Steve Lillywhite;
 · produced by Brian Eno & Daniel Lanois
"Walk On" [31]
2003 Jones, NorahNorah Jones
 · engineered/mixed by Jay Newland;
 · produced by Arif Mardin, Jay Newland & Norah Jones
"Don't Know Why" * [32]
2004 Coldplay
 · engineered/mixed by Coldplay, Ken Nelson & Mark Phythian;
 · produced by Coldplay & Ken Nelson
"Clocks" [33]
2005 Charles, RayRay Charles and Norah Jones
 · engineered/mixed by Al Schmitt, Mark Fleming, & Terry Howard;
 · produced by John R. Burk
"Here We Go Again" [34]
2006 Green Day
 · engineered/mixed by Chris Lord-Alge & Doug McKean,
 · produced by Green Day & Rob Cavallo
"Boulevard of Broken Dreams" [35]
2007 Dixie Chicks
 · engineered/mixed by Chris Testa, Jim Scott & Richard Dodd;
 · produced by Rick Rubin
"Not Ready to Make Nice" * [36]
2008 Winehouse, AmyAmy Winehouse
 · engineered/mixed by Tom Elmhirst, Vaughan Merrick, Dom Morley, Mark Ronson & Gabriel Roth;
 · produced by Mark Ronson
"Rehab" * [37]
2009 Krauss, AlisonAlison Krauss and Robert Plant
 · engineered/mixed by Mike Piersante;
 · produced by T-Bone Burnett
"Please Read the Letter" [38]
2010 Kings of Leon
 · engineered/mixed by Jacquire King;
 · produced by Jacquire King & Angelo Petraglia
"Use Somebody" [39]
2011 Lady Antebellum
 · engineered/mixed by Clarke Schleicher;
 · produced by Lady Antebellum & Paul Worley
"Need You Now" * [40]
2012 Adele
 · engineered/mixed by Tom Elmhirst & Mark Rankin
 · produced by Paul Epworth
"Rolling in the Deep" * [41]
2013 Gotye featuring Kimbra
 · engineered/mixed by Wally De Backer, François Tétaz & William Bowden
 · master engineered by William Bowden
 · produced by Wally De Backer
"Somebody That I Used to Know" [42]
2014 Daft Punk featuring Pharrell Williams & Nile Rodgers
 · engineered/mixed by Peter Franco, Mick Guzauski, Florian Lagatta & Daniel Lerner
 · master engineered by Antoine "Chab" Chabert & Bob Ludwig
 · produced by Thomas Bangalter & Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo
"Get Lucky" [43]

^[I] Each year is linked to the article about the Grammy Awards held that year.
^[II] Showing only the nationality(ies) of the performing artist(s).

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "Overview". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved March 16, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Grammy Awards at a Glance". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 4, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Category Mapper". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 25, 2011. 
  4. ^ "The Recording Academy Announces Board Of Trustees Meeting Results". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. June 8, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  5. ^ Grein, Paul (2009-12-07). "Boost Your Grammy IQ | Stop The Presses! - Yahoo Music". New.music.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  6. ^ Behind Grammy's Closed Door
  7. ^ Wyman, Bill (2011-02-11). "The Grammys: the secret committee that alters the membership's nominations". Slate.com. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  8. ^ "Grammy Awards 1959 (May)". IndiaServer. Retrieved July 20, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Grammy Awards 1959". IndiaServer. 
  10. ^ "Grammy Awards 1961". IndiaServer. 
  11. ^ "Grammy Awards 1963". IndiaServer. 
  12. ^ "Grammy Awards 1964". IndiaServer. 
  13. ^ "Grammy Awards 1965". IndiaServer. 
  14. ^ "Grammy Awards 1968". IndiaServer. 
  15. ^ "Grammy Awards 1970". IndiaServer. 
  16. ^ "Grammy Awards 1971". IndiaServer. 
  17. ^ "Grammy Awards 1972". IndiaServer. 
  18. ^ "Grammy Awards 1973". IndiaServer. 
  19. ^ "Grammy Awards 1974". IndiaServer. 
  20. ^ "Grammy Awards 1976". IndiaServer. 
  21. ^ "Grammy Awards 1977". IndiaServer. 
  22. ^ "Grammy Awards 1978". IndiaServer. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Grammy Awards: Record of the Year". Rock on the Net. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  24. ^ "The 37th Grammy Nominations". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). January 6, 1995. p. 1. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  25. ^ "List of Grammy nominees". CNN. January 4, 1996. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  26. ^ Campbell, Mary (January 8, 1997). "Babyface is up for 12 Grammy awards". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  27. ^ "40th Annual Grammy Award Nominations". Digital Hit. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  28. ^ "1999 Grammy Nominees". NME. IPC Media. November 27, 1998. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  29. ^ "42nd Annual Grammy Awards nominations". CNN. January 4, 2000. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  30. ^ "43rd Grammy Awards". CNN. February 21, 2001. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Complete List Of Grammy Nominees". CBS News. January 4, 2002. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  32. ^ "45 Grammy Nom List". 
  33. ^ "They're All Contenders". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). December 5, 2003. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  34. ^ "Grammy Award nominees in top categories". USA Today (Gannett Company). February 7, 2005. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  35. ^ "The Complete List of Grammy Nominations". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). December 8, 2005. p. 1. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  36. ^ "49th Annual Grammy Awards Winners List". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  37. ^ "Grammy 2008 Winners List". MTV. February 10, 2008. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  38. ^ "Grammy 2009 Winners List". MTV. February 8, 2009. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  39. ^ "The 52nd Annual Grammy Awards Nominees List". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 12, 2010. 
  40. ^ "53rd Annual Grammy Awards nominees list". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved December 2, 2010. 
  41. ^ "2011 – 54th Annual GRAMMY Awards Nominees And Winners: General Field". The Recording Academy. November 30, 2011. 
  42. ^ "Dan Auerbach, Fun., Jay-Z, Mumford & Sons, Frank Ocean, Kanye West Lead 55th GRAMMY Nominations". Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  43. ^ "Jay Z Tops 56th GRAMMY Nominations With Nine". Retrieved 6 December 2013. 

External links[edit]