|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2012)|
|Industry||Animation studio and production enterprise|
|Founded||October 17, 1972|
|Founders||Masao Maruyama, Osamu Dezaki, Rintaro, Yoshiaki Kawajiri|
|Headquarters||Honchō, Nakano, Tokyo|
|Key people||Masahiro Takahashi (Representative Director and President)|
|Owners||Nippon Television (95%)
Sony Pictures Entertainment
Hakuhodo DY Media Partners
Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation
|Employees||70 (including contractors)|
|Parent||Nippon Television (since 2011)|
|Subsidiaries||Madbox Co., Ltd.|
MADHOUSE Inc. (株式会社マッドハウス Kabushiki-gaisha Maddohausu?) is a Japanese animation studio, founded in 1972 by ex–Mushi Pro animators, including Masao Maruyama, Osamu Dezaki, Rintaro, and Yoshiaki Kawajiri.
Madhouse has created and helped to produce many well known shows, starting with TV anime series Ace o Nerae! (produced by Tokyo Movie) in 1973, and including western favourites Ninja Scroll, Vampire Hunter D: Bloodlust, Trigun, Di Gi Charat and Death Note. Unlike other studios founded at this time such as AIC and J.C.Staff, their strength was and is primarily in TV shows and theatrical features. Expanding from the initial Mushi Pro staff, Madhouse recruited such important directors as Morio Asaka, Masayuki Kojima, and Satoshi Kon during the 1990s. Their staff roster expanded in the 2000s to include Mamoru Hosoda, Takeshi Koike, and Mitsuo Iso, as well as many younger television directors. The studio was also responsible for the first Beyblade anime series as well as the Dragon Drive anime, and the 2011 anime adaptation of Hunter × Hunter .
The studio often collaborates with known manga artists, including Naoki Urasawa and Clamp. Madhouse produced adaptations of Urasawa's Yawara!, Master Keaton and Monster, with Masayuki Kojima helming the later two. The company has animated a number of CLAMP's titles, including Tokyo Babylon, two versions of X a theatrical movie and a TV series, Cardcaptor Sakura, Chobits, and CLAMP in Wonderland.
On February 8, 2011, Nippon Television became Madhouse's primary stockholder (replacing Index Corporation), via a third-party allocation of new shares. NTV bought 128,667 new shares (each ¥7,772) issued by Madhouse for ¥999,999,924 total (about $12.4 million), raising its stake in the company from 10.4% to 84.5%. Index Corporation's stake in Madhouse fell from 60.91% to 10.54%.
In March 2014, NTV bought all the shares belonging to Index Corporation, increasing its stake in Madhouse to 95%.
The studio employs approximately 70 employees, with employment levels varying depending on the number of productions currently underway. Additionally, the company has invested in the Korean animation studio DR Movie.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2013)|
In the late 1990s, the studio aimed at a younger female audience with Morio Asaka's two Cardcaptor Sakura films, based on the popular television series.
In the early 2000s, an ambitious collaboration with Tezuka Productions resulted in Metropolis, directed by Rintaro and adapted from the manga by Osamu Tezuka. Earlier collaborations with Tezuka productions included two feature-length films made for Sanrio starring Tezuka's unicorn character Unico.
Director Satoshi Kon produced all four of his films with the studio: Perfect Blue, Millennium Actress, Tokyo Godfathers, and Paprika, as well as his TV series Paranoia Agent. Kon was also making his fifth film the Dreaming Machine with Madhouse, although it was left incomplete at his death in 2010.
In 2003, Madhouse produced Nasu: Summer in Andalusia, which was adapted from the seinen manga Nasu by Iou Kuroda and directed by Studio Ghibli veteran Kitarō Kōsaka. Nasu was the first Japanese animated film ever selected for screening at the renowned Cannes Film Festival. Kōsaka followed up his film with an OVA sequel in 2007.
Recent productions included Masayuki Kojima's theatrical debut Piano no Mori (2007), Hosoda's acclaimed Summer Wars (2009), Sunao Katabuchi's Mai Mai Miracle (2009), the company's first CG animated film, Yona Yona Penguin (2009), Takeshi Koike's feature film debut Redline (2009), a theatrical version of the Trigun series, Trigun: Badlands Rumble (2010), and The Tibetan Dog, a co-production with China (2011).
The first film in the Hunter × Hunter franchise, Hunter × Hunter: Phantom Rouge premiered on January 12, 2013.
Madhouse co-produced Wolf Children (2012) with Mamoru Hosoda's Studio Chizu.
Collectively, Madhouse films have won a total of two Japan Academy Prizes, three Grand Prizes in Animation Division at Japan Media Arts Festival, two Gertie Awards, six Mainichi Film Awards (three Ōfuji Noburō Awards, and three Animation Grand Awards), two Tokyo Anime Awards for Animation of the Year, and five Animation Kobe Feature Film Awards.
- Ace of Diamond
- Allison & Lillia
- The Ambition of Oda Nobuna
- The Animatrix (Program and World Record)
- Anne no Nikki
- Aoi Bungaku
- Aquarian Age: Sign for Evolution
- Arata-naru Sekai
- Barefoot Gen
- Batman: Gotham Knight (In Darkness Dwells and Deadshot)
- Battle Angel
- Beck: Mongolian Chop Squad
- Bio Hunter
- Birdy the Mighty
- Black Lagoon
- Bobby's In Deep!
- Bomberman B-Daman Bakugaiden
- Bomberman B-Daman Bakugaiden Victory
- Boogiepop Phantom
- Cardcaptor Sakura
- Carried by the Wind: Tsukikage Ran
- Casshern Sins
- Chance Pop Session
- Chi's Sweet Home
- The Cockpit (Slipstream)
- Constant Payne
- Cyber City Oedo 808
- The Dagger of Kamui
- Death Billiards
- Death Note
- Demon City Shinjuku
- Dennō Coil
- Devil Hunter Yohko
- Devil May Cry
- Di Gi Charat
- Doomed Megalopolis
- Dragon Drive
- Dreaming Machine
- Final Fantasy: Legend of the Crystals
- Galaxy Angel
- The Girl Who Leapt Through Time
- Goku Midnight Eye
- Gunslinger Girl
- Hajime no Ippo
- Hanada Shōnen Shi
- Hellsing Ultimate (episode 5-7)
- Hidamari no Ki
- Highlander: The Search for Vengeance
- Highschool of the Dead
- Hunter × Hunter (2011 version)
- Ichigo 100%
- The Irregular at Magic High School
- Kamen no Maid Guy
- Lament of the Lamb
- Last Order: Final Fantasy VII
- Legend of the Galactic Heroes (1st season)
- Lensman: Secret of The Lens
- Magic User's Club (TV series)
- Magical Nyan Nyan Taruto
- Magical Shopping Arcade Abenobashi
- Magical Warfare
- Mai Mai Miracle
- Majin Tantei Nougami Neuro
- Marvel Anime
- Master Keaton
- Memories (Stink Bomb)
- Mermaid's Scar
- Millennium Actress
- Mirage of Blaze
- Mōryō no Hako
- Nasu: Summer in Andalusia
- Natsu e no Tobira
- Neo Tokyo
- Night Warriors: Darkstalkers' Revenge
- Ninja Scroll
- Nobody's Boy: Remi
- No Game No Life
- Oh! Edo Rocket
- Oku-sama wa Joshi Kōsei
- One Outs
- Otogi-Jūshi Akazukin
- Paradise Kiss
- Paranoia Agent
- Perfect Blue
- Pet Shop of Horrors
- Phantom Quest Corp.
- Photo Kano
- Piano no Mori
- The Princess and the Pilot
- Princess Resurrection
- Rainbow: Nisha Rokubō no Shichinin
- Record of Lodoss War
- Reign: The Conqueror
- Sakura Wars (TV series)
- Shingu: Secret of the Stellar Wars
- Solatorobo: Red the Hunter
- Sōten Kōro
- Space Pirate Captain Herlock: The Endless Odyssey
- A Spirit of the Sun
- Stitch! (Disney Television Animation)
- The Story of Saiunkoku
- Strawberry Panic!
- Street Fighter
- Summer Wars
- Sunday Without God
- Super Doll Licca-chan
- Supernatural: The Animation
- Sweet Valerian
- The Tatami Galaxy
- Tenjho Tenge
- The Tibetan Dog
- Toki no Tabibito -Time Stranger-
- Tokyo Babylon
- Tokyo Godfathers
- Tokyo Tribe 2
- Top Secret ~The Revelation~
- Trava: Fist Planet
- True Peakock King
- Tsuki no Warutsu
- Twilight of the Cockroaches
- Twilight of the Dark Master
- Ultraviolet: Code 044
- Uninhabited Planet Survive!
- Vampire Hunter D: Bloodlust
- Wicked City
- A Wind Named Amnesia
- Wing Commander Academy
- The Wolf Children Ame and Yuki
- WXIII: Patlabor the Movie 3
- Yona Yona Penguin
- Yousei Ou
- Yume Tsukai
- Zetsuai 1989
They collaborated with Studio Ghibli by contributing animation to Hayao Miyazaki's My Neighbor Totoro (1988), Spirited Away (2001), and Howl's Moving Castle (2004), as well as Tomomi Mochizuki's I Can Hear the Sea (1993) and Goro Miyazaki's Tales from Earthsea (2006).
Madhouse also collaborated with Disney for the anime Stitch! for its first and second arcs (equal to 56 episodes total), between 2008 and 2010. They also animated the intro cutscene to PlayStation video game Wild Arms.
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- "NTV to Make Madhouse Anime Studio Its Subsidiary". Anime News Network. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-04-12.
- Schilling, Mark (2011-02-08). "Japan's NTV to take over Madhouse". Variety. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
- 子会社の第三者割当による新株式発行に伴う子会社の異動に関するお知らせ (PDF) (in Japanese). Index Corp. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2013-04-24.
- "Animation production for Peanuts begins!". Madhouse Inc. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
- "DR Movie History". DR Movie. Retrieved 2012-07-05.
- 採用に関するご案内 - マッドボックス (in Japanese). Madhouse Inc. 2013-07-30. Archived from the original on 2013-08-07. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
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- "Devil #1 :: Profile :: Dark Horse Comics". Darkhorse.com. 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2013-05-25.
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