|• Density||105.80/km2 (274.0/sq mi)|
|Area||254 km2 (98.1 sq mi)|
|Time zone||AWST (UTC+8)|
|Location||424 km (263 mi) NNW of Perth|
|LGA(s)||City of Greater Geraldton|
Geraldton is a port in the Mid West region of Western Australia, located 424 kilometres (263 mi) north of Perth. Geraldton's 2011 census population was 26,872. Geraldton is the seat of government for the local government district, City of Greater Geraldton, which also incorporates the town of Mullewa and large rural areas previously forming the shires of Greenough and Mullewa. The town is an important service centre for regional mining, fishing, wheat, sheep and tourism industries.
Though many European maritime explorers encountered or were even wrecked on the Houtman Abrolhos islands 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Geraldton during the 17th and 18th centuries, there is no evidence that any made landfall near the site of the current town.
A decade later, explorer Augustus Gregory travelled through the area. He discovered lead on the Murchison River. The Geraldine mine was subsequently established, named after the 4th governor of Western Australia Charles Fitzgerald. The town of Geraldton was gazetted in 1850, also named after Governor Fitzgerald.
The construction of the St Francis Xavier Catholic Cathedral started in 1916 but was not completed until 1938. The cathedral was designed by Monsignor John Hawes who was both an architect and a priest. The Moore Point Lighthouse was recently repainted and established as another cultural attraction of Geraldton.
The memorial for the World War II cruiser HMAS Sydney is located on top of nearby Mount Scott. The memorial recognises the loss of the light cruiser during a mutually destructive fight with the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran off Shark Bay in November 1941, with none of the 645 aboard surviving. A temporary memorial, consisting of a large boulder, a flagpole, and a bronze plaque, was erected in 1998. A permanent memorial (made up of four major elements: a stele based on the ship's prow, a granite wall listing the ship's company, a bronze statue of a woman looking out to sea and waiting in vain for Sydney to return, and a dome made up of 645 stainless steel seagulls) was dedicated on 18 November 2001, the day before the 60th anniversary of the battle. In May 2009, the memorial was recognised by the Australian government as being of national significance.
Scenic Beaches such as St Georges beach surround Geraldton, and the town foreshore has recently been redeveloped to host a modern playground complete with water activities, Basketball court and shaded play areas for different age groups.
Surfing is a popular activity in and around Geraldton. Popular surf spots include Flat Rocks, Back Beach, Greenough, Glenfield and Sunset Beach. Geraldton is also an internationally renowned windsurfing location. A popular spot is Coronation Beach, located just north of the town. "Coro" is a spectacular port tack jumping site, with flat water on the inside and unhindered Indian Ocean rolling swell offshore. In the late afternoon, the wind swings a little more offshore and starboard tack waveriding becomes possible.
There are several wreck diving sites off the coast, including the South Tomi, which was sunk in 2004.
Geraldton has a variety of hotels and motels, clubs, pubs and sporting venues.
Geraldton is serviced by most mobile phone companies with 3G networks provided by Telstra and Optus, and 4G from Telstra.Nbn.co now provide a fixed wireless service for some parts and are currentlty building the fibre optic network.
The Greater Geraldton Regional Library is open seven days a week. It provides free access to the internet and is a WiFi hotspot, meaning tourists can use this for video calls, online shopping and general leisure.
The original port has been dredged to a depth of 9.4 metres (31 ft) at the berths, which is suitable for ships of 64,000 metric tons deadweight (DWT). In 2009, the Western Australian Government gave the go-ahead for a new deepwater port at Oakajee, about 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of Geraldton. This port will serve the mining industry, especially iron ore. Oakajee may never go ahead, or for at least 20 years*
The Geraldton University Centre is an independent not-for-profit incorporated body, supporting and delivering university courses in Geraldton on behalf of a range of universities. The centre is an Australian first with university places allocated specifically for Geraldton, allowing students to study locally while living and working in the Mid West. The majority of graduates now work in regional Western Australia. The student body has grown from 20 student places in 2001 to 180 enrolled students in 2010 undertaking a range of bridging and full degree programs.
|Geraldton Senior College||10–12||Public|
|John Willcock College||8–9||Public|
|Nagle Catholic College||7–12||Private|
|Geraldton Grammar School||Kindergarten – 12||Private|
|Strathalbyn Christian College||Kindergarten – 12||Private|
As a city, Geraldton has a wide variety of clubs, cinemas and auditoriums. Queens Park Theatre is a landmark entertainment and conference venue. Orana Cinemas offers the latest movies and premieres. The cinema has 3D on selected movies. Sometimes, a movie shows at the side of Dome. Geraldton gets roaming carnivals and circuses. Carnivals often to Maitland Park and the circuses are headed to Eadon Clarke Oval. Near Beachlands, a wide variety of clubs are offered. The Vibe, The Nightclub, Geraldton Beach Hotel and others are main clubs near the Geraldton CBD.
North of Geraldton is the town of Northampton, as well as the Hutt River Province, an area which claims to be an independent nation since its self-proclaimed secession from Western Australia in 1969. The Houtman Abrolhos islands are 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Geraldton. They are famous for the 1629 wreck of the Dutch ship Batavia. A stone portico recovered from the wreck has been reconstructed at the local museum, along with other artefacts. The Walkaway Wind Farm, 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Geraldton, was completed in August 2005. It consists of 54 turbines, each producing 1.8 megawatts (2,400 hp), 80 metres (260 ft) high, and with 40-metre (130 ft).
Australian Defence Satellite Communications Station
The Australian Defence Satellite Communications Station (ADSCS) is located at Kojarena, inland near Geraldton.
Geraldton has a public bus service run by TransGeraldton and is connected to Perth with coach services N1, N2 and N3 provided by Transwa. QantasLink and Skywest Airlines provide services from Geraldton Airport; the airport is also used for general aviation.
Radio services available in Geraldton:
- 6 TTT (97.3FM) – (Community Access Radio Station)
- ABC Midwest & Wheatbelt (6GN 828 AM) – Part of the ABC Local Radio Network.
- ABC Radio National – (6ABCRN 99.7 FM) – Speciality talk and music.
- Triple J – (6JJJ 98.9 FM) – Alternative music
- ABC News Radio – (6PNN 101.3 FM) – Rolling News bulletins, news magazine programs and LIVE coverage from Federal Parliament House of Representatives.
- ABC Classic FM – (6ABCFM 94.9 FM) – Classical and Jazz Music.
- WAFM (96.5FM) – Top 40 Music
- The Spirit Network (Radio 6BAY FM 98.1 \ 1512 AM) – Classic Hits / Adult Contemporary Music format aimed at 35 years + audience.
- Radio Mama- 100.5FM- Indigenous Community station
Broadcast television services available in Geraldton:
- Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) – ABC1, ABC2, ABC3, ABC News 24 (digital channels)
- Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) – SBS One, SBS Two, SBS HD (digital channels)
- WIN Television, a dual affiliate of both the Nine Network and Network Ten.
- GWN7 (Golden West Network), an affiliate of the Seven Network.
The programming schedule is mainly the same as the Seven, Nine and Ten stations in Perth, with variations for news bulletins, sport telecasts such as the Australian Football League and National Rugby League, children's and lifestyle programs and advertorials. GWN7 produces a 30-minute regional news program each weeknight (originating from Bunbury) with a newsroom based in Geraldton, covering the local area.
The Geraldton Guardian is a local newspaper for Geraldton and the wider Mid West / Wheatbelt region. The Geraldton Guardian is issued on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. The Midwest Times is published on Thursday and is issued free to residents and businesses in the Geraldton and the Midwest.
Yamaji News, published since 1995 by the Yamaji Languages Aboriginal Corporation, is a fortnightly Geraldton newspaper presenting issues and stories affecting indigenous people in the Gascoyne and Murchison districts.
- Edith Cowan (1861-1932), the first woman elected to an Australian Parliament, born and raised at Glengarry Station
- Chris Mainwaring (1965-2007), an Australian rules footballer, inaugural player for the West Coast Eagles
- Randolph Stow (1935-2010), a novelist whose The Merry-Go-Round in the Sea was set in the Geraldton area in the 1940s
- Tasma Walton, a television and film actress, wife of Australian comedian, television presenter and producer Rove McManus
Geraldton lies in the transition zone between a Mediterranean and a semi-arid climate. In the winter, the temperature is rather mild, averaging around 20 °C (68 °F), with most of the yearly rainfall falling in this period. This is due to cold fronts from Antarctica moving up and hitting the coast. In the summer months, Geraldton averages 31–32 °C (88–90 °F), with some days over 40 °C (104 °F). High pressure in the Great Australia Bight sends warm easterly winds to Geraldton and a west-coast trough is formed. Hot weather generally persists for a few days as the trough moves inland. Daily afternoon sea breezes cool coastal areas and summer temperatures in coastal suburbs of Geraldton (Tarcoola, Bluff Point, Seacrest) are generally cooler than in inland suburbs, such as Strathalbyn, Woorree and Deepdale.
|Climate data for Geraldton|
|Record high °C (°F)||47.7
|Average high °C (°F)||31.6
|Average low °C (°F)||18.3
|Record low °C (°F)||9.4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||5.7
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (21 Jun 2012). "Geraldton Code 508051210 (SA2)" (xls). 2011 Census Community Profiles. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (21 Jun 2012). "Geraldton - East Code 508051211 (SA2)" (xls). 2011 Census Community Profiles. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (21 Jun 2012). "Geraldton - North Code 508051212 (SA2)" (xls). 2011 Census Community Profiles. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (21 Jun 2012). "Geraldton - South Code 508051213 (SA2)" (xls). 2011 Census Community Profiles. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- Grey, George (1841). Journals of two expeditions of discovery in North-West and Western Australia, during the years 1837, 38, and 39, describing many newly discovered, important, and fertile districts, with observations on the moral and physical condition of the aboriginal inhabitants, etc. etc. 2. London: T. and W. Boone. p. 26. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- McCarthy, Michael (June 2002). "The HMAS Sydney/HSK Kormoran engagement: an analysis of events leading up the 60th anniversary celebrations in November 2001". Western Australian Maritime Museum. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
- "HMAS Sydney II Declared a National Memorial" (pdf) (Press release). Minister for Veterans' Affairs. 21 May 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- McDonald, Glenys (2005). Seeking the Sydney: a quest for truth. Crawley, WA: University of Western Australia Press. p. 205. ISBN 1-920694-54-4. OCLC 62557643.
- McDonald, Seeking the Sydney, pp. 206-11
- "Optus expands mobile coverage in Geraldton". SingTel Optus Pty Limited. 17 February 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- Pappas, Liana (27 September 2011). "Telstra lights up 4G mobile services in Australia". Macworld Australia (Niche Media Pty Ltd). Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- "Yamaji news". SLWA Online Catalogue. State Library of Western Australia. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
- "Geraldton climate".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Geraldton, Western Australia|
- City of Greater Geraldton
- Western Australian Museum – Geraldton
- Finding Sydney Foundation
- Geraldton Port Authority
- Greater Geraldton Regional Library
- Geraldton Information Centre
- Geraldton Universities Centre
- Queens Park Theatre