MILAN 1 missile
|Place of origin||France
|Used by||See users|
|Number built||350,000 missiles, 10,000 launchers|
MILAN (French: Missile d´infanterie léger antichar; English: Anti-Tank Light Infantry Missile, "milan(e)" is French and German for "kite") is a European anti-tank guided missile. Design of the MILAN started in 1962. It was ready for trials in 1971, and was accepted for service in 1972. It is a wire guided SACLOS (Semi-Automatic Command to Line-Of-Sight) missile, which means the sight of the launch unit has to be aimed at the target to guide the missile. The MILAN can be equipped with a MIRA thermal sight, or MILIS to give it night-firing ability.
|This section requires expansion. (November 2008)|
MILAN is a French and German missile that has been license-built by Italy, Spain, Britain and India. As it is guided by wire by an operator, this missile can avoid most countermeasures (flares and chaffs). The drawbacks are its short range, the exposure of the operator, and that it requires a skilled and well-trained operator.
- MILAN 1: Single, Main Shaped Charge Warhead (1972), calibre 103 mm
- MILAN 2: Single, Main Shaped Charge Warhead, with standoff probe to increase penetration (1984) - see photo to right, calibre 115 mm
- MILAN 2T: Single main Shaped Charge, with smaller shape charge warhead at end of standoff probe to defeat reactive armour (1993)
- MILAN 3: Tandem, Shaped Charge Warheads (1996) and electronic beacon
- MILAN ER: Extended Range (3000 m) and improved penetration
The later MILAN models have tandem HEAT warheads. This was done to keep pace with developments in Soviet armour technology. Soviet tanks began to appear with explosive reactive armour, which could defeat earlier ATGMs. The smaller precursor HEAT warhead penetrates and detonates the ERA tiles, paving the way for the main HEAT warhead to penetrate the armour behind.
- FANT (Chadian Army) infantry
- Mounted on light vehicles. 220 units are used.
- Irish Army: Was used by the infantry but has since been replaced by the FGM-148 Javelin.
- Libyan Army and Libyan Rebels
- South Africa
- Spanish Army: Upgraded to Milan 2/2T.
- Syrian Army: About 1000 missiles used in the anti-vehicular division
- Tunisian Armed Forces: Tunisia has a total of 500 MILAN ATGM missiles.
- United Kingdom
- Royal Marines and British Army
- Infantry and on FV120 Spartan MCT (MILAN Compact Turret) version. Over 50,000 missiles purchased so far, for use in the British Armed Forces. The MILAN was used against Argentine bunkers in the Falklands War with great success  and in Gulf War, where MILAN was used against modified T-55 Iraq tank. Tank survived.  It was replaced by the FGM-148 Javelin in mid-2005.
German Army MILAN equipped with an AGDUS combat simulator
See also 
- Belgium selects Spike missile to replace Milan - Armyrecognition.com, January 3, 2013
- France replacing Milan - Strategypage.com
- Zaloga (2004), p. 36.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: MILAN|
- Technical data sheet on the website of MBDA
- Information about The British Army's Milan 2
- Video link