List of islands of New Zealand

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Islands of New Zealand)
Jump to: navigation, search
New Zealand's South Island is largely mountainous. Seen here is Walter Peak.

New Zealand consists of a large number of islands. The two main islands, which are much larger than the rest and where most of the population lives, are the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu. The latter is often referred to as the "mainland", especially by its residents, it being somewhat larger but having a lower population, although in general practice, the mainland refers to both North Island and South Island as opposed to the smaller offshore islands. Stewart Island/Rakiura is by far the biggest of the smaller islands, although Waiheke Island has the largest population of the smaller islands.

The following is a list of some of the islands of New Zealand:

Listed by size[edit]

The following table lists the largest islands of New Zealand by size. The Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau, and islands of the Ross Dependency are excluded. Delta islands such as Rakaia Island (25.7 km2),[1] Fereday Island, Rangitata Island, and Inch Clutha (approximately 15 km2, 30 km2, and 35 km2 respectively) are also currently omitted, as are temporary islands in braided river channels and tidal islands such as Rabbit Island, Nelson (17 km2). The country's largest island within a lake, Pomona Island, has an area of just 2.6 km2.[2]

Rank English name Māori name km2  % of NZ Area Population
1 South Island Te Waipounamu, Te Wahi Pounamu, Te Waka-a-Māui, Te Waka o Aoraki 151,215 56.2% 1,058,500
2 North Island Te Ika-a-Māui 113,729 42.3% 3,450,800
3 Stewart Island Rakiura 1,746 0.6% 400
4 Chatham Island Rekohu (Moriori); Wharekauri (Māori) 900 0.3% 600
5 Auckland Island Motu Maha 510 0.2% 0
6 Great Barrier Island Aotea 285 0.1% 850
7 Resolution Island Taumoana 208 0.1% 0
8 D'Urville Island Rangitoto Ki Te Tonga 150 <0.1% About 52[3]
9 Campbell Island Motu Ihupuku 115 <0.1% 0
10 Adams Island 100 <0.1% 0
11 Waiheke Island 92 <0.1% 7,700
12 Secretary Island Rangitoa 81 <0.1% 0
13 Arapawa Island 75 <0.1% 50
14 Pitt Island Rangiaotea (Moriori) or Rangiauria (Maori) 62 <0.1%
15 Matakana Island 60 <0.1% 225
16 Raoul Island Rangitahua 29.4 <0.1% 6
17 Little Barrier Island Hauturu 28 0
18 Rangitoto Island 23.1 0
19 Antipodes Island 20 0
20 Kapiti Island 19.7 0
21 Kawau Island 19 81
22 Long Island Motu Roa 18.8 0
23 Cooper Island Ure Toto 17.8 0
24 Ponui Island 17.7 0
25 Great Mercury Island Ahuahu 17.2 0
26 Ruapuke Island 16 0
27 Anchor Island Puke Nui 15.2 0
28 Motutapu Island 15.1 0
29 Codfish Island Whenua Hou 14 0
30 Mayor Island Tuhua 13 0
31 Coal Island Te Puka-Hereka 11.6 0
32 Motiti Island 10 27
33 Big South Cape Island Taukihepa 9.4 0

Listed by highest point[edit]

Rank Name of island Highest point Name of peak Type of peak
1 South Island 3,754 m (12,316 ft) Mount Cook Tectonic
2 North Island 2,797 m (9,177 ft) Mount Ruapehu Volcanic
3 Secretary Island 1,196 m (3,924 ft) Mount Grono Tectonic
4 Resolution Island 1,070 m (3,510 ft) Mount Clerke Tectonic
5 Stewart Island 980 m (3,220 ft) Mount Anglem Tectonic
6 D'Urville Island 729 m (2,392 ft) Attempt Hill Tectonic
7 Little Barrier Island 732 m (2,402 ft) Mount Hauturu Volcanic
8 Adams Island 705 m (2,313 ft) Mount Dick Volcanic
9 Auckland Island 659 m (2,162 ft) Cavern Peak Volcanic
10 Great Barrier Island 627 m (2,057 ft) Mount Hobson Tectonic
11 Long Island 622 m (2,041 ft) Tectonic
12 Arapawa Island 559 m (1,834 ft) Narawhia Tectonic
13 Campbell Island 558 m (1,831 ft) Mount Honey Volcanic
14 Cooper Island 524 m (1,719 ft) Tectonic
15 Kapiti Island 521 m (1,709 ft) Tuteremoana Tectonic
16 Antipodes Island 366 m (1,201 ft) Mount Galloway Volcanic
17 Mayor Island 355 m (1,165 ft) Opuahau Volcanic
18 Motuhora/Whale Island 353 m (1,158 ft) Volcanic
19 White Island 321 m (1,053 ft) Mount Gisborne Volcanic
20 Chatham Island 294 m (965 ft) Maungatere Hill Volcanic
21 Rangitoto Island 260 m (850 ft) Rangitoto Volcanic
22= Pitt Island 231 m (758 ft) Hapeka Volcanic
22= Great Mercury Island 231 m (758 ft) Mount Mohi Volcanic
22= Waiheke Island 231 m (758 ft) Maunganui Tectonic
25 Red Mercury Island 150 m (490 ft) Volcanic
26 Portland Island 110 m (360 ft) Tectonic
27 Bare Island 106 m (348 ft) Tectonic

In harbours and the open sea[edit]

In rivers and lakes[edit]

Outlying[edit]

New Zealand also administers the following islands outside the main archipelago. Only the Chatham Islands have a permanent population although others also did in the past. Others host visitors for science, conservation, meteorological observation and tourism.

Topographical map of Antipodes Islands

The New Zealand Subantarctic Islands are considered World Heritage Sites.

Realm of New Zealand[edit]

The following islands are part of the Realm of New Zealand, but are not part of New Zealand proper:

Territorial claims[edit]

New Zealand also claims the Ross Dependency in Antarctica, including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor, Marie. Once-a-day milking next Turner challenge, 1 May 2004.
  2. ^ Pomona Island Charitable Trust, Department of Conservation. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
  3. ^ Gerard Hindmarsh (2006). Discovering D'Urville, Heritage New Zealand, Winter 2006.