Wind power by country

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Worldwide installed capacity (1996–2014)[1]

Global wind power installations increased by 35,467 megawatts (MW) and 51,447 MW in 2013 and 2014, respectively. As of the end of 2014, worldwide, total cumulative installed capacity from wind power amounts to 369,553 MW and increased by 16% compared to the previous year (318,106 MW). In 2014, world leader China installed almost half of the world's added wind power capacity.[2]

During 2010 and 2011 more than half of all new wind power was added outside of the traditional markets of Europe and North America, mainly driven by the continuing boom in China which accounted for nearly half of all of the installations at 18,000 MW in 2011. At the end of 2014, China had 114,763 MW of wind power installed.[3]

Several countries have achieved relatively high levels of wind power penetration, such as 39% of stationary electricity production in Denmark,[4][5] 18% in Portugal,[5] 16% in Spain,[5] 14% in Ireland[6] and 9% in Germany in 2010.[5][7] As of 2011, 83 countries around the world are using wind power on a commercial basis.[7]

Overview[edit]

As of 2011, the Roscoe Wind Farm (781 MW) in the United States is the world's largest wind farm.[8] As of September 2010, the Thanet Wind Farm in United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 300 MW, followed by Horns Rev II (209 MW) in Denmark. The United Kingdom is the world's leading generator of offshore wind power, followed by Denmark.[9]

There are many large wind farms under or recently constructed and these include BARD Offshore 1 (400 MW), Clyde Wind Farm (548 MW), Greater Gabbard wind farm (500 MW), Lincs Wind Farm (270 MW), London Array (630 MW), Lower Snake River Wind Project (343 MW), Macarthur Wind Farm (420 MW), Shepherds Flat Wind Farm (845 MW), Sheringham Shoal (317 MW), and the Walney Wind Farm (367 MW).

Opinion on increase in number of wind farms (2010)
US
%
UK
%
France
%
Italy
%
Spain
%
Germany
%
Strongly oppose 3 6 6 2 2 4
Oppose more than favour 9 12 16 11 9 14
Favour more than oppose 37 44 44 38 37 42
Strongly favour 50 38 33 49 53 40
Source: Harris Poll, 2010. Base: All EU and U.S. adults.[10] Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding

Installed windpower capacity[edit]

This section provides end-of-year figures of worldwide installed wind power capacity by country. The data is sourced from Global Wind Energy Council. In 2014, global wind power capacity increased by 51,477 megawatts (MW) or 16.2% from 318,596 MW to 369,553 MW.[2]

New Installed capacity by country in 2014 (MW)[2]:3
China Germany United States Brazil India Canada United Kingdom Sweden France Turkey Rest of the world: 6,702 MW (13.0%)Circle frame.svg
  •   China: 23,351 MW (45.4%)
  •   Germany: 5,279 MW (10.3%)
  •   United States: 4,854 MW (9.4%)
  •   Brazil: 2,472 MW (4.8%)
  •   India: 2,315 MW (4.5%)
  •   Canada: 1,871 MW (3.6%)
  •   United Kingdom: 1,736 MW (3.4%)
  •   Sweden: 1,050 MW (2.0%)
  •   France: 1,042 MW (2.0%)
  •   Turkey: 804 MW (1.6%)
  •   Rest of the world: 6,702 MW (13.0%)
Cumulative capacity by country in 2014 (MW)[2]
China United States Germany Spain India United Kingdom Canada France Italy Brazil Rest of the world: 58,275 MW (15.8%)Circle frame.svg
  •   China: 114,763 MW (31.1%)
  •   United States: 65,879 MW (17.8%)
  •   Germany: 39,165 MW (10.6%)
  •   Spain: 22,987 MW (6.2%)
  •   India: 22,465 MW (6.1%)
  •   United Kingdom: 12,440 MW (3.4%)
  •   Canada: 9,694 MW (2.6%)
  •   France: 9,285 MW (2.5%)
  •   Italy: 8,663 MW (2.3%)
  •   Brazil: 5,939 MW (1.6%)
  •   Rest of the world: 58,275 MW (15.8%)
Global Annual Installed Wind Capacity 1997–2014 (in megawatts; source:GWEC)[2]
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
1998
2002
2006
2010
2014
Installed windpower capacity (MW)[11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][2][24]
# Nation 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
- European Union European Union 48,122 56,614 65,255 74,919 84,278 93,957 106,454 117,384 128,752
1 China China 2,599 5,912 12,210 25,104 44,733 62,733 75,564 91,412 114,763
2 United States United States 11,603 16,819 25,170 35,159 40,200 46,919 60,007 61,110 65,879
3 Germany Germany 20,622 22,247 23,903 25,777 27,214 29,060 31,332 34,250 39,165
4 Spain Spain 11,630 15,145 16,740 19,149 20,676 21,674 22,796 22,959 22,987
5 India India 6,270 7,850 9,587 10,925 13,064 16,084 18,421 20,150 22,465
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,963 2,389 3,288 4,070 5,203 6,540 8,445 10,711 12,440
7 Canada Canada 1,460 1,846 2,369 3,319 4,008 5,265 6,200 7,823 9,694
8 France France 1,589 2,477 3,426 4,410 5,660 6,800 7,196 8,243 9,285
9 Italy Italy 2,123 2,726 3,537 4,850 5,797 6,747 8,144 8,558 8,663
10 Brazil Brazil 237 247 339 606 932 1,509 2,508 3,466 5,939
11 Sweden Sweden 571 831 1,067 1,560 2,163 2,970 3,745 4,382 5,425
12 Portugal Portugal 1,716 2,130 2,862 3,535 3,702 4,083 4,525 4,730 4,914
13 Denmark Denmark 3,140 3,129 3,164 3,465 3,752 3,871 4,162 4,807 4,845
14 Poland Poland 153 276 472 725 1,107 1,616 2,497 3,390 3,834
15 Australia Australia[25] 651 824 1,306 1,712 1,991 2,176 2,584 3,239 3,806
16 Turkey Turkey 65 207 433 801 1,329 1,799 2,312 2,958 3,763
17 Romania Romania 2 7 10 14.1 462 982 1,905 2,600 2,954
18 Netherlands Netherlands 1,571 1,759 2,237 2,223 2,237 2,328 2,391 2,671 2,805
19 Japan Japan 1,309 1,528 1,880 2,056 2,304 2,501 2,614 2,669 2,789
20 Mexico Mexico 84 85 85 520 733 873 1,370 1,859 2,551
21 Republic of Ireland Ireland 746 805 1,245 1,260 1.379 1,614 1,738 2,049 2,272
22 Austria Austria 965 982 995 995 1,011 1,084 1,378 1,684 2,095
23 Greece Greece 758 873 990 1,087 1,208 1,629 1,749 1,866 1,980
24 Belgium Belgium 194 287 384 563 911 1,078 1,375 1,651 1,959
25 Chile Chile - - - 20 168 172 205 331 836
26 Norway Norway[26][27][28] 325 333 428 431 441 512 704 811 819
27 Morocco Morocco 64 125 125 253 286 291 291 487 787
28 Bulgaria Bulgaria 36 70 120 177 500 612 674 681 691
29 Taiwan Taiwan 188 280 358 436 519 564 564 614 633
30 Finland Finland 86 110 143 147 197 199 288 447 627
31 New Zealand New Zealand 171 322 325 497 530 623 623 623 623
32 Egypt Egypt 230 310 390 430 550 550 550 550 610
33 South Korea South Korea 176 192 278 348 379 407 483 561 609
34 South Africa South Africa - - - - - - - 10 570
35 Ukraine Ukraine 86 89 90 94 87 151 302 371 498
36 Uruguay Uruguay - - - - - 43 56 59 464
37 Croatia Croatia n/a n/a 69.4 104 152 187.4 207.1 302 347
38 Hungary Hungary 61 65 127 201 295 329 329 329 329
39 Estonia Estonia 31.8 59 78 142 149 184 269 280 302
40 Czech Republic Czech Republic 57 116 150 192 215 217 260 269 282
41 Lithuania Lithuania 56 50 54 91 163 203 263 279 279
42 Argentina Argentina - - - - - 113 167 218 271
43 Pakistan Pakistan - - - - - 6 56 106 256
44 Tunisia Tunisia - - - - - 54 104 255 255
45 Thailand Thailand - - - - - 7 112 223 223
46 Philippines Philippines - - - - - - - 66 216
47 Costa Rica Costa Rica - - 74 123 119 132 147 148 198
48 Ethiopia Ethiopia - - - - - 23 81 171 171
49 Nicaragua Nicaragua - - - - - 62 102 146 186
50 Honduras Honduras - - - - - - 102 102 152
51 Iran Iran 47 67 82 91 91 91 91 91 n.a.
52 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka - - - - - - 63 63 n.a.
53 Mongolia Mongolia - - - - - - - 50 n.a.
54 Venezuela Venezuela - - - - - - 30 - n.a.
55 Cape Verde Cape Verde - - - - - 24 24 24 24
Caribbean - - - - - - 191 250 250
Pacific Islands - - - - - 12 12 12 12
Rest of Europe - - - - - 3,815 4,956 5,715 6,543
Rest of Latin America & Caribbean - - - - - 54 54 250 -
Rest of Africa & Middle East - - - - - - 1,165 1,255 129
Rest of Asia - - - - - 71 87 - 167
World total capacity (MW) 74,151 93,927 121,188 157,899 197,637 238,035 282,482 318,596 369,553

Annual wind power generation[edit]

Annual Wind Power Generation (TW·h) and total electricity consumption (TW·h) for 10 largest countries[11][29][30][31][32][33][34][35]
Nation 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
Wind
power
Capacity
Factor
% Total
Demand
1 United States United States 26.6 26.1% 0.7% 4058.1 34.5 23.4% 0.8% 4149.9 52.0 23.5% 1.3% 4108.6 70.8 1.8% 3951.1 95.2 2.6% 3,723.8
2 China China 3.7 16.2% 0.1% 2834.4 5.6[36] 10.6% 0.2% 3255.9 12.8[37] 12.0% 0.4% 3426.8 26.9 12.2% 0.74% 3640.3 55.5
3 Spain Spain 22.9 22.4% 8.5% 268.8 27.2 20.5% 9.8% 276.8 31.4 21.7% 11.1% 282.1 36.6 13.7% 267.0 43.7
4 Germany Germany 30.7 17.0% 5.4% 569.9 38.5 19.7% 6.6% 584.9 40.4 19.3% 6.6% 611.9 37.2 6.4% 581.3 36.5
5 India India 7.6 13.8% 1.0% 726.7 14.7 21.0% 1.9% 774.7 14.8 17.6% 1.77% 834.3 17 2.7% 637.6 20.6
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 4.2 23.2% 1.2% 352.9 5.3 27.5% 1.5% 352.0 7.1 30.4% 2.0% 350.5 9.3 2.5% 325.8 10.2
7 France France 2.2 16.0% 0.5% 478.4 4.0 18.6% 0.8% 480.3 5.6 18.8% 1.1% 494.5 7.8 20.2% 1.6% 486 9.7
8 Portugal Portugal 2.9 19.3% 5.9% 49.2 4.0 21.2% 8.0% 50.1 5.7 22.7% 11.3% 50.6 7.5 15.0% 49.9 9.1
9 Italy Italy 3.0 16.1% 0.9% 337.5 4.0[38] 16.7% 1.2% 339.9 4.9 15.7% 1.4% 339.5 6.2 2.1% 296.3 8.4
10 Denmark Denmark 6.1 22.2% 16.8% 36.4 7.2 26.3% 19.7% 36.4 7.0 24.9% 19.1% 36.2 6.8 19.3% 32.4 7.4[39]
World total (TWh) 126.547 19.2% 0.8% 16,388.5 163.683 21.1% 1.0% 17,110.5 211.812 24.5% 1.2% 17,420.0 262.563[11] 21.5% 1.5% 17,313.6 344.8


Installed windpower capacity (MW) 2004-2013[edit]

This table provides end-of-year installed wind power capacity (in megawatts) for the countries of the world for the years 2004 through 2013. The data source for the 2004 through 2013 figures is the World Wind Energy Association.[40]

Rank Nation 2004 2005[12] 2006[12] 2007[12] 2008[12] 2009[11] 2010[13] 2011[41] 2012[42] 2013[43]
- World 47,693 59,024.1 74,122.8 93,930.4 120,902.9 159,213.3 196,630 238,035 282,482 318,530
1 China China 764 1,266 2,599 5,912 12,210 25,777 44,733 62,364 75,324 91,324
2 United States United States 6,725 9,149 11,603 16,818 25,170 35,159 40,180 46,919 59,882 61,108
3 Germany Germany 16,628 18,427 20,622 22,247 23,902 25,777 27,215 29,075 31,038 34,660
4 Spain Spain 8,263 10,027 11,630 15,145 16,740 19,149 20,676 21,673 22,796 22,959
5 India India 3,000 4,430 6,270 7,850 9,587 10,925 13,065 15,880 18,321 20,150
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 888 1,353 1,962 2,389 3,287 4,092 5,204 6,018 8,445 10,531
7 Italy Italy 1,265 1,718 2,123 2,726 3,736 4,850 5,797 6,737 8,144 8,551
8 France France 386 757 1,567 2,455 3,404 4,521 5,660 6,640 7,473 8,254
9 Canada Canada 444 683 1,460 1,846 2,369 3,319 4,008 5,265 6,201 7,698
10 Denmark Denmark 3,124 3,128 3,136 3,125 3,160.0 3,497 3,734 3,927 4,162 4,772
11 Portugal Portugal 522 1,022 1,716 2,130 2,862 3,535 3,702 4,083 4,525 4,724
12 Sweden Sweden 452 509.1 571.2 831.0 1066 1,579 2,052 2,798 3,745 4,470
13 Brazil Brazil 23.8 28.6 236.9 247.1 338.5 606 920 1,429 2,507 3,399
14 Poland Poland 58.2 73 153 276 544 725 1,107 1,616.4 2,497 3,390
15 Australia Australia 379 579 817.3 817.3 1,494.0 1,877 1,880 2,005 2,584 3,049
16 Turkey Turkey 20.6 20.1 64.6 206.8 333.4 796.5 1,274 1,799 2,312 2,959
17 Netherlands Netherlands 1,078 1,224 1,559 1,747 2,225.0 2,229 2,237 2,328 2,391 2,693
18 Japan Japan 896.2 1,040 1,309 1,528 1,880.0 2,056 2,304 2,501 2,614 2,661
19 Romania Romania 0 0.9 2.8 7.8 7.0 14.0 591 826 1,905 2,599
20 Republic of Ireland Ireland 338.9 495.2 746 805 1,244.7 1,260 1,428 1,614 1,738 2,037
21 Mexico Mexico 2.2 2.2 84 85.0 85.0 402 521 929 1,348 1,992
22 Greece Greece 473 573.3 757.6 873.3 989.7 1,109 1,208 1,626.5 1,749 1,865
23 Austria Austria 606 819 964.5 981.5 994.9 995 1,011 1,084 1,378 1,684
24 Belgium Belgium 95 167.4 194.3 286.9 383.6 555 886 1,078 1,375 1,651
25 Norway Norway 270 268 325 333.0 428.0 431 434 520.0 703.0 768
26 Bulgaria Bulgaria 10 14 36 57 120 177 375 503.0 684.0 681
27 New Zealand New Zealand 168.1 168.2 171 321.8 325.3 497 506 622.8 622.8 623
28 Taiwan Taiwan 13 103.7 187.7 279.9 358.2 436 519 563.8 563.8 614
29 South Korea South Korea 22.5 119.1 176.3 192.1 278.0 364.4 379 406.3 482.6 561
30 Egypt Egypt 145 145 230 310 390.0 430 550 550.0 550.0 550
31 Morocco Morocco 53.9 64 64 125.2 125.2 253 286 291.0 291.0 494.8
32 Finland Finland 82 82 86 110 140.0 147 197 197.0 288.0 448.0
33 Ukraine Ukraine 68.8 77.3 85.6 89.0 90.0 90 87.4 151.1 276.0 371.0
34 Chile Chile 2 2 2 20.1 20.1 78 170 190.0 190.0 335.0
35 Hungary Hungary 3.5 17.5 60.9 65.0 127.0 201 295 329.4 329.4 329.4
36 CroatiaCroatia 6 6 17.2 17.2 18.2 27.8 69.8 131.0 180.0 302.0
37 Estonia Estonia 22.1 33 33 58.6 78.3 142.3 149 184.0 269.0 280.0
38 Lithuania Lithuania 7 7 55.0 52.3 54.4 91 154 179.0 225.0 279.0
39 Czech Republic Czech Republic 16.5 29.5 56.5 116 150.0 191 215 217.0 260.0 269.0
40 Argentina Argentina 25.6 26.8 27.8 29.8 29.8 29.8 54.0 129.2 233.2 217.1
41 Thailand Thailand 193.0
42 Ethiopia Ethiopia 30.0 30.0 51.0 171.0
43 Costa Rica Costa Rica 69.9 71 74 74 74.0 123 123 148.2 148.2 148.2
44 Cyprus Cyprus 0 0 0 0 0 0 82.0 134.0 147.0 147.0
45 Nicaragua Nicaragua 0 0 0 0 0 40 40.0 63.0 102.0 141.6
46 Puerto Rico 0 125.0 125.0
47 Pakistan Pakistan 0 0 0 0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 106.0 106.0
48 Tunisia Tunisia 20 20 20 20 20.0 20.0 54.0 54.0 104.0 104.0
49 South Africa South Africa 16.55 16.6 16.6 16.6 21.8 21.8 10.0 10.1 10.1 102.0
50 Honduras Honduras 0.0 70.0 70.0 102.0
51 Iran Iran 25 31.6 47.4 66.5 82.0 82 100 100.0 100.0 100.0
52 Latvia Latvia 26.7 22.9 26.9 26.9 26.9 28.5 31.0 31.0 68.0 68.0
53 Switzerland Switzerland 8.7 11.6 11.6 11.6 13.8 17.6 42.0 45.5 50.0 60.0
54 Uruguay Uruguay 0.15 0.2 0.2 0.6 20.5 20.5 30.5 40.5 52.0 59.3
55 Luxembourg Luxembourg 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.3 42.0 44.0 45.0 58.0
56 Mongolia Mongolia 0 0 0 0 2.4 2.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 50.9
57 Jamaica Jamaica 20.7 20.7 20.7 20.7 20.7 29.7 29.7 47.7 47.7 47.7
58 New Caledonia New Caledonia 0.0 38.2 38.2 38.2
59 Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 0 0.2 0.2 0.2 33.6 33.6 33.6
60 Philippines Philippines 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.2 25.2 33.0 33 33.0 33.0 33.0
61 Vietnam Vietnam 0 0 0 0 1.3 8.8 30.5 31.0 31.0 31.0
62-63 Venezuela Venezuela 0.0 30.0 30.0
62-63 Aruba Aruba 0.0 30.0 30.0 30.0
64 Guadeloupe Guadeloupe 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.5 26.8 26.8 26.8
65 Cape Verde Cape Verde 2.78 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 25.5 38.3 24.0 25.5
66 France Reunion Island 23.4
67 Colombia Colombia 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.5 19.5 20.0 20.0 19.5 19.5 19.5
68 Ecuador Ecuador 0 0 0 3.1 4.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 19.0 19.0
69 Russia Russia 10.8 14 15.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 15.4 15.4 16.8 16.8
70 Guyana Guyana 10.2 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5
71 Curaçao Curacao 0.0 12.0 12.0 12.0
72 Cuba Cuba 0.45 0.5 0.5 2.1 7.2 7.2 11.7 11.7 11.7 11.7
73 Bonaire Bonaire 0.0 10.8 10.8 10.8
74 Algeria Algeria 0 0.1 10.1
75 Fiji Fiji 0.0 10.0 10.0 10.0
76 Dominica Dominica 0.2 7.2 7.2 7.2
77 Israel Israel 7 7.0 7.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.0
78 Faroe Islands Faroe Islands 0.15 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
79-80 Slovakia Slovakia 5 5 5 5 6.0 6.0 6.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
79-80 Vanuatu Vanuatu 0.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
81-82 Nigeria Nigeria 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
81-82 Saint Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis 0.0 2.2 2.2 2.2
83-84 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.5 2.2 2.0 2.0
83-84 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.0 2.2 2.0 2.0
85 Belarus Belarus 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.9 1.9 3.5 1.9 1.9
86 Iceland Iceland 0.0 1.8 1.8
87 Antarctica Antarctica 0 0.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
88 Jordan Jordan 1.45 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
89 Indonesia Indonesia 0 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
90 Madagascar Madagascar 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
91-92 Martinique Martinique 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
91-92 Mauritius Mauritius 0.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
93 Falkland Islands Falkland Islands 0 0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles 0 0 17.2 17.2 18.2 24.3 24.3
Armenia Armenia 0.0 2.6
World 47,693 59,024.1 74,122.8 93,930.4 120,902.9 159,213.3 196,630 237,022 282,482 318,530

Installed wind energy capacity 1991-2000[edit]

Installed Wind Energy Capacity (in megawatts, MW)(cumulative for year):[44][45][46][47]

Nation 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
 Germany 112 180 335 643 1,130 1,548 2,080 2,870 4,445 6,113
 USA 1,709 1,680 1,635 1,663 1,612 1,590 1,592 1,946 2,500 2,554
 Spain 5 50 60 70 140 249 512 660 1,522 2,235
 Denmark 413 458 487 539 637 857 1,116 1,380 1,748 2,300
 India 39 39 79 185 576 816 950 968 1,077 1,167
 Italy 22[48] 60 100 154 282 427
 Netherlands 299 325 359 410 449
 UK 270 320 331 343 406
 China 38 79 166 190 265 265
 Sweden 105 117 148 195 231
Rest of World 234 274 489 713 1,153
Total 2,170 2,510 2,990 3,490 4,780 6,097 7,592 8,719 13,500 17,300

Installed wind energy capacity 1981-1990[edit]

Installed Wind Energy Capacity (in megawatts, MW)(cumulative for year):[44][49]

Nation 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
 USA 18 84 254 653 945 1,265 1,333 1,231 1,332 1,484
 Denmark 7 12 20 27 50 82 115 197 262 343
 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 15 27 62
Total 25 90 210 600 1,020 1,270 1,450 1,580 1,730 1,930
  • Total does not match sum of totals because of different sources.

Electricity generation by wind 2011-2012[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (in terawatt hours, TWh total for year):[50]

Nation 2011 2012[51]
 USA 119.7 140.1
 China 73.2 100.8[52]
 Spain 42.4 48.5
 Germany 46.5 46.0
 India 26.0 28
 Canada 19.7 21
 UK 15.5 21
 France 12.2 14.9
 Italy 10.1 13.2
 Denmark 9.7 10.2
 Portugal 9.1 10.0
 Sweden 6.1 7.2
 Australia 5.8 7.0
 Turkey 4.7 5.8
 Brazil 2.7 5.1
 Netherlands 5.1 5.0
 Japan 4.3 4.8
 Ireland 4.4 4.2
 Poland 2.7 4.7
 Greece 3.3 3.9
 Mexico 1.4 3.6
 Romania 1.4 2.6
 Belgium 2.3 2.7
 Austria 2.1 2.4
 New Zealand 2.0 1.9
 Norway 1.3 1.7
 South Korea .86 1.7
 Egypt 1.7 1.3
 Bulgaria .83 1.2
 Morocco .88 .7

Electricity generation by wind 2001-2010[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (in terawatt hours, TWh total for year):[53]

Nation 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
 USA 6.737 10.354 11.187 14.144 17.811 26.589 34.450 55.363 73.886 94.65
 Germany 9.933 15.063 17.916 24.234 25.868 29.175 37.727 38.545 36.71 35.90
 Spain 6.421 8.875 11.471 14.915 20.117 22.132 26.190 30.593 35.9 41.5
 India 2.129 2.553 3.411 4.266 6.273 8.255 11.206 13.053 17 20.6
 China 0.712 0.829 0.987 1.265 1.927 3.675 5.425 12.425 26.9 55.5
 UK 0.917 1.193 1.221 1.838 2.759 4.014 5.010 6.742 8.84 9.70
 Denmark 4.091 4.633 5.283 6.254 6.283 5.803 6.814 6.582 6.39 7.42
 Italy 1.120 1.334 1.385 1.755 2.227 2.822 3.832 4.618 6.200 8.0
 Portugal 0.243 0.344 0.471 0.775 1.684 2.779 3.835 5.469 7.20 8.60
 France 0.125 0.256 0.372 0.566 0.914 2.073 3.857 5.405 7.50 9.20
 Netherlands 0.784 0.899 1.252 1.774 1.964 2.596 3.266 4.047 4.350 3.78
 Australia 0.200 0.346 0.668 0.670 0.841 1.627 2.480 2.938 3.615 3.62
 Canada 0.320 0.388 0.785 0.906 1.398 2.375 2.873 3.628 4.3 5.50
 Japan 0.239 0.394 0.791 1.245 1.666 2.100 2.493 2.799 2.802 3.60
 Ireland 0.317 0.369 0.431 0.622 1.056 1.541 1.860 2.290 2.807 2.670
 Austria 0.163 0.193 0.348 0.878 1.262 1.664 1.934 1.913 1.87 1.92
 Sweden 0.458 0.578 0.645 0.808 0.889 0.938 1.359 1.896 2.361 3.30
 Greece 0.718 0.618 0.970 1.065 1.203 1.614 1.727 2.130 2.416 2.030
 New Zealand 0.130 0.148 0.141 0.340 0.583 0.591 0.883 1.004 1.398 1.55
 Norway 0.026 0.071 0.207 0.239 0.481 0.605 0.847 0.867 0.932 0.850
 Poland 0.013 0.058 0.118 0.135 0.128 0.243 0.496 0.795 1.023 1.60
 Turkey 0.059 0.046 0.058 0.055 0.056 0.121 0.337 0.805 1.4 2.80
 Belgium 0.035 0.054 0.084 0.135 0.246 0.348 0.466 0.605 0.946 1.20
 Brazil 0.033 0.058 0.058 0.058 0.088 0.225 0.531 0.530 1.180 2.07
 Egypt 0.210 0.194 0.350 0.497 0.524 0.585 0.789 0.880 1.1 1.20
 Mexico 0.017 0.020 0.018 0.019 0.018 0.056 0.249 0.256 0.566 0.378
Rest of World 10.657 15.976 19.060 25.473 27.37 31.588
Total 36.723 50.557 61.476 80.595 99.687 126.547 163.683 211.812 262.563 327.850

Electricity generation by wind 1991-2000[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (in terawatt hours, TWh)(total for year):[54]

Nation 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
 Germany 0.204 0.276 0.640 1.357 1.626 1.974 2.882 4.363 5.252 8.884
 USA 2.951 2.888 3.006 3.447 3.164 3.234 3.288 3.026 4.488 5.593
 Denmark 0.703 0.869 0.982 1.080 1.118 1.166 1.837 2.679 2.878 4.029
 Spain 0.014 0.042 0.109 0.166 0.257 0.346 0.705 1.284 2.607 4.491
 India 0.037 0.084 0.090 0.181 0.471 0.834 0.939 1.019 1.374 1.600
 China 0.009 0.013 0.021 0.038 0.061 0.093 0.196 0.352 0.469 0.584
 UK 0.010 0.032 0.207 0.325 0.371 0.464 0.634 0.833 0.808 0.900
 Italy 0.003 0.002 0.004 0.007 0.009 0.031 0.112 0.219 0.383 0.535
 France 0.001 0.001 0.002 0.005 0.005 0.007 0.010 0.019 0.035 0.073
 Portugal 0.001 0.004 0.010 0.016 0.015 0.020 0.036 0.085 0.117 0.160
 Netherlands 0.068 0.140 0.169 0.225 0.301 0.415 0.451 0.608 0.613 0.788
 Japan 0 0 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.007 0.036 0.104
 Australia 0 0 0 0.004 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.008 0.026 0.055
 Canada 0.002 0.003 0.030 0.055 0.056 0.059 0.059 0.059 0.156 0.251
 Austria 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.005 0.019 0.043 0.048 0.064
 Ireland 0 0.005 0.014 0.018 0.015 0.013 0.048 0.161 0.178 0.232
 Greece 0 0.008 0.045 0.035 0.032 0.036 0.034 0.067 0.154 0.428
 Sweden 0.012 0.029 0.046 0.068 0.094 0.137 0.193 0.301 0.340 0.434
 New Zealand 0 0 0 0.001 0.001 0.008 0.013 0.021 0.037 0.114
 Norway 0 0.003 0.003 0.009 0.010 0.009 0.010 0.010 0.024 0.029
 Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.023 0.130
 Belgium 0.008 0.008 0.008 0.009 0.009 0.008 0.008 0.010 0.012 0.015
 Mexico 0 0 0 0.004 0.006 0.005 0.004 0.010 0.010 0.018
 Turkey 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.031
 Poland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.005
 Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.001
Rest of World 0.205 0.277 0.645 1.373 1.646 2.028 3.006 4.554 5.514 9.363
Total 4.024 4.406 5.393 7.063 7.644 8.921 11.606 15.363 20.320 29.970

Electricity generation by wind 1983-1990[edit]

Electricity Generation by Wind (in terawatt hours, TWh)(total for year):[55]

Nation 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
 Germany -- -- -- -- -- 0.002 0.002 0.003
 USA1 0.00267 0.00649 0.00576 0.00419 0.00354 0.00087 2.112 2.789
 India 0 0 0 0.002 0.003 0.006 0.006 0.030
 Denmark 0.024 0.039 0.06 0.136 0.183 0.302 0.429 0.580
 UK 0 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.009 0.009
 Portugal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.001
 Netherlands 0 0 0 0.001 0.002 0.016 0.023 0.048
 Greece 0 0 0 0 0.001 0.001 0 0.001
 Sweden 0.003 0.005 0.006 0.006 0.006 0.005 0.005 0.006
 Belgium 0 0 0 0 0.006 0.008 0.007 0.008
 Spain 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.013
 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.002
 Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.002
 China 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.002
Rest of World 0 0 0.001 0 0.001 0.003 0.003 0.005
Total 0.0297 0.0505 0.0728 0.149 0.206 0.343 2.595 3.496
1 [sic] - Generation does not correlate with installed capacity, which would suggest approximately 0.33, 0.87, 1.54, 2.13, 2.50, 2.47 TWh from 1983 to 1988 for the United States.

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