|Country of origin||Kilmarnock, Scotland|
|Introduced||1820: Grocery store
1865: Scotch blending
Red Label, Black Label, Double Black Label, Swing, Swing Superior Label, Green Label, Pure Malt Label, Gold Label, Gold Label Reserve, Platinum Label, XR 21 Years Label, Blue Label,Blue Label King George V, The John Walker
|Related products||Ballantine's, Buchanan's, Chivas Regal, Cutty Sark, Dewar's, Vat 69|
The most widely distributed brand of blended Scotch whisky in the world, it is sold in almost every country, with annual sales of over 130 million bottles.
Originally known as Walker's Kilmarnock Whisky, the Johnnie Walker brand is a legacy left by John "Johnnie" Walker after he started to sell whisky in his grocer's shop in Ayrshire, Scotland. The brand became popular, but after Walker's death in 1857 it was his son Alexander Walker and grandson Alexander Walker II who were largely responsible for establishing the whisky as a popular brand. Under John Walker, whisky sales represented eight percent of the firm's income; by the time Alexander was ready to pass on the company to his own sons, that figure had increased to between 90 and 95 percent.
Prior to 1860, it was illegal to sell blended whisky.[where?] During that time John Walker sold a number of whiskies—notably his own Walker's Kilmarnock. In 1865, John's son Alexander produced their first blend, Walker's Old Highland.
Alexander Walker introduced the iconic square bottle in 1870. This meant more bottles fitting the same space and resulted in fewer broken bottles. The other identifying characteristic of the Johnnie Walker bottle is the label, which is applied at an angle of 24 degrees and allows text to be made larger and more visible.
From 1906 to 1909, John's grandsons George and Alexander II expanded the line and introduced the colour names. In 1908, when James Stevenson was the Managing Director, there was a re-branding of sorts. The whisky was renamed from Walker's Kilmarnock Whiskies to Johnnie Walker Whisky. In addition, the slogan, "Born 1820—Still going Strong!" was created, along with the Striding Man logo, a figure used in their advertisements to this day, created by illustrator Tom Browne, in honour of the founder, and given the same name.
Johnnie Walker White was dropped during World War I. In 1932, Alexander II added Johnnie Walker Swing to the line, the name originating from the unusual shape of the bottle, which allowed it to rock back and forth.
Johnnie Walker is no longer blended in Kilmarnock, and has not been for many years. The bonded warehouses and company offices (now local authority) can still be seen in Strand Street and John Finnie Street.
On 1 July 2009, Bryan Donaghey, Diageo Managing Director for Global Supply Scotland, announced that Diageo intended to cease production at the plant in Kilmarnock. Under a restructuring programme across Scotland, production would be moved from the brand's original home to Diageo plants in Leven, Fife, and Shieldhall, Glasgow.
News of the planned closure had widespread media attention and condemnation. Following the decision, a public campaign was waged to try to persuade Diageo to reverse this decision. However on 9 September 2009 Diageo stated that they intended to press ahead with the move away from Kilmarnock and that the matter was "closed".
The Johnnie Walker plant, the largest employer in the town of Kilmarnock, closed its doors in March 2012.
For most of its history Johnnie Walker only offered a few blends. In recent years there have been several special and limited bottlings.
- Red Label: an 80 proof (40% ABV) blend of 35 grain and malt whiskies. It is intended for making mixed drinks. According to William Manchester this was the favourite Scotch of Winston Churchill, who mixed it with soda. Red Label has been reported to be former U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney's drink of choice.
- Black Label: an 80 proof (40% ABV) blend of about 40 whiskies, each aged at least 12 years.
- Double Black Label: A new addition, the whisky was created taking Black Label as a blueprint and adding heavily peated malts and some aged in deeply charred oak casks.
- Green Label: is no longer internationally available, but remains in limited production for the Taiwanese market. Elsewhere, as of mid 2014 it can still occasionally be found in retail channels. This variety is a blended malt, meaning it is made just from single-malts with no grain whisky added. Green Label uses predominantly four malts "drawn from the four corners of Scotland"—the intent of the blend is to deliver depth, substance, and intensity. Each of the malts (Talisker, Linkwood, Cragganmore, and Caol Ila) was selected by the blender for balance, with each malt whisky matured for a minimum of 15 years.
- Gold Label: an 80 proof (40% ABV) blend of over 15 single malts. It was derived from Alexander Walker II's blending notes for a whisky to commemorate Johnnie Walker's centenary. His original efforts were thwarted by a shortage of these malts following World War I. Gold Label is commonly bottled at 15 or 18 years, or without an age statement as Gold Label Reserve. Gold Label has been replaced, without an age statement, as "Golden Label Reserve" as of 2013.
- Platinum Label: an 80 proof (40% ABV) private blend—aged 18 years to replace the original Gold Label in the Asian market, and sold alongside Gold Label Reserve. It is also available in Australia, Brazil, Canada and South Africa and Israel.
- Blue Label: Johnnie Walker's premium 80–86 proof (40–43% ABV) blend with no age statement. Johnnie Walker Blue Label, also known as Max Walker, is blended to recreate the character and taste of some of the earliest whisky blends created in the 19th century. Bottles are numbered serially and sold in a silk-lined box accompanied by a certificate of authenticity. It is one of the most expensive blended Scotches on the market, with prices in the range of US $200–$300.
- Johnnie Walker Swing: supplied in a distinctive bottle whose irregular bottom allows it to rock back and forth. It was Alexander II’s last blend: it features a high proportion of Speyside malts, complemented by malts from the northern Highlands and Islay, and is "almost as sweet as a bourbon".
- Red & Cola: a premix of Red Label and cola, sold in cans and bottles similar to beer.
|Old Highland||Johnnie Walker
Premix / One
|none given (min. 12)
Double Black Label
Gold Label Reserve
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (December 2008)|
- "Johnnie Walker New Explorers' Club Collection": A collection which will contain a number of 'series', the first of which is the 'Trade Routes' series, which contains "The Spice Road" (~US$43) released Dec 2012; "The Gold Route" (~US$95) released in Mar/Apr 2013; "The Royal Route" (~US$159) releasing May/Jun 2013. The Trade Routes series will be available exclusively in Duty Free.
- "Johnnie Walker XR 21": an 80 proof (40% ABV) blend aged 21 years.
- "Johnnie Walker Black Label Keep Walking New Zealand": A special limited-edition pack to support fundraising efforts following the Christchurch earthquake in February 2011
- "Johnnie Walker Black Label: Project Black Inspiration": Facebook fans across Malaysia and Singapore with the chance to provide creative input to help shape the new bottle design. Only 200 bottles available worldwide, and only available in Malaysia and Singapore. (2011/2012)
- "Johnnie Walker Black Label Anniversary Edition" 1908–2008: in two different editions (~US$34).
- "Double Black": a blend that uses peaty west coast whiskies to create a flavour that is more smoky than Johnnie Walker Black Label.
- Collectors Edition: a collectors' edition of 12 year old Black Label was released in limited amounts (~US$43).
- Millennium Edition: a collectors' edition of 12 year old Black Label was released in limited amounts in the year 2000(~US$130).
- Odyssey - First bottling: a very expensive blend with the first bottling of the barrel only 250 bottles (~US$3000).
- Odyssey - : a very expensive general release (~US$1000).
- Deco: a very limited number of 350 ml bottles were produced in Art Deco–designed bottles, hence the name of this blend.
- Premier: a blend aimed specifically at the Japanese market.
- Swing Superior: a limited edition variety based on the Swing blend, marked by its distinctive golden label. 86.8 proof.
- Original Swing (Bottle has a cork top) (US$1500)
- Johnnie Walker 1820 Decanter: A gift to employees to mark the 50 years of operation at the Kilmarnock distillery.
- Liquer Whisky (US$1200)
- 21 year old: a rare aged variation of Gold Label (US$1200).
- Quest: a very special blend, rarer than Blue Label (~$500).
- Honour: one of the most rare and most expensive blends of Johnnie Walker Scotch whisky.
- Excelsior: a very rare double matured Scotch whisky, distilled in 1947, bottled in 1997 (~US$1700).
- Old Harmony: a rare blend marketed at the Japanese market (~US$850).
- 15 year old Kilmarnock 400 Whisky: an extremely rare Gold Label blend bottled to mark the 400th anniversary of the granting of burgh status to Kilmarnock. Released in 1992 in very limited amounts (~US$850).
- 150 years Anniversary 1820–1970: A 150th anniversary commemorative blend. (~US$2,000).
- Blue Label 200th Anniversary: 2005 saw Johnnie Walker's extremely limited bottling of its ultimate blend. A special release of cask strength Blue Label, in a special square Baccarat crystal decanter. It is the most expensive Johnnie Walker product, selling recently for over US$3,600 a bottle.
- Blue Label 1805: On 25 July 2005, the makers of Johnnie Walker Blue Label celebrated the birth (200th anniversary) of its founder with the release of just 200 bottles of a special edition blend, specially created by the Johnnie Walker Master Blender, Jim Beveridge. None of the 200 bottles were made available for retail sale. In recognition of John Walker’s entrepreneurial success in bringing whisky of the highest quality to the world, the bottles were presented to individuals deemed to have made the most significant contribution to modern life. It is estimated that each bottle is valued at US$30,000.
- Blue Label King George V Edition (2007): To recreate the Johnnie Walker blending style from King George V era. King George V was the British monarch that first granted Johnnie Walker its Royal Warrant in 1934. Oak casks dating back to the last century were used to age the whisky, sourced from distilleries operating during the reign of King George V. Special packaging in crystal decanter accompanied by an individually numbered certificate of authenticity. (US$600)
- Johnnie Walker Blue Label Mini Blended Scotch Whisky: a very rare item that includes a hand-blown nosing glass and sealed tasting notes and booklet on blue label whisky, costing around US$250.
- The John Walker: This blend includes old whiskies from distilleries long since closed. Only 330 bottles were made. (>US$3,500)
- Johnnie Walker Diamond Jubilee (2012): In honour of Queen Elizabeth II 60 bottles of whisky distilled in 1952. Only sixty bottles are being sold in Singapore at S$250,000.
Every type of Johnnie Walker scotch has a label colour as previously noted, except for the aforementioned Swing label. The purpose is to denote the different types of scotch and to position them to be used for different occasions. For example, Johnnie Walker Blue Label is rare and expensive, and so it is intended to be used for special occasions.
A key feature of every bottle of Johnnie Walker scotch is the Striding Man logo. It was created in 1908 by illustrator Tom Browne to be a likeness of John Walker in traditional, upscale attire. In the logo, the man is walking forward, which Diageo says symbolises forward thinking and the pursuit of excellence. Diageo has created a members club for Johnnie Walker drinkers, called "The Striding Man Society".
Another key aspect of its marketing is the slanted label, which is angled at exactly 24 degrees. This was an advertising tool developed by Alexander Walker, who thought it would help his bottles stand out on the shelf. Additionally, the angled label accommodates more text.
In 2009, the advertising agency Bartle Bogle Hegarty created a new short film, starring Robert Carlyle and titled The Man Who Walked Around the World, which outlined the history of the Johnnie Walker brand.
Johnnie Walker spirits have received strong scores at international Spirit ratings competitions and from liquor review bodies. The Green Label received an string of three double gold medals from the San Francisco World Spirits Competition between 2005 and 2007. The Gold Label received double gold medals from the San Francisco competition in 2008 and 2009 and won a gold in 2010. Spirits ratings aggregator proof66.com, which averages scores from the San Francisco Spirits Competition, Wine Enthusiast, and others, puts the Black, Blue, Gold and Green Labels in its highest performance category ("Tier 1" Spirits). Johnnie Walker spirits have several times taken part in the Monde Selection’s World Quality Selections and have received a Gold and Grand Gold Quality Award.
In popular culture
- Johnnie Walker Black Label was Christopher Hitchens' favorite whisky; he dubbed it "Mr Walker's Amber Restorative".
- Johnnie Walker Blue Label was a favorite of the late US president Richard Nixon, who used to enjoy it with dry ginger ale.
- In Superman 3 (1980), Superman is shown drinking Johnnie Walker Red Label after being exposed to synthetic kryptonite.
- In two scenes of Ridley Scott's film Blade Runner (1982), Harrison Ford drinks Johnnie Walker Black Label after it is poured from a futuristic Art Deco bottle.
- In The Yacoubian Building (film) (2006), Adel Emam's character bets with his friend for a bottle of Johnnie Walker Black Label and later drinks it with another friend.
- In The Man From Earth (2007), John Oldman shares a bottle of Johnnie Walker Green with his friends (the production could not afford Blue).
- In Argo (2012), John Goodman's character references Johnnie Walker Blue Label.
- The play Whiskey by Terrence McNally features a character named Johnnie Walker.
- In Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) at [32'10"] in the infamous fight scene in Marion's Nepalese tavern, when Indiana Jones is pinned on the bar by a brute while a burning ribbon of spilled spirits races toward his head, Indie whispers to Marion, "Whiskey" and the camera pans to a bottle of Johnnie Walker Black Label sitting next to her, which she quickly hands to Indie, who smashes it against his attacker's head and dodges the oncoming flames.
- In The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Colonel Saito, the commandant of the Japanese prison camp, has Alec Guinness's character (Lieutenant Colonel Nicholson) brought into his office. In an attempt to smooth things over with the senior British officer, Saito offers Nicholson some fine food and some Johnnie Walker Red Label. Saito says of Johnnie Walker: "I prefer it to sake." Nicholson refuses the food, but accepts the whisky.
- Marius Müller-Westernhagen sings about Johnnie Walker in his song "Johnny Walker".
- Krzysztof Klenczon sings about Johnnie Walker in the refrains of his song "Port".
- NOFX mentions Johnnie Walker in the song "Release The Hostages" from Heavy Petting Zoo (1996).
- Lynyrd Skynyrd mentions "Johnnie Walker Red" in the song "Poison Whisky".
- Elliott Smith sings that "Johnnie Walker Red" helps him "fake it through the day" in his song "Miss Misery", which was nominated in 1998 for an Academy Award for Best Original Song in the film Good Will Hunting (1997).
- George Thorogood mentions Johnnie Walker Black and Red in the song "I Drink Alone".
- Lady Gaga mentions Johnnie Walker in the song "Speechless"
- The Band mentions Johnnie Walker Red in the song "4% Pantomime"
- ZZ Top mentions Johnnie Walker in the song "Arrested for Driving While Blind"
- "The Letter That Johnny Walker Read" by Asleep at the Wheel references Johnnie Walker
- In Entourage, Season 7/Episode 6 (entitled "Hair"), Turtle tries to convert Johnny Drama to the new brand of tequila he is promoting. Drama makes it very clear that he plans to stick to his Johnnie Walker Blue Label.
- In the Revenge episode "Lineage", Kenny Ryan describes his father's favourite drink as being "Blue Label liquor", often calling it his "rich man's candy".
- In the TV series Scrubs, Black Label is enjoyed by Dr. Cox, with the "Janitor" claiming and naming the drink left at the bar by the iconic character played by John McGinley.
- In The Sopranos, Salvatore "Big Pussy" Bonpensiero gives Johnnie Walker Gold Label as a gift.[when?].
- In a Suits episode[when?], Harvey Spectre's old boss, Cameron Dennis, drinks Johnnie Walker Blue Label.
- In Supernatural, Season 3/Episode 15, Rufus Turner drinks Johnnie Walker Blue with Dean Winchester, saying, "You know, I don’t even bother drinking unless it’s this stuff. Nectar of the gods I’m telling you." 
- In The West Wing episode "Bartlet For America", recovering alcoholic Leo McGarry mentions Johnnie Walker Blue: in the flashback, at meeting, drinks were poured from the bottle, with the label clearly shown, and mentioned by name. Leo then lapses by accepting a drink, saying: "That's what I remember."
- In the Burn Notice episode "Last Rites", the team's target, Ahmed, has his lackey order Blue Label from the bar on a cruise ship, claiming it is "$100 a shot".
- In the Yes Minister episode The Moral Dimension, while on an official visit to the fictional Sheikhdom of Qumran, Jim Hacker and his entourage set up a secure "communications room" as a drinking room to get around the country's strict ban on alcohol. After returning from an apparent call from Mr. Haig, he informs Bernard Woolley that a "Mr. John 'Johnnie' Walker" from the 'Scotch' office is waiting for him in the communications room.
- The Johnnie Walker Classic, an Asia-Pacific golf tournament
- The Johnnie Walker Championship at Gleneagles, a golf tournament in Scotland
- The McLaren-Mercedes F1 team
- The Ashes, a cricket series between Australia and England
- The New York Yankees baseball team
- "Not Available". Johnniewalker.com. Retrieved 2012-11-03.[dead link]
- Cigaraficionado.com[dead link]
- MacLean, Charles. Scotch Whisky: A Liquid History. Charles MacLean & Cassell Illustrated. London, England. 2003. (ISBN 1-84403-078-4)
- "2009 promotional film: ''The Man Who Walked Around the World''". Youtube.com. 2010-07-18. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
- "Johnnie Walker jobs plan rejected". BBC News. September 9, 2009. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
- "Johnnie Walker whisky plant closes in Kilmarnock". BBC News. BBC. 23 March 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Mixing use per http://us.johnniewalker.com
- Manchester, William (October 1988) . "The Lion Caged". The Last Lion: Winston Spencer Churchill, Alone 1932–1940 (Revised ed.). p 10: Little, Brown and Co. p. 756. ISBN 0-316-54512-0.
- "Weeklystandard.com". Weeklystandard.com. 2008-09-22. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
- Miller, Jared T. (2013-05-10). "Johnnie Walker adds Double Black to whisky line". Daily News. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- "Johnnie Walker Green Discontinued". www.scotch-tasting-bums.com. 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- The Whisky Exchange http://www.thewhiskyexchange.com/P-557.aspx
|url=missing title (help).
- Dominic, Roskrow. The Whisky Tasting Club - UK http://thewhiskytastingclub.co.uk/Blogs/domblog/2011/12/20/green-label/
|url=missing title (help).
- "Jason's Scotch Whisky Reviews". Retrieved 2 August 2013.
- "Product Information". Lcbo.ca. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
- "Johnnie Walker - Blue Label - Blended Scotch Whisky - 1 Ltr - 43% ABV: Amazon.co.uk: Grocery". Amazon.co.uk. 2012-04-16. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
- "Johnnie Walker Blue Scotland Scotch 750ml". Wineanthology.com. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
- One Sweet Swing | Travel + Leisure Golf
- "Explorers' Club Collection". http://www.johnniewalker.com/. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
- "Tasmanian Whisky Appreciation Society". http://www.twas.com.au/. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
- Strenio, Andrew (2011-10-14). "That's the Spirit: Johnnie Walker Double Black". Serious Eats. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- "Johniewalker.com". Johnniewalker.com. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
- "Johnniewalker". Us.johnniewalker.com. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
- "Proof66.com Summary of Green Label Awards". Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- "Proof66.com Summary of Gold Label Awards". Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- "Proof66.com Website". Retrieved 2012-10-16.
- Marc Guison (2012-02-08). "Awards". Slideshare.net. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
- Brown, Craig (2012-03-21). "Christopher Hitchens's Diary". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
- Small, Melvin (2011). A Companion to Richard M. Nixon. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4443-3017-5.
- "Blade Runner Whiskey Bottle".
- "Marius Müller-Westernhagen - Johnny Walker Live Concert 1989 (on YouTube)".
- "Krzysztof Klenczon - Port (on YouTube)".
- "Johnny Drama Loves Johnnie Blue".
- "ABC Revenge Season 2 Episode 8 recap".
- "Johnnie Walker Gold Label "Centenary Blend"".
- 3.15 Time Is on My Side - Super-wiki. Supernaturalwiki.com. Retrieved on 2013-12-23.
- "John Spencer on Scotch".
- "Johnnie Walker becomes the Official Whisky Of Formula 1". formula1.com. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- MacLean, Charles (2003). Scotch Whisky: A Liquid History. Cassell Illustrated. ISBN 1-84403-078-4.
- Molavi, Afshin. "Straight Up: How Johnnie Walker conquered the world". Foreign Policy (The Slate Group) (September/October 2013). Retrieved 8 October 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Johnnie Walker (whisky).|
- Official website
- Details on how to visit Cardhu distillery, spiritual home to Johnnie Walker
- Selection of commercials from the "Keep Walking" advertising campaign
- Proof66.com Liquor Ratings and Review Aggregator