Nyurbinsky District

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Nyurbinsky District
Нюрбинский улус (Russian)
Ньурба улууhа (Sakha)
Nyurbinsky ulus location.PNG
Location of Nyurbinsky District in the Sakha Republic
Coat of Arms of Nyurba (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2009)
Administrative center town of Nyurba[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
rural okrug 18
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Rural localities 23
Municipal structure (as of December 2008)
Municipally incorporated as Nyurbinsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 18
Statistics
Area (June 2009) 52,400 km2 (20,200 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 15,101 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 0%
- Rural 100%
Density 0.29/km2 (0.75/sq mi)[6]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[7]
Established January 9, 1930[8]
Previous names Leninsky District (until February 5, 1992)[8]
Nyurbinsky District on WikiCommons

Nyurbinsky District (Russian: Нюрби́нский улу́с; Sakha: Ньурба улууһа) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the central western part of the republic and borders with Olenyoksky District in the north, Verkhnevilyuysky District in the east, Suntarsky District in the south and southwest, and with Mirninsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 52,400 square kilometers (20,200 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the town of Nyurba.[2] Population (excluding the administrative center): 15,101 (2010 Census);[5] 15,549 (2002 Census);[9] 28,672 (1989 Census).[10]

Geography[edit]

The district stretches for 275 kilometers (171 mi) from north to south and for 187 kilometers (116 mi) from east to west. The main rivers in the district are the Vilyuy and its tributaries the Markha and the Tyukan.

Climate[edit]

Average January temperature ranges from −36 to −40 °C (−33 to −40 °F) and average July temperature ranges from +16 to +17 °C (61 to 63 °F).[8] Annual precipitation is about 200–250 millimeters (7.9–9.8 in).[8]

History[edit]

The district was established on January 9, 1930.[8] Until February 1992, it was called Leninsky District (Ленинский район).[8]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 1989 Census, the ethnic composition was as follows:[8]

Average age of the population is 29.[8]

Economy[edit]

The economy of the district is mostly based on mining, food industry, forestry, light industry, and agriculture. Major natural resources include diamonds, gold, and brown coal. Diamond mining is mostly carried out by ALROSA company.

Transportation[edit]

The Vilyuy Highway runs through the district, connecting the town of Nyurba with Yakutsk, Vilyuysk, and Mirny.

Inhabited localities[edit]

Municipal composition
Towns / Cities Population Male Female Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Nyurba Urban Settlement
(Нюрба)
10,157 4,710 (46.4%) 5,447 (53.6%)
Rural settlements Population Male Female Rural localities in jurisdiction*
Akaninsky Nasleg
(Аканинский)
538 265 (49.3%) 273 (50.7%)
Bordonsky Nasleg
(Бордонский)
1,918 955 (49.8%) 963 (50.2%)
Dikimdinsky Nasleg
(Дикимдинский)
328 171 (52.1%) 157 (47.9%)
Yedeysky Nasleg
(Едейский)
190 107 (56.3%) 83 (43.7%)
Zharkhansky Nasleg
(Жарханский)
408 219 (53.7%) 189 (46.3%)
Kangalassky Nasleg
(Кангаласский)
608 289 (47.5%) 319 (52.5%)
Kyundyadinsky Nasleg
(Кюндядинский)
1,011 486 (48.1%) 525 (51.9%)
Malzhagarsky Nasleg
(Мальжагарский)
550 282 (51.3%) 268 (48.7%)
Markhinsky Nasleg
(Мархинский)
563 272 (48.3%) 291 (51.7%)
Megezheksky Nasleg
(Мегежекский)
559 275 (49.2%) 284 (50.8%)
Nyurbachansky Nasleg
(Нюрбачанский)
630 316 (50.2%) 314 (49.8%)
Oktyabrsky Nasleg
(Октябрьский)
2,770 1,331 (48.1%) 1,439 (51.9%)
Syulinsky Nasleg
(Сюлинский)
526 255 (48.5%) 271 (51.5%)
Tarkayinsky Nasleg
(Таркайинский)
1,061 527 (49.7%) 534 (50.3%)
Tyumyuksky Nasleg
(Тюмюкский)
1,034 504 (48.7%) 530 (51.3%)
Khorulinsky Nasleg
(Хорулинский)
786 413 (52.5%) 373 (47.5%)
Chappandinsky Nasleg
(Чаппандинский)
880 424 (48.2%) 456 (57.8%)
Chukarsky Nasleg
(Чукарский)
741 384 (51.8%) 357 (48.2%)

Divisional source:[11]
Population source:[5]
*Administrative centers are shown in bold

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Constitution of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c d e Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b Law #172-Z #351-III
  4. ^ Law #173-Z #354-III
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Center of the Socioeconomic and Political Monitoring. Nyurbinsky District (Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Nyurbinsky Ulus (Raion) Official website of the Sakha Republic

Sources[edit]

  • Верховный Совет Республики Саха (Якутия). 4 апреля 1992 г. «Конституция (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Конституционного закона №1077-З №1035-IV от 8 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)». Опубликован: "Якутские ведомости", №7, 26 апреля 1992 г. (Supreme Council of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. April 4, 1992 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Constitutional Law #1077-Z No. 1035-IV of June 8, 2012 On Amending and Supplementing the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №640-З №173-IV от 29 декабря 2008 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #640-Z No. 173-IV of December 29, 2008 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

Coordinates: 63°28′00″N 118°19′00″E / 63.4667°N 118.3167°E / 63.4667; 118.3167