New Zealand general election, 1960

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New Zealand general election, 1960
New Zealand
1957 ←
members
26 November 1960 (1960-11-26)
→ 1963
members

All 80 seats in the New Zealand Parliament
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout 1,170,503 (89.8%)
  First party Second party
  Keith Holyoake (1960).jpg Walter Nash (ca 1940s).jpg
Leader Keith Holyoake Walter Nash
Party National Labour
Leader since 1957 1951
Leader's seat Pahiatua Hutt
Last election 39 seats, 44.2% 41 seats, 48.3%
Seats won 46 34
Seat change Increase 7 Decrease 7
Popular vote 557,046 508,179
Percentage 47.6% 43.4%
Swing Increase 3.4% Decrease 4.9%

Prime Minister before election

Walter Nash
Labour

Elected Prime Minister

Keith Holyoake
National

The 1960 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 33rd term. It saw the governing Labour Party defeated by the National Party, putting an end to the short second Labour government.

Background[edit]

The Labour Party had won the 1957 elections by a narrow margin, beginning New Zealand's second period of Labour government. However, the new administration soon lost its narrow lead in public opinion, with its financial policies being the principal cause of dissatisfaction. The so-called "Black Budget", introduced by Arnold Nordmeyer, increased taxes substantially, with particularly large increases for alcohol and tobacco taxes; Labour became widely seen as both miserly and puritanical. The government defended its tax increases as a necessary measure to avert a balance of payments crisis, but the opposition, led by Keith Holyoake, made substantial gains out of the issue.

The election[edit]

The date for the main 1960 elections was 26 November. 1,310,742 people were registered to vote, and turnout was 89.8%. This turnout was slightly lower than what had been recorded in the previous elections. The number of seats being contested was 80, a number which had been fixed since 1902.

Results[edit]

The 1960 election saw the governing Labour Party defeated by a twelve-seat margin. It had previously held a two-seat majority. Labour won a total of 34 seats, while the National Party won 46.[1] In the popular vote, Labour won 43.42% to National's 47.59%,[2] becoming the second National government.

The Social Credit Party won 8.62% of the vote, but no seats.[3] Three of their candidates missed the nomination deadline, and the opening address of P. H. Matthews was not noteworthy.

Three new National members of parliament were called the Young Turks: Peter Gordon, Duncan MacIntyre and Robert Muldoon.[4] The other new National MPs were Esme Tombleson, Bill Brown, Harry Lapwood, Logan Sloane, Bert Walker, and Dan Riddiford.[5]

Party Leader Votes Percentage Seats won change
National Keith Holyoake 557,046 47.6% 46 +7
Labour Walter Nash 508,179 43.4% 34 -7
Social Credit P. H. Matthews 100,905 8.6% 0
Communist 2,423 0.2% 0
Others (including independents) 1,950 0.2 0
National win 1,170,503 100% 80

The (incomplete) table below shows the results of the 1960 general election:

Key

 National    Labour    Social Credit  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1960[6]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton Richard Gerard 2,558 G Glassey (Labour)
Auckland Central Bill Anderton Norman Douglas (N/A)
Avon John Mathison (N/A)
Awarua Gordon Grieve (N/A)
Bay of Plenty Percy Allen (N/A)
Buller Clarence Skinner (N/A)
Christchurch Central Robert Macfarlane (N/A)
Clutha James Roy Peter Gordon (N/A)
Dunedin Central Philip Connolly (N/A)
Dunedin North Ethel McMillan (N/A)
Eden Duncan Rae John Rae (N/A)
Egmont William Sheat (N/A)
Fendalton Jack Watts Harry Lake 2,722 Bill Rowling (Labour)
Franklin Alfred E. Allen (N/A)
Gisborne Reginald Keeling Esme Tombleson (N/A)
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett (N/A)
Hamilton Lance Adams-Schneider 2,583 Basil Arthur (Labour)
Hastings Edwin Keating Duncan MacIntyre (N/A)
Hauraki Arthur Kinsella 2,635 A C Tucker (Labour)
Hawkes Bay Cyril Harker (N/A)
Heretaunga Phil Holloway Ron Bailey (N/A)
Hobson Sidney Walter Smith Logan Sloane 1,401 Vernon Cracknell (Social Credit)
Hurunui William Gillespie (N/A)
Hutt Walter Nash (N/A)
Invercargill Ralph Hanan (N/A)
Island Bay Arnold Nordmeyer (N/A)
Karori Jack Marshall (N/A)
Lyttelton Norman Kirk (N/A)
Manawatu Blair Tennent (N/A)
Manukau Leon Gotz (N/A)
Marlborough Tom Shand (Labour)
Marsden Donald McKay (N/A)
Miramar Bill Fox (N/A)
Mornington Walter Hudson (N/A)
Mt Albert Warren Freer (N/A)
Napier Jim Edwards (N/A)
Nelson Stanley Whitehead (N/A)
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman (N/A)
North Shore Dean Eyre (N/A)
Onehunga Hugh Watt (N/A)
Onslow Henry May (N/A)
Otago Central John George (N/A)
Otahuhu James Deas (N/A)
Otaki James Joseph Maher Allan McCready 2,044 T W Cameron (Labour)
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake (N/A)
Palmerston North Philip Skoglund Bill Brown (N/A)
Patea Roy Jack (N/A)
Petone Michael Moohan (N/A)
Piako William Goosman (N/A)
Ponsonby Ritchie Macdonald (N/A)
Raglan Douglas Carter (N/A)
Rangitikei Norman Shelton (N/A)
Remuera Ronald Algie 6,109 Barry Gustafson (Labour)
Riccarton Mick Connelly (N/A)
Rodney Jack Scott 4,157 Phil Amos (Labour)
Rotorua Ray Boord Harry Lapwood (N/A)
Selwyn John McAlpine (N/A)
Roskill Arthur Faulkner (N/A)
St Albans Neville Pickering Bert Walker 298 Neville Pickering (Labour)
St Kilda William Fraser (N/A)
Stratford Thomas Murray (N/A)
Sydenham Mabel Howard 4,793 Derek Quigley (National)
Tamaki Bob Tizard Robert Muldoon Bob Tizard (Labour)
Tauranga George Walsh (N/A)
Timaru Clyde Carr (N/A)
Waikato Geoffrey Sim (N/A)
Waipa Hallyburton Johnstone (N/A)
Wairarapa Bertie Cooksley (N/A)
Waitakere Rex Mason (N/A)
Waitaki Thomas Hayman (N/A)
Waitemata Norman King (National)
Waitomo David Seath (N/A)
Wallace Brian Talboys (N/A)
Wellington Central Frank Kitts Dan Riddiford (N/A)
Westland James Begg Kent Paddy Blanchfield (N/A)
Whanganui Joseph Cotterill George Spooner (N/A)
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 3,025 H T Reedy (National)
Northern Maori Tapihana Paikea 3,372 G R Harrison (National)
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 3,947 N W Tutaki (National)
Western Maori Iriaka Matiu Ratana 4,666 Pei Te Hurinui Jones (National)

Table footnotes:

Bibliography[edit]

  • The New Zealand Gazette "Members of the House of Representatives Elected - General Election" (20 December 1960) issue 84 page 2002.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 288.
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 290.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 288, 290.
  4. ^ "Obituary: Duncan MacIntyre". The New Zealand Herald. 16 June 2001. Retrieved 16 May 2010. 
  5. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 85.
  6. ^ Norton 1988.

References[edit]

  • New Zealand Politics in Action: the 1960 General Election by R M Chapman, W K Jackson and A V Mitchell (1962, Oxford University Press, London)
  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946-1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.