Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile

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"FIA" redirects here. For other uses, see FIA (disambiguation).
Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile
FIA logo.svg
Abbreviation FIA
Formation 20 June 1904 (as the AIACR)
Type Sports federation
Legal status Voluntary association
Purpose Motorists' issues
Motorsports
Headquarters Place de la Concorde
Location
  • Paris, France
Region served
International
Membership
222 member organisations worldwide
Official language
English
French
Italian
President
Jean Todt
Main organ
General Assembly
Affiliations FIA Institute
FIA Foundation
World Health Organization
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
World Tourism Organization
UN Environment Programme
Website www.fia.com

The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA, English: International Automobile Federation) is a non-profit association established as the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR, English: International Association of Recognized Automobile Clubs) on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users. To the general public, the FIA is mostly known as the governing body for many auto racing events.

Headquartered at 8, Place de la Concorde, Paris, the FIA consists of 213 national member organisations in 125 countries worldwide.[1] Its current president is Jean Todt.

The FIA is generally known by its French name or initials, even in non-French-speaking countries, but is occasionally rendered as International Automobile Federation.

Its most prominent role is in the licensing and arbitration of Formula One and World Rally Championship motor racing. The FIA along with the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM) also certify land speed record attempts. The International Olympic Committee provisionally recognized the federation in 2011, and granted full recognition in 2013.[2][3]

History[edit]

The FIA was founded on 20 June 1904 as the AIACR, an umbrella organization of national motor clubs. It became the FIA in 1947.

In 1922, the FIA delegated the organisation of automobile racing to the Commission Sportive Internationale (CSI), an autonomous committee that later became the Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile (FISA). A restructuring of the FIA in 1993 led to the disappearance of FISA, putting motor racing under direct management of the FIA.

Event history[edit]

The true history of Formula One began in 1946 with the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile's (FIA's) standardisation of rules. Then in 1950, the FIA organised the first Drivers World Championship.

The World Sportscar Championship was created in 1953, and was the first points series for sports car racing in the world. The championship was solely for manufacturers up to 1981. From 1981, a Drivers Championship title was introduced and from 1985 the manufacturers title was replaced by a Teams Championship. After the 1992 season the World Sportscar Championship was cancelled and dissolved. There were no sportscar championships until 2010. The SRO Group introduced the GT1 World Championship, which was a Championship consisting of 1 Hour Sprint Races. After a successful 2010 season, the series began having difficulties and after the switch from GT1 to GT3 cars in 2012 the series folded at the end of the 2012 season. After the ACO successfully organised the ILMC in 2010 and 2011, the FIA and ACO to organise together the rebirth of the World Sportscar Championship, the FIA WEC from 2012 onwards.

In 1973, the FIA organised the first World Rally Championship. The 42nd Auto Rally of Monte-Carlo became the first ever FIA World Rally Championship event.

In 1987, the FIA sanctioned the first World Touring Car Championship. Initially a one-off series, the title was revived in 2005.

In 1993, the National Hot Rod Association was officially recognised by the FIA World Motorsports Council and the FIA Drag Racing Commission was formed. FISA was dissolved, and its activities placed directly under the FIA.

Many of the Formula Student regulations also refer to FIA standards. [4]

Organisational structure[edit]

Headquarters of the FIA at the Place de la Concorde.

The FIA General Assembly is the Federation's supreme governing body, consisting of representatives from each of the FIA's member associations. Meetings of the General Assembly are usually held once a year, though extraordinary meetings can be convened for urgent matters. The General Assembly has responsibility for amending the FIA's statutes and regulations, approving the annual budget and reports, deciding upon the membership, and electing the officers and members to the Federation's governing bodies. The FIA Senate overseas the finances and management of the FIA, and can take decisions required between meetings of the relevant committee or World Council.

The head of the FIA and chairman of the General Assembly is the President, an office currently held by Jean Todt.[5] The President coordinates the activities of the Federation and proposes resolutions to the various commissions and committees. The President also acts as the representative of the FIA to external organisations. There is also a Deputy and seven Vice-Presidents for Sport and Mobility, who assist the President in managing the activities in their respective area. The President is elected to a four-year term by the General Assembly. Candidates must produce an electoral list consisting of their proposed Deputy Presidents, Vice-Presidents for Sport, and the President of the Senate, as well as demonstrate support from a number of member clubs.[6]

The FIA has two World Councils. The Mobility and Automobile Council governs all non-sporting activities, comprising transport policy, road safety, tourism and environmental concerns. The World Motor Sport Council (WMSC) governs all sporting events regulated by the FIA, and writes the regulations for every FIA championship. It also supervises Karting through the Commission Internationale de Karting (CIK). Beneath the WMSC are a number of specialised commissions, which are either focused on individual championships, or general areas such as safety.

The FIA's judicial bodies include the International Tribunal, which exercises disciplinary powers that are not dealt with by the meeting stewards and the International Court of Appeal. The ICA is the final appeal tribunal for international motor sport, which resolves disputes brought before it by National Sporting Authorities worldwide, or by the President of the FIA. It can also settle non-sporting disputes brought by national motoring organizations affiliated to the FIA.

Presidents[edit]

FIA Institute Young Driver Excellence Academy[edit]

In October 2010, the FIA Institute Young Driver Excellence Academy was announced; a new programme to develop young driver talent worldwide.[8] After a three-day shootout in Melk, Austria on 6–8 February, twelve drivers were selected.[9]

Criticism[edit]

In June 1999, the EU commission opened an investigation into the FIA over anti-competitive behaviour in the protection of FIA sanctioned series. A settlement was reached in June 2001.[10]

Martin Brundle wrote a column in the Sunday Times entitled "Witch-hunt threatens to spoil world title race" in which he accused the FIA of a witch-hunt against McLaren. The World Motor Sport Council responded by issuing a writ against the Sunday Times on charges of libel.[11] Brundle hit back saying that "I have earned the right to have an opinion" and suggesting the writ was a "warning sign to other journalists".[12] The 2007 Formula One espionage controversy involved accusations of theft made against McLaren, who were accused of stealing technological secrets from Ferrari.

In 2008, accusations surfaced that FIA President Max Mosley was involved in scandalous sexual behaviour. Following a June 2008 decision of the FIA to retain Max Mosley as president, the German branch of the FIA, the ADAC (the largest European motoring body), announced, "We view with regret and incredulity the FIA general assembly's decision in Paris, confirming Max Mosley in office as FIA president." It froze all its activities with the FIA until Max Mosley leaves office.[13] Press reports also claimed that Bernie Ecclestone was investigating creating a rival to the Formula 1 series due to the scandal.

On 24 June 2009, following a dispute between the FIA and the newly created Formula One Teams Association (FOTA), the parties finally came to an agreement over the future of F1. Part of the agreement was that Max Mosley must step down as FIA President and must not stand for re-election (he stood down in October 2009). A new Concorde Agreement was subsequently signed on 31 July.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Autosport: 26 July 2007, pages 8–9. World Motor Sport Council.
  1. ^ "FIA Homepage – FIA Member Clubs". Fia.com. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  2. ^ FIA gains official recognition from International Olympic Committee – Autoblog, 16 January 2012
  3. ^ IOC upgrades FIA to full recognition status – Business Standard, 17 September 2013
  4. ^ http://www.fsaeonline.com/page.aspx?pageid=e179e647-cb8c-4ab0-860c-ec69aae080a3
  5. ^ Benson, Andrew (6 December 2013). "Jean Todt is re-elected as the president of the FIA". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 20 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Election Guidelines". FIA. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "FIA President – Jean Todt". Fia.com. Retrieved 28 Aug 2010. 
  8. ^ "FIA Institute launches Global Driver Academy". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  9. ^ "Drivers Chosen for FIA Institute Young Driver Excellence Academy". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  10. ^ "52001XC0613(01) Notice published pursuant to Article 19(3) of Council Regulation No 17 concerning Cases COMP/35.163—Notification of FIA Regulations, COMP/36.638—Notification by FIA/FOA of agreements relating to the FIA Formula One World Championship, COMP/36.776—GTR/FIA ' other". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  11. ^ "WMSC charges Sunday Times with libel". Planet-f1.com. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  12. ^ "Brundle hits back at FIA". Planet-f1.com. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  13. ^ "Mosley stays on as FIA president". BBC News. 3 June 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2010. 
  14. ^ Beer, Matt (1 August 2009). "New Concorde Agreement finally signed". autosport.com. Haymarket Publications. Retrieved 2 August 2009. 

External links[edit]