Reutov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Reutov (English)
Реутов (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Rice(174).jpg
The fountain and the Central Church in Reutov
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Reutov is located in Moscow Oblast
Reutov
Reutov
Location of Reutov in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 55°46′N 37°53′E / 55.767°N 37.883°E / 55.767; 37.883Coordinates: 55°46′N 37°53′E / 55.767°N 37.883°E / 55.767; 37.883
Coat of Arms of Reutov (Moscow oblast).png
Flag of Reutov (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Town Day last Saturday in September[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Reutov Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Reutov Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2009)
Urban okrug Reutov Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Reutov Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[3] Sergey Yurov[3]
Representative body City Council[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 87,314 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 193rd
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
Founded between 1492 and 1495[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 143952, 143960-143969
Dialing code(s) +7 495[citation needed]
Official website
Reutov on WikiCommons

Reutov (Russian: Ре́утов) is a town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located east of Moscow. Population: 87,314 (2010 Census);[4] 76,805 (2002 Census);[7] 68,326 (1989 Census);[8] 50,200 (1970).

History[edit]

View of Reutov

The exact date of Reutov's foundation is unknown; however, most historians[who?] believe that it was founded between 1492 and 1495.[citation needed] In the 17th-18th centuries, the village of Reutovo belonged to the dynasties of Prince Turenin and Prince Vasily Dolgorukov. At the beginning of the 18th century, Reutovo became a village. Census Book of 1709 has a record of the village of Reutovo, owned by the Prince Vasily Dolgorukov.

In 1787, the village was acquired by Prince N. I. Maslov. Under his rule Reutovo became a luxurious country estate. At the beginning of the 19th century, Prince Maslov went bankrupt and the village became a property of Lt. Col. A. M. Pokhvistnev who in 1824 built a cotton mill. Yarn from the factory was among the best in Russia and won a gold medal at the All-Russian National Show in 1831. Shortly after that Pokhvistnev sold the land and the mill.

In 1843, the land and the cotton mill was purchased by S. A. Mazurin, a Moscow merchant. He built a brick factory, dormitories, and restructured the cotton mill gradually forming a factory town of Reutovo.

Since 1955, Reutov is the host for NPO Mashinostroyeniya, formerly known as USSR Experimental Design Bureau #52, where development of various robotic and manned space satellites, ICBMs, cruise missiles takes place; the longtime director was Vladimir Chelomey.[9]

The town is separated from Moscow by the Moscow Ring Road and Nosovikhinskoye Highway. Reutov has the status of a science-town (naukograd) and celebrates its anniversary on the last Saturday of September.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Reutov Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Reutov Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Reutov Urban Okrug.[2]

Transportation[edit]

Buses and route taxis[edit]

Unlike in other cities and towns of Moscow Oblast, public transport is fully serviced by Mosgortrans (State unitary company "Moscow city transport") but always without suburban fare. The only 28 bus is serviced by Balashikha. The transports connect

  • From the west: to metro Novogireyevo
  • From the south: with districts Novokosino, Kosino, Lubertsy and Kazansky railway.
  • From the north: to metro Pervomayskaya

Railway and metro[edit]

Railway station: Reutovo, 5 stops (approx 20 mins)[10] by commuter train (elektrichka) from Moscow Kursky Rail Terminal.

Metro station: Novokosino. Approximately, 7 stations from the centre of Moscow city.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Reutov is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #134/2004-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Mayor" (in Russian). Administration of Urban Okrug Reutov. 
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "NPO Mashinostroyenia: Vladimir Nikolayevich Chelomey" (in Russian). 
  10. ^ "Commuter train to Reutov (stantsiya Reutovo)". 

Sources[edit]

  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №138/2014-ОЗ от 6 ноября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of January 31, 2013 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #138/2014-OZ of November 6, 2014 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication (January 13, 2013).).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №134/2004-ОЗ от 29 октября 2004 г. «О статусе и границе городского округа Реутов», в ред. Закона №63/2012-ОЗ от 30 мая 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границе городского округа Реутов"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №216, 13 ноября 2004 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #134/2004-OZ of October 29, 2004 On the Status and the Border of Reutov Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #63/2012-OZ of May 30, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Border of Reutov Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).