Haplogroup CZ (mtDNA)

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Haplogroup CZ
Possible time of origin
Possible place of origin
Ancestor M8
Descendants C, Z
Defining mutations 249d[1]

In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup CZ is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Origin[edit]

Haplogroup CZ is a descendant of haplogroup M and is a parent to haplogroups C and Z. Haplogroup CZ is divided into subclades C and Z, which share a common ancestor approximately 45,000 years ago.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Today CZ is found in eastern Eurasian populations. It is most common in Siberian populations. It is recognized by the genetic marker at 249d.

Subclades[edit]

Tree[edit]

This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup CZ subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation[1] and subsequent published research.

  • M
    • CZ
      • C
      • Z

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b van Oven, Mannis; Manfred Kayser (13 Oct 2008). "Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation". Human Mutation 30 (2): E386–E394. doi:10.1002/humu.20921. PMID 18853457. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  2. ^ Sebastian Lippold, Hongyang Xu, Albert Ko et al. (2014), "Human paternal and maternal demographic histories: insights from high-resolution Y chromosome and mtDNA sequences." bioRxiv doi: 10.1101/001792

See also[edit]

Evolutionary tree of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups

  Mitochondrial Eve (L)    
L0 L1–6
L1 L2 L3   L4 L5 L6
  M N  
CZ D E G Q   A S   R   I W X Y
C Z B F R0   pre-JT P  U
HV JT K
H V J T

External links[edit]