Monarchy of South Africa

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Monarchy of South Africa
Former Monarchy
Coat of Arms of South Africa (1932-2000).svg
Coat of Arms of South Africa
Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG
Queen Elizabeth II of South Africa
First monarch King George V
Last monarch Queen Elizabeth II
Style His Majesty
1910–1952
Her Majesty
1952–1961
Official residence Buckingham Palace
Appointer Hereditary
Monarchy began 31 May 1910
Monarchy ended 31 May 1961

The Monarchy of South Africa (the South African monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Union of South Africa from 1910 to 1961. South Africa shared the Sovereign with the United Kingdom, other Dominions, and latterly other Commonwealth realms. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of the Union of South Africa. The royal succession was governed by the English Act of Settlement of 1701.

The monarchy was abolished on 31 May 1961, when South Africa became a republic and left the Commonwealth. On 1 June 1994 South Africa rejoined the Commonwealth as a republic, after the end of Apartheid.

History[edit]

The Monarchy of South Africa was created by the South Africa Act 1909 which united four British colonies in southern Africa: Cape of Good Hope, Natal, Orange River Colony and Transvaal. The Act also made provisions for admitting Rhodesia as a fifth province of the Union in the future, but Rhodesian colonists rejected this option in a referendum held in 1922. South-West Africa became a League of Nations mandate of the Union in 1915. Following a referendum on the subject, South Africa adopted a new constitution in 1961 which abolished the monarchy.

List of South African Monarchs[edit]

House of Windsor
Portrait Name Birth Death Monarch From Monarch Until Relationship with Predecessor(s)
George V of the united Kingdom.jpg King George V 3 June 1865 20 January 1936 31 May 1910 20 January 1936 None (position ceded)
A022344.jpg King Edward VIII 23 June 1894 28 May 1972 20 January 1936 10 December 1936[1]
(Abdicated)
Son of George V
King George VI.jpg King George VI 14 December 1895 6 February 1952 10 December 1936 6 February 1952 Brother of Edward VIII
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg Queen Elizabeth II 21 April 1926 6 February 1952 31 May 1961 Daughter of George VI

List of South African Consorts[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Death Consort From Consort Until Relationship with Monarch
Queenmaryformalportrait edit3.jpg Queen Mary 26 May 1867 24 March 1953 31 May 1910 20 January 1936 Wife of King George V
Vacant
Reign of King Edward VIII
20 January 1936 10 December 1936
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.jpg Queen Elizabeth 4 August 1900 30 March 2002 10 December 1936 6 February 1952 Wife of King George VI
Prince Philip NASA cropped.jpg Prince Philip,
The Duke of Edinburgh
10 June 1921 6 February 1952 31 May 1961 Husband of Queen Elizabeth II

Titles[edit]

Titles
George V
31 May 1910 – 13 May 1927
By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
13 May 1927 – 20 January 1936
His Majesty George V, by the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
Edward VIII
20 January 1936 – 10 December 1936
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
George VI
10 December 1936 – 22 June 1948
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
22 June 1948 – 6 February 1952
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith
Elizabeth II
6 February 1952 – 29 May 1953
By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas Queen, Defender of the Faith
29 May 1953 – 31 May 1961
By the Grace of God, Queen of South Africa and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth

Visits[edit]

The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh visited South Africa as Head of the Commonwealth in 1995 and 1999.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ His Majesty King Edward the Eighth's Abdication Act, 1937 (Act No. 2 of 1937)