Metro (Oregon regional government)

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Metropolitan Service District
Metro-logo.png
Agency overview
Formed 1993 (1993)
Preceding agencies Metropolitan Service District (1979–1992)
Columbia Region Association of Governments (1966–1978)
Metropolitan Service District (1957–1966)
Type Metropolitan planning organization
Jurisdiction Portland metropolitan area
Headquarters Portland, Oregon
Employees 750 (2011-12 fiscal year, Decrease 0.9%)[1]
Annual budget $389 million (2011-12 fiscal year, Decrease 9.7%)[1]
Agency executives Tom Hughes, President
Suzanne Flynn, Auditor
Website www.oregonmetro.gov

Metro, formerly known as Metropolitan Service District, is the regional governmental agency for the Oregon portion of the Portland metropolitan area. It is the only directly elected metropolitan planning organization in the United States.[2]

History and evolution[edit]

Metro in its current form evolved from Columbia Region Association of Governments (CRAG) (1966–1978) and a predecessor Metropolitan Service District (MSD) (1957–1966).[2] Measure 6, a 1978 statewide ballot measure established Metro, effective January 1, 1979. In 1992 voters approved a home-rule charter that identified Metro's primary mission as planning and policy making to preserve and enhance the quality of life and the environment, and changed the agency's name to Metro. This charter was amended in November 2000 when Ballot Measure 26-10 was passed by voters, although the principal changes did not take effect until January 2003.[3] The measure eliminated the Executive Office and reorganized executive staff. The position of Executive Officer, elected by voters, was merged with that of council presiding officer, chosen annually by fellow Metro councilors, creating the position of Metro council president.[3] As of 2002, the agency had about 700 employees.[3]

The agency's first president was David Bragdon, who served in the office from January 2003 until September 2010.[4]

According to the 2010 census, the average district population is 248,362 and the current population is as follows:[5][6]

District Includes (as of 2010) 2010 Population Change since 2000 census
  1 Fairview, Gresham, Maywood Park, Troutdale, Wood Village, Happy Valley, Damascus, Boring and portions of East Portland  253,858 +2.21%
  2 Gladstone, Johnson City, Lake Oswego, Milwaukie, Oregon City, Rivergrove, West Linn, a portion of Southwest Portland and unincorporated parts of Clackamas County, including Stafford north of I-205  230,157 -7.33%
  3 Most of Beaverton and all of Durham, King City, Sherwood, Tigard, Tualatin and Wilsonville, plus portions of Stafford south of I-205  248,541 +0.07%
  4 Northern Washington County, including cities of Cornelius, Hillsboro, Forest Grove, and northwest portion of Beaverton, plus communities of Aloha, Bonny Slope, Bethany, Raleigh Hills, West Slope, Cedar Mill and Cedar Hills  272,566 +9.75%
  5 All of North and Northwest Portland and portions of Northeast, Southeast and Southwest Portland (including downtown)  245,890 -1.00%
  6 Portions of Southwest, Southeast and Northeast Portland  239,159 -3.71%

Since the 2010 census revealed districts 2 and 4 populations changed by more than 5%, Metro boundaries had to change.[6] In May 2011, Metro announced changes in its district boundaries, ensuring that effective January 2013 all districts are within 3.5 percent of the average district population. The changes include the following:[7]

  • District 1 will no longer include Happy Valley (now in District 2) and Maywood Park (moved to District 5);
  • District 2 will include all of the Stafford area within Metro’s jurisdiction (the portion of Stafford south of Interstate 205 was previously in District 3);
  • District 4 will be entirely within Washington County.
  • District 5 will also include an area in Washington County north of U.S. 26 and north and east of the Beaverton city limits (the Cedar Mill area), which was previously in District 4.
  • District 6 will be entirely within Multnomah County.

As July 2011, the start of Metro's 2011-12 fiscal year, Metro had a $389 million total budget, down 9.7% from the previous year; allowed headcount was 750, down seven employees from the previous year.[1]

Areas of responsibility[edit]

Structure[edit]

Metro is governed by a council president elected region-wide, currently Tom Hughes, and six councilors who are elected by district (Shirley Craddick, District 1; Carlotta Collette, District 2; Craig Dirksen, District 3; Kathryn Harrington, District 4; Sam Chase, District 5; and Bob Stacey, District 6). Metro also has an auditor — currently Suzanne Flynn — who is elected region-wide. Each serves a four-year term. The council appoints a chief operating officer and an attorney.

Master plan[edit]

Metro's master plan for the Portland region includes transit-oriented development: this approach, part of the new urbanism, promotes mixed-use and high-density development around light rail stops and transit centers, and the investment of the metropolitan area's share of federal tax dollars into multiple modes of transportation. Metro's master plan also includes multiple town centers, smaller versions of the city center, scattered throughout the metropolitan area.

In 1995 Metro introduced the 2040 plan as a way to define long term growth planning. The 2040 Growth Concept[8] is designed to accommodate 780,000 additional people and 350,000 jobs by 2040. This plan has created some criticism from environmentalists, but few consider it a threat to Portland's legacy of urban growth management.

An April 2004 study in the Journal of the American Planning Association tried to quantify the effects of Metro's plans on Portland's urban form. While the report cautioned against finding a direct link between any single one policy and any improvements in Portland's urban form, it showed strong correlation between Metro's 2040 plan and various west-side changes in Portland. Changes cited include increased density and mixed-use development as well as improved pedestrian/non-automobile accessibility.

Cities served by Metro[edit]

Metro serves 25 cities in Clackamas, Multnomah, and Washington counties (as well as unincorporated parts of those counties):

Districts[edit]

Metro districts and the councilors representing them as of February 2011:

  1. Shirley Craddick (Fairview, Gresham, Happy Valley, Maywood Park, Troutdale, Wood Village, Damascus and portions of East Portland).
  2. Carlotta Collette (a portion of southwest Portland and most of urban Clackamas County including Gladstone, Johnson City, Lake Oswego, Milwaukie, Oak Grove, Oregon City, Rivergrove and West Linn).
  3. Craig Dirksen (portions of Washington and Clackamas counties and the cities of Beaverton, Durham, King City, Sherwood, Tigard, Tualatin and Wilsonville).[10] Dirksen was elected to this position in May 2012[11] and took office in January 2013.[12]
  4. Kathryn Harrington (Northern Washington County, Cornelius, Hillsboro, Forest Grove, Northwest Beaverton, Aloha, Bonny Slope, Raleigh Hills, West Slope, Cedar Mill and Cedar Hills).
  5. Sam Chase (Northwest and North Portland, portions of Southwest and Northeast Portland, plus the city of Maywood Park and part of Washington County).[13] Chase was elected to this position in May 2012[11] and took office in January 2013.[12]
  6. Bob Stacey (portions of Northeast, Southeast and Southwest Portland).[14] Stacey was elected to this position in May 2012[11] and took office in January 2013, succeeding Barbara Roberts, who had been appointed to the seat and chose not to run for election to the position.[12]

As of January 2013,[dated info] the districts will change:[7]

  • District 1 will include all of Fairview, Gresham, Troutdale, Wood Village and Damascus, Boring and unincorporated areas in Multnomah County east of Gresham and Troutdale. It will also include all of Portland east of 122nd Ave. (and east of 112th Ave. south of Foster Road). District 1 will no longer include the cities of Happy Valley (now in District 2) and Maywood Park (now in District 5).
  • District 2 will include all of Happy Valley, Gladstone, Johnson City, Lake Oswego, Milwaukie, Oregon City, Rivergrove and West Linn, along with many unincorporated areas in northern Clackamas County. It will also include a portion of Southwest Portland and unincorporated Multnomah County to the east and south of Interstate 5 and south of SW Canby Street east of Brier Place. The district will include all of the Stafford area within Metro’s jurisdiction (the portion of Stafford south of Interstate 205 was previously in District 3).
  • District 3 will include all of Beaverton to the south of Beaverton-Hillsdale Highway/Farmington Road east of Watson St., south of Broadway between Watson St. and Cedar Hills Blvd., and to the south of Tualatin Valley Highway west of Cedar Hills Blvd. It also includes of Durham, King City, Sherwood, Tigard, Tualatin and Wilsonville, plus the unincorporated communities of Aloha (south of Tualatin Valley Hwy., which was previously in District 4), Raleigh Hills (south of Beaverton-Hillsdale Hwy.), Bull Mountain, Garden Home and Metzger. It will no longer include any portion of Stafford.
  • District 4 will include all of Forest Grove, Cornelius and Hillsboro. It will also include a portion of Beaverton and unincorporated areas in Washington County to the north of Beaverton-Hillsdale Hwy./Farmington Rd. east of Watson St., north of Broadway between Watson St. and Cedar Hills Blvd., and to the north of Tualatin Valley Hwy. west of Cedar Hills Blvd., except for the community of Cedar Mill lying north of U.S. Hwy. 26 and north and east of Beaverton city limits, which will become part of District 5. District 4 will include the unincorporated communities of Aloha (north of Tualatin Valley Highway), Raleigh Hills (north of Beaverton-Hillsdale Highway), Bonny Slope, Bethany, West Slope and Cedar Hills. District 4 will be entirely within Washington County.
  • District 5 will include all of North and Northwest Portland, all of Southwest Portland north of U.S. Hwy. 26 (including downtown), and all of Northeast Portland north of Interstate 84 and west of 122nd Ave. District 5 will include Maywood Park, which was previously in District 1. District 5 will also include an area in Washington County north of Hwy. 26 and north and east of the Beaverton city limits (the Cedar Mill area), which was previously in District 4.
  • District 6 will include all of the east side of Portland south of Interstate 84 and west of 122nd Ave. (except for the portion south of Foster Rd. and east of 112th Ave., which will be in District 1). District 6 will also include all of Southwest Portland south of U.S. Hwy. 26, west and north of Interstate 5 and north of Canby St. east of Brier Pl. District 6 will be entirely within Multnomah County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Metro's Approved budget". Metro. May 19, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  2. ^ a b Carl Abbott. "Metro". The Oregon Encyclopedia. 
  3. ^ a b c Oppenheimer, Laura (November 20, 2002). "Bragdon to lead streamlined Metro". The Oregonian, p. C1.
  4. ^ Crombie, Noelle (August 11, 2010). "Metro chief David Bragdon leaving for top New York City post". The Oregonian. Retrieved January 23, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Metro: New Metro Council district boundaries". Metro. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  6. ^ a b "Metro proposes redrawing its six districts". Daily Journal of Commerce. 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  7. ^ a b "New Metro Council district boundaries". Metro. May 19, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  8. ^ "Metro: Making the Greatest Place". Metro. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  9. ^ "Tom Hughes". Metro. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-08-15. 
  10. ^ "About Craig Dirksen". Metro. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c Mortenson, Eric (May 15, 2012). "Bob Stacey and Sam Chase win election to Metro Council; Craig Dirksen wins without opposition". The Oregonian. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c "Three Metro Councilors will be sworn in at Monday inauguration". Metro. January 4, 2013. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  13. ^ "About Sam Chase". Metro. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  14. ^ "About Bob Stacey". Metro. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 

External links[edit]