Even language

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Even
эвэды торэн (eved'i toren)
Native to Russia
Region Russian Far East
Ethnicity Evens
Native speakers
5,700  (2010 census)[1]
Tungusic
  • Northern
    • Even
Language codes
ISO 639-3 eve
Glottolog even1260[2]

The Even language /ˈvɛn/, also known as Lamut, Ewen, Eben, Orich, Ilqan (Russian: Эве́нский язы́к, earlier also Ламутский язы́к), is a Tungusic language spoken by the Evens in Siberia. It is spoken by widely scattered communities of reindeer herders from Kamchatka and the Sea of Okhotsk in the east to the River Lena in the west, and from the Arctic coast in the north to the River Aldan in the south. Even is an endangered language, with only some 5,700 speakers (Russian census, 2010). Dialects are Arman, Indigirka, Kamchatka, Kolyma-Omolon, Okhotsk, Ola, Tompon, Upper Kolyma, Sakkyryr, Lamunkhin.[3]

Language contact[edit]

In some remote Arctic villages, such as Russkoye Ustye, whose population descended from Russian-Even intermarriage, the language spoken into the 20th century was a dialect of Russian with a strong Even influence.[4]

Orthography[edit]

Cyrillic[edit]

А а Ӑ ӑ Б б В в Г г Д д Е е Ё ё
Ж ж З з И и Й й К к Л л М м Н н
Ӈ ӈ О о Ө ө Ӫ ӫ Ӧ ӧ П п Р р С с
Т т У у Ф ф Х х Ц ц Ч ч Ш ш Щ щ
Ъ ъ Ы ы Ь ь Э э Ю ю Я я

Latin[edit]

A a A‘ a‘ Aw aw B b Ch ch D d E e F f
G g G‘ g‘ H h I ı İ i J j K k L l
M m N n N‘ n‘ O o O‘ o‘ P p Q q R r
S s Sh sh T t U u U‘ u‘ V v W w X x
Y y Z z

References[edit]

  1. ^ Even at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Even". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
  4. ^ Russian dialects in East Siberia and Kamchatka. Reviews such publications as: A. Krasovitsky and Ch. Sappok. "The Isolated Russian Dialectal System in Contact with Tungus Languages in Siberia and Far East"; A.Krasovitsky. "Prosody of Statements in the Speech of Old Settlers in the Polar Region".

External links[edit]