Brčko District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brčko Distrikt Bosne i Hercegovine
Distrikt Brčko Bosne i Hercegovine
Брчко дистрикт Босне и Херцеговине
Location of Brčko in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Brčko in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates: 44°52′0″N 18°47′0″E / 44.86667°N 18.78333°E / 44.86667; 18.78333Coordinates: 44°52′0″N 18°47′0″E / 44.86667°N 18.78333°E / 44.86667; 18.78333
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Established by Final Arbitration Decision 5 March 1999
Government
 • Mayor Anto Domić (HDZ BiH)
 • President of the District Assembly Đorđa Kojić (SNSD)
 • International Supervisor
(Suspended)
Tamir Waser[1]
Area
 • Total 493 km2 (173 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 93,028
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 76100
Area code(s) (+387) 49
ISO 3166 code BA-BRC
Website Official Web Site,
Official District Assembly Website
Official District Prosecutor Web Site
Map of the District
Dayton boundary lines before the formation of the Brčko District

The Brčko District (pronounced [br̩̂t͡ʃkɔː]; Bosnian: Brčko Distrikt; Croatian: Distrikt Brčko; Serbian: Брчко дистрикт/ Brčko Distrikt) in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina is a neutral, self-governing administrative unit, under the sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is formally part of both BiH entities: the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The seat of the district is the city of Brčko.

History[edit]

The Brčko District was established after an arbitration process undertaken by the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to Dayton Peace Accords however, the process could only arbitrate the disputed portion of the Inter-Entity Boundary Line (IEBL).[2] The Brčko District was formed of the entire territory of the former Brčko municipality, of which 48% (including Brčko city) was in the Republika Srpska, while 52% was in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. After the war, the EU has maintained a diplomatic peace-keeping presence in the area.

In 2006 under the Supervisory Order all "Entity legislation in Brčko District and the IEBL" were abolished. The ruling made by the Brčko Supervisor Susan Johnson abolishes all Entity Laws in the District, as well as abolishing the Entity Border Line. The ruling makes the Laws of the District and the Laws of the State of Bosnia and Herzegovina (including the laws of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina) paramount within the District.[3]

Brčko was the only element in the Dayton Peace Agreement which was not finalized. The arbitration agreement was finalized in March 1999 resulting in a "district" as mentioned above which was to be administrated by Principal Deputy High Representative who is also ex officio the Brčko International Supervisor.

Following PIC meeting on 23 May 2012, it was decided to suspend, not terminate, the mandate of Brčko International Supervisor. Brčko Arbitral Tribunal, together with the suspended Brčko Supervision, will still continue to exist.[4]

The first Brčko International Supervisor arrived in April 1997. Prior to that time, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) had a modest office headed by Randolph Hampton. During the interim time before the District of Brčko could be represented post arbitration agreement, local elections were held, humanitarian relief was provided with cooperation from USAID and ECHO. The District became known as a center for different state building programs run by foreign governments, particularly the United States. For a history of the District since the end of the Bosnian war in 1995, see Matthew Parish, A Free City in the Balkans: Reconstructing a Divided Society in Bosnia (I.B.Tauris 2009).

Population[edit]

1961 census[edit]

According to 1961 census Municipality of Brčko had 62,952 inhabitants, including:


1971 census[edit]

According to 1971 census Municipality of Brčko had 74,771 inhabitants, including:


1981 census[edit]

According to 1981 census Municipality of Brčko had 82,768 inhabitants, including:


1991 census[edit]

According to 1991 census Municipality of Brčko had 87,627 inhabitants, including:


Government and politics[edit]

There are 29 seats in the Assembly of the Brčko District. The seats are divided as follows:[5]

By party:

By ethnicity:

By gender:

  • 26 men
  • 3 women

Settlements[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Brčko district is twinned with:

See also[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]