List of statutory minimum employment leave by country

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In most industrialised nations, advances in employee relations have seen the introduction of statutory minimum tariffs for employee leave from work, i.e. the amount of entitlement to paid holiday/vacation. Several companies will offer contractually more time, depending on the sector. Companies and the law may also differ as to whether national holidays are counted as part of the minimum leave. Disparities in national minimums are still subject of debate regarding Work-life balance and perceived differences between nations. These numbers usually refer to full-time employment, part-time workers may get a reduced numbers of days.

Country Legally required minimum leave (in working days) Notes
Argentina 14 - 35 14 calendar days (from 0 to 5 years seniority), 21 calendar days (from 5 to 10), 28 calendar days (from 10 to 20) and 35 calendar days (from 20)
Australia 20 - 25 4 weeks standard (20 working days) plus 10 paid public holidays. 5 weeks for shift-workers (those regularly rostered across a 7 day week). 2 weeks can be "sold" to employer (cashed-out). Additional Long service leave is also payable after 10 years' service at the same employer, or 7 years in the public service (on average, 1 week leave for every 60 weeks worked - or approximately 8.5 weeks' additional leave for 10 years' service), although some states mandate that LSL is payable pro-rata on termination of employment after 7 years' service.
Austria 5 weeks (see notes) 5 work weeks (i.e. 30 days with 6 work days per week or 25 days with 5 work days per week). Full 5 weeks after 6 months of employment, before that, it increases gradually. Arbeiterkammer
The Bahamas 14 - 21 14 days after 1 year employment, 21 day after 5 years employment
Belgium 30 20 days, premium pay, plus 10 public holidays
Brazil 41+ 30 days (counting the weekends and holidays if any), with one third extra pay, of which 10 days can be sold back to the employer. In addition, holidays are also paid (11 + local holidays which depends on the city/State). Vacation can be taken after 1 year employment and cannot accumulate (employees are obliged to take vacation every year). Must be used in blocks of 10 days minimum.
Bulgaria 20 20 working days and up to 12[clarification needed what's the minimum?] days national and public holidays
Canada 10 Determined by provincial law. Minimum 10 working days depending on province (i.e. the Ontario Public Service has exempted itself as an employer from sections of the Employment Standards Act that require employers to compensate for vacations and statutory holidays) and tenure of employment .(15 days in Saskatchewan). In addition, 5–10 public holidays depending on province.[1]
Chile 15
China 5 - 15 5 working days (from 1 to 9 years seniority), 10 working days (from 10 to 19), 15 working days (from 20 years onwards).
Colombia 33 15 working days for every year, vacations can be accumulated for up to 4 years (up to 60 working days of vacations), plus 18 public holidays.
Costa Rica 2 weeks (see notes) 2 weeks[clarification needed 10 working days or 14?] after 1 year employment.
Croatia 33 20 working days (Saturdays can be included even if company offices are not open on Saturdays; this is left for employers and employees to agree) and 13 public holidays.
Cyprus 20 - 24 20 working days of leave for workers on a five-day week and 24 working days of leave for workers on a six-day week over a period of one year's employment.
Czech Republic 4 – 8 weeks (see notes) 4 weeks, employees in public sector 5 weeks, teachers and employees of public schools 8 weeks,[clarification needed 20-40 days or 28-56?] plus 12 public holidays.
Denmark 34 25 work days, plus 9 public holidays.
Dominican Republic 14 - 20 14 work days after one year employment, 20 work days after 5 years employment.
Estonia 28 - 56 28 calendar days (weekends partially included, public holidays not included), unless employer and employee agree over a longer vacation; up to 56 calendar days for selected education and science professionals (determined by government decree).
Ecuador 14
Finland 41-65 5 weeks (30 days with Saturdays, but not Sundays counted as holidays) is the minimum mandated by law.[2] Finland has a variable 11 days of public holiday falling on working days (these should presumably be added to that '30' days to give a minimum of 41 holiday days). The system is that holiday is accrued between April to March each year and used primarily during the following summer holiday period. During each such full period 2.5 holiday days are accrued per month. When taking up a new job, only 2 days are accrued until the start of the first full period. Many trade unions have been able to agree for more holiday time for their profession. Also some employees working for many years (especially in the public sector) have so-called 'long holidays', i.e. 38 days per year (instead of 30). Finally it is worth noting that many employers in Finland give a holiday bonus (lomaraha) every year; this holiday bonus can be converted in some workplaces to extra holiday if the employee requests and employer agrees - this would give an addition 13 days of holiday (or 18 days for those on the 'long holiday').
France 5 weeks (see notes) 5 weeks,[3][clarification needed 25 days or 35?] plus up to 22 days of RTT (Réduction du Temps de Travail, English: Reduction of Working Time) for the employees that choose to work more than 35 hours per week - the "limit" is 39 per week, further additional hours are compensated in almost all the cases by money and not by additional leave hours. Bonus days off are given to people who take a part of their annual leave outside summer (3 days grant 1 bonus day off, 6 days grant 2 bonus days off). Combining all these rules, in a few public offices and in a few companies like Orange, the resulting total, for certain employees, might be of 9.5 paid vacation weeks (5 weeks of vacation + 4 weeks of RTT + 0.5 week of bonus days off). Furthermore, there are about 10 national holidays (that, though, in many companies are not paid days off, with the exception of the 1st of May, for which a remuneration is compulsory).
Germany 20 - 30 Up to 30 days (standard in large companies for a 5-day-work week), smaller companies have a minimum of 25, plus 9 to 14 bank holidays. Bavaria and Baden Wuerttemberg provide the most[4] Civil employees receive a minimum of 30 days after a law against age discrimination was passed in 2012.[5]
Greece 20+ 20 working days or more depending on years worked at the company.
Guatemala 15+ 15 working days plus national holidays.
Hong Kong 7 - 14 7 days(1 to 2 years), Add one day per year until 14 days (3+ years)[6]
Hungary 20 - 37 20 working days (increasing up to 30 with age). The employee will get additional days for children. 2 days for one child, 4 days for two children and 7 days for more than two children.[7] The father gets 5 additional days for child birth (7 for twins) but these days has to be taken out within the end of second month after the birth.[8]
Iceland 37 24 days,[9] not including 13 official holidays.
Ireland 29 4 working weeks (20 days if working full-time), plus 9 public holidays
Iran 4 weeks (see notes) 4 weeks[clarification needed 20 days or 28?].
India 12 1 work day for every 20 days worked (around 12 work days a year)[10]
Indonesia 12? 12 days, it varies from 1 company to another but normally it's 12 work days per year.[clarification needed seems to be personal anecdote]
Israel 14 - 28+ 14 working days for the first 4 years. 16 days from the 5th year. 18 days from the 6th year, and 21 days from the 7th year. From the 8th year an additional day is added per year up to 28 days. not including official holidays, sick leave, etc.
Italy 32-33 At least 20 working days (exact amount depends on contract details, a few contracts guarantee up to 25 days), entirely paid, plus up to 104 hours of ROL, that means reduction of working time (in Italian Riduzione Orario di Lavoro), that have to be used primarily in blocks of a few hours each time for family/personal needs (for example bringing a kid to the doctor, going to the bank etc.) but may be utilized as well, just for the unused part of them and just if the company/the collective contract allows that, to get additional vacation hours/days, or to shorten of 1 or 2 hours the working day on Fridays. Furthermore, there are 12–13 paid public holidays.
Japan 25-35 From 10 working days for the first year to 20 days for the 6th year, plus 15 public holidays.[11]
Jersey 2 weeks (see notes) 2 weeks[12][clarification needed 10 days or 14?]
Kazakhstan 24 24 calendar days[13]
Korea, South 15-25 15 days[14] and for workers who have worked 3 years, one day will be added to every one year continuously worked up to a maximum of 25 days.[15]
Latvia 4 weeks (see notes) 4 weeks.[clarification needed 20 days or 28?]
Lithuania 28 28 calendar days.[16]
Luxembourg 35 At least 25 working days; 10 public holidays.[17]
Malaysia 22 - 30 Starts at 8 days for first 2 years employment with an employer. Increases to 12 days for between 2 and 5 years employment and 16 days for 5 or more years. Plus, depending on which state, around 14 public holidays.
Maldives 30
Malta 24 24 working days (192 hours)
Mexico 6 - 14+? Starts at minimum 6 days for the 1 year of employment. Increases to 8 days after the second year, to 10 days after the third year, 12 days after the fourth year, and to 14 days from year 5 to year 9; then every 5 years increases two days.
Mongolia 15 - 48 15 working days for the 1 year of employment. Increase up to 29 working days after 32 years of employment. 48 working days paid vacation for teachers and professors for all levels of school, kindergarten and university regardless of the number of years of service.[18]
Namibia 35 21 consecutive days, or 1.75 days for every 1 month worked, plus 14 days paid public Holidays. Some companies do increase leave amounts, depending on how long the employee has worked at the company.
Netherlands 4 weeks+ (see notes) 20 working days (Paid leave is equivalent to the employee's number of working days in a week multiplied by four, i.e. 20 for full-time employees.[19]), plus 9 paid public holidays (not compensated if they fall during the weekend).
New Zealand 20 days+ (see notes) 20 days as of April 1, 2007, plus 11–12 paid public holidays, depending on which day they fall. Employees can cash up to 1 week of annual holidays per year.
Norway 26 - 33 21 working days (lots of companies as well as public sector gives 25) plus 5–12 Public holidays in Norway (some of which always fall on a Sunday) (Holidays not paid, but companies are required to save 10,6% of salary, which is paid out in June)
Pakistan 14 14 days after 1 year employment.
Paraguay 14
Panama 40 30 consecutive days plus 10 paid public holidays. The 30 days includes Saturdays and Sundays. This is equivalent to 20 working days.
Peru 20 - 22 30 calendar days, which includes weekend days. Effectively, 20 to 22 working days.
Philippines 5 5 days, rendered at least 1 year of service is entitled to a yearly service incentive leave.
Poland 33 - 39 20 working days per year during the first 10 years of employment and 26 working days thereafter, plus 13 days of public holidays.
Portugal 22 22 working days, with 100% extra pay, and all public holidays are paid.
Puerto Rico 15
Romania 33 21 working days plus 12 paid public holidays (not compensated if they fall during the weekend).
Russia 42? - 66? 28 calendar days (52 in extreme north regions) {for militaries 30/45 days except for drafted}, plus 14 public holidays (depending on the type of contract, they are either paid days off from work or regular working days or double paid working days). There is the 8-nonbankdays streak in January (New Year holidays plus Orthodox Christmas ).
Serbia 29 - 31 20 working days minimum (effectively 4 weeks, law defines working week as 5 working days for purpose of paid vacation), plus 9 bank holidays and up to two more days depending on religion of employee.
Saudi Arabia 21 - 30 21 working day and 30 days after 5 years of employment.
Singapore 7 - 14 For regular employees, 7 days with 1 additional day per year up to a maximum of 14 days. No statutory minimum leave for seamen, domestic workers, or employees in managerial or executive positions.[20]
Slovakia 20 - 25 20 days, 25 days after reaching the age of 33 years.
Slovenia 33 20 working days of leave and 13 public holidays.
South Africa 21 - 24 21 consecutive days, or 1 day for every 17 days worked, or 1 hour for every 17 hours worked,[21] not including 12 public holidays.[22] Regular workers may take a further 3 days of family responsibility leave.[23] Leave legislation does not apply to members of the National Defence Force, National Intelligence Agency, South African Secret Service or unpaid volunteers working for a charity.
Spain 36 22 work days, not including 14 public holidays.[24]
Sri Lanka 14? - 28 28 working days: 14 maximum annual, 7 casual, and 7 sick leave.[25]
Sweden 38 - 48 25 work days minimum, plus 13 public holidays (some of which fall on a Saturday or a Sunday) and three de facto holidays (two of which may fall on a Saturday or a Sunday). Additional leave, often called arbetstidsförkortning (English: shortening of work time), typically 5-10 work days per year, is available for many Swedish employees.
Switzerland 32 - 36 At least 20 work days, plus 12–16 public holidays (some of which always fall on a Sunday). People working in the public sector usually benefit of an additional paid week off; a few companies offer the same benefit to their employees after some years of service.
Taiwan 7 - 30 7 days (from 1 to 3 years), 10 days (3 to 5 years), 14 days (5 to 10 years), and one additional day per year until 30 days (10+ years).
Tanzania 28
Thailand 6 6 calendar days[26]
Turkey 14 - 26 14 work days for 0–5 years, 20 work days for 5–15 years and 26 days for over 15 years seniority.
Tunisia 30
Ukraine 24
United Arab Emirates 34 - 40 24 calendar days (6 months - 1 year of employment); 30 calendar days (>1 year of employment). This is in addition to 10 paid public holidays.[27]
United Kingdom 28 (29 in Scotland) 28 calendar days (5.6 weeks) These can include the 8 Bank/Public holidays (9 in Scotland) which otherwise would be unpaid. Many UK employers will offer 25 days of paid annual leave in addition to the 8 recognised UK bank holidays. Paid time off usually increases with years of service. For example, an employee might accrue one extra day for every 5 years of service up to a maximum of 30 days paid leave, exclusive of bank holidays. Some employers will allow staff to purchase or sell holiday, usually a maximum of 5 days.[28] Part-time workers are entitled to the same amount of leave but this is calculated on a pro-rate basis[29]
United States 0 0[30] days. There is no statutory minimum. It is left to the employers to offer paid vacation days as part of the compensation and benefits package. Larger companies will typically offer between 10 and 20 working days, depending on the company and years of service, plus a number of paid public holidays, typically 6-8.[citation needed] Smaller employers may offer no vacations at all.[citation needed] The average number of paid vacation days offered by private employers is 10 days after 1 year of service, 14 days after 5 years, 17 days after 10 years, and 19 days after 20 years.[31]
Uruguay 20 - 21+? 20 working days (from 0 to 5 years seniority), 21 calendar days (from 5 to 8). Afterwards, an additional working day is added every four years.[32]
Venezuela 15 - 30? 15 paid days for the first year and 1 day extra for every year of service up to 30 days. In addition, a maximum of 12 public holidays provided every holiday falls on a weekday.
Vietnam 10

References[edit]

  1. ^ HRSDC "Minimum requirements for annual vacations" http://www.hrsdc.gc.ca/eng/labour/overviews/employment_standards/vacations.shtml
  2. ^ Ministry of Employment and the Economy
  3. ^ TA: Vacation time France, United States
  4. ^ de:Bundesurlaubsgesetz#Gesetzlicher Mindesturlaub
  5. ^ http://www.dw.de/dw/article/0,,15906072,00.html
  6. ^ An employee is entitled to annual leave with pay after having been employed under a continuous contract for every 12 months. "Chapter 4: Rest Days, Holidays and Leaves". A Concise Guide to the Employment Ordinance. Labour Department, Government of HKSAR. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  7. ^ "Tájékoztató a gyermekek utáni szülői pótszabadságról". Ministry for National Economy. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  8. ^ "A gyermek születése esetén az apát megillető pótszabadság". Hungarian State Treasury. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  9. ^ Icelandic law on employment leave
  10. ^ Section 78 of the 1948 Factories Act
  11. ^ Japan Labor Standards Act
  12. ^ http://www.jacs.org.je/content/43/index.html
  13. ^ Kazakhstan Labour Code, Art. 101
  14. ^ Article 60, Labor Standard Act
  15. ^ http://terms.naver.com/entry.nhn?docId=1132136&cid=40942&categoryId=31705
  16. ^ http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=350635#straipsnis166
  17. ^ http://luxembourg.angloinfo.com/countries/luxembourg/work7.asp
  18. ^ http://www.legalinfo.mn/law/details/9020?lawid=9020
  19. ^ http://www.expatax.nl/workcontracts.php
  20. ^ Employment Act (Cap. 91), Sections 2 and 43
  21. ^ http://www.labour.gov.za/legislation/acts/basic-guides/basic-guide-to-annual-leave
  22. ^ http://www.info.gov.za/aboutsa/holidays.htm
  23. ^ http://www.labour.gov.za/legislation/acts/basic-guides/basic-guide-to-family-responsibility-leave
  24. ^ http://www.elpais.com/articulo/economia/Merkel/quiere/armonicen/vacaciones/jubilacion/UE/elpepueco/20110518elpepueco_2/Tes
  25. ^ Shop and Offices Act
  26. ^ Section 30 of the Thai Labour Protection Act (1998)
  27. ^ UAE Labor Law
  28. ^ gov.uk
  29. ^ ClearSky Business - Annual leave entitlement and managing requests
  30. ^ http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/workhours/vacation_leave.htm
  31. ^ http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/benefits/2011/ownership/private/table23a.htm
  32. ^ Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social (Uruguay) - Régimen de Licencia [1]

http://www.natron.net/met2000d/ferien2000e.htm