Bath (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bath
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Bath2010Constituency.svg
Constituency location within Bath and North East Somerset, Somerset
Outline map
Location of Somerset within England.
County Somerset
Electorate 66,690 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1295
Member of Parliament Don Foster (Liberal Democrat)
Number of members Two (1295–1910)
One (1910–)
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Bath is a constituency[n 1] in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament[n 2] represented since 1992 by Don Foster of the Liberal Democrats.

Perhaps its best-known representatives have been the two with international profiles: William Pitt the Elder (Prime Minister 1766–1768) and Chris Patten.[n 3]

History[edit]

Bath is an ancient constituency which has been constantly represented in Parliament since boroughs were first summoned to send members in the 13th century.

The unreformed constituency (before 1832)[edit]

Bath was one of the cities summoned to send members in 1295 and represented ever since, although Parliaments in early years were sporadic. Like almost all English constituencies before the Great Reform Act of 1832, it originally returned two members to each Parliament.

The precise way in which its MPs were chosen in medieval times is unknown. It is recorded that "election was by the Mayor and three citizens being sent from thence to the county court who in the name of the whole community, and by the assent of the community, returned their representatives"; but what form the "assent of the community" took is unrecorded, even assuming it was not a complete dead letter. By the 17th century elections had become more competitive, and the means of election in Bath had been formalised to a franchise restricted to the Mayor, Aldermen and members of the Common Council (the City Corporation), a total of thirty voters. The freemen of the city challenged this state of affairs in 1661 and again in 1705 claiming the right to vote and petitioning against the election of the candidates chosen by the corporation, but on both occasions the House of Commons, which at the time was still the final arbiter of such disputes, decided against them. The Commons resolution of 27 January 1708, "That the right of election of citizens to serve in Parliament for this city is in the mayor, aldermen and common-council only", settled the matter until 1832.

Bath was the biggest of the English boroughs where the right to vote was restricted to the corporation (at the time of the 1801 census it was one of the ten largest towns or cities in England by population), and almost unique in that the voters generally exercised their powers responsibly and independently. As was the case elsewhere, the Common Council was not popularly elected, all vacancies being filled by co-option by the remaining members, so that once a united interest gained majority control it was easy to retain it. Most corporation boroughs quickly became pocket boroughs in this way, the nomination of their MPs being entirely under the influence of a patron who may have given some large benefaction to the area or simply used bribery to ensure only supporters or croneys became members of the corporation. But in Bath, the Common Council retained its independence in most periods and took pride in electing suitable MPs who either had strong local connections or a national reputation. Nor was there any suggestion of bribery or other corruption, prolific in other "independent" constituencies. Pitt the Elder wrote to the corporation in 1761, on the occasion of his re-election as Bath's MP, to pay tribute to "a city ranked among the most ancient and most considerable in the kingdom, and justly famed for its integrity, independence, and zeal for the public good".

But even in Bath the limited electorate who voted for the MP in question expected that MP to work to procure favours for their constituents and enterprises to a degree that would be considered utterly corrupt today. By exercising efforts successfully in this direction, MPs could in return expect a degree of control over the voters that differed little from patronage in pocket boroughs except that its duration was limited. Thus the lawyer Robert Henley, MP from 1747 and Recorder of Bath from 1751, seems to have been assumed to have had control over both seats while he remained Bath's MP and immediately after; yet when he was transferred to the House of Lords, Pitt replaced him on the understanding of being independently chosen. Pitt himself then acquired similar influence: the Council vetoed Viscount Ligonier's suggestion that he should be succeeded by his nephew when he was elevated the Lords in 1763, but instead allowed Pitt to nominate a candidate to be his new colleague, and voted overwhelmingly for him when he was opposed by a local man. But Pitt's influence also waned when he fell out with the Council over the Treaty of Paris.

In the final years before the Reform Act, however, local magnates exerted more control-like influence in Bath. Oldfield, writing early in the 19th century, stated that at that time the Marquess of Bath nominated one member and John Palmer the other; both were former MPs for the City (the Marquess having sat under the title Viscount Weymouth), but neither was still in the Commons – each had a family member sitting in their stead as MP for Bath. Palmer had succeeded as MP Earl Camden[n 4] who held one of the nominations before 1802. At the time of the Reform Act, the Marquess of Bath was still being listed as influencing one of the seats, though the second was considered independent once more.

The reformed constituency (1832–1918)[edit]

The Great Reform Act opened up the franchise to all resident (male) householders whose houses were valued at least £10 a year and imposed uniform voting provisions for boroughs. Reflecting not just the city's medium size but its general property values, this multiplied Bath's electorate by a factor of almost 100[n 5], and created a competitive and generally marginal constituency which swung between Whig and Conservative control. The constituency boundaries were also slightly extended, but only to take in those areas where the city proper had filled. Bath's most notable MP during this period was probably the Conservative social reformer Lord Ashley, better remembered under his eventual title of 7th Earl of Shaftesbury for the Factory Acts, the first of which came into effect while he was MP for Bath.

The franchise was further reformed in 1867 and 1885 with only minor boundary changes. Bath was lucky to retain double-member representation in the 1885 reforms – its electorate of under 7,000 was near the lower limit, a situation that lasted until 1918 reforms. The continued Liberal strength was unusual for a prosperous and predominantly middle-class town, and the seats could until 1918 not be considered safe for the Conservatives.

The modern single-member constituency (since 1918)[edit]

Bath's representation was reduced to a single member in 1918. The Conservatives held the seat continuously until 1992 except in the 1923 Parliament, and until World War II generally won comfortably – Liberals retained strength so that the non-Conservative vote was split and Labour could not rise above third place until the landslide of 1945, when the Conservative James Pitman achieved a very marginal majority. From 1945–1975 Bath Labour presented the main challengers came within 800 votes of taking the seat in 1966.

The Liberal revival in the 1970s saw the two more left-wing parties swap places, helped by the adoption of a nationally-known candidate, Christopher Mayhew who had defected from the Labour Party. The formation of the SDP-Liberal Alliance made Bath a realistic target. The SDP came 1500 votes from winning in 1987 under Malcolm Dean. In 1992, Conservative Chris Patten was ousted by Liberal Democrat Don Foster in a narrow defeat widely blamed on Patten's strategising, campaign leading and communicating as Conservative Party chairman rather than canvassing his own constituents. At each election since 1992 a different Conservative candidate has taken second place.

The boundary changes implemented in 1997 took Bathampton, Batheaston, Bathford, Charlcombe and Freshford from the Wansdyke district, containing about 7,000 voters – these were given elsewhere in 2010. Nominally this had slightly higher tendency to prefer a Conservative candidate but, the national government suffering from sleaze, in 1997 Don Foster more than doubled his almost 4,000 vote majority to over 9,000 votes. After winning two intervening elections, in 2010 Foster achieved his highest majority to date of 11,883 votes. This result followed the trend in the south-west led by the election performance of Nick Clegg and reflects a loss of the villages mentioned.

Trivia[edit]

Bath is one of only two UK Parliament constituencies to be surrounded by another constituency. Bath is entirely surrounded by the North East Somerset constituency. The other constituency, York Central, is entirely surrounded by York Outer.

Boundaries[edit]

Current boundaries[edit]

Following the review of the constituencies in the former county of Avon carried out by the Boundary Commission for England, as of the 2010 general election the constituency covers only the city of Bath, and none of the surrounding rural area. Between 1997 and 2010, it also included some outlying villages such as Southstoke and Freshford now in the North East Somerset constituency.

The constituency's electoral wards are:[n 6]

Historic boundaries[edit]

  • Before 1832: The parishes of St James (Bath), St Peter and St Paul (Bath), St Michael (Bath), and part of the parish of Walcot.
  • 1832–1867: As above, plus the parishes of Bathwick and Lyncombe & Widcombe, and a further part of the parish of Walcot.
  • 1867–1918: As above, plus part of the parish of Twerton.
  • 1918–1983: The county borough of Bath
  • 1983–1997: The City of Bath
  • 1997–2010: The City of Bath, and the Bathampton, Batheaston, Bathford, Charlcombe and Freshford wards of the District of Wansdyke.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The current Member of Parliament is Don Foster of the Liberal Democrats, who was elected in the 1992 general election. He famously succeeded Chris Patten, the then Conservative Party chairman. Patten's party had held the seat for several decades, fending off close calls and challenges by Labour, the SDP and the Liberal Democrats since before the 1960s.

William Pitt the Elder was briefly Prime Minister from 30 July 1766 while a Bath MP ending when on 4 August 1766 he was raised to the peerage as Earl of Chatham.

MPs 1295–1640[edit]

  • Constituency created (1295)
Parliament First member Second member
1386 Sewal Fraunceys John Honybrigge[2]
1388 (Feb) John Palmer Edmund Ford[2]
1388 (Sep) William Shropshire Roger Skinner[2]
1390 (Jan) Richard Clewer William Rous[2]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Hugh de la Lynde Nicholas Sambourne I[2]
1393 Hugh de la Lynde Thomas Ryton[2]
1394 John Touprest John Marsh I[2]
1395 Robert Draper John Marsh I[2]
1397 (Jan) Robert Aunger John Marsh I[2]
1397 (Sep) Hugh de la Lynde John Chaunceys[2]
1399 John Chaunceys John Whittocksmead[2]
1401
1402 John Whittocksmead John Haygoby[2]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Thomas Rymour Henry Bartlett[2]
1407 Henry Bartlett John Whittocksmead[2]
1410 Henry Bartlett John Whittocksmead[2]
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Richard Widcombe Roger Hobbes[2]
1414 (Apr) John Marsh II Walter Rich[2]
1414 (Nov) Richard Widcombe William Radstock[2]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417 Ralph Hunt Walter Rich[2]
1419 Richard Widcombe John Marsh II[2]
1420 Richard Widcombe William Philips[2]
1421 (May) Richard Widcombe John Marsh II[2]
1421 (Dec) Walter Rich Rober Newlyn[2]
1510–1523 No names known[3]
1529 John Bird Thomas Welpley[3]
1536  ?
1539 John Reynold John Clement[3]
1542  ?
1545 Matthew Colthurst Silvester Sedborough[3]
1547 Richard Denys John Clerke[3]
1553 (Mar)  ?
1553 (Oct) Richard Chapman Edward Ludwell[3][4]
1554 (Apr) William Crowche Edward Ludwell[3]
1554 (Nov) John Story William Crowche[3]
1555  ?Henry Hodgkins  ?[3]
1558 Edward Ludwell John Bale[3]
1558/9 Edward St Loe William Robinson[5]
1562/3 Edward Ludwell, died
and replaced 1566 by
John Gwynne
Thomas Turner[5]
1571 Edward Baber George Pearman[5]
1572 George Pearman Edward Baber[5]
1584 Thomas Ayshe William Sharestone[5]
1586 Thomas Ayshe William Sharestone[5]
1588 John Court John Walley[5]
1593 William Sharestone William Price[5]
1597 William Sharestone William Heath[5]
1601 William Sharestone William Heath[5]
1604–1611 William Sharestone Christopher Stone
1614 Sir James Ley Nicholas Hyde
1621–1622 Sir Robert Phelips Sir Robert Pye
1624 Sir Robert Pye John Malet
1625 Nicholas Hyde
sat for Bristol
replaced by
Ralph Hopton
Edward Hungerford
1626 Richard Gay William Chapman
1628–1629 John Popham Sir Walter Long
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640–1918[edit]

Year First member [6] Second party
April 1640 Sir Charles Berkley Alexander Popham
November 1640 William Bassett Royalist Alexander Popham Parliamentarian
February 1642 Bassett disabled from sitting – seat vacant
1645 James Ashe
1653 Bath was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Alexander Popham[7] Bath had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 James Ashe
January 1659 John Harrington
May 1659 One seat vacant
March 1660 Alexander Popham William Prynne
November 1669 Sir Francis Popham
November 1669 Sir William Bassett
1675 Sir George Speke
1679 Sir Walter Long
1681 The Viscount Fitzhardinge Sir William Bassett
1690 Joseph Langton
1693 William Blathwayt Whig
1695 Sir Thomas Estcourt
1698 Alexander Popham
1707 Samuel Trotman
1710 John Codrington
1720 Robert Gay
1722 General George Wade[8]
1727 Robert Gay
1734 John Codrington
1741 Philip Bennet
1747 Robert Henley
1748 General Sir John Ligonier[9]
1757 William Pitt the Elder Whig
1763 Major-General Sir John Sebright
1766 John Smith
1774 Abel Moysey
1775 Lieutenant-General Sir John Sebright
1780 Hon. John Jeffreys Pratt[10]
1790 Viscount Weymouth
1794 Sir Richard Pepper Arden
1796 Lord John Thynne
1801 John Palmer
1808 Charles Palmer
1826 Earl of Brecknock
1830 Charles Palmer Whig
1832 John Arthur Roebuck Whig
1837 The Viscount Powerscourt Conservative William Heald Ludlow Bruges Conservative
1841 Viscount Duncan Whig John Arthur Roebuck Whig
1847 Lord Ashley Conservative
1851 George Treweeke Scobell Whig
1852 Thomas Phinn Whig
1855 (Sir) William Tite Whig
1857 Sir Arthur Hallam Elton Whig
1859 Liberal Arthur Edwin Way Conservative
1865 James Macnaghten McGarel-Hogg Conservative
1868 Donald Dalrymple Liberal
May 1873 Viscount Chelsea Conservative
June 1873 Viscount Grey de Wilton Conservative
October 1873 (Sir) Arthur Divett Hayter Liberal
February 1874 Nathaniel Bousfield Conservative
1880 Edmond Wodehouse Liberal
1885 Robert Stickney Blaine Conservative
1886 Liberal Unionist Colonel Robert Laurie Conservative
1892 Colonel (Sir) Charles Wyndham Murray Conservative
1906 Donald Maclean Liberal George Peabody Gooch Liberal
1910 Lord Alexander Thynne Conservative Sir Charles Hunter Conservative
October 1918 Charles Talbot Foxcroft Conservative
1918 Representation reduced to one Member

MPs since 1918[edit]

Election Member [6] Party
1918 Charles Talbot Foxcroft Conservative
1923 Frank Raffety Liberal
1924 Charles Talbot Foxcroft Conservative
1929 by-election Hon. Charles Baillie-Hamilton Conservative
1931 Thomas Loel Evelyn Bulkeley Guinness Conservative
1945 Sir James Pitman Conservative
1964 Sir Edward Brown Conservative
1979 Christopher Francis Patten Conservative
1992 Don Foster Liberal Democrats

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Bath
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
style="background-color: Template:Labour/meta/color; width: 5px;" | Labour Ollie Middleton
General Election 2010: Bath[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Don Foster 26,651 56.6 +11.2
Conservative Fabian Richter 14,768 31.4 −0.5
Labour Hattie Ajderian 3,251 6.9 −7.5
Green Eric Lucas 1,120 2.4 −3.6
UKIP Ernie Warrender 890 1.9 +0.2
Christian Steve Hewett 250 0.5 N/A
Independent A.N.ON 69 0.1 N/A
Independent Sean Geddis 56 0.1 N/A
All The South Party Robert Craig 31 0.1 N/A
Majority 11,883 25.2 +11.7
Turnout 47,086 71.8 +2.7
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +5.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

The 2005 general election saw two more candidates stand than in 2001, both of whom were independent. All parties apart from the Liberal Democrats ran different candidates.

General Election 2005: Bath
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Don Foster 20,101 43.9 −6.6
Conservative Sian Dawson 15,463 33.7 +4.6
Labour Harriet Ajderian 6,773 14.8 −0.9
Green Eric Lucas 2,494 5.4 +2.2
UKIP Richard Crowder 770 1.7 +0.2
Independent Patrick Cobbe 177 0.4 N/A
Independent Graham Walker 58 0.1 N/A
Majority 4,638 10.1 −11.3
Turnout 45,836 68.6 +3.7
Liberal Democrat hold Swing −5.6
General Election 2001: Bath
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Don Foster 23,372 50.5 +2.0
Conservative Ashley Fox 13,478 29.1 -2.1
Labour Marilyn Hawkings 7,269 15.7 -0.7
Green Michael Boulton 1,469 3.2 +2.1
UKIP Andrew Tettenborn 708 1.5 +0.9
Majority 9,894 21.4 +4.1
Turnout 64.9 -11.3
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Bath
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Don Foster 26,169 48.5 -0.4
Conservative Alison McNair 16,850 31.2 -9.4
Labour Tim Bush 8,828 16.4 +8.6
Referendum Party Tony Cook 1,192 2.2 N/A
Green Richard Scrase 580 1.1 +0.3
UKIP Peter Sandell 315 0.6 N/A
Natural Law Nicholas Pullen 55 0.1 N/A
Majority 9,319 17.3 +10.2
Turnout 76.2 -9.3
Liberal Democrat hold Swing
General Election 1992: Bath[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Don Foster 25,718 48.9 +6.3
Conservative Christopher Francis Patten 21,950 41.8 -3.6
Labour Mrs Pamela Rosemary Richards 4,102 7.8 -2.8
Green Duncan McCanlis 433 0.8 -0.5
Liberal Mrs May Joan Barker 172 0.3 +0.3
Anti-Federalist League Alan Sked 117 0.2 +0.2
Independent John Albert S. Rumming 79 0.2 +0.2
Majority 3,768 7.2 +4.4
Turnout 52,571 82.4 +2.9
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing +4.9

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Bath
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Francis Patten 23,515 45.4
Social Democrat J. M. Dean 22,103 42.7
Labour J. Smith 5,507 10.6
Green Derek Wall 687 1.3
Majority 1,412 2.7
Turnout 79.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Bath
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Francis Patten 22,544 47.1
Social Democrat J. M. Dean 17,240 36.0
Labour A. J. Pott 7,259 15.2
Ecology D. Grimes 441 0.9
Progressive Liberal R. S. Wandle 319 0.7
World Government Sidney Gilbert Young 67 0.1
Majority 5,304 11.1
Turnout 74.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Bath
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Francis Patten 23,025 46.4
Liberal Christopher Paget Mayhew 13,913 28.0
Labour M. Baber 11,407 23.0
Ecology D. Grimes 1,082 2.2
National Front T. Mundy 206 0.4
Majority 9,112 18.4
Turnout 78.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Bath
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Edward Joseph Brown 18,470 37.7
Liberal Christopher Paget Mayhew 16,348 33.4
Labour Malcolm Bishop 14,011 28.6
United Democratic J. Kemp 150 0.3
Majority 2,122 4.3
Turnout 78.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Bath
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Edward Joseph Brown 20,920 40.8
Liberal P. Downey 15,738 30.7
Labour Malcolm Bishop 14,396 27.9
Independent Conservative H. B. de Laterriere 204 0.4
World Government Sidney Gilbert Young 118 0.2
Majority 5,182 10.1
Turnout 83.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Bath

Electorate 59,194

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Edward Joseph Brown 22,344 49.0
Labour David Wright Young 16,493 36.1
Liberal Roger H. Crowther 5,957 13.1
World Government Sidney Gilbert Young 840 1.8
Majority 5,851 12.8
Turnout 45,634 77.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Bath

Electorate 55,891

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Edward Joseph Brown 19,344 43.0
Labour Frederick S. Moorhouse 18,544 41.2
Liberal Roger H. Crowther 7,095 15.8
Majority 800 1.8
Turnout 44,983 80.5
Conservative hold Swing +3.2
General Election 1964: Bath

Electorate 56,806

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Edward Joseph Brown 22,255 46.5
Labour Frederick S. Moorhouse 16,464 34.4
Liberal Dr. Brian R. Pamplin 8,795 18.4
World Government Sidney Gilbert Young 318 0.7
Majority 5,791 12.1
Turnout 45,832 84.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Bath

Electorate 57,150

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Isaac James Pitman 24,048 50.33
Labour George E Mayer 17,515 36.66
Liberal George Allen 6,214 13.01
Majority 6,533 13.67
Turnout 47,777 83.60
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Bath

Electorate 57,175

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Isaac James Pitman 24,489 51.94
Labour Thomas W Richardson 17,646 37.43
Liberal Miss Barbara Burwell 5,011 10.63
Majority 6,843 14.51
Turnout 47.146 82.46
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Bath

Electorate 58,799

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Isaac James Pitman 27,826 55.26
Labour C J Victor Mishcon 22,530 44.74
Majority 5,296 10.52
Turnout 85.64
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Bath

Electorate 56,045

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Isaac James Pitman 23,070 47.16
Labour Dr. H Bruce O Cardew 19,340 39.54
Liberal Philip Hopkins 6,508 13.30
Majority 3,730 7.63
Turnout 87.28
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Bath

Electorate 59,596, Turnout 77.6%, Voters 46,268

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Isaac James Pitman 20,196 43.6
Labour Lady Dorothy Archibald 18,120 39.2
Liberal Philip Hopkins 7,952 17.2
Majority 2,076 4.5
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

  • Conservative: Lord Ronaldshay[13]
  • Liberal: Philip Hopkins[14]
  • Labour: George Gilbert Desmond[15]
  • A minority of Bath Conservatives, led by the town Mayor, Adrian Hopkins objected to Ronaldshay who had no link with the town. Hopkins was considering running as an Independent.[16] Desmond was under pressure to withdraw in favour of the Liberal candidate fighting on a Popular Front programme.
General Election 14 November 1935: Bath[17]

Electorate 49,022

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Loel Evelyn Bulkeley Guinness 20,670 56.6 -7.4
Liberal Sidney Reginald Daniels 8,650 23.7 +2.4
Labour George Gilbert Desmond 7,185 19.7 +5.0
Majority 12,020 32.9 -9.8
Turnout 74.5 -6.0
Conservative hold Swing -4.7
General Election 27 October 1931: Bath[18]

Electorate 47,930

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Loel Evelyn Bulkeley Guinness 24,696 64.0 +17.1
Liberal Sidney Reginald Daniels 8,241 21.3 -8.8
Labour George Gilbert Desmond 5,680 14.7 -8.3
Majority 16,455 42.6 +25.8
Turnout 80.6 -0.7
Conservative hold Swing +12.9

Election in the 1920s[edit]

Sidney Daniels
General Election 30 May 1929: Bath[19]

Electorate 46,877

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Hon. Charles William Baillie-Hamilton 17,845 46.9 +1.8
Liberal Sidney Reginald Daniels 11,485 30.1 +0.8
Labour George Gilbert Desmond 8,769 23.0 -2.7
Majority 6,360 16.8 +1.0
Turnout 81.3 +8.5
Unionist hold Swing +0.5
Bath by-election, 1929[20]

Electorate 35,373

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Hon. Charles William Baillie-Hamilton 11,171 45.1 -10.7
Liberal Sidney Reginald Daniels 7,255 29.3 -1.3
Labour George Gilbert Desmond 6,359 25.7 +12.1
Majority 3916 15.8 -9.4
Turnout 24,785 72.8 -11.7
Unionist hold Swing -4.6
General Election 29 October 1924:

Electorate 34,042

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Charles Talbot Foxcroft 16,067 55.8 +7.4
Liberal Frank Walter Raffety 8,800 30.6 -21.0
Labour Walter Barton Scobell 3,914 13.6 +13.6
Majority 7,267 25.2 28.4
Turnout 84.5 +5.4
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +14.2
General Election 6 December 1923:

Electorate 33,520

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frank Walter Raffety 13,694 51.6
Unionist Charles Talbot Foxcroft 12,830 48.4
Majority 864 3.2
Turnout 79.1
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
Harold Spender
General Election 15 November 1922: Bath[21]

Electorate 33,023

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Charles Talbot Foxcroft 13,666 50.2 -24.6
Liberal Edward Harold Spender 8,699 32.0 n/a
Labour Herbert Henry Elvin 4,849 17.8 -7.4
Majority
Turnout 82.4
Unionist hold Swing

Election in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 14 December 1918:

Electorate 31,512

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Talbot Foxcroft 15,605
Labour Alfred James Bethell 5,244
Majority
Turnout

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ Previously represented by two MPs in the House of Commons of England
  3. ^ Conservative Party chairman 1990–1992 and last Governor of Hong Kong.
  4. ^ Formerly known as John Jeffreys Pratt
  5. ^ 2,853 voters registered at the first reformed election, in December 1832)
  6. ^ These form the City of Bath in Bath and North East Somerset
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Wroughton, John (2006). Tudor Bath – Life and strife in the little city, 1485–1603. Bath: Lansdown Press. pp. 58–59. ISBN 0-9520249-6-9. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Bath". The History of Parliament. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 24 September 2012. 
  7. ^ Popham was also elected for Wiltshire
  8. ^ Field Marshal from 1743
  9. ^ Created Viscount Ligonier (in the Peerage of Ireland), December 1757
  10. ^ Styled Viscount Bayham from May 1786
  11. ^ "BBC – Election 2010 – Bath". BBC News. 
  12. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  13. ^ Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette, 6 May 1939
  14. ^ 8 May 1937, Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette
  15. ^ Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette, 26 February 1938
  16. ^ Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette, 1 April 1939
  17. ^ British parliamentary election results 1818–1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  18. ^ British parliamentary election results 1818–1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  19. ^ British parliamentary election results 1818–1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  20. ^ British parliamentary election results 1818–1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  21. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885–1918, Craig, F.W.S.

Sources[edit]

  • "Parliamentary representation". Aspects of Somerset History. Retrieved 26 April 2005. 
  • "Bath". 2001 election results. Retrieved 26 April 2005. 
  • "Bath election history". Guardian Unlimited Politics (London). Archived from the original on 8 May 2005. Retrieved 26 April 2005. 
  • "Boundary Commission for England – Bath". Boundary changes. Archived from the original on 12 March 2005. Retrieved 3 July 2005. 
  • "Constituencies in the unreformed House". Constituency start dates. Retrieved 3 July 2005. 
  • The BBC/ITN Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services, 1983)
  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949 (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)
  • Lewis Namier & John Brooke, The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1754–1790 (London: HMSO, 1964)
  • T. H. B. Oldfield, The Representative History of Great Britain and Ireland (London: Baldwin, Cradock & Joy, 1816)
  • Henry Pelling, Social Geography of British Elections 1885–1910 (London: Macmillan, 1967)
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 – England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Edward Porritt and Annie G Porritt, The Unreformed House of Commons (Cambridge University Press, 1903)
  • Colin Rallings & Michael Thrasher (eds), Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (London: BBC/ITN/PA News/Sky, 1995)
  • Robert Walcott, English Politics in the Early Eighteenth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956)
  • Robert Waller, The Almanac of British Politics (1st edition, London: Croom Helm, 1983)
  • Frederic A Youngs, jr, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol I (London: Royal Historical Society, 1979)

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
vacant. Last was Buckingham in 1765
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1766
Succeeded by
vacant. Next was Banbury in 1770

Coordinates: 51°22′51″N 2°21′37″W / 51.3809°N 2.3603°W / 51.3809; -2.3603