|Elevation||383 m (1,257 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Postal Index Number||825409|
Jhumri Telaiya is a city in the Koderma District of Jharkhand, India. It is situated in the Damodar Valley. Alternative English transliterations of the town's name include Jhumri Tilaiya, Jhumri Talaiya, and Jhumri Tilaiya.
Jhumri is the name of the original village in the area, which is now located in the city. The word "Telaiya" is the Hindi language word for a small lake (the Tilaiya Dam reservoir). The word Jhumri itself may have originated from "Jhuri", the local word for "bush", which is commonly used as fuel for cooking in the villages. Jhumri is also said to be a local folk dance.
Jhumri Telaiya was once a major mica mining centre. While laying a railroad through Koderma in the 1890s, the British first discovered vast mica deposits in the region. Mining activities started soon after and many mining houses were established. CH Private Ltd. of Chatu Ram Bhadani and Horil Ram Bhadani. Before CH, there was another major company controlled by the father and son duo of Ramananda and Sitaram Shah.
Prosperous businessmen built huge mansions in Jhumri Telaiya. Till the late 1960s, Mercedes and Porsche cars, and thoroughbreds from Arabia used to be common in Jhumri Taliya. The city once boasted of most number of phone connections and phone calls made in India. Most of the mica business, was moved to the government-owned corporations sometime in 1973-74 through a government venture called as Bihar Mica Syndicate which was having Mica mines in Sapahi, 40 km from Jhumri Telaiya. This government venture was renamed to Bihar State Mineral Development Corporation (BSMDC), which is now known as Jharkhand State Mineral Development Corporation.
Most of the mica used to be exported to USSR, for space and military equipment. With the dissolution of the USSR and the discovery of a synthetic substitute for mica, the mining activity declined in the 1990s.
The city was earlier a part of the Hazaribagh district, and was transferred to the newly created Koderma district on 10 April 1994. Originally a part of the Bihar state, Jhumri Telaiya became the part of the newly formed Jharkhand state in 2000. On 8 December 2008, the Jhumri Tilaiya municipality was declared as a minor urban area.
Association with Vividh Bharati
Originally a little-known town, Jhumri Telaiya became famous in India in 1957 owing to its connection with Vividh Bharati, a nationally broadcast radio service of the All India Radio. At a time when numerous television channels and FM radio stations were yet to come to India, the Vividh Bharati radio shows were a national phenomenon. The largest number of requests for film songs addressed to the channel came from Jhumri Telaiya. Young listeners from the town would compete among themselves to send out the most song requests in a day or month. Vividh Bharati Radio listeners thus became familiar with the town of Jhumri Telaiya. Many listeners of Vividh Bharti used to doubt the existence of such a village, and thus the "Jhumri Talaiya" came to be associated with any less-known or insignificant place. This reference is found in several Hindi movies and songs. For example, the movie Mounto (1975) features a song titled Mein Toh Jhumri Taliyah Seh Aeyehi Hun ("I've come from Jhumri Talaiya").
Jhumri Taliya is located in the Damodar River valley. It has an average elevation of 383 m (1,257 ft). It is situated about eight kilometres from Koderma.Both the towns are closely linked.some day going to be one big urban zone in Jharkhand. The entire town is divided by the grand cord line of Eastern Railway, which passes through the middle of the town.
Places of interest near Jhumri Taliya include Rajgir, Nalanda, Hazaribagh National Park, Sonbhandar Caves (rumored to have hidden Mauryan treasures), Sammed Shikhar (Jain pilgrimage), Dhwajadhari Hill, Satagawan Petro falls, the tomb of Sant Paramhans Baba at Domchanch, Makamaro Hills, and Shaktipeeth Maa Chanchala Devi.
Koderma railway station in jhumri telaiya is on the Grand Chord railway line of East Central Railway connecting Calcutta and Delhi via Dhanbad. Through it, the town is well connected to several of the major Indian cities including Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Indore, Bhopal, Lucknow and Bhubaneswar.
Three new railway lines are being laid from Koderma railway station in three different directions: 1.Koderma-Giridih 102 km long 2.Koderma-Hazaribagh 79 km long (eventually to Barkakana railway junction, 133 km from Koderma) 3.Koderma-Tilaiya (JHARKHAND) The 35 km long railway line from Koderma to Nawadih towards Giridih has been commissioned in June 2013 and a passenger train has started running on this small section. This has made Koderma a railway junction. The railway line to Hazaribagh has been laid. Trial runs will be conducted in the second half of 2013.
Buses, jeeps, and three-wheelers connect Jhumri Taliya with nearby towns and villages. The town is accessible via the National highway 31, which is popularly known as Ranchi-Patna Road. It is located is 23 km from the Grand Trunk Road.
Although the mica mining actvitiy has declined, Jhumri Tilaiya still remains an important mica center in the Koderma-Hazaribagh Industrial Area, according to a 2008 IBEF report. Telaiya has become incubator for small scale industries because of its proximity to easy access to minerals, good road-rail connectivity and good power infrastructure (due to the Damodar Valley Corporation sub station).
The region is a Ranchi Industrial Area Development Authority (RIADA) industrial area, which has hand pump and mica powder manufacturing units. Telaiya has numerous sponge iron plants and mica units. The Tilaiya Ultra Mega Power Project (UMPP) is an upcoming coal-based power in the Hazaribagh district, not far away from Jhumri Telaiya. The Koderma Thermal Power station at Banjhedih is another power plant in the area.
On the banking sector, many national and private banks are available including State Bank of India, Union Bank of India, Bank of Baroda, Bank of India, United Bank of India, Allahabad Bank, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank etc. along with their ATMs.
Khortha is the major language spoken in the town. Apart from this Hindi, Bhojpuri, Punjabi, Bengali, Marwari, and English are also spoken by people in this town. As of 2011 India census, Jhumri Taliya had a population of 87,867. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jhumri Taliya has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 52%. In Jhumri Taliya, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The degree colleges include
- Chatthuram Horilram Intermediate College (CHIC)
- Grizzly College of Education
- Jagannath Jain College (JJ College)
- Jharkhand Vidhi Mahavidyalaya
- Jhumri Telaiya Commerce College (JTCC), Karma
- Ramgovind Institute of Technology (RIT), the only engineering college in the town
- Ram Lakhan Singh Yadav College
There are also Industrial training institutes (ITIs) and other vocational training centres in the town.
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Jhumri Telaiya is too quaint a name to be real—at least that’s what people who tuned into Vividh Bharati thought.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jhumri Taliya
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- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Thumbnail pictures of the Jhumri Taliya town and Telaiya damImages of Telaiya Dam
- Website of Jhumri Telaiya