World Archery Federation

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World Archery Federation
World Archery Federation logo.jpg
Abbreviation WA (formerly FITA)
Formation 4 September 1931; 83 years ago (1931-09-04)
Type Federation of national associations
Headquarters Lausanne, Switzerland
Region served Worldwide
Membership 156 national and other associations
Official language English [1]
President Uğur Erdener
First Vice-president Mario Scarzella
Affiliations International Olympic Committee
Website www.worldarchery.org

The World Archery Federation (WA, also and formerly known as FITA from the French Fédération Internationale de Tir à l'Arc) is the governing body of the sport of archery. It is based in Lausanne, Switzerland. It is composed of 156 national federations and other archery associations, and is recognised by the International Olympic Committee.

History[edit]

FITA was founded on 4 September 1931 in Lwow, Poland. Its seven founding member states were France, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Poland, the United States, Hungary, and Italy. The aim of the organization was to create regular archery championships, and to return archery to the Olympic Games (the sport had not been featured since 1920). FITA was finally successful in returning archery to the Olympic program in the 1972 Summer Olympics.

To celebrate the organization's 80th anniversary in July 2011, a large majority of the FITA Congress voted to change the name from FITA to the World Archery Federation or WA.[2]

Member associations[edit]

As of August 2013, 156 national federations and other associations are members of World Archery.[3]

  • Afghanistan
  • Algeria
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • American Samoa
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belgium
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Belarus
  • Bhutan
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Cambodia
  • Canada
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Costa Rica
  • Cote d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • DR Congo
  • Denmark
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Falkland Islands
  • Faroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gabon
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Great Britain
  • Greece
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • North Korea
  • South Korea
  • Kosovo
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Laos
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau
  • Macedonia
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Montenegro
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Norfolk Island
  • Norway
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Suriname
  • Sweden
  • Tahiti
  • Chinese Taipei (Taiwan)
  • Tajikistan
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands

Rankings[edit]

World Archery publishes world rankings for each category of outdoor competitive archery (men / women; recurve / compound; individual / team / mixed team), updated following every official eligible event.[4]

Each archer earns a ranking score for each competition. The ranking scores are calculated through a combination of the ranking factor of the tournament (as determined by the quality of competition, the number of competitors, and how recently the competition took place) and points based on the competitor's final position in the competition. The archer's four highest ranking scores are then combined to form their 'Added Ranking Score', which forms the basis of the ranking list.[5]

Current rankings[edit]

Current number one ranked archers

  • Updated 6 October 2014
Discipline Men Men's Team Women Women's Team Mixed Team
Recurve  Lee Seung-Yun (KOR) South Korea South Korea  Xu Jing (CHN) China China South Korea South Korea
Compound  Pierre Julien Deloche (FRA) United States United States  Sara López (COL) United States United States United States United States

Events[edit]

Summer Olympics[edit]

Archery was first competed at the Summer Olympic Games in 1900 and, after a long hiatus from 1924, became a regular event from 1972. Team events were added in 1988. Recurve archery is currently the only discipline competed at the Olympics.

Archery is also competed at the Summer Paralympics (recurve and compound disciplines), the Youth Olympic Games (recurve only), and the World Games (Field archery only).

World Cup[edit]

The Archery World Cup is an annual event that was inaugurated in 2006. It is designed to present archery in 'spectacular' locations.[6]

The format consists of 4 rounds competed across the world during a calendar year. The best individual and mixed team performers across these rounds are then invited to compete in the World Cup Final at the end of the year.[7]

An indoor World Cup, competed in 3 rounds with a final during the winter season, was inaugurated in the 2010-11 season.

World Championships[edit]

FITA began holding Target World Championships in 1931. They were held every year until 1959, when the Championships became biennial events. 1959 was also the first year that FITA held the World Field Championship.

Presently, there are five principal formats of the World Archery Championships: Outdoor, Indoor, Youth, Para-Archery, and Field. Each is held every two years on different rotations. World Championships are also held every two years in 3D archery and University sport. In 2007, a ski archery World Championships was held in Moscow; this is yet to be repeated and is not included in the current rotation.[8]

Other[edit]

Archery is an optional sport at the Universiade and the Commonwealth Games.

Host venues[edit]

The following venues have hosted major events of the current World Archery programme since 1960:[9]

Denotes inaugural event
Year Olympic Games World Cup Finals World Championships
Olympics [10] Paralympics [11] Youth [12] World Games [13] Outdoor [14] Indoor [15] Outdoor [16] Indoor [17] Youth [18] Para [19] Field [20] University [21] 3D [22]
1960 Rome
1961 Oslo
1962
1963 Helsinki
1964 Tokyo
1965 Västerås
1966
1967 Amersfoort
1968 Tel Aviv
1969 Valley Forge Valley Forge
1970
1971 York Cardiff
1972 Munich Heidelberg Gorizia
1973 Grenoble
1974 Zagreb
1975 Interlaken
1976 Montreal Toronto Molndal
1977 Canberra
1978 Geneva
1979 Berlin
1980 Moscow Arnhem Palmerston
1981 Punta Ala
1982 Kingsclere
1983 Los Angeles
1984 Los Angeles New York
Stoke Mandeville
Hyvinkaa
1985 London Seoul
1986 Radstadt
1987 Adelaide
1988 Seoul Bolzano
1989 Karsruhe Lausanne
1990 Loen
1991 Krakow Oulu Sandefjord
1992 Barcelona Margraten
1993 The Hague Antalya Perpignan Moliets
1994 Roncegno Vertus
1995 Jakarta Birmingham
1996 Atlanta Chula Vista Kranjska Gora Vaulx-en-Velin
1997 Lahti Victoria Istanbul
1998 Sunne Stoke Mandeville Obergurgl Taoyuan
1999 Riom Havana Christchurch
2000 Sydney Belfort Cortina Madrid
2001 Akita Beijing Florence Nymburk
2002 Nymburk Canberra Chonburi
2003 New York Nîmes Madrid Sully-sur-Loire
2004 Athens Lilleshall Plitvice Madrid
2005 Duisburg Madrid Aalborg Massa Carrara Genoa
2006 Mérida Mérida Gothenburg Viničné
2007 Dubai Leipzig Izmir Cheongju Sopron
2008 Beijing Lausanne Antalya Llwynypia Tainan
2009 Kaohsiung Copenhagen Ulsan Rzeszów Ogden Nymburk Latina
2010 Singapore Edinburgh Visegrád Shenzhen
2011 Istanbul Las Vegas Turin Legnica Turin Donnersbach
2012 London Tokyo Las Vegas Las Vegas Val d'Isère Córdoba
2013 Cali Paris Las Vegas Belek Wuxi Bangkok Sassari
2014 Nanjing Lausanne Las Vegas Nîmes Louvain
2015 Copenhagen
2016 Rio de Janeiro

References[edit]

  1. ^ WA Constitutino see 1.28.1. Other working languages are adopted for Congress
  2. ^ Mieville, Didier. "Darrell Pace Named Athlete of Century; FITA Becomes World Archery Federation". World Archery Communications. FITA Communication. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  3. ^ http://www.worldarchery.org/en-us/home/organisation/memberassociations.aspx
  4. ^ http://www.worldarchery.org/en-us/results/worldranking/nationranking.aspx
  5. ^ http://www.archery.org/UserFiles/Document/Results/World%20Ranking/WorldRanking_CalculationSystem.pdf
  6. ^ http://www.worldarchery.org/en-us/home.aspx
  7. ^ http://www.worldarchery.org/UserFiles/Document/FITA%20website/05%20Rules/04%20World%20Cup%20Rules/13_Rules_WorldCup.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.worldarchery.org/en-us/worldchampionships/worldchampionshipshome.aspx
  9. ^ http://www.worldarchery.org/en-us/worldchampionships/worldchampionshipshome/archives/20062012.aspx
  10. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/olympicgames.aspx
  11. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/paralympicgames.aspx
  12. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/youtholympicgames.aspx
  13. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/worldgames.aspx
  14. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/worldcups.aspx
  15. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/worldcup/indoor/rules.aspx
  16. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/worldchampionships.aspx
  17. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/indoorworldchampionships.aspx
  18. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/youthworldchampionships.aspx
  19. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/paraarchery.aspx
  20. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/fieldworldchampionships.aspx
  21. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/universityarchery.aspx
  22. ^ http://www.archery.org/en-us/results/bytypeofcompetition/3dworldchampionships.aspx

External links[edit]