Exeter (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 50°43′19″N 3°32′02″W / 50.722°N 3.534°W / 50.722; -3.534

Exeter
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Exeter in Devon.
Outline map
Location of Devon within England.
County Devon
Electorate 76,796 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Exeter
Current constituency
Created 1295
Member of Parliament Ben Bradshaw (Labour)
Number of members 1295–1885: Two
1885–present: One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Exeter /ˈɛksətər/ is a constituency[n 1] composed of the cathedral city and county town of Devon represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. [n 2] The constituency has had a history of representatives from 1900 of Conservative, Liberal Party, Independent and Labour representation and has been represented since 1997 by Ben Bradshaw of the Labour Party, who served in government as a Health Minister and as Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport (2009-2010).

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covers most of the city of Exeter in Devon. Following a review of parliamentary representation in Devon by the Boundary Commission for England, which has increased the number of seats in the county from 11 to 12, two wards of the City of Exeter (St Loyes and Topsham) have been transferred to the neighbouring East Devon constituency.[2]

Exeter is formed from electoral wards entirely within the boundaries of the city of Exeter: Alphington, Cowick, Duryard, Exwick, Heavitree, Mincinglake, Newtown, Pennsylvania, Pinhoe, Polsloe, Priory, St Davids, St James, St Leonards, St Thomas, Whipton Barton

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1295–1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1351 John Prescott[3]
1353 John Prescott[3]
1365 John Prescott[3]
1368 John Prescott[3]
1386 John Grey Richard Bosom[4]
1388 (Feb) Peter Hadley Thomas Raymond[4]
1388 (Sep) Peter Hadley Adam Creedy[4]
1390 (Jan) Adam Golde William Frye[4]
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Grey William Frye[4]
1393 John Grey Robert Cobbley[4]
1394 John Grey Richard Bosom[4]
1395 John Grey William Wilford[4]
1397 (Jan) John Grey William Wilford[4]
1397 (Sep) William Frye William Wilford[4]
1399 Roger Golde Robert Cobbley[4]
1401 Adam Scut John Coscombe[4]
1402 Roger Golde William Morehay[4]
1404 (Jan) William Wilford Thomas Raymond[4]
1404 (Oct) John Nywaman John Lake[4]
1406 Roger Golde William Dimmock[4]
1407 Nicholas Clerk William Morehay[4]
1410 Richard Raymond John Shaplegh I[4]
1411 William Wilford John Lake[4]
1413 (Feb) Thomas Eston Peter Sturt[4]
1413 (May) Richard Bosom John Pollow[4]
1414 (Apr) John Wilford John Shaplegh II[4]
1414 (Nov) Roger Golde John Wilford[4]
1415 Richard Crese John Pollow[4]
1416 (Mar) Roger Golde Robert Vessy[4]
1416 (Oct) Roger Golde John Pollow[4]
1417 John Shaplegh II Thomas Cook[4]
1419 John Shaplegh II John Pollow[4]
1420 John Shaplegh II Richard Crese[4]
1421 (May) John Cutler alias Carwithan Roger Shillingford[4]
1421 (Dec) John Shaplegh II John Shillingford[4]
1510 Thomas Andrew John Orenge[5]
1512 Richard Hewet John Simon[5]
1515 Richard Hewet John Simon[5]
1523 John Noseworthy John Bridgeman[5]
1529 Henry Hamlin John Blackaller,
replaced 1534 by John Vowell alias Hooker[5]
1536 ?
1539 John Hull William Hurst[5]
1542 Thomas Spurway William Hurst[5]
1543 Gilbert Kirk replaced Spurway and John Pasmore replaced Hurst[5]
1543 (substitution reversed) Thomas Spurway replaced Kirk, William Hurst replaced Pasmore[5]
1545 John Grenville William Hurst[5]
1547 John Hull, died
and replaced 1549 by
Thomas Prestwood
Griffith Ameredith[5]
1553 (Mar) Robert Weston Richard Hart[5]
1553 (Oct) John Ridgeway Richard Hart[5]
1554 (Apr) John Ridgeway Richard Hart[5]
1554 (Nov) John Grenville John Petre[5]
1555 Sir John Pollard Edmund Sture[5]
1558 John Grenville Walter Staplehill[5]
1558/9 Sir John Pollard Richard Prestwood[6]
1562/3 Thomas Williams, died
and replaced 1566 by
Sir Peter Carew
Geoffrey Tothill[6]
1571 Geoffrey Tothill John Vowell alias Hooker[6]
1572 Geoffrey Tothill, died
and replaced 1576 by
Edward Ameredith
Simon Knight[6]
1584 Thomas Bruarton Richard Prowse[6]
1586 Edward Drew John Vowell alias Hooker[6]
1588 Edward Drew John Peryam[6]
1593 John Hele John Peryam[6]
1597 John Hele William Martin[6]
1601 John Hele John Howell[6]
1604 George Smith John Prowse
1614 John Prowse Thomas Martyn
1621–1622 John Prowse Ignatius Jordan
1624 John Prowse Nicholas Duck
1625 Ignatius Jordan Nicholas Duck
1626 Ignatius Jordan John Hayne
1628-1629 Ignatius Jordan John Lynn
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
Apr 1640 Robert Walker Simon Snow in place of Jacob Tucker
Nov 1640 Robert Walker
disabled 1643
Simon Snow
1645 Simon Snow
secluded in Pride's Purge
Samuel Clark
1648 Samuel Clark (one seat only)
1653 Exeter not represented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Thomas Bampfield Thomas Gibbons
1656 Thomas Bampfield Thomas Westlake
1659 Thomas Bampfield Maj. Thomas Gibbon

MPs 1660–1885[edit]

Two members

Year First member[7] First party Second member[7] Second party
1660 John Maynard Thomas Bampfield
1661 Sir James Smyth Robert Walker
1673 Thomas Walker
1679 William Glyde Malachi Pyne
1681 Sir Thomas Carew Thomas Walker
1685 James Walker Edward Seymour Tory
Jan 1689 Henry Pollexfen
Jun 1689 Christopher Bale
1695 Edward Seyward Sir Joseph Tily
1698 Sir Edward Seymour Tory Sir Bartholomew Shower
1702 John Snell Tory
Apr 1708 John Harris Whig
May 1708 Nicholas Wood
1710 Sir Coplestone Bampfylde Tory John Snell Tory
1713 John Rolle Francis Drewe
1715 John Bampfylde
1722 John Rolle
1727 Samuel Molyneux
1728 John Belfield
1734 John King Thomas Balle
1735 Sir Henry Northcote
1741 Humphrey Sydenham
1743 Sir Richard Bampfylde, Bt
1747 John Tuckfield
1754 John Rolle Walter
1767 William Spicer
1768 John Buller
1774 Sir Charles Warwick Bampfylde
1776 John Baring
1790 James Buller
1796 Sir Charles Warwick Bampfylde
1802 James Buller
1812 William Courtenay
1818 Robert William Newman
Feb 1826 Samuel Trehawke Kekewich
Jun 1826 Lewis William Buck
1830 James Wentworth Buller
1832 Edward Divett
1835 Sir William Webb Follett
1845 Sir John Thomas Buller Duckworth, Bt
1857 Richard Sommers Gard
1864 Viscount Courtenay
1865 John Coleridge Liberal
1868 Edgar Alfred Bowring
1873 Arthur Mills
1874 John George Johnson
1880 Edward Johnson Henry Northcote Conservative
1885 representation reduced to one member

MPs since 1885[edit]

Election Member[7] Party
1885 Henry Northcote Conservative
1899 by-election Sir Edgar Vincent Conservative
1906 Sir George Kekewich Liberal
January 1910 Henry Duke Conservative
December 1910[8] Harold St Maur Liberal
1911[8] Henry Duke Conservative
1918 Sir Robert Newman Conservative
1929 Independent
1931 Arthur Conrad Reed Conservative
1945 John Cyril Maude Conservative
1951 Sir Rolf Dudley-Williams, Bt Conservative
1966 Gwyneth Dunwoody Labour
1970 Sir John Hannam Conservative
1997 Ben Bradshaw Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dom Morris
General Election 2010: Exeter[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ben Bradshaw 19,942 38.2 −4.0
Conservative Hannah Foster 17,221 33.0 +8.1
Liberal Democrat Graham Oakes 10,581 20.3 −0.7
UKIP Keith Crawford 1,930 3.7 +0.3
Liberal Chris Gale 1,108 2.1 −2.3
Green Paula Black 792 1.5 −2.3
BNP Robert Farmer 673 1.3 +1.3
Majority 2,721 5.2
Turnout 52,247 67.7 +3.4
Labour hold Swing −6.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ben Bradshaw 22,619 41.1 −8.7
Conservative Peter Cox 14,954 27.2 −0.2
Liberal Democrat Jon Underwood 11,340 20.6 +8.2
Liberal Margaret Danks 2,214 4.0 −0.9
Green Tim Brenan 1,896 3.4 +1.0
UKIP Mark Fitzgeorge-Parker 1,854 3.4 +1.3
Independent John Stuart 191 0.3 +0.3
Majority 7,665 13.9
Turnout 55,068 64.8 0.6
Labour hold Swing −4.2
General Election 2001: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ben Bradshaw 26,194 49.8 +2.3
Conservative Anne Jobson 14,435 27.4 −1.2
Liberal Democrat Richard Copus 6,512 12.4 −5.6
Liberal David Morrish 2,596 4.9 +1.6
Green Paul Edwards 1,240 2.4 +1.3
UKIP John Stuart 1,109 2.1 +1.1
Socialist Alliance Francis Choules 530 1.0 N/A
Majority 11,759 22.4
Turnout 52,616 64.2 -13.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Exeter[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ben Bradshaw 29,938 47.5 +11.8
Conservative Adrian Rogers 17,693 28.6 −13.5
Liberal Democrat Dennis Brewer 11,148 18.0 −1.1
Liberal David Morrish 2,062 3.3 +1.5
Green Paul Edwards 643 1.0 +0.2
Independent John Stuart 638 1.0 N/A
Pensioner James Meakin 282 0.5 N/A
Majority 11,705 18.9
Turnout 61,864 78.2 −4.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +12.5
General Election 1992: Exeter[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Hannam 25,543 41.1 −3.3
Labour John N. Lloyd 22,498 36.2 +13.7
Liberal Democrat Graham J. Oakes 12,059 19.4 −12.3
Liberal Mrs Alison C. Micklem 1,119 1.8 +1.8
Green Tim J.R. Brenan 764 1.2 +0.2
Natural Law Michael J. Turnbull 98 0.2 N/A
Majority 3,045 4.9 −7.7
Turnout 62,081 80.5 −0.1
Conservative hold Swing −8.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Hannam 26,922 44.40
Social Democrat Mike Thomas 19,266 31.77
Labour J.A. Vincent 13,643 22.50
Green R.J. Vail 597 0.98
L.A.P.P N.D. Byles 209 0.34
Majority 7,656 12.63
Turnout 80.63
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Hannam 26,660 46.52
Social Democrat S. Mennell 16,780 29.28
Labour R. Evans 13,088 22.84
Ecology P. Frings 779 1.36
Majority 9,880 17.24
Turnout 78.03
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Hannam 27,173 48.41
Labour G.W. Hobbs 19,146 34.11
Liberal H. Marsh 8,756 15.60
Ecology P. Frings 1,053 1.88
Majority 8,027 14.30
Turnout 81.55
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Hannam 21,970 40.73
Labour F.K. Taylor 19,622 36.38
Liberal D.J. Morrish 12,342 22.88
Majority 2,348 4.35
Turnout 80.28
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Hannam 22,762 40.10
Labour G. Powell 17,686 31.15
Liberal D.J. Morrish 16,322 28.75
Majority 5,076 8.94
Turnout 85.28
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Hannam 21,680 45.02
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 20,409 42.38
Liberal D.J. Morrish 6,072 12.61
Majority 1,271 2.64
Turnout 81.05
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 22,199 48.60
Conservative Sir Rolf Dudley-Williams, Bt 18,613 40.75
Liberal R.C. Thompson 4,869 10.66
Majority 3,586 7.85
Turnout 83.63
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1964: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Rolf Dudley-Williams, Bt 18,035 41.44
Labour Gwyneth Dunwoody 16,673 38.31
Liberal R.C. Thompson 8,815 20.25
Majority 1,362 3.13
Turnout 80.34
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Rolf Dudley-Williams, Bt 21,579 48.66
Labour A.J. Rogers 15,918 35.89
Liberal G. Taylor 6,852 15.45
Majority 5,661 12.76
Turnout 82.00
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Rolf Dudley-Williams, Bt 24,147 56.28
Labour L.C. Merrion 18,759 43.72
Majority 5,388 12.56
Turnout 79.31
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Rolf Dudley-Williams, Bt 23,218 50.80
Labour E.S.D. Bishop 18,576 40.65
Liberal E.E. Tinkham 3,908 8.55
Majority 4,642 10.16
Turnout 84.13
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Cyril Maude 24,339 53.52
Labour T.L. Horabin 21,135 46.48
Majority 3,204 7.05
Turnout 86.00
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Cyril Maude 16,420 43.34
Labour R. Travess 15,245 40.24
Liberal F.E.G. Morgan 6,220 16.42
Majority 1,175 3.10
Turnout 74.46
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Conrad Reed 21,192 60.78
Labour J. Cripps 13,674 39.22
Majority 7,518 21.56
Turnout 75.86
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Exeter
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Conrad Reed 20,360 55.19
Liberal Lady Acland 8,571 23.23
Labour Lt.-Col. JV Delahaye 7,958 21.57
Majority 11,789 31.96
Turnout 84.77
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election December 1910 Exeter[13]

Electorate 10,383

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Edward Duke 4,777 50.0 -0.1
Liberal Richard Harold St. Maur 4,776 50.0 +0.1
Majority 1 0.0 -0.1
Turnout 92.0 -2.2
Conservative hold Swing -0.1
General Election January 1910 Exeter[13]

Electorate 10,383

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Edward Duke 4,902 50.1 +0.6
Liberal Richard Harold St. Maur 4,876 49.9 -0.6
Majority 26 0.1 1.2
Turnout 9,778 94.2 +1.7
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +0.6

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 Exeter[13]

Electorate 9,567

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir George William Kekewich 4,469 50.5
Conservative Sir Edgar Vincent 4,384 49.5
Majority 85 1.0
Turnout 8,853 92.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, Exeter elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Final recommendations for Parliamentary constituencies in the counties of Devon, Plymouth and Torbay". Boundary Commission for England. 2004-11-24. Retrieved 2010-04-25. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d "PRESCOTT, John (c.1327-1412), of Prescott, Rake and Exeter, Devon.". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-24. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-24. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-24. 
  7. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  8. ^ a b At the December 1910 election, Harold St Maur was declared the winner by 4 votes, and the same majority was recorded after a recount. However a electoral petition was heard in April 1911, at which Henry Duke was declared the winner by 1 vote.
  9. ^ Bostock, Philip (20 April 2010). "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer, Exeter City Council. Retrieved 21 April 2010. 
  10. ^ "Exeter: Constituency". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  11. ^ Morgan, Bryn (29 March 2001). "General Election results, 1 May 1997" (PDF). Social & General Statistics Section, House of Commons Library. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  13. ^ a b c British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)