Jauch family

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Jauch
Wappen Jauch 2. Fassung.JPG
Lord thou shalt guide me with thy counsel
Ethnicity German
Current region Germany
Earlier spellings Joherr, Jaherr
Place of origin Bergsulza, today part of Sulza, Thuringia, Germany
Notable members Günther Jauch,
Joachim D. von Jauch,
Walter Jauch
Connected families Barons Bolton
Princes Czartoryski
Princes Woroniecki
Distinctions 1730 in parts ennobled (extinct),
Hanseatic Family
Traditions Catholic stirps members of the corporation Arminia
Heirlooms baroque cradle, donated 1731 by King Augustus II the Strong, godfather of August Jauch, now exhibited at the National Museum, Kraków
Estate Krummbek Manor,
Schönhagen Manor,
Wellingsbüttel Manor
Weingut von Othegraven
Name origin and meaning yes-man

The Jauch family of Germany is a Hanseatic family, originating from Bergsulza in Thuringia and for the first time documented in the 15th century.[1] A number of prominent family members and descendants are known for their accomplishments in politics, in the military, in commerce, in the fine arts and sciences.

In 1799 the Jauchs gained the ordinary burghership and became burghers of the Free Imperial City of Hamburg, followed by the hereditary grand-burghership (German: Großbürgerschaft). Thus they became in one of the oldest stringent civic republics[2] members of the ruling class, which preserved its constitutional privileges till the German Revolution of 1918.[3] These First Families of Hamburg, along with the equal First Families of the Free and Hanseatic cities Bremen and Lübeck, constitute the class of Hanseatics.

The stirps being ennobled with the Electoral Saxon Major General and Royal Polish Colonel Joachim Daniel von Jauch (1688–1754) became extinct in the 18th century.

Captain August Jauch (1861–1930) was for almost twenty years till 1915 member of the Hamburg Parliament, though delegated as a representative of the grand burghers (Notabelnabgeordneter)[4] and not contesting an election by the burghers.[5] Colonel Albert August Wilhem Deetz (1798–1859),[6] son of Ludovica Jauch (1772–1805), was one of the thirtytwo members of the Emperor Deputation (Kaiserdeputation),[7] chosen by the Frankfurt National Assembly, which offered on 3 April 1849 the Imperial Crown of Germany to Frederick William IV of Prussia.[8] Lieutenant Colonel Jan Pawel Lelewel (1796–1847),[9] grandson of Constance Jauch (1722–1802), participated on 3 April 1833 in the Frankfurter Wachensturm, the attempt to start a revolution in all German states. His brother, the famous Polish historian and rebel Joachim Lelewel (1786–1861), creator of Poland's unofficial motto "For our freedom and yours", member of Poland's Provisional Government in the November Uprising 1830, was jointly with Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels founder and vice-president of the Democratic Society for the Unification and Brotherhood of all People in Brussels (Demokratische Gesellschaft zur Einigung und Verbrüderung aller Völker (Brüssel)). Colonel Johann Christoph von Naumann (1664–1742), husband of Catharina Elisabeth Jauch (1671–1736), was a member of the diplomatic mission of the Holy League in the course of the Treaty of Karlowitz 1699 with the Ottoman Empire, which ended the Great Turkish War.

To the direct descendants of the Jauchs belong furthermore the German painter and head of the Nazarene movement Johann Friedrich Overbeck (1789–1869), the Nobel Prize-winning novelist Henryk Sienkiewicz (1846–1916), Lieutenant Colonel Otto von Feldmann (1873–1945), as Feldmann Pasha chief of military operations department at the Ottoman General Headquarters in World War I, SS-Gruppenführer and Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS Karl Fischer von Treuenfeld (1885–1946), inter alia commander of the escalade of Prague's Ss. Cyril and Methodius Cathedral after the Operation Anthropoid, the Barons Bolton, owners of the former Duchy of Bolton, and stirps of the Princes Czartoryski and the Princes Woroniecki.

Major General Hans Oster (1887–1945), one of the earliest and most determined opponents of Adolf Hitler and Nazism, moving spirit of German resistance from 1938 to 1943, was a first cousin-in-law of Captain Walter Jauch (1888–1876) and supported by Jauch & Hübener (Walter Jauch's partner Otto Hübener being executed in April 1945),[10] today's German branch of Aon Corporation.[11]

The Jauchs are descendants of Salomon Gesner (1559–1605), Lutheran theologian of the Protestant Reformation, persecutor of Calvinism, professor at the University of Wittenberg and propst at the All Saints' Church, Wittenberg.

Beginnings in Sulza[edit]

As first family member a Joherr is regarded, whose widow Lena is chronicled 1495 in Bergsulza, later part of Sulza. Joherr or Jaherr translate as yes-man, Joch or Jauch stay for the synonymous however and seem to be a shift of the former.[12] 1512 Jorge, Matthes and Nickel Jauch, being presumed to be their sons, were registered as propertied men (Besessene Männer) in Bergsulza. Görge Jauch (1606–1675) was burgomaster of Sulza. In the 17th century Sulza has been twice devastated, 1613 by a flood disaster (Thüringer Sintflut) and 1640 when it was plundered by Swedish troops. This may have been the motive for Johann Christian Jauch (1638–1718) to relocate to Güstrow.

In attendance on the Grand Ducal House of Mecklenburg[edit]

Güstrow cathedral, chapel ducal, Johann Christopher Jauch court chaplain 1694–95, yore pupil of the Cathedral school in front and 1689 in Latin his commemorative speech at the birthday of Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow[13]

1662 Johann Christian Jauch entered the service of the Grand Ducal House of Mecklenburg at its residence Güstrow castle.[14] He was a member of the ducal household of Magdalena Sibylle, née Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf, wife of Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, until he became 1669 First Valet de chambre (Erster Lacquay und Taffeldecker) of Crown Prince Carl of Mecklenburg-Güstrow. 1665 he married Ingeborg Nicolai (†1696), who had come to Güstrow with the duchess Magdalena Sibylle from Gottorf Castle, serving her as lady's maid and confidant.[15] The social rank of a servant at these times mirrored the lordship − the higher the lordship, the better the opportunities for the servant to reach a prestigious position himself.[16] A ducal valet de chambre ranked in Mecklenburg-Güstrow equal to The Very Reverend,[17] thus allowing the lordship to demonstrate its own rank. Suitably the first daughters of Johann Christian and Ingeborg Jauch married peers. Catharina Elisabeth Jauch (1671–1736) married the later colonel and architect of King August the Strong, Johann Christoph von Naumann, her sister Juliana Agnesa Jauch (1673–1712) married Baron (Freiherr) Johann Rudolf von Schmiedel, Saxon district governor (Amtshauptmann) and councillor of the board of domains (Landkammerrat), their son being Baron Franz Rudolf von Schmiedel, Hofmarschall of the extravagant Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

In 1688, Crown Prince Carl died. Johann Christian Jauch quit the service and became burgher of the city of Güstrow, dealing at retail and being a court shoemaker, purveyor to the ducal family. His eldest son Johann Christopher Jauch (1669–1725) had been a stipendiary of the duke and became 1694 court chaplain (Hof- und Schlossprediger). After the death of the last Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, Gustav Adolph, in 1695 the dukedom of Mecklenburg-Güstrow became extinct. Though duchess Magdalena Sibylla maintained a small court until 1718 the residence Güstrow lost its splendour and relevance. Moreover Ingeborg Jauch had already died. Therefore, almost all family members left Güstrow 1696 and turned to Lüneburg.

In attendance on the House of Hanover[edit]

Salomon Gesner (1559–1605),
professor of divinity, rector of the University of Wittenberg, provost at the All Saints' Church, Wittenberg, battlesome defender of Lutheranism and persecutor of Calvinism during the Second Reformation, ancestor of today's Jauchs
Emperor deputation offering 1849 the Imperial Crown to Frederick William IV of Prussia - deputy in front at the very left the then Major
Albert Deetz, son of Ludovica Jauch

1701 the Jauchs became burghers of Lüneburg. At Lüneburg Johann Christopher Jauch (1669–1725) was Royal British and Electoral Brunswick-Lüneburg Dean of the Lutheran churches (Königlich Großbritannischer und Kurfürstlich Braunschweig-Lüneburgischer Stadtsuperintendent) at St. John's Church, Lüneburg, while Johann Christian Jauch (1702–1778) became canon, 1754 subsenior collegii canonici, 1760 The Very Reverend (Erster Domherr) and vice-dean (Vizedekan) of the Lutheran cathedral of Bardowick. He married Clara Maria Rhüden (1710–1775), who was a great-great-grandchild of the Lutheran theologian of the Protestant Reformation Salomon Gesner (1559–1605), thereby ancestor of all later Jauchs, son of deacon Paul Gesner, who was taught by Martin Luther and consecrated by Johannes Bugenhagen. Her great-great-grandfather, the professor of philosophy at Hamburg, Bernhard Werenberg (1577–1643), has been an opponent to the noted scientist Joachim Jungius at the same place. Her uncle was the predecessor of Johann Christopher Jauch and great-grandson of Philipp Melanchthon Heinrich Jonathan Werenberg (1651–1713). Ludolph Friedrich Jauch (1698–1764) was pastor of Lüneburg's St. Michael's Church (Michaeliskirche), his brother Tobias Christoph Jauch (1703–1776), was a legal practitioner and deputy (Stadt−Secretarius), member of the municipal council (Magistrat) of Lüneburg. Carl Jauch (1735–1818) was Royal British and Electoral Brunswick-Lüneburg judge of the castle court of justice (Burggerichtsverwalter) in Horneburg and canon of the Cathedral of Bardowick, Friedrich August Jauch (1741–1796), son of the imperial civil law notary Adolph Jauch (1705–1758), was senator and police governor of the city of Hannover.

Carl Jauch (1680–1755), merchant in Lüneburg, has been a supporter of the theologian, alchemist and physician Johann Conrad Dippel, by some authors debatably claimed to be the model for Mary Shelley's novel "Frankenstein". After Dippel's expulsion from Denmark 1727 Carl Jauch gave shelter to the refugee who was 1729 expelled from Lüneburg, too.[18] Carl Jauch was married to a grandnice of the Lübeck dean August Pfeiffer (1640–1698),[19] who strongly influenced the faith and the thinking of Johann Sebastian Bach.

Eleonora Maria Jauch's (1732–1797) father-in-law was the dean of Bardowick Kaspar Nicolaus Overbeck, in whose foster-parental home August Hermann Francke 1687 had been guest when he experienced his so-called "Lüneburg conversion" (Lüneburger Bekehrung), making him one of the earliest leaders of Pietism.

The granddaughter of The Very Reverend and vice-dean of the cathedral of Bardowick Johann Christian Jauch (1702–1788), Margaretha Eleonora Ludivica Jauch (1772–1805) was twice married. Son from her first marriage with the merchant Johann Carl Deetz was Colonel Albert August Wilhelm Deetz (1772–1852) who became in 1847 town major of Wittenberg. Later he became head of the central office of the Prussian Minister of War. 1848–1854 he was town major of Frankfurt, member of the Frankfurt Parliament and one of the thirtytwo members of the Emperor Deputation (Kaiserdeputation),[7] chosen by the National Assembly, which offered on 3 April 1849 the Imperial Crown of Germany to Frederick William IV of Prussia. After the death of her first husband she married the bassoonist of the Royal Prussian Court Orchestra (königlich preußische Hofkapelle) Johann Heinrich Griebel (1772–1852), stemming from a musical family whose members belonged to the royal orchestra of King Frederick II of Prussia. He was the first teacher of the composer Albert Lortzing. Her stepgrandchild was the New York architect George Henry Griebel (1846–1933), who built 1871 in San Antonio, Texas the quadrangle at Fort Sam Houston and later the Dakota Building in New York.

In attendance on the Electors of Saxony and Kings of Poland[edit]

Joachim Daniel von Jauch
(1688-1754)
Electoral Saxon Major General
and Royal Polish Colonel
Constance Lelewel née Jauch (1722-1802)
Ulica Miodowa in the year 1770
by Bernardo Belotto, il Canaletto,
displaying left-hand at the very end of the street the Palais Lelewel
Escalade of the Frankfurt guard-house 1833 in order to initiate a German revolution, one of the rebels Lt.Col. Jan Pawel Lelewel, grandson of Constance Jauch

1698 Johann Christopher Jauch adjourned his function in Lüneburg and served as court chaplain for Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, queen consort of Poland and grand duchess consort of Lithuania during her cure at Pretzsch, encouraging her to keep at her Lutheran faith after the conversion of her husband to Catholicism. Christiane Eberhardine later was named by her Protestant countrymen "The Praying Pillar of Saxony".

His brother Joachim Daniel (1688–1754) served at first in the army of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, before he changed 1705 as lieutenant into the Saxon army. He took part as a captain in the first siege of Stralsund 1711–12 during the Great Northern War. At the end he was contemporaneously royal Polish colonel (since 1736), electoral Saxon major general (since 1746), superintendent of the Saxon building authority in Poland (since 1721), with the title director (since 1736), remunerated for each function separately. His primary obligation was to supervise the baroque development of the city of Warsaw. Vital was his responsibility for the extensive merrymakings of the Saxon court at Warsaw. When 1730 at the end of tremendous fireworks at Zeithain which lasted for five hours, instead of the correct "VIVAT" in front of 48 foreign princes and numerous other lords a mistake in writing occurred and a "FIFAT" was illuminated, he gained his cognomen "Fifat". He erected the Palais Jauch in Warsaw's suburb Solec and was architect for a number of prominent baroque buildings in Poland. He married Eva Maria Münnich, said to be the daughter of the later Russian Field Marshal Burkhard Christoph Count von Münnich (1683–1767), his predecessor as superintendent of the Saxon building authority. His son August von Jauch (b. 1731) was godson of King Augustus II the Strong. The elaborate cradle endowed to his parents by the king, later the cradle for Joachim Lelewel, is exhibited in the National Museum, Kraków. Joachim Daniel Jauch is buried in the Capuchins Church in the Miodowa in Warsaw.

Some members of the family followed Major General Joachim Daniel von Jauch (1688–1754) as officers into the Saxon and Polish army, two of them, Franz Georg Jauch (b. 1681) and Heinrich Georg Jauch (b. 1709), serving as lieutenant colonels – colonels in relation to the other regiments (Linienregimenter – in the Royal Guard of King Augustus II the Strong and King Augustus III of Poland. Franz Georg Jauch 1724 was participating as a captain in the Blood-Bath of Thorn, commanding a company of the Foot Guards Regiment.

Joachim Daniel Jauch's daughter Constance Jauch (1722–1802) married Heinrich Lölhöffel von Löwensprung (1705–1763), privy councillor (Hofrat) and physician to the King Augustus III of Poland. After the death of her father she erected 1755 by Efraim Szreger the Palais Lelewel – her polonized name – in the Miodowa. Regardless the early death of her husband in 1763 she enabled a splendid career for her children.

Her son Karol Maurycy Lelewel (1750–1830)[20] married a daughter of the starost of Babice (according to a Baron), niece of the archbishop and metropolitan of the archdiocese of Mogilev Kasper Kazimierz Cieciszowski (1745–1831).[21] Karol Mauricy Lelewel reached the indygenat, the naturalisation as a Polish noble, and became am member of the general sejm. 1789 he became ennobled as cup-bearer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Podczaszy wielki litewski), a title possessed prior by Stanisław August Poniatowski before he was elected as the last king and grand duke of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Her grandsons were Joachim, Prot und Jan Pawel Lelewel. Joachim Lelewel (1786–1861) became Poland's most famous historian. He was a rebel, creator of Poland's unofficial motto "For our freedom and yours", member of Poland's Provisional Government 1830, was jointly with Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels founder and vice-president of the Democratic Society for the Unification and Brotherhood of all People in Brussels (Demokratische Gesellschaft zur Einigung und Verbrüderung aller Völker (Brüssel)). The anarchist Michail Bakunin was strongly influenced by him. He was a friend of Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette, who had given shelter to him in his manor Lagrange, where he was later arrested and then expelled from France. The 29 May is Lelewel's memorial day in the Jewish almanc for his commitment for the Jewish emancipation.[22] Prot Lelewel (1790–1884) served as a captain during the French invasion of Russia, participated 1812 in the Battle of Berezina and 1813 in the Battle of Leipzig and was decorated as a chevalier of the Légion d'honneur and with the silver medal of the Virtuti Militari. Lieutenant Colonel Jan Pawel Lelewel (1796–1847),[9] was a Polish freedom fighter who unsuccessfully defended 1831 Praga against the Russian invasion and participated on 3 April 1833 in the Frankfurter Wachensturm, the attempt to start a revolution in all German states. 1816–1826 he modernized Zamość Fortress, after his escape from Poland and Germany he became 1837–1947 head engineer of the Canton of Bern.[23]

Constance Jauch's daughter Teresa Lelewelowna (1752–1814) married Adam Józef Cieciszowski (1743–1783),[24] brother of the archbishop and metropolitan Kasper Kazimierz Cieciszowski. He was Great Scribe of Lithuania (notarius magnus Lithuaniae) and knight of the Order of Saint Stanislaus. Her granddaughter Aleksandra Franciszka Cieciszowska was married to the Polish minister Jan Paweł Łuszczewski,[25] 1784–1795 private secretary of the last King and Grand Duke of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Stanisław August Poniatowski. Their granddaughter Jadwiga Łuszczewska (1834–1908) was a Polish poet and novelist. Great-grandsons of Constance Jauch were the Nobel Prize-winning novelist, author of ²Quo vadis", Henryk Sienkiewicz (1846–1916) and the founder of the Polish historical study of literature Ignacy Chrzanowski (1866–1940), who died during the Sonderaktion Krakau at Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Her granddaughter Anna Cieciszowska was sister-in-law of Magdalena Agnieszka Lubomirska (1739–1780), daughter of Antoni Benedykt Lubomirski and informal consort of King Stanisław August Poniatowski. Great-aunt of Constance's progeny Lelewel was Jadwiga Walewska (b. 1740), sister-in-law of Countess Maria Walewska (1786–1817), mistress of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Buddenbrook-nobilty[edit]

Marriage of Napoleon I and Marie Louise, attended by C. A. Overbeck, son of Eleonora Maria Jauch, senator and ambassador of the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck
J. F. Overbeck 1824: "Christ's Entry into Jerusalem", until 1942
St. Mary's Church, Lübeck, with Christian Adolph Overbeck in the center, the artist at the very right middle and at the very left front his son Alphons Maria Overbeck[26]

Eleonora Maria Jauch (1732–1797), daughter of The Very Reverend and vice-dean of the cathedral of Bardowick Johann Christian Jauch (1702–1788), married Georg Christian Overbeck (1713–1786), lawyer at Lübeck and son of the dean Caspar Nicolaus Overbeck. Her son was the mayor of Lübeck Christian Adolph Overbeck (1755–1821). Before he was a senator of Lübeck and sent three times as ambassador Lübeck's to Paris, where he attended on 1 April 1810 the marriage of Napoleon I and Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma in the Louvre and later the "banquet imperial" there, distorting in his ironical, Jonathan Swift citing[27] comment a line of Virgil's Aeneid:[28] "quaeque et pulcerrima vidi, et quorum pars parva fui."[29] ("and those exeedingly glorious things I saw, and in which I played a small part."). Her grandson was the painter and head of the Nazarene movement Johann Friedrich Overbeck (1789–1869), decorated with the Prussian Order Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts (Orden Pour le Mérite für Wissenschaften und Künste). On 7 February 1857 the future Pope Pius IX came for a personal visit in his home, the Villa Cancelotti next to the Via Merulana in Rome. At that time he was painting the large-sized "Christ absconding from the Jews" (1858), a commission from Pius IX, and an allegory on the pope's escape 1848 from Rome in disguise as a regular priest, originally on a ceiling in the Quirinal Palace, later covered by the king, and now hanging in front of the Aula delle Benedizione in the Vatican. The archaeologist Johannes Adolph Overbeck (1826–1895) was Constance Jauch's grand-grandson. Her great-granddaughter Cäcilie Lotte Eleonore Overbeck (1856-post 1920), married the anthropologist and ethnologist Emil Ludwig Schmidt (1837–1906), who was personal physician of the hypochondriac "Cannon King" Alfred Krupp. The great-granddaughter Wilhelmine Friederike Charlotte Overbeck (1829–1908) was wedded to the well known mechanical engineer Franz Reuleaux (1829–1905), chairman of the German panel of judges for the Centennial International Exhibition in Philadelphia 1876. Great-great-granddaughter Agnes Elisabeth Overbeck (1870–1919), a pianist, was married under the pseudonym "Baron Eugen Borisowitsch Onégin" to the operatic contralto Sigrid Onégin, who sang inter alia at Metropolitan Opera and Covent Garden.

Further progenies rank among the "Buddenbrook-nobility". This denotation traces back to Thomas Mann's novel Buddenbrooks which won Mann the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1929. The city where the Buddenbrook family lives shares so many of its street names and other details with Mann's hometown of Lübeck that the identification is perfect, although Mann carefully avoids explicit pronunciation of the name throughout the novel. In spite of this fact, many German readers, in particular such from Lübeck, and critics attacked Mann for writing about the "dirty laundry" of his hometown and his own family. However, for a long time that what had been attacked in the past was later regarded being an ennoblement. Those who have a close or distant relative, who has been portrayed in the Buddenbrooks, are counted among the "Buddenbrook-nobility". Great-granddaughter Henriette Charlotte Harms (1842–1928) married the senator of Lübeck Johann Fehling (1835–1893), nephew of the chemist Hermann von Fehling. He was a grandson of the poet Emanuel Geibel (in the novel Jean Jacques Hoffstede), brother of the mayor of Lübeck Emil Ferdinand Fehling (Dr. Moritz Hagenström) und brother-in-law of the mayor of Lübeck Heinrich Theodor Behn (Bürgermeister Kaspar Oeverdieck). Their daughter Emilie Charlotte Adele Fehling (1865–1890) married the novelist Lieutenant Bernhard von Hindenburg, brother of the Field Marshal und President of Germany Paul von Hindenburg.

Luise Jauch (1885–1933) was head nurse at The Magic Mountain at Davos, the second famous novel of Thomas Mann, when his wife Katia Mann stood there 1912. Luise Jauch's traits have been utilized for the novel's head nurse Adritacia von Mylendonk.

Further descendants are SS-Gruppenführer and Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS Karl Fischer von Treuenfeld (1885–1946), inter alia commander of the escalade of Prague's Ss. Cyril and Methodius Cathedral after the Operation Anthropoid. His daughter Hannelore von Treuenfeld (1921–2007) married Karl-Wilhelm Count Finck von Finckenstein.

Grand Burghers of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg[edit]

Johann Christian Jauch senior
(1765-1855),
Grand Burgher of Hamburg (German Großbürger zu Hamburg)
The reconstructed Fortuna Gate of the destroyed Potsdam City Palace - donation to the City of Potsdam

1699 Franz Jürgen Jauch and his brother Christian Jauch the younger († 1720) served an apprenticeship as merchant in Hamburg. 1752 the merchant Joachim Daniel Jauch (1714–1795) moved his business from Lüneburg to Hamburg. Lt. Johann Georg Jauch (1727–1799) kidnapped 1754 Anna Mutzenbecher, daughter of the Secretary of State of Hamburg Magnifizenz Johann Baptista Mutzenbecher (1691–1759), member of one of Hamburg's leading families and married her. Under Johann Christian Jauch senior (1765–1855), son of Johann Georg Jauch, the Jauchs became the most important and wealthiest wood traders of Hamburg who reached grand burghership status of the town. Thus they became members of the ruling class, the Hanseatics (Hanseaten) in one of the wealthiest cities of Germany, with whose financial capacity only Vienna could compete because of the local high nobility concentrating there and its wealth.

Christian Jauch's sons were founders of the three still existing branches of the family: Wellingsbüttel, Schönhagen und Fernsicht. His great-grandnephew was Ludwig Gümbel (1874–1923), naval archtitect and significant for the upgrowth of submarines in World War I, cousin of first president of the Federal Republic of Germany Theodor Heuss.

His eldest son Johann Christian Jauch junior (1802–1880) acquired the Manor house Wellingsbüttel, previously domicile of the penultimate Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, Friedrich Karl Ludwig, ancestor of the modern-day British royal family. In addition to his land he leased the Duvenstedt swamps for hunting, which is today Hamburg's largest nature reserve. Alongside his home in Hamburg he erected a deer park and a cage for the bears he brought with himself from his voyages to Russia. 1863 he was a patron of the international agricultural exhibition on the Heiligengeistfeld.

His son Carl Jauch (1828–1888) was Lord of Wellingsbüttel, too. He married Louise von Plessen (1827–1875), daughter of the Grand Ducal Mecklenburg Governor (Großherzoglich Mecklenburgischen Oberlanddrost) Ulrich von Plessen und great-granddaughter of Baron (Reichsfreiherr) Seneca von Gelting (1715–1786), who was married to a nice of Johannes Thedens and had become highly wealthy as chargé d'affaires of the Dutch East India Company in Cirebon. His grandfather Diederich Brodersen (1640–1717), ancestor of today's Jauchs of the Wellingsbüttel branch is also an ancestor to the composer Johannes Brahms. Because of this marriage the earliest notable ancestor is Helmoldus I de Huckelem, documented 1097 and connecting the Wellingsbüttel branch to numerous prominent other descendants of inter alia the von Plessen, von Moltke und von Oertzen families.

(under construction)

Auguste Jauch (1822–1902) was one of the well known benefactors to the poor of Hamburg. Colonel Hans Jauch (1883–1965), Commander of the Freikorps "Jauch", took part in putting down communist uprisings in 1920 and is founder of the Roman Catholic branch of the family. Heinrich Jauch (1894–1945) was the Prosecuting Attorney of the Special Tribunal (Sondergericht) Hamburg in the criminal trial against the Soviet agent during the interwar period Jan Valtin and 52 other defendants of whom nine were condemned to death. Valtin reports in his biography “Out of the Night”, the US-bestseller of 1941 and the TIME “Book of the Year”, the trial and the executions.[30]

The family, which was not numerous during the centuries, lost half of its sons – all of them unmarried – in the World Wars. Lt. Rudolf Jauch died 1915 in the sinking of the submarine U-40 by the submarine HMS C24. The Distinguished Service Cross (United Kingdom) which has been awarded for this action to Commander Captain Frederick Henry Taylor is part of the collection of the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich.[31]

In different polls Günther Jauch (b. 1956) was elected as “Most intelligent German” (2002), “Most wanted TV-star to become politician” (2003) and “Most popular German” (2005). He was awarded in 2001 the World Award for entertainment. Since 2008 his sculpture is part of Madame Tussauds wax museum at Berlin.

Sources[edit]

  • Deutsches Geschlechterbuch volume 200, 13. Hamburger, S. 337–416, ISBN 3-7980-0200-2, volume 209, 15. Hamburger, p. 31–52, ISBN 3-7980-0209-6
  • Prot Lelewel: Pamietniki i Diariusz Domu Naszego (Reminiscence and Diary of my Parent House), Irena Lelewel-Friemannowa (editor), Wrocław/Warsaw/Kraków 1966
  • Conrad Nikolaus Lührsen: Stammtafel des Geschlechtes Jauch ((Pedigree of the Jauch Family), Aachen 1949
  • Isabel Sellheim: Die Familie des Malers Friedrich Overbeck (1789–1869) in genealogischen Übersichten (The Family of the Painter Friedrich Overbeck (1789–1869) in Genealogical Schemata) Neustadt an der Aisch 1989, Deutsches Familienarchiv volume 104, ISBN 3-7686-5091-X, GW ISSN 0012-1266

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Georg Judersleben, Einwohner Sulzas vor der Reformation, Bad Sulza 1936
  2. ^ Nobles where banned since 1276 from living inside the city wall – Renate Hauschild-Thiessen, Adel und Bürgertum in Hamburg, in: Hamburgisches Geschlechterbuch, volume 14, Limburg an der Lahn 1997, p. XXII
  3. ^ The historical science assumes a timocratic or oligarchic character of Hamburg's constitution, being the reason why Hamburg at the Congress of Vienna was accepted by the princes of the German states as a member of the German Confederation – Peter Borowsky, Vertritt die „Bürgerschaft“ die Bürgerschaft? Verfassungs-, Bürger- und Wahlrecht in Hamburg von 1814 bis 1914, in: Schlaglichter historischer Forschung. Studien zur deutschen Geschichte im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, Hamburg, p. 93)
  4. ^ Wiegand, Frank-Michael, Die Notabeln. Volume 30 of the Beiträge zur Geschichte Hamburgs, Hamburg 1987
  5. ^ Even those elective burghers being less than five percent of Hamburg's population – Peter Borowsky, Vertritt die „Bürgerschaft“ die Bürgerschaft? Verfassungs-, Bürger- und Wahlrecht in Hamburg von 1814 bis 1914, in: Schlaglichter historischer Forschung. Studien zur deutschen Geschichte im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, Hamburg, p. 103
  6. ^ de:Albert August Wilhem Deetz
  7. ^ a b de:Kaiserdeputation
  8. ^ Frederick William IV declined, arguing that he could not accept the crown without the agreement of the princes and the Free Cities (Hamburg, Bremen, Lübeck - the Hanseatic cities - and Frankfurt)
  9. ^ a b de:Jan Pawel Lelewel
  10. ^ de:Otto Hübener
  11. ^ de:Aon Jauch & Hübener
  12. ^ Lorenz von Westenrieder, Glossarium Germanico-latinum vocum Obsoletarum primi et Medii Aevi Inprimis Bavaricarum. Tomus Prior, 1816, S. 273: auch, schon, doch, wenn gleich = Joch, Jauch; Alfred Götze, Frühneuhochdeutsches Glossar, 1967, p. 128: Jaherr = Jasager; also Georg Samuel Albert Mellin, Encyclopädisches Wörterbuch der kritischen Philosophie, 1802, p. 216, and Friedrich Brinkmann, Die Metaphern: Studien über den Geist der modernen Sprachen, 1878, p. 146
  13. ^ Qvandoqvidem Jam, Gestiente Plaudenteqve Tota Provincia, Serenissimi Principis Ac Domini, Dn. Gustavi Adolphi, Ducis Meclenburgici ... Qvinqvagesimus Septimus ... Natalis Adest; Praestantissimus Juvenum, Johannes Christophorus Jauch, Gustroviensis ... Serenitati Ejus, Oratione Latina ... Submississime Eo Nomine Gratulaturus Est : Omnes Ergo ... Ad Hanc Panegyrin, In Majori Nostri Athenaei Auditorio Instituendam ... Invito / M. Johannes Mantzel/ Rector. - Güstrow : Spierling, 1689
  14. ^ de:Schloss Güstrow
  15. ^ Johann Stieber: Merckwürdige und erbauliche Lebensbeschreibung der ... Fürstin Magdalena Sibylla, verwitwete regierende Fürstin zu Mecklenburg, Rostock 1745
  16. ^ Gotthardt Frühsorge, Rainer Gruenter, Beatrix Wolff Metternich, Gesinde im 18. Jahrhundert, Studien zum achtzehnten Jahrhundert, 1995, ISBN 3-7873-0915-2, p. 179
  17. ^ Friederich Wilhelm Christoph Siggelkow, Handbuch des Meklenburgischen Kirchen- und Pastoralrechts : besonders fuer die Herzoglich-Meklenburg-Schwerin-Güestrowschen Lande., 2.Aufl. Schwerin 1783, p. 107
  18. ^ Rudolf Ruprecht, Der Pietismus des 18. Jahrhunderts in den Hannoverschen Stammländern, 1919, p. 66
  19. ^ de:August Pfeiffer
  20. ^ Genealogy of Karol Mauricy Lelewel
  21. ^ Metropolitan Archdiocese of Mohilev
  22. ^ The Jewish Encyclopedia, Memorial Dates, S. 460 (jewihencyclopedia.com)
  23. ^ Christoph Zürcher, in: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (HLS), Version vom 20.10.2005, URL: http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/d/D14783.php
  24. ^ Adam Józef Cieciszowski in: Polski Słownik Biograficzny, Band III, S. 37; Genealogy of Adam Jozef Cieciszowski; Relatives of Adam Jozef Cieciszowski in the Polish Biography
  25. ^ pl:Jan Paweł Łuszczewski
  26. ^ For detailed caption see: de:Datei:OSpeckter-Einzug Christi-nach Overbeck mit Legende.jpg
  27. ^ "et quorum pars parva fui" is a citation of an ironic annotation from The works of the Rev. Dr. Jonathan Swift ... Volume 13, edited by Thomas Sheridan, 1784, p. 370
  28. ^ "quaeque ipsa miserrima vidi, et quorum pars magna fui" (= and those terrible things I saw, and in which I played a great part)
  29. ^ Fritz Luchmann, Beienanderseyn ist das tägliche Brot der Liebe. Briefe C. A. Overbecks an seine Familie aus St. Petersburg 1804 und aus Paris 1807–1811.. p. 295
  30. ^ “Out of the Night” - Text online, p. 527ff
  31. ^ Distinguished Service Cross awarded to Captain Frederick Henry Taylor