List of monastic houses in Buckinghamshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
List of monastic houses in Buckinghamshire is located in Buckinghamshire
Aylesbury Friary
Aylesbury Friary
Aylesbury Monastery (poss. loc.)
Aylesbury Monastery (poss. loc.)
Biddlesden Abbey
Biddlesden Abbey
Bradwell Priory
Bradwell Priory
Bulstrode Preceptory
Bulstrode Preceptory
Burnham Abbey
Burnham Abbey
Chetwode Priory
Chetwode Priory
Crawley Monastery (site)
Crawley Monastery (site)
Hogshaw Nunnery
Hogshaw Nunnery
Hogshaw Commandery
Hogshaw Commandery
Lavendon Abbey
Lavendon Abbey
Little Marlow Priory
Little Marlow Priory
Luffield Abbey
Luffield Abbey
Medmenham Abbey
Medmenham Abbey
Missenden Abbey
Missenden Abbey
Newton Longville Priory
Newton Longville Priory
Notley Abbey
Notley Abbey
Ravenstone Priory
Ravenstone Priory
Risborough Priory
Risborough Priory
Snelshall Priory
Snelshall Priory
Tickford Priory
Tickford Priory
Widmere Commandery
Widmere Commandery
Wing Priory
Wing Priory
Magnify-clip.png
Locations of monastic houses in Buckinghamshire


The following is a list of monastic houses in Buckinghamshire, England.

In this article alien houses are included, as are smaller establishments such as cells and notable monastic granges (particularly those with resident monks), and also camerae of the military orders of monks (Templars and Hospitallers). The numerous monastic hospitals per se are not included here unless at some time the foundation had, or was purported to have the status or function of an abbey, priory, friary or preceptory/commandery.

The name of the county is given where there is reference to an establishment in another county. Where the county has changed since the foundation's dissolution the modern county is given in parentheses, and in instances where the referenced foundation ceased to exist before the unification of England, the kingdom is given, followed by the modern county in parentheses.

The geographical co-ordinates provided are sourced from the details provided by English Heritage Pastscape [1] and Ordnance Survey publications.

A Monastic Glossary follows the listing, which provides links to articles on the particular monastic orders as well as other terms which appear in the listing.

Abbreviations and key[edit]

The sites listed are ruins unless indicated thus:
* indicates current monastic function
+ indicates current non-monastic ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure)
^ indicates current non-ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure) or redundant intact structure
$ indicates remains limited to earthworks etc.
# indicates no identifiable trace of the monastic foundation remains
~ indicates exact site of monastic foundation unknown

Locations with names in italics indicate probable duplication (misidentification with another location)
or non-existent foundations (either erroneous reference or proposed foundation never implemented)
or ecclesiastical establishments with a monastic appellation but lacking monastic connection.

Trusteeship denoted as follows:
EH English Heritage
LT Landmark Trust
NT National Trust

Alphabetical listing of establishments[edit]

Foundation Image Communities & Provenance Formal Name or Dedication
& Alternative Names
Online References & Location
Aylesbury Greyfriars # Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual (under the Custody of Oxford)
founded 1387 by James Butler, Earl of Ormond;
dissolved 1 October 1538
[1][2]

51°48′54″N 0°48′47″W / 51.814956°N 0.813117°W / 51.814956; -0.813117 (Aylesbury Friary)
Aylesbury Monastery # possible nuns order and period unknown
said to have been a nunnery or Trinitarian house — probably only a holding
[3]

51°48′35″N 0°48′43″W / 51.809653°N 0.811993°W / 51.809653; -0.811993 (Aylesbury Monastery (poss. loc.)) (possible)
Biddlesden Abbey # Cistercian monks — from Garendon, Leicestershire
founded 10 July 1147 by Ernald de Bosco, seneschal of the Earl of Leicester;
dissolved 29 September 1538; granted to Thomas Wriothesley 1540/1;
remains demolished c.1727;
site now occupied by private house named 'Biddlesden Park'
Saint Mary
____________________
Biddlesdon Abbey;
Bittlesden Abbey
[4][5]

52°02′52″N 1°04′43″W / 52.047704°N 1.078473°W / 52.047704; -1.078473 (Biddlesden Abbey)
Bradwell Priory Bradwell abbey chapel 0494.JPG Benedictine monks
cell dependent on Luffield;
founded before 1136-44 (before/c.1155) by Meinfelin, Lord of Wolverton;
dissolved 1524-5 (or 1526) by Cardinal Wolsey for Christ Church, Oxford; granted to Arthur Longfield 1542/3;
now in private ownership; currently an urban studies centre
Saint Mary
____________________
Bradewell Priory
[1][6][7]

52°02′54″N 0°47′42″W / 52.048215°N 0.795074°W / 52.048215; -0.795074 (Bradwell Priory)
Bulstrode Preceptory $ Knights Templar
founded before 1276;
dissolved 1308-1312;
land passed to and leased on behalf of the Knights Hospitaller, though they had no commandery here;
site identified through earthworks
[8][9]

51°35′06″N 0°35′29″W / 51.5850832°N 0.591352°W / 51.5850832; -0.591352 (Bulstrode Preceptory)
Burnham Abbey * Burnham Abbey.JPG Augustinian canonesses
founded 1265/66 by Richard, King of the Romans;
dissolved 19 September 1539; granted to William Tyldesly 1544/5;
Anglican Augustinian Society of the Precious Blood
transferred from Birmingham 1916; extant
Saint Mary [10][11]

51°30′56″N 0°39′37″W / 51.515523°N 0.66036°W / 51.515523; -0.66036 (Burnham Abbey)
Chetwode Priory + ChurchAndPrioryChetwode(AndrewSmith)Mar2006.jpg Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1244 or 1245 by Ralph de Norwich;
dissolved, being reduced to the status of a cell, annexed to Notley 1460-1;
dissolved 1535;
priory church became parochial c.1480 as the Parish Church of St Mary and St Nicholas
Saint Mary and Saint Nicholas
____________________
Chetwode Cell
[12][13]

51°57′47″N 1°04′10″W / 51.963091°N 1.069469°W / 51.963091; -1.069469 (Chetwode Priory)
Crawley Monastery founded before 1042; (ref. as monasterium 1086) St Firmin
____________________
North Crawley Monastery
[14][15][16]

52°05′12″N 0°39′31″W / 52.0867287°N 0.6586808°W / 52.0867287; -0.6586808 (Crawley Monastery (site))
Gare Nunnery Benedictine nuns
founded 1163 in Stoke Goldington by Robert de Salcey, Peter de Goldington and Richard de Besseville;
granted to Delapré, Northamptonshire, late 12th/early 13th centuries;
apparently reduced to status of a grange by 1438;
subsequently recorded as destroyed
Gore Nunnery;
Gorefields Nunnery
Prioratus Gore, Sanctae Mariae Magdalenae, Moniales Nigrae
[17][18][19]
Hogshaw Nunnery # St John of Jerusalem nuns
cell
foundation unknown
transferred to Sisters of St John Priory, Buckland, Somerset c.1180;
site occupied by Knights Hospitaller commandery (see immediately below)
[20]

51°53′45″N 0°55′44″W / 51.8958077°N 0.9287632°W / 51.8958077; -0.9287632 (Hogshaw Nunnery)
Hogshaw Commandery # Knights Hospitaller
founded c.1180 on site of earlier nunnery (see immediately above), granted by William Peverel;
dissolved 1470 becoming prior's possession; granted to Matilda Lane c.1543;
church in use until 1650; ruined by 1700
[20][21]

51°53′45″N 0°55′44″W / 51.8958077°N 0.9287632°W / 51.8958077; -0.9287632 (Hogshaw Commandery)
Lavendon Abbey $ Premonstratensian Canons
founded c.1154/5-1158 by John de Bidun, sheriff of Buckinghamshire;
dissolved 1536; granted to Sir Edmund Peckham 1543;
site now occupied by house named 'Lavendon Grange' (once the home of relatives of Sir Isaac Newton)
The Abbey Church of Saint John the Baptist, Lavendon
____________________
Lavinden Abbey
[1][22]

52°10′21″N 0°40′51″W / 52.1726355°N 0.6807178°W / 52.1726355; -0.6807178 (Lavendon Abbey)
Little Marlow Priory Benedictine nuns
founded c.1195 or before 1218 (or 1244 by Jeffrey, Lord Spensar);
dissolved in, or before 1536; granted to John Tiltey and E. Restwold 1540
Saint Mary
____________________
Little Merlow Priory;
Minchin Marlow Priory
[23][24]

51°34′53″N 0°43′05″W / 51.5814299°N 0.7180971°W / 51.5814299; -0.7180971 (Little Marlow Priory)
Luffield Priory Benedictine monks
founded after 1118 (c.1123 or 1124, or 1133) by Robert II le Bossu, Earl of Leicester;
suppression authorised by the Pope 1494;
dissolution stayed until 1504, after the death of the serving prior
The Blessed Virgin Mary [25][26]

52°04′16″N 1°01′34″W / 52.071°N 1.026°W / 52.071; -1.026 (Luffield Abbey)
Medmenham Abbey Cistercian monks — from Woburn, Bedfordshire
founded 1201/4, or in 1202 by Hugh de Bolbec;
house built 1213;
dissolved before 8 July 1536 (delayed from 1524); granted to Robert Mone and others 1547;
converted into a manor house
The Abbey Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Medmenham
____________________
Mendham Abbey
[27][28]

51°32′52″N 0°50′17″W / 51.547696°N 0.838104°W / 51.547696; -0.838104 (Medmenham Abbey)
Missenden Abbey ^ Missenden Abbey - geograph.org.uk - 112141.jpg Augustinian/Arroasian Canons
alien house: daughter of St Mary de Bosco, or de Nemore, Ruisseauville, France;
founded 1133 by William de Missenden;
the house acknowledged royal supremacy 1536;
dissolved 1538; granted to the Duke of Northumberland;
now a residential college rarely open to general public
The Abbey Church of Saint Mary the Virgin, Great Missenden
____________________
Great Missenden Abbey
[29][30]

51°42′02″N 0°42′10″W / 51.700571°N 0.702674°W / 51.700571; -0.702674 (Missenden Abbey)
Newton Longville Priory Cluniac monks
alien house: daughter of Longville Ste Foi Abbey
founded c.1150 or before 1102 by Walter Giffard, Earl of Buckingham;
dissolved 1414;
granted to New College, Oxford 1441;
Manor House purportedly built on site 1550; St Faith's Church incorporates 12th-century church remains, possibly originally part of the priory church and may have been the conventual church of the priory
St Faith
____________________
Newington-Longaville Priory;
Newton-Longville Cell
[31][32][33]

51°58′28″N 0°46′03″W / 51.9743464°N 0.7675999°W / 51.9743464; -0.7675999 (Newton Longville Priory)
Notley Abbey ^ Augustinian Canons Regular
founded before 1162 by Walter Giffard, Earl of Buckingham, and Lady Ermgard;
dissolved 9 December 1538; granted to Sir William Paget 1547;
site now occupied by a private house without public access
The Abbey Church of the Blessed Virgin and Saint John the Baptist, Notley
____________________
abbey de parco Crendon;
Crendon Parc Abbey
abbey de parco super Thamam;
Nuctele Abbey;
Noctele Abbey;
Nuttley Abbey;
Nutley Abbey
[34][35]

51°46′37″N 0°57′51″W / 51.7770148°N 0.9642112°W / 51.7770148; -0.9642112 (Notley Abbey)
Ravenstone Priory Augustinian Canons Regular
founded 1255 by Peter de Chaseport (Chaceport), Keeper of the Royal Wardrobe;
dissolved 1525 (or 1544); granted to Sir Francis Byran 1548;
site now occupied by 19th century 'Abbey Farm'
The Priory Church of St Mary
____________________
Ravinston Priory
[36][37][38]

52°09′01″N 0°45′32″W / 52.1501893°N 0.7590249°W / 52.1501893; -0.7590249 (Ravenstone Priory)
Risborough Priory (?) Benedictine monks — doubtful establishment; reputedly pre-Conquest cell of Canterbury Cathedral Monks Risborough Priory [39]

51°43′57″N 0°49′30″W / 51.7323924°N 0.8249214°W / 51.7323924; -0.8249214 (Risborough Priory)
Snelshall Priory $ Snelshall Priory (site) - geograph.org.uk - 216962.jpg Premonstratensian Canons
cell dependent on Lavendon;
founded before 1166, granted to Lavendon by Sybil de Aungervill (Dangerville);
abandoned after 1203-4
Benedictine monks
founded 1203/4-1219 by Ralph Mortel (grandson of Sybil de Aungervill);
dissolved 1535; granted to Francis Piggot 1538;
site currently comprises earthworks
St Leonard
____________________
Snellshall Priory
[40][41][41]

52°00′10″N 0°48′46″W / 52.0027665°N 0.8127737°W / 52.0027665; -0.8127737 (Snelshall Priory)
Tickford Priory Benedictine-Cluniac monks
alien house: cell of Marmoutier
founded 1140 or c.1100 by Fulk Paynell;
dissolved 1524; sold to Henry Atkins, MD by James I
Blessed Virgin Mary
____________________
Newport Pagnel Priory;
Tyxford Priory
[42][43]

52°05′10″N 0°42′54″W / 52.0861617°N 0.7148677°W / 52.0861617; -0.7148677 (Tickford Priory)
Widmere Commandery Knights Hospitaller
founded before 1248;
dissolved before 1338
Widmere Camera;
Widmere Preceptory
[44][45]

51°35′43″N 0°48′03″W / 51.595315°N 0.8007789°W / 51.595315; -0.8007789 (Widmere Commandery)
Wing Priory # Saxon monastery 7th century
Benedictine monks
alien house: cell dependent on St Nicholas, Angers
founded before 1086;
granted by Empress Matilda to Angers;
land and later, chapel, granted to Angers by Bodin de Ver;
in ownership of the Crown 1342-1361 and 1393-1423;
dissolved 1416; granted to St Mary de Pré, Hertfordshire by St Albans, Hertfordshire;
granted to Sir Robert Dormer by King Henry VIII
Wenge Priory [46][47][48]

51°53′21″N 0°43′14″W / 51.889107°N 0.7204628°W / 51.889107; -0.7204628 (Wing Priory)

The following location in Buckinghamshire lacks known monastic connection:


Glossary[edit]


edit this box

Map link to lists of monastic houses in England by county[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Buckinghamshire Archaeological Society — Records of Bucks -index". Bucksas.org.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  2. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: AYLESBURY GREYFRIARS
  3. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 1353067
  4. ^ "Houses of Cistercian monks — The abbey of Biddlesden | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  5. ^ "Medieval and Middle Ages History Timelines for kids and adults — Biddlesden Abbey". TimeRef. 27 March 2010. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  6. ^ "Houses of Benedictine monks — The priory of Bradwell | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  7. ^ "Parks Trust — Bradwell Abbey". The Parks Trust. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "House of Knights Templars — The preceptory of Bulstrode | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  9. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: BULSTRODE TEMPLARS PRECEPTORY
  10. ^ "House of Austin nuns — The abbey of Burnham | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  11. ^ "Burnham Abbey". Burnham Abbey. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  12. ^ "Houses of Austin canons — The priory of Chetwode | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  13. ^ "ViewFinder — Image Details". Viewfinder.english-heritage.org.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  14. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: MONASTERY OF ST FIRMIN
  15. ^ History of North Crawley, in Milton Keynes and Buckinghamshire | Map and description
  16. ^ Parishes — North Crawley | A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4 (pp. 327-338)
  17. ^ "Full text of "Memorials of old Buckinghamshire"". Archive.org. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  18. ^ "Buckinghamshire Archaeological Society — Records of Bucks -index". Bucksas.org.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  19. ^ http://thehumanjourney.net/pdf_store/sthames/Bucks%20Med.pdf
  20. ^ a b "Pastscape — Detailed Result: HOGSHAW". Pastscape.english-heritage.org.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  21. ^ "House of Knights Hospitallers — The commandery of Hogshaw | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  22. ^ "House of Premonstratensian canons — The abbey of Lavendon | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  23. ^ "Houses of Benedictine nuns — The priory of Little Marlow | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  24. ^ "Pastscape — Detailed Result: LITTLE MARLOW PRIORY". Pastscape.english-heritage.org.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  25. ^ "Parishes — Luffield Abbey | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  26. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: LUFFIELD PRIORY
  27. ^ "Houses of Austin canons — The abbey of Medmenham | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  28. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: MEDMENHAM ABBEY
  29. ^ "Houses of Austin canons — The abbey of Missenden | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  30. ^ "Missenden Abbey Weddings and Meeting Rooms". Missendenabbey.co.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  31. ^ "Alien houses — The Cluniac priory of Newton Longville | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  32. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: NEWTON LONGEVILLE PRIORY
  33. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: ST FAITHS CHURCH
  34. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: NOTLEY ABBEY
  35. ^ "Country House Venues for Weddings — Notley Abbey | Bijou Wedding Venues Buckinghamshire, Thame Oxon". Notley Abbey. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  36. ^ "Full text search | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  37. ^ "Ravenstone". Ravenstone. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  38. ^ "Pastscape — Detailed Result: RAVENSTONE PRIORY". Pastscape.english-heritage.org.uk. 16 March 2007. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  39. ^ "Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 344346". Pastscape. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  40. ^ "Houses of Benedictine monks — The priory of Snelshall | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  41. ^ a b Pastscape — Detailed Result: SNELSHALL PRIORY
  42. ^ "House of Cluniac monks — The priory of Tickford or Newport Pagnel | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  43. ^ "The North Bucks Archaeological Society". NBAS. 22 October 2000. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  44. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 248333
  45. ^ Buckinghamshire County Council — Unlocking Buckinghamshire's Past
  46. ^ "Alien houses — The priory of Wing | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  47. ^ "Pastscape — Detailed Result: WING PRIORY". Pastscape.english-heritage.org.uk. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  48. ^ "Wing, Buckinghamshire". Britainexpress.com. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  • Binns, Alison (1989) Studies in the History of Medieval Religion 1: Dedications of Monastic Houses in England and Wales 1066-1216, Boydell
  • Cobbett, William (1868) List of Abbeys, Priories, Nunneries, Hospitals, And Other Religious Foundations in England and Wales and in Ireland, Confiscated, Seized On, or Alienated by the Protestant "Reformation" Sovereigns and Parliaments
  • Knowles, David & Hadcock, R. Neville (1971) Medieval Religious Houses England & Wales. Longman
  • Morris, Richard (1979) Cathedrals and Abbeys of England and Wales, J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd.
  • Thorold, Henry (1986) Collins Guide to Cathedrals, Abbeys and Priories of England and Wales, Collins
  • Thorold, Henry (1993) Collins Guide to the Ruined Abbeys of England, Wales and Scotland, Collins
  • Wright, Geoffrey N., (2004) Discovering Abbeys and Priories, Shire Publications Ltd.
  • English Cathedrals and Abbeys, Illustrated, Odhams Press Ltd.
  • Map of Monastic Britain, South Sheet, Ordnance Survey, 2nd edition, 1954