Oymyakonsky District

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Oymyakonsky District
Оймяконский улус (Russian)
Өймөкөөн улууhа (Sakha)
Oymyakonsky ulus location.PNG
Location of Oymyakonsky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 63°27′N 142°47′E / 63.450°N 142.783°E / 63.450; 142.783Coordinates: 63°27′N 142°47′E / 63.450°N 142.783°E / 63.450; 142.783
RUS Оймяконский улус COA.jpg
Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2009)
Administrative center settlement of Ust-Nera[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Settlements 2
Rural okrugs 5
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements 2
Rural localities 13
Municipal structure (as of December 2008)
Municipally incorporated as Oymyakonsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 2
Rural settlements 5
Statistics
Area (June 2009) 92,300 km2 (35,600 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 10,109 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 69.0%
- Rural 31.0%
Density 0.11/km2 (0.28/sq mi)[6]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+10:00)[7]
Established May 20, 1931[8]
Oymyakonsky District on WikiCommons

Oymyakonsky District (Russian: Оймяко́нский улу́с; Sakha: Өймөкөөн улууһа) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the east of the republic and borders with Ust-Maysky District in the southwest, Tomponsky District in the west, Momsky District in the north, Magadan Oblast in the east, and with Khabarovsk Krai in the south. The area of the district is 92,300 square kilometers (35,600 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a settlement) of Ust-Nera.[2] Population: 10,109 (2010 Census);[5] 14,670 (2002 Census);[9] 31,078 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Ust-Nera accounts for 63.9% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The landscape of the district is mostly mountainous. The main river is the Indigirka. There are many lakes in the district, with Labynkyr Lake in particular being famous for its mythical Labynkyr monster.

Climate[edit]

The rural locality of Oymyakon is the Pole of Cold of the northern hemisphere, with the temperature of −67.7 °C (−89.9 °F) having been recorded in February 1933. Average January temperature ranges from −41 to −51 °C (−42 to −60 °F). Average July temperature ranges from +8 to +19 °C (46 to 66 °F). Average precipitation ranges from 150–200 millimeters (5.9–7.9 in) in the valleys to 600 millimeters (24 in) in the mountains.

History[edit]

The district was established on May 20, 1931.[8]

Demographics[edit]

From 1989 to 2007, the district's population, mostly represented by Russians (57%), Yakuts (23%), Ukrainians (10%), and Evenks (8%), declined by nearly 55%.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The economy of the district is based mostly on mining and agriculture. There are deposits of gold, silver, tin, tungsten, lead, zinc, and antimony in the district.

Transportation[edit]

The M56 Kolyma Highway runs through the district, connecting it with Yakutsk and Magadan.

Inhabited localities[edit]

Municipal composition
Towns Population Male Female Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Artyk
(Артык)
512 274 (53.5%) 238 (46.5%)
Ust Nera
(Усть-Нера)
6972 3915 (56.2%) 3057 (43.6%)
  • Urban-type settlement of Ust-Nera (administrative centre of the district)
Rural settlements Population Male Female Rural localities in jurisdiction*
First Borogonsky Nasleg
(Борогонский 1-й наслег)
761 386 (50.7%) 375 (49.3%)
Second Borogonsky Nasleg
(Борогонский 2-й наслег)
1366 630 (46.1%) 736 (53.9%)
Sordonnokhsky Nasleg
(Сордоннохский наслег)
330 174 (52.7%) 156 (47.3%)
Teryutsky Nasleg
(Терютский наслег)
355 178 (50.1%) 177 (49.9%)
Yuchyugeysky Nasleg
(Ючюгейский наслег)
322 164 (50.9%) 158 (49.1%)

Divisional source:[11]
Population source:[5]
*Administrative centers are shown in bold

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Constitution of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c d e Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b Law #172-Z #351-III
  4. ^ Law #173-Z #354-III
  5. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b Center of the Socioeconomic and Political Monitoring. Oymyakonsky District (Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Oymyakonsky Ulus (Raion) Official website of the Sakha Republic

Sources[edit]

  • Верховный Совет Республики Саха (Якутия). 4 апреля 1992 г. «Конституция (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Конституционного закона №1077-З №1035-IV от 8 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)». Опубликован: "Якутские ведомости", №7, 26 апреля 1992 г. (Supreme Council of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. April 4, 1992 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Constitutional Law #1077-Z No. 1035-IV of June 8, 2012 On Amending and Supplementing the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №640-З №173-IV от 29 декабря 2008 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #640-Z No. 173-IV of December 29, 2008 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).