List of statutory minimum employment leave by country

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In most industrialised nations, advances in employee relations have seen the introduction of statutory minimum tariffs for employee leave from work, i.e. the amount of entitlement to paid holiday/vacation. Several companies will offer contractually more time, depending on the sector. Companies and the law may also differ as to whether national holidays are counted as part of the minimum leave. Disparities in national minimums are still subject of debate regarding Work-life balance and perceived differences between nations. These numbers usually refer to full-time employment, part-time workers may get a reduced numbers of days. In most countries public holidays are paid and usually not considered part of the annual leave. In most countries there are additional paid maternity/paternity/parental leaves that are not listed here.

Country Minimum annual leave Paid vacation days
(five-day workweek)[1]
Armenia Generally, the duration of annual leave shall be 28 days. Extended annual leave up to 35 calendar days shall be granted to certain categories of employees whose wok involves great nervous, emotional and intellectual strain and professional risk.[2] 20
Argentina 14 calendar days (from 0 to 5 years seniority), 21 calendar days (from 5 to 10), 28 calendar days (from 10 to 20) and 35 calendar days (from 20) 10
Australia 4 weeks standard (20 working days). 5 weeks for shift-workers (those regularly rostered across a 7 day week). 2 weeks can be "sold" to employer (cashed-out). Additional Long service leave is also payable after 10 years' service at the same employer, or 7 years in the public service (on average, 1 week leave for every 60 weeks worked - or approximately 8.5 weeks' additional leave for 10 years' service), although some states mandate that LSL is payable pro-rata on termination of employment after 7 years' service. 20
Austria 5 workweeks (i.e. 30 days with 6 work days per week or 25 days with 5 work days per week). Full 5 weeks after 6 months of employment, before that, it increases gradually.Arbeiterkammer 25
The Bahamas 14 days after 1 year employment, 21 day after 5 years employment 10
Bahrain All employees (public and private) entitled to 30 days annually (i.e. 2 ½ days per month)[3] 30
Belgium 20 days, premium pay, plus 10 public holidays.[2] 20
Brazil 30 days (counting the weekends and holidays if any), with one third extra pay, of which 10 days can be sold back to the employer. In addition, holidays are also paid (11 + local holidays which depends on the city/State). Vacation can be taken after 1 year employment and cannot accumulate (employees are obliged to take vacation every year). Must be used in blocks of 10 days minimum. 21
Bulgaria 20 working days[2] and up to 12[clarification needed what's the minimum?] days national and public holidays 20
Canada Determined by provincial law. Minimum 10 working days depending on province (i.e. the Ontario Public Service has exempted itself as an employer from sections of the Employment Standards Act that require employers to compensate for vacations and statutory holidays) and tenure of employment .(15 days in Saskatchewan). In addition, 5–10 public holidays depending on province.[4] 10
Chile 15
China 5 working days (from 1 to 9 years seniority), 10 working days (from 10 to 19), 15 working days (from 20 years onwards). 5
Colombia 15 working days for every year, vacations can be accumulated for up to 4 years (up to 60 working days of vacations), plus 18 public holidays. 15
Costa Rica 2 weeks[clarification needed 10 working days or 14?] after 1 year employment. 10
Croatia 20 working days (Saturdays can be included even if company offices are not open on Saturdays; this is left for employers and employees to agree) and 13 paid public holidays.[2] 20
Cyprus 20 working days of leave for workers on a five-day week and 24 working days of leave for workers on a six-day week over a period of one year's employment.[2] 20
Czech Republic 4 weeks, employees in public sector 5 weeks, teachers and employees of public schools 8 weeks,[clarification needed 20-40 days or 28-56?] plus 12 public holidays.[2] 20
Denmark 25 work days, plus 9 public holidays. 25
Dominican Republic 14 work days after one year employment, 20 work days after 5 years employment. 14
Estonia 28 calendar days (weekends partially included, public holidays not included), unless employer and employee agree over a longer vacation; up to 56 calendar days for selected education and science professionals (determined by government decree). 20
Ecuador 10
European Union European Union legislation mandates that all 28 member states must by law grant all employees a minimum of 4 weeks of paid vacation. 20
Finland 5 weeks (30 days with Saturdays, but not Sundays counted as holidays) is the minimum mandated by law.[5] 25
France 5 weeks,[6][clarification needed 25 days or 35?] plus up to 22 days of RTT (Réduction du Temps de Travail, English: Reduction of Working Time) for the employees that choose to work more than 35 hours per week - the "limit" is 39 per week, further additional hours are compensated in almost all the cases by money and not by additional leave hours. Bonus days off are given to people who take a part of their annual leave outside summer (3 days grant 1 bonus day off, 6 days grant 2 bonus days off). Combining all these rules, in a few public offices and in a few companies like Orange, the resulting total, for certain employees, might be of 9.5 paid vacation weeks (5 weeks of vacation + 4 weeks of RTT + 0.5 week of bonus days off). Furthermore, there are about 10 national holidays (that, though, in many companies are not paid days off, with the exception of the 1st of May, for which a remuneration is compulsory). 25
Germany Up to 30 days (standard in large companies for a 5-day-work week), smaller companies have a minimum of 25, plus 9 to 14 bank holidays. Bavaria and Baden Wuerttemberg provide the most[7] Civil employees receive a minimum of 30 days after a law against age discrimination was passed in 2012.[8] 20
Greece 20 working days or more depending on years worked at the company. 20
Guatemala 15 working days plus national holidays. 15
Hong Kong 7 days(1 to 2 years), Add one day per year until 14 days (3+ years)[9] 7
Hungary 20 working days (increasing up to 30 with age). The employee will get additional days for children. 2 days for one child, 4 days for two children and 7 days for more than two children.[10] 20
Iceland 24 days,[11] 24
Ireland 4 working weeks (20 days if working full-time) 20
Iran 4 weeks[clarification needed 20 days or 28?]. 20
India 1 work day for every 20 days worked (around 12 work days a year)[12] 12
Indonesia 12 days, it varies from 1 company to another but normally it's 12 work days per year.[clarification needed seems to be personal anecdote] 12
Israel For 5 (6) working days week: 10 (12) working days for the first 4 years. 12 (14) days from the 5th year. 14 (16) days from the 6th year and 15 (18) days from the 7th year. From the 8th year, an additional day is added per year up to 28 days. Not including official holidays, sick leave, etc. Public service, including the military sector, workers may benefit from additional paid vacation days.[13] 10
Italy At least 20 working days (exact amount depends on contract details, a few contracts guarantee up to 25 days), entirely paid, plus up to 104 hours of ROL, that means the reduction of working time (in Italian Riduzione Orario di Lavoro), that have to be used primarily in blocks of a few hours each time for family/personal needs (for example bringing a kid to the doctor, going to the bank etc.) but may be utilized as well, just for the unused part of them and just if the company/the collective contract allows that, to get additional vacation hours/days, or to shorten of 1 or 2 hours the working day on Fridays. 20
Japan From 10 working days for the first year to 20 days for the 6th year[14] 10
Jersey 2 weeks[15][clarification needed 10 days or 14?] 10
Kazakhstan 24 calendar days[16] 20
Korea, South 15 days[17] and for workers who have worked 3 years, one day will be added to every one year continuously worked up to a maximum of 25 days.[18] 15
Latvia 4 weeks.[clarification needed 20 days or 28?] 20
Lithuania 28 calendar days.[19] 20
Luxembourg At least 25 working days[20] plus 10 public holidays 25
Malaysia Starts at 8 days for first 2 years employment with an employer. Increases to 12 days for between 2 and 5 years employment and 16 days for 5 or more years. 8
Maldives 30
Malta 24 working days (192 hours) 24
Moldova All employees have the right to an annual paid holiday, with duration of not less than 28 calendar days without taking into account the non working holidays. Employees of special sectors (education, health service, public service, etc.) can be granted annual leave of a different duration.[2] 20
Mexico Starts at minimum 6 days for the 1 year of employment. Increases to 8 days after the second year, to 10 days after the third year, 12 days after the fourth year, and to 14 days from year 5 to year 9; then every 5 years increases two days. 6
Mongolia 15 working days for the 1 year of employment. Increase up to 29 working days after 32 years of employment. 48 working days paid vacation for teachers and professors for all levels of school, kindergarten and university regardless of the number of years of service.[21] 15
Namibia 21 consecutive days, or 1.75 days for every 1 month worked. Some companies do increase leave amounts, depending on how long the employee has worked at the company. 21
Netherlands 20 working days (Paid leave is equivalent to the employee's number of working days in a week multiplied by four, i.e. 20 for full-time employees.[22]) 20
New Zealand 20 days as of April 1, 2007 20
Norway 21 working days (lots of companies as well as public sector gives 25) 21
Pakistan 14 days after 1 year employment. 10
Paraguay 10
Panama 30 consecutive days 20
Peru 30 calendar days, which includes weekend days. Effectively, 20 to 22 working days. 21
Philippines 5 days, rendered at least 1 year of service is entitled to a yearly service incentive leave. 5
Poland 20 working days per year during the first 10 years of employment and 26 working days thereafter. Secondary and tertiary education partially counts towards employment time,[23] ranging from 3 years for basic vocational school, up to 8 years for Masters degree. 20
Portugal 22 working days, with 100% extra pay. 22
Puerto Rico 15
Romania 20 working days[2] 20
Russia 28 calendar days (52 in extreme north regions) {for militaries 30/45 days except for drafted}. 20
San Marino All workers are entitled to annual leave with pay, varying from 1 to more than 15 years’ service from 10 to 20 days a year for wage earners and from 1 to more than 12 years’ service from 10 to 12 days a year for salaried employees and intermediary staff.[2] 10
Saudi Arabia 21 working day and 30 days after 5 years of employment. 21
Serbia 20 working days minimum (effectively 4 weeks, law defines working week as 5 working days for purpose of paid vacation), plus 9 bank holidays and up to two more days depending on religion of employee. 20
Singapore For regular employees, 7 days with 1 additional day per year up to a maximum of 14 days. No statutory minimum leave for seamen, domestic workers, or employees in managerial or executive positions.[24] 7
Slovakia 20 days, 25 days after reaching the age of 33 years. 20
Slovenia 20 working days of leave. 20
South Africa 21 consecutive days, or 1 day for every 17 days worked, or 1 hour for every 17 hours worked,[25] Regular workers may take a further 3 days of family responsibility leave.[26] Leave legislation does not apply to members of the National Defence Force, National Intelligence Agency, South African Secret Service or unpaid volunteers working for a charity. 15
South Korea all workers who do not miss a day of work in one week receive one paid holiday. Employees who do not miss a day of work in a full year are entitled to a 15-day paid vacation and an additional day for each two years of service (maximum of 25 days). Those who do miss days of work should expect a reduction in paid leave time. After the first year of work with a company, every two subsequent years translates into another paid holiday.[27] 15
Spain 22 work days.[28] 22
Sri Lanka 28 working days: 14 maximum annual, 7 casual, and 7 sick leave.[29] 14
Sweden 25 work days minimum 25
Switzerland At least 20 work days. People working in the public sector usually benefit of an additional paid week off; a few companies offer the same benefit to their employees after some years of service. 20
Taiwan 7 days (from 1 to 3 years), 10 days (3 to 5 years), 14 days (5 to 10 years), and one additional day per year until 30 days (10+ years). 7
Tanzania 20
Thailand 6 calendar days[30] 5
Turkey 14 work days for 0–5 years, 20 work days for 5–15 years and 26 days for over 15 years seniority. 14
Tunisia 14
Ukraine 24
United Arab Emirates 24 calendar days (6 months - 1 year of employment); 30 calendar days (>1 year of employment).[31] 20
United Kingdom 28 calendar days (5.6 weeks) These can include the 8 public/bank holidays (9 in Scotland) which otherwise would be unpaid. Many employers will offer 25 days of paid annual leave in addition to the 8 or 9 recognised bank holidays. Paid time off usually increases with years of service. For example, an employee might accrue one extra day for every 5 years of service up to a maximum of 30 days paid leave, exclusive of bank holidays. Some employers will allow staff to purchase or sell holiday, usually a maximum of 5 days.[32] Part-time workers are entitled to the same amount of leave but this is calculated on a pro-rate basis[33] 28
United States 0[34] days. There is no statutory minimum. It is left to the employers to offer paid vacation days as part of the compensation and benefits package. Larger companies will typically offer between 10 and 20 working days, depending on the company and years of service, plus a number of paid public holidays, typically 6-8.[citation needed] Smaller employers may offer no vacations at all.[citation needed] The average number of paid vacation days offered by private employers is 10 days after 1 year of service, 14 days after 5 years, 17 days after 10 years, and 19 days after 20 years.[35] 0
Uruguay 20 working days (from 0 to 5 years seniority), 21 calendar days (from 5 to 8). Afterwards, an additional working day is added every four years.[36] 20
Venezuela 15 paid days for the first year and 1 day extra for every year of service up to 30 days. 15
Vietnam 10

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ghosheh, Naj (2013). "Working conditions laws report 2012: A global review". International Labour Organization. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Travail Legal Database: Working Time in the European Region". Travail: Conditions of Work and Employment Programme. International Labour Organization. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/MONOGRAPH/91026/105342/F265276925/BHR91026%20Eng.pdf
  4. ^ HRSDC "Minimum requirements for annual vacations" http://www.hrsdc.gc.ca/eng/labour/overviews/employment_standards/vacations.shtml
  5. ^ Ministry of Employment and the Economy
  6. ^ TA: Vacation time France, United States
  7. ^ de:Bundesurlaubsgesetz#Gesetzlicher Mindesturlaub
  8. ^ http://www.dw.de/dw/article/0,,15906072,00.html
  9. ^ An employee is entitled to annual leave with pay after having been employed under a continuous contract for every 12 months. "Chapter 4: Rest Days, Holidays and Leaves". A Concise Guide to the Employment Ordinance. Labour Department, Government of HKSAR. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  10. ^ "Tájékoztató a gyermekek utáni szülői pótszabadságról". Ministry for National Economy. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  11. ^ Icelandic law on employment leave
  12. ^ Section 78 of the 1948 Factories Act
  13. ^ חוק חופשה שנתית (Hebrew)
  14. ^ Japan Labor Standards Act
  15. ^ http://www.jacs.org.je/content/43/index.html
  16. ^ Kazakhstan Labour Code, Art. 101
  17. ^ Article 60, Labor Standard Act
  18. ^ http://terms.naver.com/entry.nhn?docId=1132136&cid=40942&categoryId=31705
  19. ^ http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=350635#straipsnis166
  20. ^ http://luxembourg.angloinfo.com/countries/luxembourg/work7.asp
  21. ^ http://www.legalinfo.mn/law/details/9020?lawid=9020
  22. ^ http://www.expatax.nl/workcontracts.php
  23. ^ http://www.infor.pl/prawo/praca/urlopy-pracownicze/286172,Czy-studia-wliczaja-sie-do-stazu-pracy.html
  24. ^ Employment Act (Cap. 91), Sections 2 and 43
  25. ^ http://www.labour.gov.za/legislation/acts/basic-guides/basic-guide-to-annual-leave
  26. ^ http://www.labour.gov.za/legislation/acts/basic-guides/basic-guide-to-family-responsibility-leave
  27. ^ http://www.justlanded.com/english/South-Korea/South-Korea-Guide/Jobs/Working-in-South-Korea
  28. ^ http://www.elpais.com/articulo/economia/Merkel/quiere/armonicen/vacaciones/jubilacion/UE/elpepueco/20110518elpepueco_2/Tes
  29. ^ Shop and Offices Act
  30. ^ Section 30 of the Thai Labour Protection Act (1998)
  31. ^ UAE Labor Law
  32. ^ gov.uk
  33. ^ ClearSky Business - Annual leave entitlement and managing requests
  34. ^ http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/workhours/vacation_leave.htm
  35. ^ http://www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/benefits/2011/ownership/private/table23a.htm
  36. ^ Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social (Uruguay) - Régimen de Licencia [1]