Chippenham is the largest town in rural North Wiltshire and in the new constituency
Chippenham is a parliamentary constituency, abolished in 1983 but recreated in 2010, and represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament by the first past the post system of election. The 2010 constituency includes the towns of Bradford on Avon, Chippenham, Corsham and Melksham.
borough constituency of Chippenham was enfranchised in 1295. It sent two burgesses to Parliament until 1868 and one thereafter until the borough constituency was abolished in 1885. There was a county division constituency named after the town of Chippenham from 1885 to 1983, when the name of that constituency was changed to North Wiltshire.
the 2003–2005 review into parliamentary representation in Wiltshire, the Boundary Commission created a new county constituency, reviving the name of Chippenham as a seat. It is formed from parts of the previously existing Devizes, North Wiltshire, and Westbury constituencies.
Boundaries [ edit ]
2010 constituency [ edit ]
The electoral wards which form the new Chippenham seat are taken from the former
districts of North Wiltshire and West Wiltshire.
From North Wiltshire: Cepen Park,
Chippenham Allington, Chippenham Audley, Chippenham Avon, Chippenham Hill Rise, Chippenham London Road, Chippenham Monkton Park, Chippenham Park, Chippenham Pewsham, Chippenham Redland, Chippenham Westcroft/Queens, Corsham, Lacock with Neston and Gastard, and Pickwick From West Wiltshire: the wards of
Atworth and Whitley, Bradford-on-Avon North, Bradford-on-Avon South, Holt, Manor Vale, Melksham North, Melksham Spa, Melksham Without, Melksham Woodrow, and Paxcroft
Historical boundaries [ edit ]
1295–1832: The parliamentary borough of Chippenham in the unreformed Parliament consisted of only part of the parish of Chippenham in Wiltshire. (However, as Chippenham was a burgage borough, in which the right to vote was confined to the resident occupiers of specific properties, the boundary had no practical function.) The borough had a population of 1,620 in 1831, and 283 houses.
1832–1885: The Boundary Act which accompanied the Great Reform Act extended the boundaries of the parliamentary borough, to include the whole of Chippenham parish, the adjoining parishes of Hardenhuish and Langley Burrell, and the extra-parochial district of Pewisham. This more than trebled the borough's population, to 5,270 by the 1831 figures, and 883 houses.
1885–1918: During this period, Wiltshire was split into five county divisions and one borough, of which The North-Western (or Chippenham) Division of Wiltshire was one; it was often colloquially referred to simply as either Chippenham or as North-West Wiltshire. It was bordered by the Cricklade division to the east, Westbury to the south and Devizes to the south-east. (Over the county boundary were the Thornbury division of Gloucestershire to the west, the Cirencester division of Gloucestershire to the north and the Frome division of Somerset to the south-west)
The Chippenham division included the towns of
Calne and Malmesbury as well as Chippenham, both of which had also been parliamentary boroughs in their own right before 1885. By the outbreak of World War I, the population of the constituency was about 45,000.
1918–1950: In 1918 Wiltshire was split into five divisions, but there was no borough constituency in the county. The Wiltshire, Chippenham division was expanded, taking in the towns of Cricklade and Wootton Bassett, also former parliamentary boroughs, and the surrounding rural areas: in full, it was composed of the then Municipal Boroughs of Calne, Chippenham, and Malmesbury and the Rural Districts of Calne, Chippenham, Malmesbury, part of Cricklade and Wootton Bassett, and Tetbury Rural District (excluding the part in the administrative county of Gloucestershire).
1950–1983: In the redistribution, which took effect at the United Kingdom general election, 1950, Wiltshire was divided into one borough and four county constituencies. Chippenham County Constituency consisted of the same Municipal Boroughs as in 1918 and the Rural Districts of Calne and Chippenham, Cricklade and Wootton Bassett and Malmesbury.
Members of Parliament [ edit ]
MPs 1295–1640 [ edit ]
MPs 1640–1868 [ edit ]
MPs 1868–1983 [ edit ]
MPs since 2010 [ edit ]
The Chippenham name was revived in 2010 for the new constituency that includes Chippenham,
Melksham and Bradford on Avon.
Elections [ edit ]
Elections in the 2010s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1970s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1960s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1950s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1940s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1930s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1920s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1910s [ edit ]
denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.
A general election was expected to take place in 1914/15. George Terrell (Unionist) and Harold Gorst (Liberal) were to be candidates.
See also [ edit ]
Notes and references [ edit ]
^ "Chippenham: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved . 23 February 2015
^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011 . Retrieved . 13 March 2011
^ a b c d e f "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust . Retrieved . 2011-10-14
^ a b c d e f g h i "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust . Retrieved . 2011-10-14
^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust . Retrieved . 2011-10-14
^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 4)
^ Died October 1648
^ Unseated in 1691 and again in 1692 after being re-elected, as a result of election petitions]]
^ On petition, Ashe was found not to have been duly elected and his opponent, Popham, was declared elected in his place
^ Succeeded to baronetcy, May 1716
^ Created a baronet, July 1762
^ Knighted, September 1755; created a baronet, November 1759
^ Brooke was initially declared elected in 1802, but on petition he was found not to have been duly elected and his opponent, Maitland, was declared elected in his place
^ "Chippenham 1660-1983". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament . Retrieved . 2 February 2015
^ Needham is an Irish peer as The 6th , but does not use the title Earl of Kilmorey
^ a b "UK ELECTION RESULTS". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
^ "Press release: Green Party announces new candidates for Chippenham and Devizes constituencies". Kennet and North Wiltshire Green Party. 8 February 2015 . Retrieved . 11 February 2015
^ "Socialist Unity". Socialist Unity.
^ "BBC – Election 2010 – Chippenham". BBC News. 1970-01-01 . Retrieved . 2012-12-30
^ UK General Election results 1970 Political Science Resources
^ UK General Election results March 1966 Political Science Resources
^ a b c d British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F.W.S.
^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918
Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1983)
Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832–1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945–1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981) Robert Beatson,
A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807)  D Brunton & D H Pennington,
Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808)  J Holladay Philbin,
Parliamentary Representation 1832 – England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965) Frederic A Youngs Jr,
Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol I (London: Royal Historical Society, 1979)
External links [ edit ]