Latin American Canadian
(by ancestry, 2011 Census)
1.2% of Canadian population
|Regions with significant populations|
|Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton, Ottawa, Leamington, London, Kitchener, Hamilton, Brandon, St. Catharines, Wood Buffalo, Sherbrooke, Red Deer|
|Spanish, Canadian English, Canadian French, Indigenous languages, Portuguese|
|Roman Catholic · Protestants · Indigenous beliefs · Nonreligious|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Latin Americans, Spanish Canadians, Native Americans, Portuguese Canadians, Hispanic and Latino Americans|
A Latin American Canadian is a Canadian citizen of Latin American descent or birth. Latin American is the term used by Statistics Canada. Other terms used sometimes are "Latino Canadian" and "Latin Canadian". The Latin American Canadian population comprises 1.2% of the population as of 2011.
The majority of Latin American Canadians are bilingual or multilingual, usually primarily speaking Spanish or Portuguese, however many are fluent in one or both of Canada's two official languages, English and French.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 List of notable Latin American Canadians
- 4 Cultural adjustment
- 5 2008 Montreal riots
- 6 See also
- 7 References
The majority of Latin American Canadians are recent immigrants who arrived in the late 20th century from El Salvador, Colombia, Mexico, Chile, and Guatemala, with smaller communities from the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua, Ecuador, and elsewhere, with nearly all Latin American countries represented. Reasons for immigrating include Canada's better economic opportunities and politics or civil war and political repression in their native countries, as in the case of Cubans fleeing from the Fidel Castro revolution, Chileans escaping from Augusto Pinochet's rule, Salvadorans fleeing from the Salvadoran Civil War and Peruvians escaping from the Juan Velasco Alvarado dictatorship and from the July 1979 constitution's compulsory voting requirement. Also Venezuelan escaping from Hugo Chavez's tyranny.
The largest Latin American Canadian communities are in the census metropolitan areas of Toronto (99,290), Montreal (75,400), Vancouver (22,695), Calgary (13,415), and Ottawa (10,630), and there are rapidly growing ones in the provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, and Nova Scotia.
Latin American population of Canada by census year
|Census||Latin American population||Change from previous census||Total Canadian population||Change from previous census||Latin American population (%)|
The Latin American Canadian population in Canada by province or territory according to the 2011 NHS.
|Province||Latin Americans 2001||% 2001||Latin Americans 2011||% 2011|
|Prince Edward Island||75||0.1%||235||0.2%|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||80||0.0%||185||0.0%|
|Latin American immigrants to Canada by country of birth (2011)|
|Country||Number of immigrants||% of Latin American immigrants||% of total immigrant population|
|Total Latin American immigrant population||374,305||100%||5.5%|
|Total immigrant population||6,775,765||N/A||100%|
- a The number of Dominican Republic immigrants vs. Dominica immigrants is not specified, due to both countries using the term "Dominican".
List of Canadian census subdivisions with Latin American populations higher than the national average
- New Westminster ( 1.8%)
- Burnaby ( 1.7%)
- Greater Vancouver A ( 1.7%)
- Vancouver ( 1.6%)
- Coquitlam ( 1.5%)
- Brandon ( 4.4%)
- Toronto ( 2.8%)
- London ( 2.7%)
- Leamington ( 2.7%)
- Kitchener ( 2.7%)
- Brampton ( 2.2%)
- Mississauga ( 2.2%)
- Vaughan ( 2.1%)
- Milton ( 2%)
- St. Catharines ( 1.5%)
- Hamilton (city) ( 1.4%)
- Montreal ( 4.2%)
- Dorval ( 3.2%)
- Brossard ( 3.1%)
- Longueuil ( 2.5%)
- Laval ( 2.5%)
- Saint-Lambert ( 2.3%)
- Châteauguay ( 2.1%)
- Westmount ( 1.8%)
- Dollard-des-Ormeaux ( 1.6%)
- Côte Saint-Luc ( 1.6%)
- Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue ( 1.6%)
- Sherbrooke ( 1.4%)
- La Prairie ( 1.4%)
List of notable Latin American Canadians
- Addictiv – R&B singer
- Eva Avila – pop singer and 2006 Canadian Idol winner (Peruvian father)
- Rodrigo Bascunan - author and journalist, born in Chile
- Fito Blanko - tropical/urban singer-songwriter, born in Panama
- Keshia Chanté – R&B singer
- José Miguel Contreras – Rock singer and lead vocalist of By Divine Right
- Criollo - Hip-Hop group
- Beto Cuevas – rock singer and former lead vocalist of La Ley
- Carlos Díaz - television and film actor, born in Chile
- Ona Grauer – television and film actress, born in Mexico
- Alberto Guerrero – music composer and pianist, born in Chile
- Carlos del Junco - harmonica player, member of the Cuban del Junco family
- DJ Kemo – producer and DJ for hip-hop group Rascalz
- Jose Latour - novelist, born in Cuba
- Oscar Lopez – flamenco musician, born in Chile
- Flora Martínez - actress
- Emma Rabbe - television and film actress
- Klea Scott – television and film actress, born in Panama
- Paulina Ayala - MP for Honore-Mercier (New Democratic Party); born in Chile.
- Joseph Facal – former minister in Quebec (Parti Québécois); born in Uruguay.
- Ted Cruz - U.S. Senator for the state of Texas
- Miguel Figueroa - leader and President of the Communist Party of Canada.
- Sergio Marchi – former MP (Liberal Party of Canada); born in Argentina.
- Osvaldo Nunez – former MP (Bloc Québécois); born in Chile.
- Cesar Palacio - first Hispanic person elected to Toronto City Council; born in Ecuador.
- Pablo Rodriguez – former MP for Honore-Mercier (Liberal Party of Canada); born in Argentina.
- Vic Toews – Member of Parliament for Provencher (Conservative Party of Canada); born in Paraguay.
Science and Technology
- Manuel Buchwald – geneticist and academic, born in Peru.
- Rafael Lozano-Hemmer – Electronic artist, born in Mexico.
- Oscar Albuquerque – former professional soccer player, born in Peru.
- Manny Aparicio - professional soccer player, born in Argentina.
- Mauro Biello - former professional soccer player, current assistant coach of the Montreal Impact.
- Miguel Cañizalez – professional soccer player, born in El Salvador.
- Oscar Cordon - professional soccer player
- Manny Gomez - professional soccer player, born in Argentina
- Rosa Mendes - WWE Diva
- Juan Mendez – professional basketball player.
- Ivan Menjivar - Mixed Martial Artist.
- Arturo Miranda - professional diver, born in Cuba.
- Christian Nuñez - professional soccer player.
- Jonathan Osorio - professional soccer player
- Willi Plett - professional hockey player, NHL.
- Davis Sanchez – professional football player, CFL and NFL.
- Isidro Sánchez Macip - professional soccer player, born in Mexico.
- O. J. Santiago – professional football player.
- Eduardo Sebrango - former professional soccer player, born in Cuba.
- Oscar Taveras - professional baseball player in the MLB, born in Dominican Republic
- Raffi Torres – professional hockey player.
In 2002, 82% of those who reported Latin American origin said they had a strong sense of belonging to Canada. At the same time, 57% said that they had a strong sense of belonging to their ethnic or cultural group. People with Latin American origins are also active in Canadian society. For example, 66% of Canadians of Latin American origin who were eligible to vote did so in the 2000 federal election 
2008 Montreal riots
The Latin American community of Quebec was brought into the spotlight when 18 year old Honduran immigrant Fredy Alberto Villanueva was shot and killed by police officers of the SPVM on 9 August 2008. The following day, what started out as a peaceful protest against the officers' actions in the borough of Montréal-Nord, erupted into a riot in which neighborhood stores were looted, several cars and garbage cans were set on fire, one paramedic and two police officers were wounded and one female police officer shot.
- Latino (demonym)
- Argentine Canadian
- Brazilian Canadian
- Chilean Canadian
- Colombian Canadian
- Cuban Canadian
- Haitian Canadians
- Mexican Canadian
- Peruvian Canadian
- Uruguayan Canadian
- Venezuelan Canadian
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2008)|
- Statistics Canada. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- , National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011
- ""Latino Canadians" -Wikipedia - Google Search". Retrieved 2008-10-14.
- ""Latin Canadians" -Wikipedia - Google Search". Retrieved 2008-10-14.
- Statistics canada: "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories
- , Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
- , Total Population by Visible Minority Population(1), for Canada, Provinces and Territories, 1996
- , 2001 Community Profiles
- , 2011 National Household Survey: Data tables | Citizenship (5), Place of Birth (236), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey
- , National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011
- "Family 'destroyed' by death of Montreal man shot by police". CBC News. 2008-08-15.