Gorki Leninskiye (Russian: Го́рки Ле́нинские), an urban locality (a work settlement) in the Leninsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, stands 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) south of Moscow city limits and the Moscow Ring Road. Population: 3,586 (2010 Census); 1,729 (2002 Census); 1,711 (1989 Census).
The estate of Gorki belonged to various Muscovite noblemen from the 18th century. Zinaida Morozova, the widow of Savva Morozov, purchased it in 1909, the year before she married General Anatoly Reinbot (later Anatoly Rezvoy) the Moscow head of police. She engaged the most fashionable Russian architect, Fyodor Schechtel, to remodel the mansion in the then current Neoclassical style, complete with a six-column Ionic portico.
After the Soviet government moved to Moscow in 1918 it nationalized the luxurious estate and converted it into Vladimir Lenin's dacha. In September 1918 the Soviet leader recuperated there following an assassination attempt. He spent an increasing amount of time there as his health declined over the following years. On May 15, 1923 Lenin followed medical advice and left the Moscow Kremlin for Gorki. He lived there in semi-retirement until his death on January 21, 1924.
After Lenin's death Gorki was renamed[by whom?] "Gorki Leninskiye" (meaning "Lenin's Gorki"). The house has become a museum, along with many of Lenin's possessions. Also located on the estate are a large museum built in 1987 concerning Lenin's life there, containing such artifacts as his Last Testament (as transcribed by Krupskaya), other documents, photos, books, Lenin's personal car, his wheelchairs and his apartment and office from the Kremlin, reconstructed in a separate building. A monument representing "The Death of the Leader" was unveiled in the 18th-century park in 1958.
- "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
- Murrell, Kathleen Berton (2001). Discovering the Moscow Countryside: An Illustrated Guide to Russia's Heartland. I.B.Tauris. p. 102. ISBN 9781860646737. Retrieved 2014-01-24. "There has been an estate at Gorki since the late 18th century. In 1909 it was purchased by Zinaida Morozova, the widow of Savva Morozov, the wealthy textile merchant and Bolshevik sympathiser. [...] In 1910, five years after Savva's suicide, Zinaida married for the third time [...] General Anatoly Reinbot, the Moscow head of police. Reinbot, who changed his German name to Rezvoy in 1914, fell foul of the law and, although pardoned by Nicholas II, Zinaida divorced him. In 1917 she was evicted from Gorki [...]."
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