Interstate 16

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This article is about the current Interstate Highway. For the current state highway, see Georgia State Route 16.

Interstate 16 marker

Interstate 16
I-16 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by GDOT
Length: 166.81 mi[1] (268.45 km)
Existed: 1972 – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑75 in Macon
  US 319 / US 441 near Dublin
US 1 in Oak Park
I‑95 in Pooler
I‑516 in Savannah
East end: Montgomery Street in Savannah
Highway system
  • Georgia State Routes
SR 15 SR 16
SR 403 Georgia 404.svg SR 405

Interstate 16 (I-16), also known as Jim Gillis Historic Savannah Parkway or State Route 404 (SR 404), is an intrastate Interstate Highway located entirely within the state of Georgia, United States.[2] I-16 runs from downtown Macon, at Interstate 75 to downtown Savannah at Montgomery Street (Exit 167B).[3]

The highway carries the unsigned designation of State Route 404, though the state route has a spur that is signed.

Route description[edit]

Northbound I-95 at the interchange with I-16 near Savannah, GA

I-16 serves as a hurricane evacuation route for Savannah and other coastal areas. The road is designed for contraflow travel with railroad-type gates to block most entrance and exit ramps for the normally eastbound lanes. Some ramps are ungated, apparently for entrance to and exit from the contraflow lanes. Just east of Exit 42 is a crossover to return all westbound traffic to the westbound travel lanes.

Southeast of Macon, I-16 passes through Ocmulgee National Monument but without direct access. Visitors need to first exit at the Colliseum Drive (U.S. Route 80) exit.

I-16's only two rest areas are between Exits 42 and 49 near Dudley.[4]

History[edit]

The last part of the highway opened up on September 22, 1978, running it through Emanuel County, Candler County, and Bulloch County completing the connection between downtown Macon and Savannah.

Until 2000, the state of Georgia used the sequential interchange numbering system on all of its Interstate Highways. The first exit on each highway would begin with the number "1" and increase numerically with each exit. In 2000, the Georgia Department of Transportation switched to a mileage-based exit system, in which the exit number corresponded to the nearest milepost.[5][6]

In 2001 the Georgia Legislature passed a resolution,[7][8] to designate the Earl T. Shinhoster Interchange at the junction with Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard in Savannah in honor of Earl Shinhoster, who was a Black civil rights activist. This interchange is located in the economic and cultural center for Black Savannah.[9]

In 2003 the Georgia Legislature passed a resolution[10] to designate Interstate 16 in honor of James L. Gillis, Sr., a Democrat who served as a State Representative, State Senator and Director of the Georgia Department of Transportation, as the Jim Gillis Historic Savannah Parkway.[11] Gillis' sons, Hugh and James, Jr., also served as Democratic State legislators. Hugh was a Representative from 1941 to 1953 and a State Senator from 1953 to 1955 and from 1963 to 2005. James, Jr. was a State Senator from 1945 to 1946.[12]

Exit list[edit]

County Location Mile km Old exit New exit Destinations Notes
Bibb Macon 1 0 I‑75 (SR 401) – Atlanta, Valdosta Western terminus; Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; signed as exits 0A and 0B
1 2 2 1A US 23 / US 129 / SR 49 (Spring Street, SR 11/SR 19) – Milledgeville Eastbound exit only
1.7 2.7 3 1B SR 22 (Second Street) to US 129 / SR 49 – Macon Westbound exit only
2 3 4 2 US 80 / SR 87 (Coliseum Drive, ML King Jr. Boulevard)
  6 10 5 6
US 23 / US 129 Alt. (Ocmulgee East Boulevard, Golden Isles Highway, SR 87)
Twiggs   11 18 6 12 Sgoda Road – Huber
  19.2 30.9 7 18 Bullard Road – Jeffersonville
  8 24 SR 96 – Jeffersonville, Tarversville
  9 27 SR 358 – Allentown, Danville
Bleckley   10 32 SR 112 – Allentown, Montrose
Laurens   11 39 SR 26 – Cochran, Montrose
Dudley 12 42 SR 338 – Dexter, Dudley
  13 49 SR 257 – Dublin, Dexter
  14 51 US 319 / US 441 (SR 31) – Dublin, McRae, Tallulah Falls
  15 54 SR 19 – East Dublin, Dublin
  16 58 SR 199 (Old River Road) – Lothair, East Dublin
Treutlen   17 67 SR 29 – Vidalia, Soperton
  18 71 SR 15 / SR 78 – Soperton, Adrian
  19 78 US 221 / SR 56 – Swainsboro, Soperton
TreutlenEmanuel
county line
  20 84 SR 297 – Vidalia, Swainsboro
Emanuel Oak Park 21 90 US 1 / SR 4 / SR 46 – Swainsboro, Lyons
Candler   22 98 SR 57 – Reidsville, Swainsboro, Stillmore
Metter 23 104 SR 23 / SR 121 – Metter, Reidsville
  24 111 Pulaski–Excelsior Road
Bulloch   25 116 US 25 / US 301 (SR 73) – Statesboro, Claxton
  26 127 SR 67 – Pembroke, Fort Stewart, Statesboro
  27 132 Ash Branch Church Road
  28 137 SR 119 – Springfield, Pembroke, Fort Stewart
Bryan   29 143 US 280 (SR 30) to US 80 (SR 26) – Pembroke
Effingham   30 148 To US 80 (SR 26) / Old River Road
Chatham Bloomingdale 31 152 SR 17 (Bloomingdale Road) – Bloomingdale
Pooler 155 Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport, Pooler
32 157 I‑95 (SR 405) – Brunswick, Jacksonville, Florence, Savannah/Hilton Head International Airport Signed as exits 157A (south) and 157B (north)
Garden City 33 160 SR 307 (Dean Forest Road)
Savannah 33A 162 Chatham Parkway
34A 164A I‑516 east / US 17 south / US 80 east / SR 21 south (Lynes Parkway, SR 25 south/SR 26 east/SR 421 east) West end of US 17 overlap
34B 164B I‑516 west / US 80 / SR 21 west / SR 25 north (Lynes Parkway, SR 26 west/SR 421 west) – Garden City
35 165 SR 204 (37th Street, Abercorn Street) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
36 166 US 17 north / SR 404 Spur / Gwinnett Street, Louisville Road - Charleston East end of US 17 overlap; eastbound exit and westbound entrance; old US 17 Alt.
37A 167A M. L. King Jr. Boulevard, Gaston Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; Earl T. Shinhoster Interchange; old US 17S
167 269 37B 167B Montgomery Street – Savannah Civic Center, Downtown Savannah Eastern Terminus; Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; old US 17N
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary routes[edit]

State Route 404 Spur
Location: Savannah – South Carolina state line
Length: 3.07 mi (4.94 km)

State Route 404 Spur is a short route that runs from I-16 Exit 166 northward along U.S. 17 to the South Carolina state line. As its number suggests, it is a spur from State Route 404, an unsigned route that runs the full length of I-16.

Popular culture[edit]

In the video game Left 4 Dead 2 you and your companions travel west on Interstate 16 toward Atlanta. In doing so, you will go through a Griffin County Georgia and make a stop at Wispering Oaks Amusement Park. Wispering Oaks Amusement Park, as well as Griffin County, are both fictional locations. Spalding County does have a city called Griffin, but Interstate 16 merges with Interstate 75 south of Spalding County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff (October 31, 2002). "Tabele 1: Main Routes of the Eisenhower National System Of Interstate and Defense Highways". Route Log and Finder List. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ Staff (2003) (PDF). Interstate Mileage Report (438 Report) (Report). Georgia Department of Transportation. http://www.dot.state.ga.us/DOT/plan-prog/transportation_data/400reports/2003/dpp438_2003.pdf. Retrieved February 15, 2008.[dead link]
  3. ^ Google Inc. "Overview map of I-16". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&hl=en&geocode=894757657656619927,32.854040,-83.635220&saddr=I-16+E+%4032.854040,+-83.635220&daddr=32.071829,-81.102684&mra=mi&mrsp=1,0&sz=16&sll=32.07312,-81.100559&sspn=0.008219,0.014462&ie=UTF8&ll=32.565333,-82.43042&spn=2.092474,3.702393&z=8. Retrieved February 15, 2008.
  4. ^ "Rest Areas (Georgia Department of Transportation)". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  5. ^ Georgia's Interstate Exit Numbers[dead link] Georgia Department of Transportation - online. Accessed April 30, 2007.
  6. ^ Interstate 20 Exit Renumbering Page[dead link] Georgia Department of Transportation - online. Accessed April 30, 2007.
  7. ^ House of Representatives (April 19, 2001). "House Resolution 182". Atlanta, GA: Georgia General Assembly. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  8. ^ State Senate (April 19, 2001). "Senate Resolution 6". Atlanta, GA: Georgia General Assembly. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  9. ^ Elmore, Charles J. (April 26, 2004). "The Ralph Mark Gilbert Civil Rights Museum". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council and the University of Georgia Press. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  10. ^ House of Representatives (March 27, 2003). "House Resolution 88". Atlanta, GA: Georgia General Assembly. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Interstate 16". Interstate Guide. December 6, 2006. Retrieved February 15, 2008. [unreliable source]
  12. ^ Staff (February 2003). "Senator Hugh M. Gillis (D-SS 20)". Georgia General Assembly. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved February 15, 2008. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing