John O. Brennan

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John Brennan
John Brennan CIA official portrait.jpg
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
Incumbent
Assumed office
March 8, 2013
President Barack Obama
Deputy Avril Haines
Preceded by Michael Morell (Acting)
5th United States Homeland Security Advisor
In office
January 20, 2009 – March 8, 2013
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Kenneth Wainstein
Succeeded by Lisa Monaco
Director of the National Counterterrorism Center
Acting
In office
August 27, 2004 – August 1, 2005
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by John Redd
Personal details
Born John Owen Brennan[1]
(1955-09-22) September 22, 1955 (age 58)[2]
North Bergen, New Jersey, U.S.
Spouse(s) Kathy Pokluda[1][3][4]
Alma mater Fordham University
University of Texas, Austin

John Owen Brennan (born September 22, 1955) is an American government official who is serving as the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. He was previously chief counterterrorism advisor to U.S. President Barack Obama; officially his title was Deputy National Security Advisor for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism, and Assistant to the President.[2][3][5] His responsibilities included overseeing plans to protect the country from terrorism and respond to natural disasters, and he met with the President daily.[6][7] Previously, he advised Obama on foreign policy and intelligence issues during the 2008 presidential campaign and transition.[8] Brennan withdrew his name from consideration for Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in the first Obama administration over concerns about his support for the use of torture by the CIA under President George W. Bush.[3][6] Instead, Brennan was appointed Deputy National Security Advisor, a position which did not require Senate confirmation.[3][6][9]

Brennan's 25 years with the CIA included work as a Near East and South Asia analyst, as station chief in Saudi Arabia, and as director of the National Counterterrorism Center.[3][6][10] After leaving government service in 2005, Brennan became CEO of The Analysis Corporation, a security consulting business, and served as chairman of the Intelligence and National Security Alliance, an association of intelligence professionals.[11]

President Obama nominated Brennan as his next director of the Central Intelligence Agency January 7, 2013.[12][13][14] The ACLU called for the Senate not to proceed with the appointment until it confirms that "all of his conduct was within the law" at the CIA and White House.[15] John Brennan was approved by the Senate Intelligence Committee on March 5, 2013 to succeed David Petraeus as the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency by a vote of 12 to 3.[16]

Early life and education[edit]

Brennan, the son of Irish immigrants from Roscommon, was raised in North Bergen, New Jersey.[10] He attended the Immaculate Heart of Mary Elementary School, and graduated from Saint Joseph of the Palisades High School in West New York, New Jersey before enrolling at Fordham University in New York City.[6]

While riding a bus to class at Fordham, he saw an ad in The New York Times that said the CIA was recruiting, and felt a CIA career would be a good match for his "wanderlust" and his desire to do public service.[6] He received a B.A. in political science from Fordham in 1977.[3] His studies included a junior year abroad learning Arabic and taking Middle Eastern studies courses at the American University in Cairo.[3][6] He also received a Master of Arts in government with a concentration in Middle Eastern studies from the University of Texas at Austin in 1980.[6] He speaks Arabic fluently.[10]

Brennan is married to Kathy Pokluda Brennan, by whom he had one son and twin daughters.[4]

Career highlights[edit]

Brennan with Kathleen Sebelius and Rahm Emanuel, White House, April 2009

Brennan began his CIA career as an analyst, presumably in the Washington D.C. area, and spent 25 years with the agency.[2][6][17] At one point in his career, he was a daily intelligence briefer for President Bill Clinton.[6] In 1996 he was CIA station chief in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia when the Khobar Towers bombing killed 19 U.S. servicemen.[6] In 1999 he was appointed chief of staff to George Tenet, then-Director of the CIA.[3][6] Brennan became deputy executive director of the CIA in March 2001.[3] He was director of the newly created Terrorist Threat Integration Center from 2003 to 2004, an office that sifted through and compiled information for President Bush's daily top secret intelligence briefings and employed the services of analysts from a dozen U.S. agencies and entities.[18] One of the controversies in his career involves the distribution of intelligence to the Bush White House that helped lead to an "Orange Terror Alert", over Christmas 2003. The intelligence, which purported to list terror targets, was highly controversial within the CIA and was later discredited. An Obama administration official does not dispute that Brennan distributed the intelligence during the Bush era but said Brennan passed it along because that was his job.[19] His last post within the Intelligence Community was as director of the National Counterterrorism Center in 2004 and 2005, which incorporated information on terrorist activities across U.S. agencies.[3][20]

Brennan then left government service for a few years, becoming Chairman of the Intelligence and National Security Alliance (INSA) and the CEO of The Analysis Corporation (TAC) now renamed as Sotera Defense Solutions. He continued to lead TAC after its acquisition by Global Strategies Group in 2007 and its growth as the Global Intelligence Solutions division of Global's North American technology business GTEC, before returning to government service with the Obama administration as Homeland Security Advisor on January 20, 2009.[11]

On January 7, 2013, Brennan was nominated by President Barack Obama to be director of the Central Intelligence Agency.[21]

Counterterrorism advisor to Obama[edit]

In late 2008 Brennan was the reported choice for Director of the CIA in the incoming Obama administration. Brennan withdrew his name from consideration because of opposition to his CIA service under President George W. Bush and past public statements he had made in support of torture and the transfer of terrorism suspects to countries where they might be tortured (extraordinary rendition).[3][6][22] Obama then appointed him to be his chief counterterrorism advisor, a position that did not require Senate confirmation.[3][6][9]

Brennan and President Obama at a meeting of the Homeland Security Council, May 2009

In August 2009, Brennan criticized some Bush-administration anti-terror policies, saying that waterboarding had threatened national security by increasing the recruitment of terrorists and decreasing the willingness of other nations to cooperate with the U.S.[23] He also described the Obama administration's focus as being on "extremists" and not "jihadists". He said that using the second term, which means one who is struggling for a holy goal, gives "these murderers the religious legitimacy they desperately seek" and suggests the US is at war with the religion of Islam.[23]

In an early December 2009 interview with the Bergen Record Brennan remarked, "the U.S. intelligence and law enforcement communities have to bat 1.000 every day. The terrorists are trying to be successful just once".[6] At a press conferences days after the failed Christmas Day bomb attack on Northwest Airlines Flight 253 by Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, Brennan said U.S. intelligence agencies did not miss any signs that could have prevented the attempt but later said he had let the President down by underestimating a small group of Yemeni terrorists and not connecting them to the attempted bomber.[2][24] Within two weeks after the incident, however, he produced a highly critical report of the performance of U.S. intelligence agencies, concluding that their focus on terrorist attempts aimed at U.S. soil was inadequate.[17] In February 2010, he stated on Meet the Press that he was tired of Republican lawmakers using national security issues as political footballs, and making allegations where they do not know the facts.[25]

Drone program[edit]

In April 2012 Brennan was the first Obama administration official to publicly acknowledge CIA drone attacks in Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia, Libya, Afghanistan, and elsewhere. In his speech he argued for the legality, morality, and effectiveness of the program.[26][27][28] The ACLU and other organizations disagreed. In 2011/2012 he also helped reorganize the process, under the aegis of the Disposition Matrix database, by which people outside of war zones were put on the list of drone targets. According to an Associated Press story, the reorganization helped "concentrate power" over the process inside the White House administration.[29][30][31]

CIA Director (2013–present)[edit]

Nomination[edit]

Brennan being sworn in as CIA Director, March 8, 2013

United States President Barack Obama twice nominated Brennan to serve as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.[12][13]

Morris Davis, a former Chief Prosecutor for the Guantanamo Military Commissions compared Brennan to Canadian Omar Khadr, who was convicted of "committing murder in violation of the law of war".[32] He suggested that Brennan's role in targeting individuals for CIA missile strikes was no more authorized than the throwing of the grenade Khadr was accused of.

On February 27, 2013, the Senate Intelligence Committee postponed a vote, expected to be taken the next day on the confirmation of Brennan until the following week. On March 5, the Intelligence Committee approved the nomination 12-3. The Senate was set to vote on Brennan's nomination on March 6, 2013. However, Kentucky Senator Rand Paul began a talking Senate filibuster of the vote, citing President Barack Obama and his administration's use of combat drones, stating “No one politician should be allowed to judge the guilt, to charge an individual, to judge the guilt of an individual and to execute an individual. It goes against everything that we fundamentally believe in our country." [33][34] Paul's filibuster continued for 13 hours, after which Brennan was confirmed by a vote of 63-34.

Brennan was sworn into the office of CIA Director on March 8, 2013.[35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Marquis' Who's Who in the South and Southwest, 36th, 37th Editions; Who's Who in the East, 37th, 38th Editions; Who's Who in American Politics, 22nd, 23rd Editions; Who's Who in America, 64th, 65th Editions
  2. ^ a b c d James Gordon Meek (January 9, 2010). "White House counterterrorism adviser John Brennan: Out of the shadows and into the spotlight". New York Daily News. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Amanda Erickson (January 7, 2013). "Profile: John O. Brennan". Who Runs Gov. The Washington Post. 
  4. ^ a b "Director of Terrorist Threat Integration Center Appointed". Central Intelligence Agency. 17 June 2008. 
  5. ^ "Annual Report To Congress On White House Office Staff". Executive Office of the President. July 1, 2009. p. 3. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Jackson, Herb (December 5, 2009). "North Bergen man is homeland security assistant for President Obama". The Bergen Record. Retrieved October 31, 2010. 
  7. ^ Karen DeYoung (February 8, 2009). "Obama's NSC Will Get New Power; Directive Expands Makeup and Role Of Security Body". The Washington Post. p. A01. 
  8. ^ Kate Bolduan (March 22, 2008). "Chief of firm involved in breach is Obama adviser". CNN. 
  9. ^ a b Mark Mazzetti and Scott Shane (December 3, 2008). "After Sharp Words on C.I.A., Obama Faces a Delicate Task". New York Times. 
  10. ^ a b c Niall O'Dowd (June 6, 2010). "John Brennan, son of Irish immigrants, now Obama's top gun". Irish Central. Retrieved October 31, 2010. 
  11. ^ a b Judith Mbuya (December 12, 2005). "New at the Top: John O. Brennan". Washington Post. p. D08. 
  12. ^ a b Glenn Greenwald (2013-01-07). "John Brennan's extremism and dishonesty rewarded with CIA Director nomination: Obama's top terrorism adviser goes from unconfirmable in 2008 to uncontroversial in 2013, reflecting the Obama legacy". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2013-02-08. "As it typically does in the US National Security State, all of that deceit and radicalism is resulting not in recrimination or loss of credibility for Brennan, but in reward and promotion. At 1 pm EST today, Obama will announce that he has selected Brennan to replace Gen. David Petraeus as CIA chief: the same position for which, four short years ago, Brennan's pro-torture-and-rendition past rendered him unfit and unconfirmable." 
  13. ^ a b Julie Pace (2013-01-07). "Obama to nominate counterterrorism adviser John Brennan to lead Central Intelligence Agency". Washington DC: Canada.com. Archived from the original on 2013-02-08. "Obama considered Brennan for the top CIA job in 2008. But Brennan withdrew his name amid questions about his connection to enhanced interrogation techniques while serving in the spy agency during the George W. Bush administration." 
  14. ^ "Obama t o nominate counterterrorism adviser John Brennan to lead Central Intelligence Agency". Washington Post. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  15. ^ http://ggsidedocs.blogspot.com.br/2013/01/aclu-on-brennan-appointment-to-cia.html
  16. ^ Nominee to Lead C.I.A. Clears Hurdle After Release of Drone Data
  17. ^ a b Anne E Kornblut (June 6, 2010). "A forceful voice on Obama's security team; Counterterror director Brennan has emerged as key adviser". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 1, 2010. 
  18. ^ Timothy J. Burger.;Viveca Novak and Elaine Shannon (Mar 29, 2004). "Threat Analysis: Decoding The Chatter". TIME. Retrieved October 31, 2010. 
  19. ^ [1], additional text.
  20. ^ "National Counterterrorism Center Staff". United States Department of State. Archived from the original on 2008-07-11. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  21. ^ Obama Nominates Hagel as Defense Secretary and Brennan as C.I.A. Chief
  22. ^ Massimo Calabresi (February 10, 2010). "Counterterrorism: The Debate Moves Right". TIME. 
  23. ^ a b Mike Memoli (August 16, 2009). "Brennan Outlines Terror Strategy, Rebutting Critics". Real Clear Politics. Retrieved October 31, 2010. 
  24. ^ Time staff (January 4, 2010). "There is no smoking gun". TIME. Retrieved October 31, 2010. 
  25. ^ Reuters staff (February 8, 2010). "GOP plays 'political football' with terror fear, President Obama aide John Brennan says". New York Daily News. Reuters. 
  26. ^ John O. Brennan (30 April 2012). "The Ethics and Efficacy of the President’s Counterterrorism Strategy". Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  27. ^ Savage, Charlie (30 April 2012). "Top U.S. Security Official Says ‘Rigorous Standards’ Are Used for Drone Strikes". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  28. ^ "White House in first detailed comments on drone strikes". BBC News. 30 April 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  29. ^ ACLU Credits White House for Drone Strike Transparency, but Says Program Still Unlawful, aclu.org April 30, 2012
  30. ^ Who will drones target? Who in the US will decide? By Kimberly Dozier, AP Intelligence Writer / May 21, 2012, Associated Press / Boston Globe
  31. ^ Obama's counter-terrorism advisor defends drone strikes April 30, 2012, By Brian Bennett and David S. Cloud, Los Angeles Times
  32. ^ Morris Davis (2013-02-08). "The law of war does not shield the CIA and John Brennan's drone kill list". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2013-02-08. "Jack Goldsmith, former assistant attorney general in the George W Bush administration and now a professor at Harvard Law School, argues the past decade shows that the United States needs a new statutory framework governing how it conducts secret warfare. Perhaps that would be a positive step, but a new domestic statutory scheme would not make a civilian working for a civilian agency a lawful combatant entitled to immunity under the law of war for acts committed outside the United States." 
  33. ^ "Sen. Paul holds floor for hours in filibuster of CIA nominee, over drone concerns". Fox News. March 6, 2013. 
  34. ^ "(CSPAN2 VIDEO) Sen. Paul holds floor for over 12 hours in filibuster of CIA nominee". March 6, 2013. 
  35. ^ CIA faces diverse challenges amidst tight budgets: Brennan The Statesman, 2013-03-09.

External links[edit]

Interviews
Political offices
New office Director of the National Counterterrorism Center
Acting

2004–2005
Succeeded by
John Redd
Preceded by
Kenneth Wainstein
Homeland Security Advisor
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Lisa Monaco
Government offices
Preceded by
Michael Morell
Acting
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
2013–present
Incumbent