Kundapur

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This article is about the town in India. For its Taluk, see Kundapur Taluk.
Kundapur
ಕುಂದಾಪುರ
Clockwise from top: Kundapur River, Main Road, Kollur Mookambika temple, Shastri Circle, Anegudde Sri Vinayaka temple, Coconut Tree.
Clockwise from top: Kundapur River, Main Road, Kollur Mookambika temple, Shastri Circle, Anegudde Sri Vinayaka temple, Coconut Tree.
Kundapur is located in Karnataka
Kundapur
Kundapur Town
Coordinates: 13°48′N 74°42′E / 13.80°N 74.7°E / 13.80; 74.7Coordinates: 13°48′N 74°42′E / 13.80°N 74.7°E / 13.80; 74.7
Country India
State Karnataka
Region Kundapura karavali
District Udupi
Zone Kundapur, Karnataka
Municipality Kundapur Town Municipal Council
Settled 1912
Headquarters Udupi
Area
 • Total 23.06 km2 (8.90 sq mi)
Elevation 80 m (260 ft)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total 30,450
 • Density 2,415.11/km2 (6,255.1/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 576 201
Telephone code 91-(0)8254
Vehicle registration KA-20
Nearest city Udupi, Brahmavar
Sex ratio 1.09 /
Legislature type Bicameral
Lok Sabha constituency Udupi Loksabha Constituency(15th)
Vidhan Sabha constituency Kundapur Vidhansabha Kshethra(124th)
Website www.kundapurtown.gov.in

Kundapur is a coastal town in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is administered by Kundapur Town Municipal Council and the town is also a headquarters of Kundapur Taluk.

History[edit]

Kodi Beach at Kundapur
View from Kundapur Light House
Lake near Sri Kundeshwara temple
Anegudde Sri Vinayaka temple, Kumbashi
Sri Venkataramana temple in Kundapur town

The name Kundapur can be traced to the Kundeshwar temple built by Kundavarma in the vicinity of the Panchagangavalli river The name of the town may be derived from Kundavarma who ruled the area. Kunda means 'pillar' in Kannada,[2] which refers to the traditional method of constructing houses. Pura means town. Kundapur is surrounded by water from three sides. To the north lies the Panchagangavali river. To the east lies the Kalaghar river. To the west lie the Kodi back waters and the Arabian Sea, leaving the south side as the main connecting land mass. All connecting roads to Kundapur enter the city from southern direction. North side of the town is vast backwaters of Panchagangavali river and a bridge has been constructed across it .

Access[edit]

Kundapur is well connected to other parts of the country by National Highway 17 (Now it is NH66). This Highway connects cities and towns of different states as follows: Panvel, Mahad, Khed, Chiplun, Hatkhamba (Ratnagiri), Rajapur, Kankavali, Kudal, Sawantwadi, Panaji, Margao, Karwar, Kumta, Bhatkal, Kundapur, Udupi, Surathkal, Mangalore, KasaraGod, Taliparamba, Kannur, Thalassery, Vadakara, Kozhikkode, Kottakkal, Ponnani, Kodungallur, North Paravur and Edappally in Kochi.

The nearest airport is Mangalore International Airport, situated at Bajpe around 87 kilometres (54 mi) from Kundapur.

SH52 is the main State Highway that connects to Shimoga District. It has 84 km length and passes through Koni, Basrur, Kandlur, Siddapura, Hosangadi, Balebare, Nagara and Thirthahalli. Kundapur also has better connectivity to Malenadu (Chikamagalore District) via Karkala.

Kundapur is also connected to the Konkan Railway, which runs from Mumbai to Mangalore. The railway station is about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from the town.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 India census,[3]

  • Kundapur has a population of 30,450 .
  • Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%.
  • Literacy rate of 92%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 94%, and female literacy is 88%.
  • 9% of the population are under 6 years of age.
River behind Kundapur bus stop

.


Communities, languages and culture[edit]

The town consists mainly of Hindus of many communities such as Kota Brahmins, Havyaka Brahmins, Shivalli Brahmins, Goud Saraswat Brahmins, Mogaveera, Kulals, Bunts, Vokkaligas, Devadigas, Billavas Namadhari Naiks, Mogaveeras, Ganigas, Ramakshatriyas, Daivajnas, Kunabis, Chitrapur Saraswat Brahmins, Kharvis, Christians and Muslims.

The town mainly consists of Kannadigas who speak Kundagannada (82%). Others are Konkanis (12%) and Tuluvas. The Goud Saraswat Brahmins together with the Kharvi community speak Konkani Language. A dialect of Kannada called Kundaganna or Kundapur Kannada is predominantly spoken in Kundapur town and Kundapur Taluk. Tulu is also spoken by some people (By 5% of the Population of Kundapur). Though most of The Tuluvas are from Mangalore and Udupi city.

In the olden days, Tulu language was widely spoken in the region and the historical town of Barkur served as the capital city of Tulunadu.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.kundapurtown.gov.in/
  2. ^ Kittel, Ferdinand (1999). A Kannada-English dictionary. Asian Educational Services. p. 441. ISBN 81-206-0049-5. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.