Salisbury (UK Parliament constituency)

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Salisbury
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Salisbury in Wiltshire.
Outline map
Location of Wiltshire within England.
County Wiltshire
Electorate 68,731 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Salisbury
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of Parliament John Glen (Conservative)
Number of members One
1295–1918
Number of members 1295–1885: Two
1885–1918: One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South West England

Salisbury is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by John Glen, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

From 1295, (the Model Parliament) a form of this constituency on a narrower area, the Parliamentary borough of Salisbury, returned two MPs to the House of Commons of England[n 3] Elections were held using the bloc vote system. This afforded the ability for wealthy male townsfolk who owned property rated at more than £2 a year liability in Land Tax to vote in the county and borough (if they met the requirements of both systems). The franchise (right to vote) in the town was generally restricted to male tradespersons and professionals within the central town wards, however in medieval elections would have been the aldermen. The constituency co-existed with a neighbouring minuscule-electorate seat described towards its Great Reform Act abolition as a rotten borough: Old Sarum that covered the mostly abandoned Roman citadel to the northeast.

Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the borough's representation was reduced to one member. The parliamentary borough of Salisbury was abolished for the 1918 general election however the name transferred immediately to a new county division.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is based around the city of Salisbury in Wiltshire. A large portion of the former Salisbury district, excluding a part to the west, is included within the constituency.

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the 2010 general election since which it has electoral wards:

  • Alderbury and Whiteparish; Amesbury: East, West; Bemerton; Bishopdown; Chalke Valley; Downton and Redlynch; Ebble; Fisherton and Bemerton Village; Harnham: East, West; Laverstock; Lower Wylye and Woodford Valley; St Edmund and Milford; St Mark and Stratford; St Martin and Milford; St Paul; Till Valley and Wylye; Upper Bourne, Idmiston and Winter Bourne; Wilton; Winterslow in Wiltshire[2]

Traditions[edit]

According to a local tradition, the Member of Parliament for Salisbury sings the song The Vly be on the Turmut from the balcony of the White Hart Hotel in St John's Street after winning each Parliamentary election.[3][4]

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of one local government district with a working population whose income is close to the national average and lower than average reliance upon social housing.[5] At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 1.6% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 2.5%.[6]

The rural county as a whole has a low 14.8% of its population without a car, 18.6% of the population without qualifications and a high 29.5% with level 4 qualifications or above. In terms of tenure across the whole county 67.5% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage as at the 2011 census.[7]

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created 1295

MPs 1295–1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 Thomas Burford David White[8]
1388 (Feb) John Bitterley Thomas Burford[8]
1388 (Sep) David White John Hethe[8]
1390 (Jan) John Bitterley William Warmwell[8]
1390 (Nov)
1391
1393 John Bitterley William Warmwell[8]
1394 John Bitterley Thomas Burford[8]
1395 William Warmwell Richard Spencer[8]
1397 (Jan) Richard Spencer John Moner[8]
1397 (Sep) Richard Juel John Cary[8]
1399 William Hulle I William Walters[8]
1401 Richard Spencer John Levesham[8]
1402 John Wallop William Boyton[8]
1404 (Jan) William Waryn John Levesham[8]
1404 (Oct) John Wallop Richard Juel[8]
1406 William Bailey William Boyton[8]
1407 Thomas Child John Becket[8]
1410 William Bourer William Bailey, died 1410[8]
1411 Richard Spencer Walter Shirley[8]
1413 (Feb) Walter Shirley William Waryn[8]
1413 (May) Walter Shirley William Waryn[8]
1414 (Apr) Walter Shirley John Becket[8]
1414 (Nov) Walter Shirley John Becket[8]
1415 Walter Shirley Henry Man[8]
1416 (Mar) Walter Shirley Henry Man[8]
1416 (Oct) Walter Shirley Thomas Mason[8]
1417 Walter Shirley William Waryn[8]
1419 Walter Shirley William Waryn[8]
1420 Walter Shirley Robert Poynaunt[8]
1421 (May) Walter Shirley Robert Poynaunt[8]
1421 (Dec) Walter Shirley Thomas Boner[8]
1423 William Alexander[9]
1425 William Alexander[9]
1427 William Alexander[9]
1431 William Alexander[9]
1432 William Alexander[9]
1485 William Boket Roger Holes[10]
1510 Thomas Coke I William Webbe alias Kellowe[11]
1512 Thomas Coke I Richard Bartholomew[11]
1515 Thomas Coke I,
repl. Oct 1515 by
John Abarough
Richard Bartholomew,
repl. Oct 1515 by
Thomas Brodegate[11]
1523 Robert Keilway John Abarough[11]
1529 William Webbe II Thomas Chaffyn I[11]
1536 William Webbe II[11]
1539 Robert South Henry Coldston[11]
1542 Charles Bulkeley Edward Chaffyn[11]
1545 Thomas Gawdy I John Story[11]
1547 Sir John Thynne Henry Clifford[11]
1553 (Mar) George Penruddock John Beckingham[11]
1553 (Oct) John Hooper John Abyn[11]
1554 (Apr) Robert Griffith John Abyn[11]
1554 (Nov) Robert Griffith John Hooper[11]
1555 Thomas Chaffyn II John Hooper[11]
1558 John Hooper Robert Eyre[11]
1559 William Webbe John Webbe[12]
1562/3 Anthony Weekes Giles Estcourt[12]
1571 John Eyre Giles Estcourt[12]
1572 Giles Estcourt Hugh Tucker[12]
1584 Giles Estcourt Christopher Weekes[12]
1586 Giles Estcourt Christopher Weekes[12]
1588 Christopher Weekes John Bayley[12]
1593 Giles Hutchens Robert Bower[12]
1597 Thomas Eyre Giles Hutchens[12]
1601 Giles Tooker John Puxton[12]
1604 Giles Tooker Richard Godfrey
1614 Giles Tooker Roger Gauntlett
1621 Roger Gauntlett Thomas Hussey
1624 Henry Sherfield Roger Gauntlett
1625 Henry Sherfield Walter Long
1626 Henry Sherfield John Puxton
1628 Henry Sherfield Bartholemew Tookey
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Robert Hyde Michael Oldisworth
1640 (Nov) Robert Hyde Michael Oldisworth
1645 Michael Oldisworth John Dove
1648 Michael Oldisworth John Dove
1653 Salisbury not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Edward Tooker William Stevens
1656 William Stone James Heeley
1659 Henry Eyre Humphry Ditton snr

MPs 1660–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member[13] 1st Party 2nd Member[13] 2nd Party
1660 Henry Eyre Edward Tooker
April 1661 Francis Swanton
November 1661 Stephen Fox
1664 Edward Hyde
1665 Richard Colman
1673 William Swanton
1679 Sir Thomas Mompesson Alexander Thistlethwayte
1681 John Wyndham
1685 Sir Stephen Fox
January 1689 Thomas Hoby Whig Giles Eyre
May 1689 Thomas Pitt
1695 Sir Thomas Mompesson
1698 Charles Fox Robert Eyre
January 1701 Sir Thomas Mompesson
July 1701 Charles Fox
1710 Robert Pitt
1713 Richard Jones
1714 Sir Stephen Fox
1715 Francis Swanton Edmund Lambert
1721 Anthony Duncombe
1722 Francis Kenton
1727 Thomas Lewis
1734 Peter Bathurst Henry Hoare
1741 Sir Jacob Bouverie Sir Edward Seymour
1747 Hon. William Bouverie Edward Poore
1754 Julines Beckford
1761 Hon. Edward Bouverie
1765 Samuel Eyre
1768 Hon. Stephen Fox
1771 Viscount Folkestone
1774 William Hussey
1776 Hon. William Henry Bouverie
1802 Viscount Folkestone
1813 George Purefoy-Jervoise
1818 Wadham Wyndham Tory
1828 Hon. Duncombe Pleydell-Bouverie Whig
1832 William Bird Brodie Whig
1833 Hon. Duncombe Pleydell-Bouverie Whig
1835 Wadham Wyndham Conservative
1843 by-election Ambrose Hussey Conservative
1843 by-election John Henry Campbell Conservative
Jan. 1847 by-election William James Chaplin Whig
Jul. 1847 Charles Baring Wall Whig
1853 by-election Edward Pery Buckley Liberal
1857 Matthew Henry Marsh Liberal
1865 Edward William Terrick Hamilton Liberal
1868 John Alfred Lush Liberal
1869 by-election Alfred Seymour Liberal
1874 Granville Richard Ryder Conservative
1880 William Grenfell Liberal John Passmore Edwards Liberal
1882 by-election Coleridge John Kennard Conservative
1885 representation reduced to one member by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885

MPs since 1885[edit]

Election Member[13] Party
1885 William Grenfell Liberal
1886 Edward Hulse Conservative
1897 by-election Augustus Henry Eden Allhusen Conservative
1900 Walter Palmer Conservative
1906 Edward Tennant Liberal
Jan. 1910 Godfrey Locker-Lampson Conservative
1918 Hugh Morrison Conservative
1923 Hugh Lawrence Fletcher Moulton Liberal
1924 Hugh Morrison Conservative
1931 by-election James Despencer-Robertson Conservative
1942 by-election John Morrison Conservative
1965 by-election Michael Hamilton Conservative
1983 Robert Key Conservative
2010 John Glen Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Salisbury[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Glen
Liberal Democrat Reetendranath Banerji
Labour Thomas Corbin
UKIP Paul Martin
Green Alison Craig


General Election 2010: Salisbury[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Glen 23,859 49.2 +2.8
Liberal Democrat Nick Radford 17,893 36.9 +10.0
Labour Tom Gann 3,690 7.6 −11.0
UKIP Frances Howard 1,392 2.9 −1.3
BNP Sean Witheridge 765 1.6 N/A
Green Nick Startin 506 1.0 −2.4
Independent King Arthur 257 0.5 N/A
Independent John Holme 119 0.2 N/A
Majority 5,966 12.3
Turnout 48,481 71.9 +3.4
Conservative hold Swing −3.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Salisbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Key 25,961 47.8 +1.2
Liberal Democrat Richard Denton-White 14,819 27.3 −2.8
Labour Clare Moody 9,457 17.4 −0.1
UKIP Frances Howard 2,290 4.2 +0.5
Green Hamish Soutar 1,555 2.9 +0.8
Independent John Holme 240 0.4 N/A
Majority 11,142 20.5
Turnout 54,322 68.1 +2.8
Conservative hold Swing +2.0
General Election 2001: Salisbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Key 24,527 46.6 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Yvonne Emmerson-Peirce 15,824 30.1 −2.1
Labour Sue Mallory 9,199 17.5 −0.1
UKIP Malcolm Wood 1,958 3.7 −2.0
Green Hamish Soutar 1,095 2.1 +1.0
Majority 8,703 16.5
Turnout 52,603 65.3 -8.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Salisbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Key 25,012 43.0 −9.0
Liberal Democrat Yvonne Emmerson-Peirce 18,736 32.2 −5.0
Labour Ricky Rogers 10,242 17.6 +8.6
UKIP Nigel Farage 3,332 5.7 N/A
Green Hamish Soutar 623 1.1 +0.1
Independent William Holmes 184 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Shirley Haysom 110 0.2 0.0
Majority 6,276 10.8
Turnout 58,239 73.6
Conservative hold Swing −2.0
General Election 1992: Salisbury[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Key 31,546 52.0 −2.9
Liberal Democrat Paul W.L. Sample 22,573 37.2 +2.2
Labour Steve R. Fear 5,483 9.0 −0.4
Green Dr. Sherwood M. Elcock 609 1.0 N/A
Independent Stephen W. Fletcher 233 0.4 N/A
Independent Tim I. Abbott 117 0.2 N/A
Natural Law Ms. Annie Martell 93 0.2 N/A
Majority 8,973 14.8 −5.1
Turnout 60,654 79.9 +4.3
Conservative hold Swing −2.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Salisbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Key 31,612 54.87
Social Democratic PA Mitchell 20,169 35.0
Labour TE Seaborne 5,455 9.5
Independent SW Fletcher 372 0.6
Majority 11,443 19.9
Turnout 75.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Salisbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Key 28,876 53.5
Liberal John F Lakeman 21,702 40.2
Labour CK Lamberth 3,139 5.8
Wessex Regionalist M Kemp 182 0.3
Independent T Abbott 86 0.2
Majority 7,174 13.3
Turnout 72.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Salisbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Aubrey Hamilton 24,962 49.9
Liberal John F Lakeman 18,718 37.4
Labour CR Boney 6,321 12.6
Majority 6,244 12.5
Turnout 77.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Salisbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Aubrey Hamilton 20,478 43.6
Liberal John F Lakeman 16,298 34.7
Labour CJ Connnor 10,140 21.6
Majority 4,180 8.9
Turnout 74.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Salisbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Aubrey Hamilton 22,753 45.7
Liberal John F Lakeman 16,536 33.2
Labour CJ Connor 10,455 21.0
Majority 6,217 12.5
Turnout 79.95
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970

Electorate 61,317

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Aubrey Hamilton 26,549 60.3
Labour Alexander Waugh 17,493 39.7
Majority 9,056 20.6
Turnout 71.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966

Electorate 53,895

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Aubrey Hamilton 22,601 55.0
Labour Ronald C Smith 18,462 45.0
Majority 4,139 10.1
Turnout 41,063 76.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.9
Salisbury by-election, February 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Aubrey Hamilton 17,599 48.2 −0.1
Labour Leifchild Mills 13,660 37.4 +3.0
Liberal Cllr. Hugh Capstick 4,699 12.9 −4.4
Independent Conservative Horace Trevor-Cox 533 1.5 N/A
Majority 3,939 10.8 −3.1
Turnout 36,491
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964

Electorate 52,865

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Granville Morrison 20,071 48.3 −4.5
Labour Leif Mills 14,311 34.4 +1.3
Liberal Cllr. Hugh Capstick 7,176 17.3 +3.2
Majority 5,760 13.9 −5.8
Turnout 41,558 78.6 +0.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959

Electorate 49,997

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Granville Morrison 20,641 52.8
Labour Dr. John A Cannon 12,932 33.1
Liberal John Mackarness Booker 5,516 14.1
Majority 7,709 19.7
Turnout 78.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955

Electorate : 48,823

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Granville Morrison 20,271 53.4
Labour John Papworth 12,632 33.3
Liberal John Mackarness Booker 5,037 13.3
Majority 7,639 20.1
Turnout 77.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951

Electorate : 47,585

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Granville Morrison 21,798 57.1
Labour Roger R Thomas 16,386 42.9
Majority 5,412 14.2
Turnout 80.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950[17]

Electorate: 45,958

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Granville Morrison 17,301 45.0
Labour Ald. WAJ Case 12,319 32.0
Liberal Alan Campbell Johnson 8,847 23.0
Majority 4,982 12.9
Turnout 83.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945[18]

Electorate 53,710

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Maj. John Granville Morrison 16,742 44.02
Labour John Alan Lyde Caunter 12,344 32.46
Liberal Wing-Com. Alan Campbell Johnson 8,946 23.52
Majority 4,398 11.56
Turnout 70.81
Conservative hold Swing
Salisbury by-election, July 1942
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Granville Morrison 12,076 67.8 −3.7
Independent Progressive William Reginald Hipwell 3,218 18.1 N/A
Independent Democrat J. D. Monro 2,519 14.1 N/A
Majority 8,858 49.7 +6.7
Turnout 17,813 39.7 −26.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election May 1935: Salisbury 43,781
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Despencer-Robertson 20,707 71.5 −5.4
Labour E. J. Plaisted 8,259 28.5 +5.4
Majority 12,448 43.0 −10.8
Turnout 28,966 66.2 −5.7
Conservative hold Swing −5.4
General Election 1931: Salisbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Despencer-Robertson 23,189 76.92
Labour AB Lemon 6,956 23.08
Majority 16,233 53.85
Turnout 71.86
Conservative hold Swing
Salisbury by-election, March 1931: Salisbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Despencer-Robertson 15,800 53.9 +6.3
Liberal Lucy Blanche Masterman 9,588 32.7 −6.6
Labour F. R. Hancock 3,939 13.4 +0
Majority 6,212 21.2 +13.2
Turnout 29,327 71.1 −10.8
Conservative hold Swing +6.6

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election May 1929: Salisbury
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hugh Morrison 15,672 47.3 −9.0
Liberal Lucy Blanche Masterman 13,022 39.3 +3.7
Labour F. R. Hancock 4,435 13.4 +5.3
Majority 2,650 8.0 −12.7
Turnout 33,129 81.9 +0.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1924: Salisbury

Electorate 31,393

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Hugh Morrison 14,475
Liberal Hugh Lawrence Fletcher Moulton 9,138
Labour David Freeman 2,071
Majority
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923: Salisbury

Electorate 30,027

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hugh Lawrence Fletcher Moulton 12,375
Unionist Hugh Morrison 11,710
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1922

Electorate 28,911

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Hugh Morrison 11,882
Liberal Alfred Ernest Brown 11,559
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 29,144

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Hugh Morrison 9,168
Liberal Lt. Alfred Ernest Brown MC 8,018
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 Salisbury[19]

Electorate 3,396

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Priaulx Tennant 1,646 50.6
Conservative Sir Walter Palmer 1,605 49.4
Majority 41 1.2
Turnout 95.7
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ And then to its successor bodies: the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707, and the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  3. ^ D. A. E. Cross, Salisbury: a history and celebration of the city (Teffont: Frith Book Co., 2004, ISBN 1-904938-44-2) p. 80
  4. ^ The Vly be on the Turmut at wiltshire.gov.uk, accessed 22 october 2011
  5. ^ 2001 Census
  6. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  7. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  9. ^ a b c d e http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/alexander-william-1446
  10. ^ Cavill. The English Parliaments of Henry VII 1485-1504. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  13. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  14. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/Salisbury/
  15. ^ "Election 2010: Salisbury". BBC News (BBC). 7 May 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  16. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  17. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918, Craig, F. W. S.
  18. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918, Craig, F. W. S.
  19. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Sources[edit]

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 266–267. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 181. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 497. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.