Jitsi

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Jitsi
Logo Jitsi.svg
Original author(s) Emil Ivov
Developer(s) Jitsi Team and Contributors
Initial release 2003 (2003)
Stable release 2.4 (build.4997) (January 7, 2014; 11 months ago (2014-01-07)) [±]
Preview release 2.5 (nightly) [±]
Development status Active
Written in Java
Operating system GNU/Linux, Mac OS X, Windows (all Java supported)
Size 33 MB – Windows[1]
23 MB – Mac OS X[2]
16 MB – GNU/Linux
60 MB – source code[3]
Available in Asturian, English, French, German, Bulgarian, Japanese, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Greek and 25 more
Type Voice over Internet Protocol / instant messaging / videoconferencing
License LGPL
Website jitsi.org

Jitsi (formerly SIP Communicator) is a free and open source multiplatform[4] voice (VoIP), videoconferencing and instant messaging application for Windows, GNU/Linux and Mac OS X. It supports several popular instant-messaging and telephony protocols, including open recognised encryption protocols for chat (OTR) and voice/video/streaming and voice/video conferencing (SIP/RTP/SRTP/ZRTP), as well as built-in IPv6, NAT traversal and DNSSEC. Jitsi and its source code are released under the terms of the LGPL.[4]

History[edit]

Work on Jitsi (then SIP Communicator) started in 2003 in the context of a student project by Emil Ivov at the University of Strasbourg.[5] It was originally released as an example video phone in the JAIN-SIP stack and later spun off as a standalone project.[6]

Originally the project was mostly used as an experimentation tool because of its support for IPv6.[7][8] Through the years, as the project gathered members, it also added support for protocols other than SIP.

Jitsi has received support from various institutions such as the NLnet Foundation,[9][10] the University of Strasbourg and the Region of Alsace[11] and it has also had multiple participations in the Google Summer of Code program.[12][13]

In 2009, Emil Ivov founded the BlueJimp company which has employed some of Jitsi's main contributors[14][15] in order to offer professional support and development services[16] related to the project.

In 2011, after successfully adding support for audio/video communication over XMPP’s Jingle extensions, the project was renamed to Jitsi since it was no longer "a SIP only Communicator".[17][18] This name originates from the Bulgarian "жици" (wires).[19]

Features[edit]

Jitsi's conference call window on Mac OS X

Jitsi supports multiple operating systems, including Windows as well as Unix-like systems such as GNU/Linux, Mac OS X and BSD. "Beta" packages built for Android are available[20] but the project's roadmap describes the porting to Android as "on hold".[21] It also includes:[22]

Supported protocols[edit]

The following protocols are currently supported by Jitsi:[4]

Architecture[edit]

Jitsi is mostly written in Java[27] which helps reuse most of the same code over the various operating systems it works on. Its GUI is based upon Swing. The project also uses native code for the implementation of platform specific tasks such as audio/video capture and rendering, IP address selection, and access to native popup notification systems such as Growl.

The project uses the Apache Felix OSGi implementation[28] for modularity.

Among others Jitsi uses the JAIN-SIP protocol stack for SIP support and the Jive Software Smack library [29] for XMPP.[30]

As Jitsi can handle IPv6 it is especially interesting for direct PC-to-PC (peer-to-peer) communication, for instance, if both sides were 'trapped' behind NAT routers, but could obtain a reachable IPv6 address via a tunnel-broker.[citation needed]

The Jitsi community has also completed an ICE implementation called ice4j.org, which it uses to provide NAT traversal capabilities, and assist IPv4 to IPv6 transition.[31]

Audio systems supported are PortAudio, PulseAudio and WASAPI (Windows Audio Session API).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Index of /jitsi/windows". Download.jitsi.org. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  2. ^ "Index of /jitsi/macosx". Download.jitsi.org. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  3. ^ "Index of /jitsi/src". Download.jitsi.org. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  4. ^ a b c "Jitsi home page". Jitsi.org. April 30, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  5. ^ "SIP Communicator: Interview with Emil Ivov". Gulli.com. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  6. ^ "Original Jitsi release announcement". Java.net. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  7. ^ Ivov, Emil; Noël, Thomas (2004). "Optimizing SIP Application Layer Mobility over IPv6 Using Layer 2 Triggers" (PDF). Emcho.com. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  8. ^ "NEMO Basic Support, Multi-Domiciliation et Découverte de Services" (in French). Lsiit-cnrs.unistra.fr. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  9. ^ "NLnet; SIP Comm Phone". Nlnet.nl. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  10. ^ "NLnet; SIP Comm Desktop". Nlnet.nl. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  11. ^ "La région récompense un jeune informaticien". 20minutes.fr. May 3, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  12. ^ "SIP Communicator GSoC'10 home page". [dead link]
  13. ^ "SIP Communicator GSoC'09 home page". [dead link]
  14. ^ "Jitsi Contributors - Ohloh". March 26, 2010. Archived from the original on March 26, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Jitsi Team and Contributors". Jitsi.org. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  16. ^ "Main / Solutions". BlueJimp. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  17. ^ "About Jitsi". Jitsi.org. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  18. ^ "Renaming to Jitsi. Step 1: The Site". Java.net. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  19. ^ "(SIP Communicator) | Documentation / FAQ § How do you spell Jitsi and what does it mean?". Jitsi. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  20. ^ "Jitsi (SIP Communicator) Android - Nightly Builds Index". Jitsi.org. Retrieved 2014-11-15. 
  21. ^ "Roadmap". Jitsi.org. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  22. ^ Jitsi feature list with information on supported protocols
  23. ^ a b "Jitsi changelog". Jitsi.org. 
  24. ^ "News". Jitsi. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  25. ^ "Jitsi: commits@jitsi.java.net: Archive — Project Kenai". Java.net. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  26. ^ "opus-codec.org". opus-codec.org. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  27. ^ "Jitsi". Ohloh.net. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
  28. ^ "Projects using Felix". Felix.apache.org. July 21, 2010. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  29. ^ "Smack library". Igniterealtime.org. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  30. ^ Jitsi team and contributors page with information on used libraries
  31. ^ "ice4j.org". 

External links[edit]