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The original Clinic building opened its doors in 1921
|Location||9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, United States|
|Affiliated university||Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University|
|Lists||Hospitals in the United States|
|Other links||List of hospitals in the United States|
The Cleveland Clinic (formally known as The Cleveland Clinic Foundation) is a multispecialty academic medical center located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. The Cleveland Clinic is currently regarded as one of the top four hospitals in the United States as rated by U.S. News & World Report. The Cleveland Clinic was established in 1921 by four physicians for the purpose of providing patient care, research, and medical education in an ideal medical setting. One of the largest private medical centers in the world, the Cleveland Clinic saw more than 3,200,000 patient visits in 2009, with almost 80,000 hospital admissions. Patients arrive at the Cleveland Clinic from all 50 states and more than 100 nations. The Cleveland Clinic's approximately 2,800 staff physicians and scientists and 1,300 residents represent 120 medical specialties and subspecialties. The Cleveland Clinic was ranked number one in America for cardiac care from 1994 to 2014.
Cleveland Clinic is also an Ohio nonprofit corporation which as of December 2010 had 10 regional hospitals in Northeast Ohio, a hospital and family health center in Florida, and a health center in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, a specialty center in Las Vegas, and a hospital in Abu Dhabi opening in 2013.
The Cleveland Clinic was founded in February 1921 by four renowned Cleveland physicians. Three of the founders, Frank Emory Bunts, senior member, George Washington Crile, and William Edgar Lower, shared a medical practice on the west side in 1892. Called to serve in World War I, they performed surgery together at field stations in Rouen, France. Upon their return to the United States, they desired to establish a group practice and invited an internist, John Phillips, to join in their endeavor. With loans from Cleveland Trust Company, as well as personal guarantees, the founders established the Cleveland Clinic Foundation to fund and operate the hospital under the guidance of Edward C. Daoust, son-in-law of Dr. Frank Emory Bunts.
In the current logo, the golden center represents Ed Daoust, while the four green corners are the four founding doctors. The doctors assumed positions as officers in the first truly non-profit hospital in the country on February 26, 1921. Many notables attended, including Dr. Mayo, the keynote speaker, who when describing the future of medicine stated: "Properly considered, group medicine is not a financial arrangement, except for minor details, but a scientific cooperation for the welfare of the sick." Doctors there received salaries and the mission was: "To Act as a Unit."
The vision of the founders was:
- Better care of the sick.
- Investigation of their problems.
- Further education of those who serve.
The vision was realized by a high investment in research and leading medical practice of the time.
The Clinic suffered a major setback in 1929 which almost closed its doors permanently. On May 15, 1929, a fire started in the basement of the hospital caused by nitrocellulose x-ray film that spontaneously ignited. The fire claimed 125 lives, including that of one of the founders, Dr. Phillips. Following this fire and the subsequent Great Depression, the Cleveland Clinic regained momentum and eventually obtained national recognition, especially in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. In the decades since World War II, the Clinic has grown to become internationally prominent and is currently the second-largest medical group practice in the world, after the Mayo Clinic.[dubious ]
The Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute is home to all laboratory-based, translational and clinical research at Cleveland Clinic, having total annual research expenditures exceeding $258 million from the National Institutes of Health and other funding sources in 2008. With more than 1,300 residents and fellows, the Cleveland Clinic’s graduate medical education program is one of the largest in the country. A new medical school, the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University, was opened in 2004. The program's curriculum was devised by Cleveland Clinic staff physicians to train and mentor a new generation of physician-investigators.
The Cleveland Clinic was ranked as the fourth best hospital in America for complex and demanding situations according to the 2013 U.S. News & World Report America's Best Hospitals report and ranked number one for cardiac care for 20 years in a row. The Clinic's Glickman Urological Institute has the largest full-time urology faculty in the United States.
Altogether, fourteen specialties at the Cleveland Clinic were ranked among the best in the nation by U.S. News & World Report in 2014: heart (cardiology) and cardiac surgery (#1); digestive disorders (gastroenterology) (#2); urology (#1); rheumatology (#2); orthopedic surgery (#3); nephrology (#2); respiratory disorders (pulmonology) (#3); neurology and neurosurgery (#6); endocrinology (#2); gynaecology (#3); ophthalmology (#7); otolaryngology (#6); cancer (oncology) (#13); and geriatrics (#9).
Cleveland Clinic is known for its technological efficiency, and was described by Newsweek as "a hospital trying to be a Toyota factory", and when Newsweek contacted a dozen hospitals for data on cancer patient outcomes, Cleveland Clinic was the only one which could provide its own data in detail and open to the public.
On February 23, 2011, Becker's Hospital Review listed Cleveland Clinic under the 50 Best Hospitals in America.
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|Wikinews has related news: Cleveland, Ohio clinic performs US's first face transplant|
The Cleveland Clinic has been the site of numerous medical firsts, including:
- synthesis of angiotensin II (involved in high blood pressure)
- isolation of serotonin (involved in depression) by Dr. Irvine Page
- development of "no-touch" colorectal surgery
- promotion of conservative surgery for breast cancer in America
- invention of "washing-machine artificial kidney" dialysis machine
- first coronary angiography by F. Mason Sones in 1958
- first coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) by René Favaloro in 1967
- first minimally invasive aortic valve surgery
- first successful larynx transplant
- discovery of first gene linked to juvenile macular degeneration
- discovery of first gene linked to familial coronary artery disease
- first percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)
- identification of carpal tunnel syndrome
- use of sodium nitroprusside in the clinical setting (for hypertension)
- first mitral valve repair and Maze procedure in the same operation
- first endovascular tricuspid valve implant
- first face transplant in the U.S. performed by a team led by Maria Siemionow
- first completed transvaginal Nephrectomy in 2009
- First successful pregnancy through the single-sperm freezing technique in 2011.
Campus and location
The main campus of the Cleveland Clinic consists of 41 buildings on more than 140 acres (57 ha) near University Circle, in the Fairfax neighborhood of Cleveland. The Cleveland Clinic operates 14 family health and ambulatory surgery centers in surrounding communities, a multispecialty hospital and family health center in Weston, Florida, and an outpatient clinic in Toronto, Ontario.
The Cleveland Clinic serves its community through ten northeast Ohio hospitals plus affiliates:
- Main Campus, Cleveland, Ohio
- Euclid Hospital, Euclid, Ohio
- Fairview Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio
- Hillcrest Hospital, Mayfield Heights, Ohio
- Lakewood Hospital, Lakewood, Ohio
- Lutheran Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio
- Marymount Hospital, Garfield Heights, Ohio
- Medina Hospital, Medina, Ohio
- South Pointe Hospital, Warrensville Heights, Ohio
- Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, Florida
- Cleveland Clinic Florida - West Palm Beach, West Palm Beach, Florida
- Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Las Vegas, Nevada
Ashtabula County Medical Center (ACMC) is one of the affiliates of the Cleveland Clinic. The Cleveland Clinic has a children's hospital located within the main campus and at its Shaker Campus. On October 23, 2008, the Clinic opened a new facility to house its number-one-ranked heart center, building the Miller Family Heart and Vascular Institute and the Glickman Urological Institute, in the Glickman Tower and the Sydell and Arnold Miller Family Pavilion. In addition, a 4,000-space parking garage for staff and visitors was also built.
To help ensure its growth, the Cleveland Clinic announced in 2006 a historic 5-year philanthropic campaign to raise $1.25 billion. The Clinic is also looking to expand its presence to other locations in the United States as well as abroad. In September 2006, the Clinic announced plans to operate a world-class specialty hospital in UAE, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, to be built and owned by the UAE government. This facility is scheduled to open in 2013. The current CEO and President of the Clinic, Delos M. "Toby" Cosgrove, M.D., recently indicated plans to expand into other markets abroad including Austria and Singapore.
The Cleveland Clinic is heavily involved in efforts to expand Cleveland's economy and produce growth for the region. The Clinic is the largest private employer in northeast Ohio, and the third largest in the state of Ohio, with over 36,000 employees all over the United States and revenues exceeding $4.4 billion annually. At $2.7 billion, the Clinic's endowment rivals those of top American universities. In addition to its clinical facilities and research institute, the Clinic operates a startup incubator known as CCF Innovations. CCF Innovations is charged with commercializing Clinic research and creating successful startup companies with such research. In addition to CCF Innovations, the Cleveland Clinic was awarded the State of Ohio's first "Wright Mega-Center for Innovation" award, totalling $60 million, to build a Global Cardiovascular Innovation Center. This center, funded as part of the state's "Third Frontier" program to generate economic growth for the state, will be charged with generating companies, jobs, and economic growth for the region based on the Clinic's expertise in heart disease. The clinic has provided funding to bring the HealthCorps program to Cleveland in an effort to combat teen obesity and improve the general health of local teens. The Economist magazine has reported on the hospital's impact on Cleveland.
In August 2011, Becker's Hospital Review listed the Cleveland Clinc as number two on the 100 Top Grossing Hospitals in America with $9.14 billion in gross revenue.
The Cleveland Clinic has treated many famous patients. Some of these include:
- List of hospitals in the United States
- List of hospitals in Ohio
- Artificial heart
- Medical centers in the United States
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- Sarah Treffinger, June 04, 2007,Cleveland Plain Dealer, Clinic to expand in Abu Dhabi, Accessed August 27, 2013, quote = ...Dr. Kenneth Ouriel, ... moved to Abu Dhabi to serve as chief executive officer. I'm sending one of my very best people there, Clinic chief Dr. Toby Cosgrove said of Ouriel, who joined the Clinic in 1998...
- February 2009, Cleveland Plain Dealer
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- Northeast Ohio. "Omar Suleiman, former Egyptian spy chief and vice president, dies at Cleveland Clinic". cleveland.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
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- "Robin Williams' heart surgery goes 'extremely well'". CNN. March 23, 2009. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- O'Donnell, Patrick (May 12, 2008). "Oprah Winfrey addresses Cleveland Clinic staff". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2011-03-09.
|Wikinews has related news: US clinic plans first face transplant|
- The Cleveland Clinic
- U.S. News & World Report - Best Hospitals 2013 Rankings
- U.S. News & World Report – Best Hospitals 2007 Rankings
- U.S. News & World Report – Best Hospitals 2006 Rankings
- Facts & Figures about The Cleveland Clinic