Chatham County, Georgia

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Chatham County, Georgia
Revised Chatham County Courthouse, Savannah, GA IMG 4701.JPG
Chatham County Administrative and Legislative Center in Savannah
Seal of Chatham County, Georgia
Seal
Map of Georgia highlighting Chatham County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded February 5, 1777
Named for William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham
Seat Savannah
Largest city Savannah
Area
 • Total 632 sq mi (1,637 km2)
 • Land 426 sq mi (1,103 km2)
 • Water 206 sq mi (534 km2), 32.6%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 278,434
 • Density 622/sq mi (240/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.chathamcounty.org

Chatham County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 265,128,[1] making it the fifth-most populous county in Georgia (and the most populous Georgia county outside the Atlanta metropolitan area). The U.S. Census Bureau's 2013 population estimate was 278,434 residents.[2] The county seat and largest city is Savannah.[3] One of the original counties of Georgia, Chatham County was created February 5, 1777, and is named after William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham.

Chatham County is included in the Savannah Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 632 square miles (1,640 km2), of which 426 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 206 square miles (530 km2) (32.6%) is water.[4]

Chatham County is the northernmost of Georgia's coastal counties on the Atlantic Ocean. It is bounded on the northeast by the Savannah River, and in the southwest bounded by the Ogeechee River.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 10,769
1800 12,946 20.2%
1810 13,540 4.6%
1820 14,737 8.8%
1830 14,127 −4.1%
1840 18,801 33.1%
1850 23,901 27.1%
1860 31,043 29.9%
1870 41,279 33.0%
1880 45,023 9.1%
1890 57,740 28.2%
1900 71,239 23.4%
1910 79,690 11.9%
1920 100,032 25.5%
1930 105,431 5.4%
1940 117,970 11.9%
1950 151,481 28.4%
1960 188,299 24.3%
1970 187,767 −0.3%
1980 202,226 7.7%
1990 216,935 7.3%
2000 232,048 7.0%
2010 265,128 14.3%
Est. 2013 278,434 5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

Per the 2010 census, Chatham County’s total population was 265,128 people, comprising 103,038 households, and 64,613 families. The population density was 530 people per square mile. There were 119,323 housing units at an average density of 228 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the county was 54.5% White, 41.3% Black, 5.4% Hispanic, 0.8% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, and 2.6% other. The age of the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years old.

The median income per household was $42,763, and the median income for a family was $51,672. Males had a median income of $41,379 versus $33,094 for females. Chatham County residence’s per capita income was $23,701. Estimates show 12.9% of families and 19.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those ages 65 or older.[9]

Education[edit]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Coastal State Prison, a Georgia Department of Corrections state prison, is located in Savannah, near Garden City.[10][11]

Chatham County is primarily policed by the Savannah-Chatham Metropolitan Police Department (SCMPD) and the Georgia State Patrol. The Chatham County Sheriff's Office is the enforcement arm of the county court system and operates the county jail.[12] The SCMPD was formed on January 1, 2005 when the separate Savannah Police Department and Chatham County Police merged.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2013/PEPANNRES/0400000/US13.05000
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American Fact Finder". census.gov. Retrieved November 26, 2013. 
  10. ^ "City of Savannah Neighborhoods 2008." City of Savannah. Retrieved on September 15, 2010.
  11. ^ "Coastal State Prison." Georgia Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 15, 2010.
  12. ^ http://www.chathamsheriff.org/Enforcement.aspx
  13. ^ http://www.savannahpd.org/cityweb/scmpdorg.nsf/238f728e195a9dbb85256ae90052f4a9/05b4f92ebc47ef1e85256dc2006020c5?OpenDocument

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°58′N 81°05′W / 31.97°N 81.09°W / 31.97; -81.09