Okulovsky District

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Okulovsky District
Окуловский район (Russian)
Location of Okulovsky District (Novgorod Oblast).svg
Location of Okulovsky District in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 58°23′N 33°18′E / 58.383°N 33.300°E / 58.383; 33.300Coordinates: 58°23′N 33°18′E / 58.383°N 33.300°E / 58.383; 33.300
PeretnaRiverSource.JPG
Lake Peretno and the source of the Peretna River
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2012)
Administrative center town of Okulovka[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Towns of district significance 1
Urban-type settlements 2
Settlements 4
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Urban-type settlements 2
Rural localities 199
Municipal structure (as of March 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Okulovsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 3
Rural settlements 4
Statistics
Area 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 25,808 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 71.6%
- Rural 28.4%
Density 10.32 /km2 (26.7 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Established October 1, 1927[8]
Official website
Okulovsky District on WikiCommons

Okulovsky District (Russian: Оку́ловский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast and borders with Lyubytinsky District in the northeast, Borovichsky District in the east, Bologovsky District of Tver Oblast in the southeast, Valdaysky District in the southwest, Krestetsky District in the west, and with Malovishersky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 2,500 square kilometers (970 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the town of Okulovka.[1] Population: 25,808 (2010 Census);[5] 31,153 (2002 Census);[9] 36,852 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Okulovka accounts for 48.3% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

Okulovsky District is located in the Valdai Hills in the basin of the Msta River. The rivers in the eastern part of the district drain into the Msta, and a stretch of the Msta forms the border of Okulovsky District with Borovichsky and Lyubytinsky Districts. The northern part of the district belongs to the basin of the Verebye, and the western part belongs to the basin of the Kholova, both rivers being the left tributaries of the Msta.

There are many lakes in the district, the biggest ones being Lake Zaozyorye and Lake Borovno, both located in the south of the district.

Forests cover the area of 900 square kilometers (350 sq mi). In the center, coniferous forests (spruce and pine) dominate, and in the south, west, and northwest, there are mixed forests (spruce, pine, birch, and aspen). Swamps occupy considerable areas in the district.[11]

The southern part of the district belongs to the Valdaysky National Park which is shared between Okulovsky, Valdaysky, and Demyansky Districts.[12]

History[edit]

Settlements located in the current area of the district were first mentioned in chronicles in 1495 as being a part of Derevskaya Pyatina. Fast economical development of the region started during and after the construction of the Nikolayevskaya Railway which connected Moscow and St. Petersburg in 1851. Okulovka and Uglovka developed first as settlements serving the railway stations, and eventually industries developed there.[13] In the 19th and in the beginning of the 20th century, the area was split between three uyezds of Novgorod Governorate: Borovichsky, Krestetsky, and Valdaysky. In 1919, Malovishersky Uyezd was established, and in 1922 Krestetsky Uyezd was abolished and split between Malovishersky, Valdaysky, and Novgorodsky Uyezds.[14]

In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Okulovsky District, with the administrative center in the settlement of Okulovka,[15] was established within Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast effective October 1, 1927.[8] It included parts of former Borovichskaya Volost of Borovichsky Uyezd, Lokotskaya Volost of Valdaysky Uyezd, and Okulovskaya and Sukhlovskaya Volosts of Malovishersky Uyezd.[15] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[16] On September 20, 1931, Torbinsky District was abolished and merged into Okulovsky District.[17] On January 1, 1932, a part of abolished Uglovsky District was merged into Okulovsky District.[17] Okulovsky District was not occupied by German troops during World War II; however, being adjacent to the front line, it played an important role. On July 5, 1944, Okulovsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast,[15] where it remained ever since. On February 1, 1963, the district was transformed into Okulovsky Rural District[18] in the course of the Nikita Khrushchev's abortive administrative reform. This was reverted on January 12, 1965.[18] In the meanwhile, on December 11, 1964, the urban-type settlements of Okulovka and Parakhino-Poddubye were merged to form the town of Okulovka, which became the administrative center of Okulovsky District.[18]

Abolished districts[edit]

Effective October 1, 1927,[8] Torbinsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Torbino was established as a part of Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[17] On September 20, 1931, Torbinsky District was abolished and merged into Okulovsky District.[17]

Another district established effective October 1, 1927[8] as a part of Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast was Uglovsky District, with the administrative center in the railway station of Uglovka.[17] On January 1, 1932, Uglovsky District was abolished and split between Borovichsky, Okulovsky, and Bologovsky Districts.[17]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are three big factories in Okulovka, which produce wire, electronics, and furniture, and a limestone processing plant in Uglovka. The rest of the enterprises of the district operate in textile industry and in food industry.[19]

Agriculture[edit]

Agriculture in Okulovsky District is represented by a number of small-scale farms, mostly involved in cattle breeding.[20]

Transportation[edit]

The Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway crosses the district from south to north. This was the first long-distance railway constructed in Russia, built in a straight line and opened in 1851. The main railway stations in the district are Okulovka, Uglovka, Borovyonka, and Torbino. In Uglovka, the railway line to Borovichi branches off east, and in Okulovka, the line to Nebolchi via Lyubytino branches off northeast, then turns north. Okulovka is a terminal station for suburban trains, which leave in three directions: to Bologoye, Malaya Vishera, and Nebolchi.

The district has a developed road network, which includes connections to Borovichi, Tikhvin via Lyubytino, Bologoye via Lykoshino, and Kresttsy.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Church of the Nativity of Christ in Uglovka

The district contains 3 cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally 177 objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[21] All of the federal monuments are archaeological sites.

Okulovka is home to the Miklukho-Maklay Okulovka District Museum.[22] It is named after Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay, a Russian ethnographer notable for his studies of indigenous population of Papua. Miklouho-Maclay was born on the territory of the modern district, where his father, a construction engineer, was involved in the railroad construction.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b c Law #355-OZ
  4. ^ a b "Расстояния до населенных пунктов" (in Russian). Администрация Окуловского муниципального района. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c d Snytko et al., p. 85
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Природные ресурсы (растительность)" (in Russian). Администрация Окуловского муниципального района. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Валдайский национальный парк" (in Russian). ООПТ России. 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Историческая справка" (in Russian). Администрация Окуловского муниципального района. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  14. ^ Snytko et al., p. 35
  15. ^ a b c Snytko et al., pp. 123–125
  16. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 87–88
  17. ^ a b c d e f Snytko et al., pp. 138–140
  18. ^ a b c Snytko et al., pp. 212–215
  19. ^ "Социально-экономическая информация" (in Russian). Администрация Окуловского муниципального района. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Окуловский муниципальный район" (in Russian). Служба занятости населения Новгородской области. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved January 25, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Районный краеведческий музей им. Н.Н.Миклухо-Маклая" (in Russian). Комитет по делам молодежи, культуры и туризма Администрации Окуловского муниципального района. Retrieved January 25, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №533-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2014 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Новгородского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #533-OZ of April 1, 2014 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations On the Territory of Novgorodsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №349 от 13 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #349 of November 13, 2013 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №355-ОЗ от 2 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Окуловского муниципального района, наделении их статусом городских и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №358-ОЗ от 28 октября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в областной Закон "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Окуловского муниципального района, наделении их статусом городских и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений"». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №82, 15 декабря 2004 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #355-OZ of December 2, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Okulovsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #358-OZ of October 28, 2013 On Amending the Oblast Law "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Okulovsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved June 13, 2012.