Public holidays in Azerbaijan
Holidays in Azerbaijan were regulated on the Constitution of Azerbaijan SSR for the first time on 19 May, 1921 by the Azeri leader Nariman Narimanov. Through the history non-working days have changed.
December 6 is known as the National day of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies of Azerbaijan.
Public holidays in Azerbaijan include the following:
|Date||English Name||Local Name||Remarks|
|January 1–2||New Year's Day||Yeni il||1 days|
|January 20||Martyrs' Day||Qara Yanvar||Commemorates Black January (1990) when Soviet troops entered Baku and killed more than 130 civilians. Also victims of the Nagorno-Karabakh War (1988) are remembered.|
|March 8||International Women's Day||Qadınlar günü||1 day|
|March 20–26||Spring Festival||Novruz||5 days plus two weekends (beginning in 2011)|
|May 9||Victory Day||Faşizm üzərində qələbə günü||In honor of victory Of USSR over Nazi Germany during WWII.|
|May 28||Republic Day||Respublika günü||Founding of Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan (1918).|
|June 15||National Salvation Day||Azərbaycan xalqının Milli Qurtuluş günü||Parliament invited Heydar Aliyev to Baku to lead the country (1993).|
|June 26||Azerbaijan Armed Forces Day||Azərbaycan Respublikasının Silahlı Qüvvələri günü|
|November 9||Flag Day||Dövlət Bayrağı Günü|
|December 31||International Solidarity Day||Dünya azərbaycanlıların həmrəyliyi günü||Inspired by the fall of the Berlin Wall, the nationalist Popular Front of Azerbaijan called for and lead the removal of borders between Soviet Azerbaijan and Iran on December 31, 1989. This has since been celebrated by Azeris around the world as the International Solidarity Day of Azerbaijanis.|
|Changes due to Lunar Calendar||Ramazan Bayrami||Ramazan Bayramı||2 days|
|Changes due to Lunar Calendar||Gurban Bayrami||Qurban Bayrami||2 days|
National days in Azerbaijan that are working days follows:
- December 6 – Day of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies
- January 30 – Day of Azerbaijani customs
- February 2 – Day of Youth in Azerbaijan
- February 11 – Day of Revenue Service
- February 26 – Day of Remembrance for Victims of Khojaly massacre
- March 5 – Day of Physical Culture and Sport
- March 28 – Day of National Security
- March 31 – Day of Genocide of Azerbaijanis (March Days)
- March 23 – Day of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources
- April 10 – Day of the builder
- May 10 – Flower Festival
- June 2 – Day of Civil Aviation
- June 5 – day reclamation
- June 18 Human Rights Day
- June 20 – Day of the gas sector
- July 2 – Day of Azerbaijani police
- July 9 – Day of the employees of the diplomatic service
- July 22 – National Press Day in Azerbaijan
- August 1 – Day of Azerbaijani language and alphabet.
- August 2 – National Day of Azerbaijani cinema
- September 15 – Day of Knowledge
- September 18 – Day of National Music
- September 20 – Day of Azerbaijani Oil / Oil Workers' Day
- October 1 – Day of prosecutors in Azerbaijan
- October 13 – Day of Azerbaijani Railway
- October 18 – Independence Day (from Soviet Union)
- November 6 – Day of Baku Metro
- November 12 – Constitution Day
- November 22 – Day of Justice of Azerbaijan
- December 6 – Day of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies of Azerbaijan
- December 16 – Day of Azerbaijani Ministry of Emergency Situations
Only the holidays of Ramadan and Qurban remains as non-working religious days in Azerbaijan as the country is highly secular and irreligious. The religious population of the country, mainly in Nardaran and number of other villages, regions do celebrate the Day of Ashura, a Shia mourning day in the Islamic calendar. Religious minorities of the country – mainly Orthodox Christians and Jews do also celebrate the notable religious days of their faith. Despite of the holiday Novruz takes its roots from the religion of Zoroastranism, almost all Azerbaijanians celebrates it as a holiday of spring.
Opposition to the government of the former president of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev and his successors are critical of the Flower Festival commemorating Aliyev's birthday and of National Salvation Day, which they see as marking the seizure of power of a fraudulently elected despot.
- Constitution of Republic of Azerbaijan
- Esslemont, Tom (20 January 2010). "BBC News – Azerbaijan remembers Martyrs' Day". BBC Online. Retrieved 20 January 2012.
- Breaking Down The Azerbaijani-Iranian Border Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
- 2 February-Youth Day in Azerbaijan
- http://www.news.az/articles/society/82741 Azerbaijan marks Oil Workers’ Day
- http://www.azerbaijans.com/content_572_en.html Office of Public Prosecutor of the Republic of Azerbaijan
- South Travels – Azerbaijan
- GALLUP WorldView – data accessed on 17 january 2009
- Azerbaijan's Udin ethnic minority celebrates Easter.
- National Salvation Day? – Azeri report.