European Parliament election, 2014 (United Kingdom)

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United Kingdom European Parliament election, 2014
United Kingdom
2009 ←
22 May 2014
→ 2019

73 seats to the European Parliament
Turnout 34.17%[1]
  First party Second party Third party
  Nigel Farage Ed Miliband David Cameron
Leader Nigel Farage Ed Miliband David Cameron
Party UKIP Labour Conservative
Alliance EFDD S&D ECR
Leader since 5 November 2010 25 September 2010 6 December 2005
Last election 13 seats 13 seats 26 seats (including 1 UCUNF)
Seats won 24 20 19
Seat change Increase11 Increase7 Decrease7
Popular vote 4,376,635 4,020,646 3,792,549
Percentage 27.5% 25.4% 23.9%
Swing Increase 11.0% Increase 9.7% Decrease 3.8%

UK Euro Elections 2014 FINAL.png


Leader of Largest Party before election

David Cameron
Conservative

Subsequent Leader of Largest Party

Nigel Farage
UKIP

The United Kingdom's component of the 2014 European Parliament election was held on Thursday 22 May 2014,[2][3] coinciding with the 2014 local elections in England[4] and Northern Ireland.

Most of the results of the election were announced on Sunday 25 May, after voting closed throughout the 28 member states of the European Union.

In total, 73 Members of the European Parliament were elected from the United Kingdom using proportional representation. England, Scotland and Wales use a closed-list party list system of PR (with the D'Hondt method), while Northern Ireland used the Single transferable vote (STV).

The popular vote was won by the UK Independence Party (UKIP) – the first time a political party other than the Labour Party and Conservative Party has won the popular vote in a national election since the 1906 general election.[5][6] It is also the first time a party other than the Labour and Conservatives won the largest number of seats in a national election since the December 1910 general election.[7][8][9]

The Conservatives, the party currently in governing coalition with the Liberal Democrats, were pushed into third place for the first time in a European Parliament election, the same position as Labour in the previous 2009 European Parliament election.[10] It was also the first time since 1984 that the largest opposition party failed to win the European Parliament election.

Results[edit]

Map of highest polling party in each English council area; UKIP in purple, Labour in red, Conservatives in blue, and Liberal Democrats in orange.
Map of highest polling party in each Scottish council area; SNP in yellow, Labour in red, Conservatives in blue, and Liberal Democrats in orange.
Full results table of the 2014 European Parliament election for the United Kingdom[11][12]
Party Euro
Party
Euro
Group
Votes Seats
Number % +/- Number +/- %
UK Independence Party None EFD 4,376,635 26.60% Increase10.61% 24 Increase11 32.88%
Labour Party PES S&D 4,020,646 24.43% Increase9.19% 20 Increase7 27.40%
Conservative Party AECR ECR 3,792,549 23.05% Decrease3.83% 19 Decrease6 26.03%
Green Party of England and Wales EGP G-EFA 1,136,670 6.91% Decrease0.92% 3 Increase1 4.11%
Scottish National Party EFA G-EFA 389,503 2.37% Increase0.31% 2 Steady 2.74%
Liberal Democrats ALDE ALDE 1,087,633 6.61% Decrease6.71% 1 Decrease10 1.37%
Sinn Féin None EUL-NGL 159,813 0.97% Increase0.16% 1 Steady 1.37%
Democratic Unionist Party None None 131,163 0.80% Increase0.23% 1 Steady 1.37%
Plaid Cymru EFA G-EFA 111,864 0.68% Decrease0.13% 1 Steady 1.37%
Ulster Unionist Party AECR ECR 83,438 0.51% Decrease0.02% 1 Steady 1.37%
An Independence from Europe None None 235,124 1.43% New 0 New 0.00%
British National Party AENM None 179,694 1.09% Decrease4.95% 0 Decrease2 0.00%
English Democrats None None 126,024 0.77% Decrease1.03% 0 Steady 0.00%
Scottish Green Party EGP G-EFA 108,305 0.66% Increase0.14% 0 Steady 0.00%
Social Democratic and Labour Party PES S&D 81,594 0.50% Decrease0.01% 0 Steady 0.00%
Traditional Unionist Voice None None 75,806 0.46% Increase0.04% 0 Steady 0.00%
Christian Peoples Alliance ECPM None 50,222 0.31% Decrease1.29% 0 Steady 0.00%
Alliance Party of Northern Ireland None None 44,432 0.27% Increase0.10% 0 Steady 0.00%
No2EU None None 31,757 0.19% Decrease0.79% 0 Steady 0.00%
4 Freedoms Party (UK EPP) None None 28,014 0.17% New 0 New 0.00%
We Demand a Referendum Now None None 23,426 0.14% New 0 New 0.00%
National Health Action Party None None 23,253 0.14% New 0 New 0.00%
Animal Welfare Party None None 21,092 0.13% Increase0.04% 0 Steady 0.00%
Britain First None None 20,272 0.12% New 0 New 0.00%
Yorkshire First None None 19,017 0.12% New 0 New 0.00%
Europeans Party None None 10,712 0.07% New 0 New 0.00%
Green Party in Northern Ireland EGP G-EFA 10,598 0.06% Decrease0.04% 0 Steady 0.00%
NI21 None None 10,553 0.06% New 0 New 0.00%
Peace Party None None 10,130 0.06% Steady 0 Steady 0.00%
Others Various None 55,011 0.33% Decrease3.36% 0 Steady 0.00%
Valid Votes 16,454,950 100.00% 73 Increase1 100.00%
Rejected Votes 90,812 0.55%
Total Polled 16,545,762
Verified Votes 34.19%
Registered Electors

Election results by Constituency[11]

Constituency Current members
East Midlands                    
East of England                    
London                    
North East England                    
North West England                    
South East England                    
South West England                    
West Midlands                    
Yorkshire and the Humber                    
Scotland                    
Wales                    
Northern Ireland                    

MEPs defeated[edit]

Conservative[edit]

Liberal Democrats[edit]

British National Party[edit]

An Independence from Europe[edit]

We Demand a Referendum[edit]

MEPs before the 2014 election, by European Parliament group[edit]

Between the 2009 and 2014 elections, there were various changes to the breakdown of UK members. In December 2011 a 73rd member from the UK (Anthea McIntyre, Conservative) was allocated to England because of the implementation of the Treaty of Lisbon. There were also various defections:

The Ulster Conservatives and Unionists - New Force (UCUNF) electoral pact between the Conservatives and the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) was dissolved.

Thus, before the 2014 election, the following parties had MEPs representing UK constituencies:

Parties in the European Parliament (UK) before the 2014 election
United Kingdom party Seats/73 European Parliament group Seats/766
Conservative 26   European Conservatives and Reformists 52
UUP 1
Labour 13   Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats 195
Liberal Democrats 12   Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe 75
UKIP 9 Europe of Freedom and Democracy 31
Independent 1
Green 2 The Greens–European Free Alliance 52
Scottish National 2
Plaid Cymru 1
Sinn Féin 1 European United Left–Nordic Green Left 35
Democratic Unionist 1 Non-Inscrits -
British Democratic 1 -
British National 1 -
We Demand a Referendum 1 -
An Independence from Europe 1 -

Voting system and regional representation[edit]

Polling station in Gosberton in Lincolnshire within the East Midlands Constituency on 22 May 2014

As has been the case since 1999, the election is conducted in a total of 12 electoral constituencies: using the regional Party-list proportional representation system, in each of the government's nine English regions, and in Scotland and in Wales, but the Single transferable vote system in Northern Ireland. As a result of the Treaty of Lisbon coming into force, the UK became entitled to a 73rd MEP as from November 2011. The Electoral Commission performed a reallocation in keeping with the same procedures they used to allocate 72 MEPs and an extra Conservative MEP was allocated to the West Midlands constituency based on the 2009 vote.[18]

Electoral region Representation
in 2009
Representation
before and after
the 2014 election
Net Gain/Loss
East Midlands 5 5
East of England 7 7
London 8 8
North East England 3 3
North West England 8 8
South East England 10 10
South West England1 6 6
West Midlands 6 7 +1
Yorkshire and the Humber 6 6
Wales 4 4
Scotland 6 6
Northern Ireland 3 3

1 Includes Gibraltar, the only British overseas territory which is part of the European Union.

Returning officers[edit]

The European Parliamentary Elections (Returning Officers) Order 2013 provides for the designated Returning Officer for each electoral region to be the council official responsible for elections in each of the following Westminster constituencies: Kettering for the East Midlands, Chelmsford for the Eastern region, Lewisham, Deptford for the London region, Sunderland Central for the North East region, Manchester Central for the North West region, Falkirk for Scotland, Southampton, Test for the South East region, Poole for the South West region, Preseli Pembrokeshire for Wales, Birmingham Ladywood for the West Midlands region, and Leeds Central for the Yorkshire and Humber region.[19]

Parties and candidates[edit]

39 parties stood a total of 747 candidates. The Conservative Party and UKIP had candidates in every region, as did the three Green parties. Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the BNP had a full slate of candidates in all the regions in Great Britain (i.e. excluding Northern Ireland). The English Democrats and An Independence from Europe had a full slate of candidates in all the English regions. No2EU had a full slate in seven regions, while Britain First and the Socialist Party of Great Britain had full slates in two regions each. The Harmony Party stood in four regions and the Christian Peoples Alliance in three regions. Other parties only stood in one region.

Retiring/resigned incumbents[edit]

British Democratic Party[edit]

(Elected in 2009 as British National Party)

Conservative[edit]

Green[edit]

Labour[edit]

Liberal Democrats[edit]

UKIP[edit]

Debates[edit]

On 20 February, the Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg used his weekly phone-in show on LBC 97.3 to challenge the leader of the UK Independence Party, Nigel Farage, to a live public debate on the UK's membership of the European Union.[32] Clegg said, "he is the leader of the party of 'out'; I am the leader of the party of 'in'. I think it's time we now have a proper, public debate so that the public can listen to the two sides of the argument and judge from themselves."[33][34] Farage accepted, but said he would also like to see Ed Miliband and David Cameron participate.[35]

The first hour-long debate between the two men was held on 26 March 2014 and was broadcast live on television by Sky News and on the BBC News Channel. The debate was hosted by LBC and moderated by Nick Ferrari.[36] After the first debate, a YouGov poll asked "Who performed better?", with 57% saying Farage did better compared to 36% for Clegg.

The second debate was held on BBC Two on 2 April in a special programme called The European Union: In or Out, moderated by David Dimbleby. Farage was again seen as outperforming his rival, with a snap poll by YouGov showing 68% of people thought he did better in the debate compared to 27% for Clegg. A snap Guardian poll also showed that 69% thought Farage won the debate.[37]

Despite David Cameron and Ed Miliband declining to participate in the leaders' debates, the Conservative and Labour parties were represented in a lower-profile debate on the BBC. On 13 February Andrew Neil hosted a four-way debate on the BBC's Sunday Politics programme. The Conservatives were represented by Syed Kamall MEP, Labour by Richard Howitt MEP, the Liberal Democrats by Baroness Sarah Ludford MEP and the UK Independence Party by Patrick O'Flynn, the party's Director of communications and an MEP candidate.[38][39]

Opinion polls[edit]

These opinion polls are for Great Britain and generally exclude Northern Ireland. The methodology used for these polls broadly corresponds to that used for Opinion polling for the next United Kingdom general election; see that article for the methodology used by each polling company. YouGov have experimented with different methods of polling for these elections, using their own method for their 8–9 January 2013 poll and another corresponding to that used by Survation and ComRes for their 10–11 January 2013 poll (both below) and argue that their method gives more accurate answers.[40] Data for these polls are generally gathered at the same time as the data for General Election polling.

2014[edit]

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/client Sample size Con UKIP Lab Lib Dem Others Lead
22 May 2014 European Parliament election, 2014 (Great Britain) Results 16,017,366 23.93% 27.49% 25.40% 6.87% 16.31% 2.09% over Lab
20–21 May YouGov/The Sun 6,124 22% 27% 26% 9% 16% 1% over Lab
19–21 May Opinium/Daily Mail 1,967 21% 32% 25% 6% 16% 7% over Lab
19–20 May Survation/Mirror 1,106 23% 32% 27% 9% 11% 5% over Lab
19–20 May YouGov/The Sun 1,874 23% 27% 27% 10% 14% Tied
18–19 May YouGov/The Sun 1,740 21% 24% 28% 10% 17% 4% over UKIP
15–19 May TNS 1,217 21% 31% 28% 7% 13% 3% over Lab
16–18 May ComRes/ITV News 2,061 20% 33% 27% 7% 13% 6% over Lab
15–16 May YouGov/Sunday Times 1,892 23% 26% 27% 9% 14% 1% over UKIP
13–16 May Opinium/Daily Mail 2,036 20% 31% 29% 5% 15% 2% over Lab
14–15 May ICM/Sunday Telegraph 2,033 26% 25% 29% 7% 13% 3% over Con
14–15 May ComRes/Sunday Mirror/Independent on Sunday 2,045 20% 35% 24% 6% 15% 11% over Lab
13–14 May YouGov/The Sun 1,968 22% 25% 28% 10% 15% 3% over UKIP
9–12 May Opinium 1,936 22% 30% 28% 7% 13% 2% over Lab
9-11 May ICM/The Guardian 1,000 27% 26% 24% 7% 16% 1% over UKIP
9-11 May ComRes/C4M 2,056 22% 34% 24% 8% 12% 10% over Lab
9 May Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,005 21% 32% 28% 9% 11% 4% over Lab
6–8 May Opinium/Daily Mail 1,972 23% 28% 27% 8% 14% 1% over Lab
28 Apr – 6 May YouGov/Sky News 1,933 23% 31% 25% 9% 14% 6% over Lab
2–3 May Survation/Mirror 1,005 24% 31% 28% 7% 10% 3% over Lab
1–2 May YouGov/Sunday Times 1,945 22% 29% 28% 7% 14% 1% over Lab
30 Apr-1 May YouGov/Sun on Sunday 1,844 23% 29% 26% 10% 12% 3% over Lab
30 Apr-1 May YouGov/The Sun 1,813 22% 27% 30% 9% 13% 3% over UKIP
27–30 Apr YouGov/The Sun 5,331 22% 28% 29% 9% 13% 1% over UKIP
24–28 Apr TNS 1,199 18% 36% 27% 10% 12% 9% over Lab
25–27 Apr ComRes/ITV News 2,052 18% 38% 27% 8% 14% 11% over Lab
24–25 Apr YouGov/Sunday Times 1,835 19% 31% 28% 9% 13% 3% over Lab
21–22 Apr YouGov/The Sun 2,190 22% 27% 30% 10% 11% 3% over UKIP
15–17 Apr ICM/Sunday Telegraph 2,000 22% 27% 30% 8% 13% 3% over UKIP
11–13 Apr ICM/The Guardian 1,000 25% 20% 36% 6% 13% 11% over Con
3–7 Apr TNS 1,193 21% 29% 30% 9% 11% 1% over UKIP
4–6 Apr Populus/Financial Times 2,034 27% 25% 31% 10% 7% 4% over Con
3–4 Apr YouGov/Sunday Times 1,998 22% 28% 30% 9% 10% 2% over UKIP
4 Apr Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,001 21% 27% 34% 9% 9% 7% over UKIP
2–3 Apr ComRes/The People[dead link] 2,067 22% 30% 30% 8% 10% Tied
2 Apr Broadcast of The European Union: In or Out debate.
27–28 Mar YouGov/The Sunday Times 1,916 24% 23% 32% 11% 10% 8% over Con
26–27 Mar YouGov/The Sun 2,039 24% 26% 28% 11% 11% 2% over UKIP
26 Mar LBC radio debate on the European Union between the Lib Dems' Nick Clegg and Nigel Farage of UKIP.
20–21 Mar Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,000 28% 23% 32% 7% 10% 4% over Con
17–18 Mar YouGov/Times 2,284 24% 23% 32% 10% 11% 8% over Con
12–13 Mar ComRes/Independent on Sunday 2,001 21% 30% 28% 8% 13% 2% over Lab
7–9 Feb ICM/The Guardian 1,002 25% 20% 35% 9% 11% 10% over Con
14–15 Jan YouGov/The Sun 1,893 23% 26% 32% 9% 10% 6% over UKIP
3 Jan Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,001 23% 26% 32% 9% 10% 6% over UKIP

2013[edit]

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/client Sample size Con UKIP Lab Lib Dem Others Lead
21–22 Nov Survation/Daily Star[dead link] 1,006 24% 25% 32% 8% 12% 7% over UKIP
11 Oct Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,017 21% 22% 35% 11% 11% 13% over UKIP
22–24 May ComRes/Open Europe 2,003 21% 27% 23% 18% 11% 4% over Lab
17–18 May Survation/Mail on Sunday 1,000 20% 30% 31% 8% 11% 1% over UKIP
17–18 Jan YouGov/The Sun 1,912 30% 12% 38% 13% 10% 8% over Con
10–11 Jan YouGov/The Sun 1,995 24% 19% 36% 12% 10% 12% over Con
9–10 Jan ComRes/Sunday People 2,002 22% 23% 35% 8% 12% 12% over UKIP
8–9 Jan YouGov/The Sun 1,980 27% 17% 38% 12% 6% 11% over Con
5 Jan Survation/Mail on Sunday 772 24% 22% 31% 11% 12% 7% over Con
4 Jun 2009 European Parliament election, 2009 (United Kingdom) Results 15,136,932 27.7% 16.5% 15.7% 13.7% 25.6% 11.2% over UKIP

Scottish polls[edit]

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/client Sample size SNP Lab Con Lib Dem UKIP Others Lead
22 May 2014 European Parliament election, 2014 (Scotland) Results 1,343,483 29.0% (2) 25.9% (2) 17.2% (1) 7.1% 10.5% (1) 10.4% 3.1% over Lab
12–15 May 2014 ICM/Scotsman 1,003 36% (3) 27% (2) 13% (1) 7% 9% 8% 9% over Lab
9–12 May 2014 Survation/Daily Record 1,003 37% (3) 26% (2) 13% (1) 6% 11% 7% 11% over Lab
11–22 Apr 2014 YouGov/Edinburgh University 1,014 33% (3) 31% (2) 12% (1) 7% 10% 7% 2% over Lab
14–16 Apr 2014 ICM/Scotland on Sunday 1,004 37% (3) 28% (2) 11% (1) 7% 10% 6% 9% over Lab
4–7 Apr 2014 Survation/Daily Record 1,002 39% (3) 30% (2) 14% (1) 6% 7% 5% 9% over Lab
17–21 Mar 2014 ICM/Scotsman 1,010 41% (3) 29% (2) 13% (1) 5% 6% 6% 12% over Lab
21–24 Jan 2014 ICM/Scotsman 1,010 43% (3) 24% (2) 14% (1) 6% 7% 6% 19% over Lab
4 Jun 2009 European Parliament election, 2009 (Scotland) Results 1,104,512 29.1% (2) 20.8% (2) 16.8% (1) 11.5% (1) 5.2% 16.6% 8.2% over Lab

Welsh polls[edit]

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/client Sample size Con Lab Plaid UKIP Lib Dem Others Lead
22 May 2014 European Parliament election, 2014 (Wales) Results 733,060 17.43% (1) 28.15% (1) 15.26% (1) 27.55% (1) 3.95% 7.66% .6% over UKIP
12–14 May 2014 YouGov/ITV 1,092 16% (1) 33% (2) 15% 23% (1) 7% 7% 10% over UKIP
11–22 Apr 2014 YouGov/Cardiff University, Edinburgh University, IPPR 1,027 18% (1) 39% (2) 11% 20% (1) 7% 6% 19% over UKIP
10–12 Feb 2014 YouGov/ITV 1,250 17% (1) 39% (2) 12% 18% (1) 7% 7% 21% over UKIP
2–4 Dec 2013 YouGov/ITV 1,001 20% (1) 41% (3) 13% 13% 8% 5% 21% over Con
4 Jun 2009 European Parliament election, 2009 (Wales) Results 684,520 21.2% (1) 20.3% (1) 18.5% (1) 12.8% (1) 10.7% 16.6% 1% over Lab

London polls[edit]

Date(s)
conducted
Polling organisation/client Sample size Con Lab Lib Dem Green UKIP Others Lead
22 May 2014 European Parliament election, 2014 (London) Results 2,200,475 22.52% (2) 36.67% (4) 6.73% 8.93% (1) 16.87% (1) 8.28% 14.15% over Con
6–8 May 2014 YouGov/Evening Standard 1,422 23% (2) 37% (4) 9% 7% 21% (2) 3% 14% over Con
28–29 Apr 2014 Survation 1,001 21% (2) 39% (3) 13% (1) 7% 20% (2) 1% 18% over Con
7–9 Apr 2014 YouGov/Evening Standard 1,209 25% (2) 33% (3) 11% (1) 5% 24% (2) 3% 8% over Con
4 Jun 2009 European Parliament election, 2009 (London) Results 1,751,026 27.4% (3) 21.3% (2) 13.7% (1) 10.9% (1) 10.8% (1) 15.9% 6.1% over Lab

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]