Lieutenant Governor of Florida
|Lieutenant Governor of Florida|
|Term length||4 years, renewable once|
|Formation||1968 (office restored by constitutional revision)|
|Website||"Page on state's website"|
The Lieutenant Governor of Florida is a statewide elected office in the government of the U.S. state of Florida. According to the Florida Constitution, the lieutenant governor is elected to a four-year term congruent with that of the Governor of Florida, and succeeds to the office of Governor if it becomes vacant. The incumbent is Carlos López-Cantera who was appointed to the office by Gov. Rick Scott to succeed Jennifer Carroll, who resigned.
The position of Lieutenant Governor has been used in Florida's government twice in the state's history. The first period spanned from 1865, after the American Civil War, through 1889. During this time, the lieutenant governor was elected independently of the Governor. In addition to being first in succession to the governor, the lieutenant governor was the ex officio president of the Florida Senate, and cast a vote in the case of a tie. William W. J. Kelly was the first person elected Lieutenant Governor after the position was created by the 1865 Constitution of Florida. The position was officially abolished by the post-Reconstruction Constitution of 1885, with the last Lieutenant Governor, Milton H. Mabry, serving out his term until 1889. After this point the office of President of the Senate was given to an elected member of the Senate, who also served as first in line of succession to the Governor.
The state constitution was again revised in 1968, and the office of Lieutenant Governor was recreated. In the modern period, the Lieutenant Governor is elected directly along with the Governor as his or her running mate. The Lieutenant Governor would serve as first in the line of succession, though the office of President of the Senate would remain with an elected Senator. The Lieutenant governor has a few prescribed duties, and otherwise assists the Governor with the duties of the executive branch. The first Lieutenant Governor in the modern period was Ray C. Osborne, who took office in 1969.
On January 14, 2014 Carlos López-Cantera, (Florida's first Hispanic lieutenant governor) was appointed by Governor Rick Scott and was sworn in on February 3, 2014.
List of lieutenant governors
|#||Lt. Governor||Took Office||Left Office||Party||Governor(s) served under||Note|
|1||William W. J. Kelly||1865||1868||Republican||David S. Walker|
|2||William Henry Gleason||1868||1870||Republican||Harrison Reed|
|3||Edmund C. Weeks||1870||1870||Republican|
|4||Samuel T. Day||1871||1873||Republican|
|5||Marcellus Stearns||1873||1874||Republican||Ossian B. Hart||Vacated to Become Governor|
|6||Noble A. Hull||1877||1879||Democratic||George Franklin Drew|
|7||Livingston W. Bethel||1881||1885||William D. Bloxham|
|8||Milton H. Mabry||1885||1889||Edward A. Perry||Position Abolished|
|9||Ray C. Osborne||1969||1971||Republican||Claude R. Kirk, Jr.||Position Recreated|
|10||Thomas Burton Adams, Jr.||1971||1975||Democratic||Reubin O'Donovan Askew|
|12||Wayne Mixson||1979||1987||Democratic||Bob Graham||Vacated to Become Governor|
|13||Bobby Brantley||1987||1991||Republican||Bob Martinez|
|14||Buddy MacKay||1991||1998||Democratic||Lawton Chiles||Vacated to Become Governor|
|15||Frank Brogan||1999||2003||Republican||Jeb Bush||Resigned to become President of Florida Atlantic University|
|16||Toni Jennings||2003||2007||Republican||Appointed, First Female|
|17||Jeff Kottkamp||2007||2011||Republican||Charlie Crist||Served as Governor June 18, 2008 pursuant to Article IV Section 3(b) of the Florida Constitution.|
|18||Jennifer Carroll||2011||2013||Republican||Rick Scott||First African-American/First elected female. Resigned.|
|19||Carlos López-Cantera||2014||Republican||Appointed. First Hispanic.|
Living former lieutenant governors
As of August 2014[update], there are eight living former lieutenant governors, The oldest being Wayne Mixson (1979–1987, born 1926). The most recent death of a former lieutenant governor was that of Ray C. Osborne (1969-1971), who died on March 3, 2011.
|Lt. Governor||Lt. Gubernatorial term||Date of birth|
|J.H. Williams||1975-1979||June 17, 1926|
|Wayne Mixson||1979-1987||June 16, 1922|
|Bobby Brantley||1987-1991||April 6, 1948|
|Buddy MacKay||1991-1998||March 22, 1933|
|Frank Brogan||1999-2003||September 6, 1953|
|Toni Jennings||2003-2007||May 17, 1949|
|Jeff Kottkamp||2007-2011||November 12, 1960|
|Jennifer Carroll||2011-2013||August 27, 1959|
- Florida Constitution
- Florida State Capitol
- List of Governors of Florida
- List of current United States Lieutenant Governors
-  "Report: Lt. Gov. Jennifer Carroll has resigned", Retrieved 2013-03-13
- "The Truth-O-Meter Says: Jennifer Carroll is the "first African-American Republican woman to be part of a statewide ticket in Florida."". politifact.com. St. Petersburg Times and The Miami Herald. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
- "The American Annual Cyclopædia and Register of Important Events of the Year 1871". New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1872. p. 308. Retrieved 2008-05-25
- Manuscript Collections of Florida Lieutenant Governors
- The Political Graveyard: Florida: Lieutenant Governors