List of historically black colleges and universities

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This list of Historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) lists institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the intention of serving the black community.[1][2]

Current institutions[edit]

School City State Founded Type Religious Affiliation Comment Accredited [3]
Alabama A&M University Huntsville Alabama 1875 Public Founded as "Colored Normal School at Huntsville" YES
Alabama State University Montgomery Alabama 1867 Public Founded as "Lincoln Normal School of Marion" YES
Albany State University Albany Georgia 1903 Public Founded as "Albany Bible and Manual Training Institute" YES
Alcorn State University Lorman Mississippi 1871 Public Founded as "Alcorn University" in honor of James L. Alcorn YES
Allen University Columbia South Carolina 1870 Private African Methodist Episcopal Founded as "Payne Institute" YES
American Baptist College Nashville Tennessee 1924 Private Baptist Federal designation as a historically Black college or university was awarded on March 20, 2013 by the U.S. Education Department.[4] YES
University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff Pine Bluff Arkansas 1873 Public Founded as "Branch Normal College" YES
Arkansas Baptist College Little Rock Arkansas 1884 Private Baptist Founded as "Minister’s Institute"[5] YES
Barber-Scotia College Concord North Carolina 1867 Private Presbyterian Founded as two institutions, Scotia Seminary and Barber Memorial College NO
Benedict College Columbia South Carolina 1870 Private American Baptist Churches USA Founded as "Benedict Institute" YES
Bennett College Greensboro North Carolina 1873 Private United Methodist Church Founded as "Bennett Seminary" YES
Bethune-Cookman University Daytona Beach Florida 1904 Private United Methodist Church Founded as "Daytona Educational and Industrial Training School for Negro Girls" YES
Bishop State Community College Mobile Alabama 1927 Public Originally a branch of Alabama State College YES
Bluefield State College Bluefield West Virginia 1895 Public Founded as "Bluefield Colored Institute" YES
Bowie State University Bowie Maryland 1865 Public Founded as "Baltimore Normal School" YES
Central State University Wilberforce Ohio 1887 Public AME Church Originally a department at Wilberforce University[6] YES
Cheyney University of Pennsylvania Cheyney Pennsylvania 1837 Public The oldest HBCU. Founded by Quaker philanthropist Richard Humphreys as "Institute for Colored Youth" YES
Claflin University Orangeburg South Carolina 1869 Private United Methodist Church YES
Clark Atlanta University Atlanta Georgia 1865 Private United Methodist Church Originally two institutions, Clark College and Atlanta University YES
Clinton Junior College Rock Hill South Carolina 1894 Private AME Zion Founded as "Clinton Institute"[7] YES
Coahoma Community College Coahoma County Mississippi 1924 Public Founded as "Coahoma County Agricultural High School" YES
Concordia College, Selma Selma Alabama 1922 Private Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod Known as "Alabama Lutheran Academy and Junior College" until 1981 YES
Coppin State University Baltimore Maryland 1900 Public Founded as "Colored High School" YES
Delaware State University Dover Delaware 1891 Public Founded as "The State College for Colored Students" YES
Denmark Technical College Denmark South Carolina 1947 Public Founded as "Denmark Area Trade School"[8] YES
Dillard University New Orleans Louisiana 1869 Private United Church of Christ and the United Methodist Church Founding predecessor institutions: "Straight University" and "Union Normal School" YES
University of the District of Columbia Washington District of Columbia 1851 Public Founded as "Miner Normal School" YES
Edward Waters College Jacksonville Florida 1866 Private AME Church Founded as "Brown Theological Institute" YES
Elizabeth City State University Elizabeth City North Carolina 1891 Public YES
Fayetteville State University Fayetteville North Carolina 1867 Public Founded as "Howard School" YES
Fisk University Nashville Tennessee 1866 Private United Church of Christ[9] Named for Clinton Bowen Fisk YES
Florida A&M University Tallahassee Florida 1887 Public Founded as "State Normal College for Colored Students" YES
Florida Memorial University Miami Gardens Florida 1879 Private American Baptist Churches USA Founded as "Florida Baptist Institute in Live Oak" YES
Fort Valley State University Fort Valley Georgia 1895 Public Founded as "Fort Valley High and Industrial School" YES
Gadsden State Community College Gadsden Alabama 1925 Public Founded as "Alabama School of Trades" YES
Grambling State University Grambling Louisiana 1901 Public Founded as "Colored Industrial and Agricultural School" YES
Hampton University Hampton Virginia 1868 Private Founded as "Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute" YES
Harris-Stowe State University St. Louis Missouri 1857 Public Founded as "St. Louis Normal School" for whites in 1857, with Stowe Teachers College begun in 1890 for blacks; merged in 1954 [10] YES
Hinds Community College at Utica Utica Mississippi 1903 Public Founded as "Utica Junior College" YES
Howard University Washington District of Columbia 1867 Private Founded as "Howard Normal and Theological School for the Education of Teachers and Preachers" YES
Huston-Tillotson University Austin Texas 1881 Private United Methodist Church /United Church of Christ Founded as "Tillotson Collegiate and Normal Institute" YES
Interdenominational Theological Center Atlanta Georgia 1958 Private Interdenominational YES
J. F. Drake State Technical College Huntsville Alabama 1961 Public Founded as "Huntsville State Vocational Technical School" YES
Jackson State University Jackson Mississippi 1877 Public Founded as "Natchez Seminary" by the American Baptist Home Mission Society, became public in 1942 YES
Jarvis Christian College Hawkins Texas 1912 Private The Disciples YES
Johnson C. Smith University Charlotte North Carolina 1867 Private Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Founded as "Biddle Memorial Institute" YES
Kentucky State University Frankfort Kentucky 1886 Public Founded as "State Normal School for Colored Persons" YES
Knoxville College Knoxville (Mechanicsville) Tennessee 1875 Private United Presbyterian Church of North America NO
Lane College Jackson Tennessee 1882 Private Christian Methodist Episcopal Church Founded as "Colored Methodist Episcopal High School"[11] YES
Langston University Langston Oklahoma 1897 Public Founded as "Oklahoma Colored Agricultural and Normal University" YES
Lawson State Community College Bessemer Alabama 1949 Public YES
LeMoyne-Owen College Memphis Tennessee 1862 Private United Church of Christ Founded as "LeMoyne Normal and Commercial School"[12] (elementary school until 1870) YES
Lewis College of Business Detroit Michigan 1928 Private Founded as "Lewis Business College"[13] NO
Lincoln University Chester County Pennsylvania 1854 Public Founded as "Ashmun Institute" YES
Lincoln University of Missouri Jefferson City Missouri 1866 Public Founded as "Lincoln Institute"[14] YES
Livingstone College Salisbury North Carolina 1879 Private AME Zion Founded as "Zion Wesley Institute" YES
University of Maryland Eastern Shore Princess Anne Maryland 1886 Public Originally: Methodist Episcopal Founded as "Delaware Conference Academy" YES
Medgar Evers College Brooklyn, New York New York 1970 City University of New York(CUNY) Public Medgar Evers College was officially established in 1970 through cooperation from educators and community leaders in central Brooklyn NO
Meharry Medical College Nashville Tennessee 1876 Private United Methodist Church Founded as the Medical Department of Central Tennessee College YES
Miles College Fairfield Alabama 1905 Private CME Church Known until 1941 as "Miles Memorial College"; named after Bishop William H. Miles YES
Mississippi Valley State University Itta Bena Mississippi 1950 Public Founded as "Mississippi Vocational College" YES
Morehouse College Atlanta Georgia 1867 Private Originally, American Baptist Home Mission Society Founded as "Augusta Institute" YES
Morehouse School of Medicine Atlanta Georgia 1975 Private Founded originally as a part of Morehouse College YES
Morgan State University Baltimore Maryland 1867 Public Originally: Methodist Episcopal Founded as "Centenary Biblical Institute" YES
Morris Brown College Atlanta Georgia 1881 Private African Methodist Episcopal NO
Morris College Sumter South Carolina 1908 Private Baptist Educational and Missionary Convention YES
Norfolk State University Norfolk Virginia 1935 Public Founded as "Norfolk Unit of Virginia State University"[15] YES
North Carolina A&T State University Greensboro North Carolina 1891 Public YES
North Carolina Central University Durham North Carolina 1910 Public Founded as "National Religious Training School and Chautauqua" YES
Oakwood University Huntsville Alabama 1896 Private Seventh-day Adventist Founded as "Oakwood Industrial School" YES
Paine College Augusta Georgia 1882 Private United Methodist Church and Christian Methodist Episcopal Church Founded as "Paine Institute" YES
Paul Quinn College Dallas Texas 1872 Private AME Church Named for William Paul Quinn YES
Philander Smith College Little Rock Arkansas 1877 Private United Methodist Church Founded as "Walden Seminary" YES
Prairie View A&M University Prairie View Texas 1876 Public Founded as "Alta Vista Agriculture & Mechanical College for Colored Youth"[16] YES
Rust College Holly Springs Mississippi 1866 Private United Methodist Church Known as "Shaw University" until 1882 YES
Savannah State University Savannah Georgia 1890 Public Founded as "Georgia State Industrial College for Colored Youth" YES
Selma University Selma Alabama 1878 Private Alabama State Missionary Baptist Convention Founded as "Alabama Baptist Normal and Theological School" YES
Shaw University Raleigh North Carolina 1865 Private National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. YES
Shorter College Little Rock Arkansas 1886 Private African Methodist Episcopal Unaccredited two-year college; founded as "Bethel University" NO
Shelton State Community College Tuscaloosa Alabama 1952 Public Founded as "J.P. Shelton Trade School" YES
South Carolina State University Orangeburg South Carolina 1896 Public Founded as "Colored, Normal, Industrial, Agricultural, and Mechanical College of South Carolina" YES
Southern University at New Orleans New Orleans Louisiana 1959 Public Founded as a branch unit of Southern University in Baton Rouge YES
Southern University at Shreveport Shreveport Louisiana 1967 Public Part of the Southern University System YES
Southern University and A&M College Baton Rouge Louisiana 1881 Public Conceptualized by P. B. S. Pinchback, T. T. Allain, and Henry Demas YES
Southwestern Christian College Terrell Texas 1948 Private Church of Christ Founded as "Southern Bible Institute"[17] YES
Spelman College Atlanta Georgia 1881 Private Originally, American Baptist Home Mission Society Founded as "Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary" YES
St. Augustine's University Raleigh North Carolina 1867 Private Episcopal Church (United States) YES
St. Philip's College San Antonio Texas 1898 Public Episcopal Church Founded as "St. Philip's Sewing Class for Girls"[18] YES
Stillman College Tuscaloosa Alabama 1876 Private Presbyterian Founded as Tuscaloosa Institute, the College was a concept of Reverend Dr. Charles Allen Stillman, pastor of First Presbyterian Church of Tuscaloosa[19] YES
Talladega College Talladega County Alabama 1867 Private United Church of Christ Known as "Swayne School" until 1869 YES
Tennessee State University Nashville Tennessee 1912 Public Founded as "Agricultural and Industrial State Normal School" YES
Texas College Tyler Texas 1894 Private Christian Methodist Episcopal Church YES
Texas Southern University Houston Texas 1927 Public Founded as "Texas State University for Negroes" YES
Tougaloo College Hinds County Mississippi 1869 Private American Missionary Association Founded as "Tougaloo University" YES
Trenholm State Technical College Montgomery Alabama 1947 Public Founded as "John M. Patterson Technical School"[21] YES
Tuskegee University Tuskegee Alabama 1881 Private Founded as Tuskegee Institute, now a National Historic Site YES
University of the Virgin Islands St. Croix & St. Thomas United States Virgin Islands 1962 Public Founded as "College of the Virgin Islands" YES
Virginia State University Petersburg Virginia 1882 Public Founded as "Virginia Normal and Collegiate Institute at Petersburg" YES
Virginia Union University Richmond Virginia 1864 Private American Baptist Churches USA Founded as "Wayland Seminary," and merged with Richmond Institute (1865) in 1889[22] YES
Virginia University of Lynchburg Lynchburg Virginia 1886 Private Baptist Founded as "Lynchburg Baptist Seminary" YES
Voorhees College Denmark South Carolina 1897 Private Episcopal Church Founded as "Denmark Industrial School" YES
West Virginia State University Institute West Virginia 1891 Public Founded as "West Virginia Colored Institute" YES
Wilberforce University Wilberforce Ohio 1856 Private AME Church Named for William Wilberforce YES
Wiley College Marshall Texas 1873 Private United Methodist Church Named for Isaac William Wiley YES
Winston-Salem State University Winston-Salem North Carolina 1892 Public Founded as "Slater Industrial and State Normal School" YES
Xavier University of Louisiana New Orleans Louisiana 1915 Private Roman Catholic Founding predecessor institutions: "St. Katharine Drexel" and the "Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament" YES

Defunct institutions[edit]

School City State Founded Closed Type Religious Affiliation Comment
Bishop College Dallas Texas 1881 1888 Private Home Mission Society Founded in Marshall, Texas; later moved to Dallas.
Daniel Payne College Birmingham Alabama 1889 1979 Private African Methodist Episcopal Church
Friendship College Rock Hill South Carolina 1891 1981 Private Baptist
Guadalupe College Seguin Texas 1884 1936 Private Texas Missionary Baptist General Convention Ceased operations after a fire destroyed the main building in 1936.[23]
Kittrell College Kittrell North Carolina 1886 1975 Private African Methodist Episcopal Church
Leland University New Orleans Louisiana 1870 1960 Private Home Mission Society Founded as a grade school in New Orleans, Leland was a Baker, Louisiana-based Baptist University when it closed.
Mary Holmes College West Point Mississippi 1892 2005 Private Presbyterian
Mississippi Industrial College Holly Springs Mississippi 1905 1982 Private Colored Methodist Episcopal Church; later called the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church.
Mount Hermon Female Seminary Clinton Mississippi 1875 1924 Private American Missionary Association
Natchez College Natchez Mississippi 1885 1993 Private Baptist
Saint Paul's College Lawrenceville Virginia 1888 2013 Private Protestant Episcopal Church Founded as "Saint Paul Normal and Industrial School". Closed June 2013.
Storer College Harpers Ferry West Virginia 1865 1955 Private Founded by Freewill Baptist Missionary Society Its endowment was transferred to Virginia Union, where its alumni have been recognized, and its physical assets were given to Alderson-Broaddus College to create scholarships for black students.[22] Its former campus is now part of the Harpers Ferry National Historical Park.[24]
Roger Williams College Nashville Tennessee 1864 1929 Private Home Mission Society
Western University (Kansas) Quindaro Kansas 1865 1943 Private African Methodist Episcopal Church

References[edit]