Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm
|Gunfleet Sands 1 & 2|
The farm from a passing ship, 30 September 2010
|Country||England, United Kingdom|
|Location||Northern Thames Estuary 4 miles (7 km) off Clacton-on-Sea, Essex|
|Owner(s)||DONG Energy (51%)|
|Make and model||Siemens Wind Power SWT-3.6-107|
The 108MW Gunfleet Sands 1 wind farm gained planning consent in 2003/4; in 2006 Dong Energy acquired the project and submitted an application for a second 64MW windfarm Gunfleet Sands 2 adjacent to the first, which received consent in 2008. Construction of both wind farms using Siemens Wind Power SWT-3.6-107 took place between 2008 and 2010.
In 2010 planning began on a demonstration project Gunfleet Sands 3, used to test Siemens' 6MW wind turbine model; two 6MW turbines were installed in 2013.
Gunfleet Sands 1 & 2
Gunfleet Sands 1 & 2 are located 7 km south east of Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, UK; in water at depths of 2 to 15 m (6 ft 7 in to 49 ft 3 in) (spring tidal range ~4.6m); Gunfleet 1 consists of 30 turbines in a 5x6 array, whilst Gunfleet 2 consists of a 9x2 array of turbines directly adjacent to the southeast; the installed capacities are 108 and 64MW respectively. The average wind speed is 8.8 m/s (29 ft/s) @60m elevation.
The offshore turbines connect to an offshore substation at 33kV, which steps up the tranmission voltage to 132kV; the export cable makes landfall at Holland Haven (nr. Holland-on-Sea), and connects to the National Grid at the existing Cooks Green substation via underground cables.
Development of an offshore wind farm site near Clacton-on-Sea began in 1996 under Windmaster Developments; Windmaster was acquired by Enron in 2000, and passed to General Electric (GE Wind Energy) in 2002. A Round 1 concession for the development was awarded in 2001, and planning consents obtained in 2003/4.
In June 2006 a consent application and environmental statement was submitted to the Department of Trade and Industry for permission to build and operate an extension (Gunfleet Sands 2) to the originally consented project, including up to 22 further turbines with an additional capacity of 64MW. In December 2006 Dong Energy acquired the 100MW "Gunfleet 1" project from GE.
Planning application for Gunfleet Sands 2 was submitted to the Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform in June 2007, and permission was received in 2008.
Construction began in 2008, with initial work including onshore infrastructure and cable installation. A formal groundbreaking ceremony was held in April 2008. The first turbine was installed in April 2009.
MT Højgaard was contracted to instal the monopile foundations; work started in October 2008; Sif supplied the monopiles and transition pieces, and Smulders supplied the wind turbine foundations,
Electrical generation from the partially complete wind farm began in August 2009. The wind farm was fully operational by March 2010; the wind farm was formally opened on 15 June 2010 by Anders Eldrup (Dong Energy) and UK Energy minister Charles Hendry. Cost of the development was 4 billion Danish Kroner. Large scale development of wind farms in the UK was made possible by generous subsidies - in 2010 wind farms were receiving 1.20 Danish Kroner per kWh, compared to approximately 0.50 Kroner (Horns Rev 2) in Denmark.
The electrical transmission assets of the wind farm were divested in July 2011 to TC Gunfleet Sands OFTO Limited in response to changes in governmental legislation. In September 2011 Marubeni Corporation acquired a 49.9% shareholding of the project for £200 million. In 2013 Marubeni divested part of its stake to the Development Bank of Japan.
Gunfleet Sands 3
|Gunfleet Sands 3|
|Official name||Gunfleet Sands demonstration project|
|Make and model||Siemens Wind Power SWT-6.0-120|
A planning application for the Gunfleet Sands 3 - Demonstration Project (GFS 3) was submitted in 2010. The project consisted of an approximately 1 km2 (0.39 sq mi) wind farm 8.5 km southeast of Clacton-on-Sea, and adjacent southeast of the Gunfleet 1 & 2 wind farms. The site was intended to be provide the facility to test new wind farm equipment in preparation of the Round 3 wind farm letting process. 2 wind turbine installations were proposed.
The development required a separate export cable and grid connection to the Gunfleet 1&2 farms; a planning application for the onshore electrical facilities and cabling was submitted in November 2011. Inter array and export cables (33kV) were supplied by JDR Cables.
The site began generating power in April 2013. Damage to one of the turbines blade tips necessitated blade replacement in mid 2013. The facility was official opened 12 September 2013 by UK Energy Minister Greg Barker.
- Wind power in the United Kingdom
- List of offshore wind farms in the United Kingdom
- List of offshore wind farms in the North Sea
- List of offshore wind farms
- Hjelmsted 2008, p. 6.
- About Gunfleet Sands (Dong) Offshore substation
- (03/00011/FUL) Excavation of trench and drilling for installation of electric cable between an off-shore wind farm and the electricity sub-station, and extension to existing sub-station, Tendring District Council, 3 January 2003
- (06/00445/FUL) Alteration to application 03/00011/FUL., Tendring District Council, 13 March 2006
- (08/00421/FUL) Installation of electric cable between a consented off-shore wind farm and existing electricity substation. (Modification to planning permission 03/00011/FUL awarded on 4th March 2003 and subsequent planning permission 06/00445/FUL), Tendring District Council, 11 March 2008
- Schoon, Nicholas (12 February 1997), "Giant turbines star in end of the pier show at Clacton", www.independent.co.uk
- "Wind Energy Power Plants in the UK - offshore", The Power Plants Around the World Photo Gallery (www.industcards.com), Gunfleet Sands, retrieved April 2014
- "Essex sand bank is site for wind farm", eadt.co.uk, 23 October 2003
- The Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm Order 2004 (Statutory Instrument) (933), 2004
- Gunfleet Sands 2 – Project Briefing Note Number 1, Dong Energy, 18 June 2006
- "DONG Energy expands its UK offshore wind portfolio", www.dongenergy.com, 18 December 2006
- "DONG Energy signs contract for delivery of wind turbines for Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm", www.dongenergy.com, 19 April 2007
- Gunfleet Sands – Project Briefing Note Number 2, Dong Energy, 11 February 2008
- Gunfleet Sands – Project Briefing Note Number 3, Dong Energy, 30 April 2008
- "First Round 2-turbine installed at DONG Energy’s Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm project", www.dongenergy.co.uk, 1 April 2009
- "Gunfleet Sands - a challenging location", mth.com, 25 May 2010
- "Sif - References, Offshore wind", ww.sif-group.com
- "Gunfleet Sands Project", www.smulders-foundations.com
- "Prysmian secures strategic cable contracts worth a total 35 Million Euro for major Offshore Wind Power Plants", investoren.prysmian.com (Press release), 14 November 2007
- Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm (LORC) Substations, Inter-Array & Export Cables
- "Gunfleet Sands Offshore", www.stateofgreen.com
- Dwan, James. "Gunfleet Sands wind farm firm goes under".
- "First power from the first Round 2 offshore wind farm — DONG Energy’s Gunfleet Sands project", www.dongenergy.co.uk, 20 August 2009
- Holm, Erik (15 June 2010), "Briterne runder 1 GW vindkraft", ing.dk (in Danish)
- Holm, Erik (16 June 2010), "Massiv udbygning skal gøre Storbritannien førende inden for havvind", ing.dk (in Danish)
- Brading, Wendy (17 January 2009), "Brightlingsea: Wind farm construction bringing money into town", www.essexcountystandard.co.uk
- About Gunfleet Sands (Dong) Operation and maintenance
- (08/01225/FUL) Demolition of existing boat building yard and outbuildings and erection of new three storey office accommodation ..., Tendring District Council, 29 August 2009
- Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm (LORC) Production & Performance
- "Terms in place for the divestment of the transmission assets af the Gunfleet Sands offshore wind farm", www.dongenergy.com, 19 July 2011
- "Marubeni Corporation to become co-owner of Gunfleet Sands offshore wind farm", www.dongenergy.com (Press release)
- "Marubeni Corporation to Divest Part of Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm Shares", www.marubeni.com, 27 December 2013
- Holm, Erik; Wittrup, Sanne (29 October 2013), "Tre havvindparker koblede ud under stormen", ing.dk (in Danish)
- Gunfleet Sands 3 - Environmental statement (Non-tech.) (December 2010) pp.2,3
- (1/01311/FUL) Installation of cables in conjunction with the Gunfleet Sands Wind Farm from landfall at Martello Bay coach and car park to the Veolia Water site at the Waterglade Retail Park and the erection of a substation at the Veolia Water Site, Tendring District Council, 1 November 2011
- "Gunfleet Sands", jdrglobal.com
- "Bladt ships Gunfleet feet", renews.biz, 30 August 2012
- Gunfleet Sands 3 Offshore Wind Farm, Ballast Nedam Offshore
- "Siemens giants go up at Gunfleet", renews.biz, 30 January 2013
- "Siemens 6MW Offshore Wind Turbines Produce First Power at Gunfleet Sands (UK)", www.offshorewind.biz, 18 April 2013
- "Blade swap complete at Gunfleet 3", renews.biz, 14 August 2013
- Next generation of offshore turbines tested at gunfleet sands, Department of Energy & Climate Change, 12 September 2013
- "Dong Opens Gunfleet Sands Demo Site", www.breakbulk.com, 13 September 2013
- Gunfleet 1 & 2
- "About Gunfleet Sands", www.dongenergy.com, archived from the original on 25 January 2013
- Hjelmsted, Per (2008), "DONG Energy’s internationale Havmølleaktiviteter", Dansk Vindkraftkonference (Dong Energy)
- "Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm", www.lorc.dk
- Gunfleet 3
- Gunfleet Sands 3 - Demonstration Project - Environmental Statement - Non-Technical Summary, Dong Energy, December 2010
- "Gunfleet Sands 3 - Demonstration Project", www.4coffshore.com
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gunfleet Sands Wind Farm.|
"Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm 7km off Clacton On Sea Essex", www.youtube.com (BBC)