Cleveland Clinic

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Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland Clinic logo.png
Earlyhospital.jpg
The original Clinic building opened its doors in 1921
Geography
Location 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, United States
Organization
Care system Private
Hospital type Academic
Affiliated university Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University
Services
Standards JCAHO accreditation
Magnet[1] status
Beds 1200
History
Founded 1921
Links
Website www.clevelandclinic.org
Lists Hospitals in the United States
Other links List of hospitals in the United States

The Cleveland Clinic (formally known as The Cleveland Clinic Foundation) is a multispecialty academic medical center located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. The Cleveland Clinic is currently regarded as one of the top four hospitals in the United States as rated by U.S. News & World Report.[2] The Cleveland Clinic was established in 1921 by four physicians for the purpose of providing patient care, research, and medical education in an ideal medical setting. One of the largest private medical centers in the world, the Cleveland Clinic saw more than 3,200,000 patient visits in 2009, with almost 80,000 hospital admissions.[3] Patients arrive at the Cleveland Clinic from all 50 states and more than 100 nations. The Cleveland Clinic's approximately 2,800 staff physicians and scientists and 1,300 residents[4] represent 120 medical specialties and subspecialties.[5] The Cleveland Clinic was ranked number one in America for cardiac care from 1994 to 2013.[6]

Cleveland Clinic is also an Ohio nonprofit corporation[7] which as of December 2010 had 10 regional hospitals in Northeast Ohio, a hospital and family health center in Florida, and a health center in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, a specialty center in Las Vegas, and a hospital in Abu Dhabi opening in 2013.

History[edit]

George Washington Crile, a founder of the Cleveland Clinic

The Cleveland Clinic was founded in February 1921 by four renowned Cleveland physicians. Three of the founders, Frank Emory Bunts, senior member, George Washington Crile, and William Edgar Lower, shared a medical practice on the west side in 1892. Called to serve in WWI, they performed surgery together in Rouen, France field stations. Upon their return to the United States, they desired to establish a group practice and invited an internist, John Phillips, to join in their endeavor. With the loans from Cleveland Trust Company and personal guarantees, the founders established the Cleveland Clinic Foundation to fund and operate the hospital under the guidance of Edward C. Daoust, son-in-law of Dr. Frank Emory Bunts.

In the current logo, the golden center represents Ed Daoust, the four green corners are the four founding doctors. The doctors assumed positions as officers in the first truly non-profit hospital in the country February 26, 1921. Many notables attended, including Dr. Mayo, the keynote speaker, describing the future of medicine, "properly considered, group medicine is not a financial arrangement, except for minor details, but a scientific cooperation for the welfare of the sick." Doctors there received salaries and the mission was "To Act as a Unit." The vision of the founders was: 1. Better care of the sick. 2. Investigation of their problems. 3. Further education of those who serve. The vision was realized by a high investment in research and leading medical practice of the time. The Clinic saw rapid growth in its early years.

The Clinic suffered a major setback in 1929 that almost closed its doors permanently. On May 15, 1929, a fire started in the basement of the hospital caused by nitrocellulose x-ray film that spontaneously ignited. The fire claimed 125 lives, including that of one of the founders, Dr. Phillips.[8] Following this fire and the subsequent Great Depression, the Cleveland Clinic regained momentum and eventually obtained national recognition especially in cardiovascular disease. In the decades since World War II, the Clinic has grown to become internationally prominent and is currently the second-largest medical group practice in the world, after the Mayo Clinic.[dubious ]

Research[edit]

The Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute is home to all laboratory-based, translational and clinical research at Cleveland Clinic, having total annual research expenditures exceeding $258 million from the National Institutes of Health and other funding sources in 2008. With more than 1,300 residents and fellows, the Cleveland Clinic’s graduate medical education program is one of the largest in the country.[9] A new medical school, the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, was opened in 2004. The program's curriculum was devised by Cleveland Clinic staff physicians to train and mentor a new generation of physician-investigators.

Reputation[edit]

The Cleveland Clinic was ranked as the fourth best hospital in America for complex and demanding situations according to the 2013 U.S. News & World Report America's Best Hospitals report[10] and ranked number one for cardiac care for 19 years in a row.[6] The Clinic's Glickman Urological Institute has the largest full-time urology faculty in the United States.

Altogether, fourteen specialties at the Cleveland Clinic were ranked among the best in the nation by U.S. News & World Report in 2013: heart (cardiology) and cardiac surgery (#1); digestive disorders (gastroenterology) (#2); urology (#2); rheumatology (#2); orthopedic surgery (#3); nephrology (#2); respiratory disorders (pulmonology) (#3); neurology and neurosurgery (#6); endocrinology (#2); gynaecology (#3); ophthalmology (#7); otolaryngology (#6); cancer (oncology) (#9); and geriatrics (#7).[11]

In 2007, Steven Nissen, MD, Chairman of the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, was named one of the 100 most influential people in the world (Time 100) by Time.

Cleveland Clinic is known for its technological efficiency, and was described by Newsweek as "a hospital trying to be a Toyota factory",[12] and when Newsweek contacted a dozen hospitals for data on cancer patient outcomes, Cleveland Clinic was the only one which could provide its own data in detail and open to the public.[12]

On February 23, 2011, Becker's Hospital Review listed Cleveland Clinic under the 50 Best Hospitals in America.[13]

Medical firsts[edit]

The Cleveland Clinic has been the site of numerous medical firsts, including:

Campus and location[edit]

A portion of the Cleveland Clinic's main campus

The main campus of the Cleveland Clinic consists of 41 buildings on more than 140 acres (57 ha) near University Circle, in the Fairfax neighborhood of Cleveland. The Cleveland Clinic operates 14 family health and ambulatory surgery centers in surrounding communities, a multispecialty hospital and family health center in Weston, Florida, and an outpatient clinic in Toronto, Ontario.[21]

The Cleveland Clinic serves its community through ten northeast Ohio hospitals plus affiliates:

Ashtabula County Medical Center (ACMC) is one of the affiliates of the Cleveland Clinic. The Cleveland Clinic has a children's hospital located within the main campus and at its Shaker Campus. On October 23, 2008, the Clinic opened a new facility to house its number-one-ranked heart center, building the Miller Family Heart and Vascular Institute and the Glickman Urological Institute, in the Glickman Tower and the Sydell and Arnold Miller Family Pavilion. In addition, a 4,000-space parking garage for staff and visitors was also built.

Future growth[edit]

Prominent vascular surgeon Kenneth Ouriel was selected in 2007 to serve as executive director of the Cleveland Clinic's specialty hospital in Abu Dhabi.[22]

To help ensure its growth, the Cleveland Clinic announced in 2006 a historic 5-year philanthropic campaign to raise $1.25 billion. The Clinic is also looking to expand its presence to other locations in the United States as well as abroad. In September 2006, the Clinic announced plans to operate a world-class specialty hospital in UAE, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, to be built and owned by the UAE government.[23] This facility is scheduled to open in 2013.[24] The current CEO and President of the Clinic, Delos M. "Toby" Cosgrove, M.D., recently indicated plans to expand into other markets abroad including Austria and Singapore.[25]

Economic development[edit]

The Cleveland Clinic is heavily involved in efforts to expand Cleveland's economy and produce growth for the region. The Clinic is the largest private employer in northeast Ohio, and the third largest in the state of Ohio,[26] with over 36,000 employees all over the United States[27] and revenues exceeding $4.4 billion annually. At $2.7 billion, the Clinic's endowment rivals those of top American universities.[28] In addition to its clinical facilities and research institute, the Clinic operates a startup incubator known as CCF Innovations. CCF Innovations is charged with commercializing Clinic research and creating successful startup companies with such research. In addition to CCF Innovations, the Cleveland Clinic was awarded the State of Ohio's first "Wright Mega-Center for Innovation" award, totalling $60 million, to build a Global Cardiovascular Innovation Center. This center, funded as part of the state's "Third Frontier" program to generate economic growth for the state, will be charged with generating companies, jobs, and economic growth for the region based on the Clinic's expertise in heart disease. The clinic has provided funding to bring the HealthCorps program to Cleveland in an effort to combat teen obesity and improve the general health of local teens.[29] The Economist magazine has reported on the hospital's impact on Cleveland.[30]

In August 2011, Becker's Hospital Review listed the Cleveland Clinc as number two on the 100 Top Grossing Hospitals in America with $9.14 billion in gross revenue.[31]

Notable patients[edit]

The Cleveland Clinic has treated many famous patients. Some of these include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ aling.org/magnet/index.html ANCC Magnet Recognition Program
  2. ^ Leonard, Kimberly. "Best Hospitals 2013–14: Overview and Honor Roll". US News & World Report. Retrieved July 16, 2013. 
  3. ^ Cleveland Clinic Overview
  4. ^ "Cleveland Clinic". U.S. News & World Report. 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  5. ^ "Cleveland Clinic". U.S. News & World Report. 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  6. ^ a b "Cleveland Clinic named No. 1 heart program in country for 19th consecutive year". Cleveland Plain Dealer. July 16, 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-16. 
  7. ^ Board of Directors. Cleveland Clinic.
  8. ^ Bunts, Alexander, MD & Crile, George, Jr., MD; "To Act as a Unit, The Story of the Cleveland Clinic," The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, February, 1971
  9. ^ "Encyclopedia of Cleveland History:CLEVELAND CLINIC FOUNDATION". Ech.cwru.edu. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  10. ^ Leonard, Kimberly. "Best Hospitals 2013–14: Overview and Honor Roll". US News & World Report. Retrieved July 16, 2013. 
  11. ^ News & World Report "Best Hospitals 2013–14". U.S. News & World Report Website. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved July 16, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Adler J. (2009). The Hospital That Could Cure Health Care. Newsweek.
  13. ^ Becker's Hospital Review
  14. ^ Meyer, Bill. "Having his say: Larynx transplant patient progresses, even feels strong enough to sing". THE PLAIN DEALER. The Plain Dealer. Retrieved March 14, 2011. 
  15. ^ Wang, L; Fan, C., Topol, S.E., Topol, E.J., and Q.Wang (November 2008). "Mutation of MEF2A in an inherited disorder with features of coronary artery disease". Science 302 (5650): 1578–1581. doi:10.1126/science.1088477. PMC 1618876. PMID 14645853. 
  16. ^ PHALEN GS, GARDNER WJ, LA LONDE AA (January 1950). "Neuropathy of the median nerve due to compression beneath the transverse carpal ligament". J Bone Joint Surg Am 32A (1): 109–12. PMID 15401727. 
  17. ^ Phalen GS (March 1966). "The carpal-tunnel syndrome. Seventeen years' experience in diagnosis and treatment of six hundred fifty-four hands". J Bone Joint Surg Am 48 (2): 211–28. PMID 5934271. 
  18. ^ Altman, Lawrence K. (December 16, 2008). "First Face Transplant Performed in the U.S.". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-12-25. 
  19. ^ Cleveland Clinic. "Cleveland Clinic performs first transvaginal kidney removal, plans a second". Blog.cleveland.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  20. ^ Townsend, Angela (April 9, 2012). "Single-sperm freezing technique at Cleveland Clinic results in first successful pregnancy". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved June 16, 2012. 
  21. ^ www.clevelandcliniccanada.com
  22. ^ Sarah Treffinger, June 04, 2007,Cleveland Plain Dealer, Clinic to expand in Abu Dhabi, Accessed August 27, 2013, quote = ...Dr. Kenneth Ouriel, ... moved to Abu Dhabi to serve as chief executive officer. I'm sending one of my very best people there, Clinic chief Dr. Toby Cosgrove said of Ouriel, who joined the Clinic in 1998...
  23. ^ February 2009, Cleveland Plain Dealer
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ Posted on Tue, Nov 29, 2011 @ 10:23 AM (2011-11-29). "4 Ways the Cleveland Clinic Represents the Model for Hospital and Healthcare Innovation". Globalpartnersinc.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  26. ^ Ohio Department of Development statistics
  27. ^ Cleveland.com
  28. ^ "Charity Navigator Rating - Yale University". Charitynavigator.org. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  29. ^ "Healthiest Nation". Healthiest Nation. 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  30. ^ "The hopeful laundry". The Economist. January 7, 2010. 
  31. ^ Oh, Jaimie (2011-08-29). "100 Top Grossing Hospitals in America | Lists". Beckershospitalreview.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  32. ^ http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4155/is_20050524/ai_n14648402.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  33. ^ Transplant Week – Your Online Transplant Newsletter
  34. ^ Ilham Aliyev Visits His Father in Cleveland
  35. ^ "Brazil's President Flies To U.S. For Heart Tests". The New York Times. October 18, 1981. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
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  38. ^ Corzine goes to Ohio for a physical – The Record (Bergen County, NJ) – HighBeam Research
  39. ^ "Bob Dole to undergo surgery to correct enlarged aorta". CNN. June 26, 2001. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  40. ^ "Bob Dole has surgery to treat aneurysm". USA Today via Associated Press. June 27, 2001. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  41. ^ WBNS-10TV, Central Ohio's News Leader – News – Restaurant Company Founder Bob Evans Enters Cleveland Clinic
  42. ^ Falwell resting after tests at Cleveland Clinic | wkyc.com
  43. ^ "CNN.com – Glazer recovers from second stroke – May 20, 2006". CNN. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  44. ^ "Hamilton Has Cancer Surgery". The New York Times. June 25, 1997. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  45. ^ "Reps: Chuck Hayes has no heart issue". ESPN.com. December 22, 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2011. 
  46. ^ "Press: Forest City Fusion". Time. October 10, 1932. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  47. ^ "Minnesota Wild forward Dany Heatley will miss remainder of the NHL season". NHL.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  48. ^ "CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  49. ^ "King Hussein in Cleveland". The New York Times. February 4, 1984. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  50. ^ Ring TALK
  51. ^ http://www.golfbusinesswire.com/2006_articles/103983
  52. ^ "Andrei Markov - Montreal Canadiens". Sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  53. ^ Walter Mercado: Vendo de la Tumba. Patricia Vargas. El Nuevo Dia. San Juan, Puerto Rico. February 15, 2012. Page 74.
  54. ^ Vendo de la Tumba. vLex Puerto Rico. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
  55. ^ "Liza Minnelli hospitalized with viral encephalitis". CNN. October 23, 2000. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  56. ^ Kindred, Dave (June 18, 1981). "A Trip to Cleveland Tonic for Nicklaus". 
  57. ^ [3][dead link]
  58. ^ "Heart Procedure for Parcells". The New York Times. April 17, 1992. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  59. ^ NCAA.com
  60. ^ a b Lyons, Richard D. (May 8, 1984). "Cleveland Clinic For World's Powerful". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  61. ^ "A Clinic That Caters To Foreign Celebrities". The New York Times. March 28, 1984. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  62. ^ Shenouda III (Gayyid) of Alexandria – OrthodoxWiki
  63. ^ Northeast Ohio. "Omar Suleiman, former Egyptian spy chief and vice president, dies at Cleveland Clinic". cleveland.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  64. ^ GOVERNOR RELEASED.(NEWS) – The Cincinnati Post (Cincinnati, OH) – HighBeam Research
  65. ^ "N.F.L. Training Camp Report". The New York Times. August 16, 1995. Retrieved 2010-04-30. 
  66. ^ Suttell, Scott (July 28, 2011). "If you're flying out of Cleveland or Akron, you're probably paying more". Crain's Cleveland Business. Retrieved 2011-07-31.  See the heading "Bad news, delivered from Cleveland" at the bottom of the posting.
  67. ^ "Robin Williams' heart surgery goes 'extremely well'". CNN. March 23, 2009. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  68. ^ O'Donnell, Patrick (May 12, 2008). "Oprah Winfrey addresses Cleveland Clinic staff". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2011-03-09. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°30′08″N 81°37′03″W / 41.50236°N 81.61755°W / 41.50236; -81.61755