Panch phoron (Bengali: পাঁচ ফোড়ন pãch phoṛon), also found transliterated as panch puran, panch phoran, panchphoran, panch phutana, is a whole spice blend used in Bangladesh and Eastern India, especially in Mithila, Bengali, Assamese and Oriya cuisine. The name literally means "five spices" in Maithili (paanch phorana), Assamese (pas phoṛôn), Bengali (pãch phoṛon) and Oriya (panchu phutana (ପଞ୍ଚୁ ଫୁଟଣ)).
All of the spices in panch phoron are seeds. Typically, panch phoron consists of fenugreek seed, nigella seed, cumin seed, black mustard seed and fennel seed in equal parts. Some cooks prefer to use a smaller proportion of fenugreek seeds, which have a mildly bitter taste.
In the tradition of Oriya, Maithili and Bengali cuisine, panch phoron is typically fried in cooking oil or ghee, which causes it to immediately begin popping. This technique is known as "tempering", called ବଘାର (baghaar) in Oriya, ফোড়ন (phoŗon) in Maithili or বাগাড় (bagaŗ) in Bengali and छौंक (chaunk) in Hindi. After tempering, other ingredients are added to the fried spices to be coated in the mixture.
- Jaffrey, Madhur. Madhur Jaffrey's Ultimate Curry Bible. Ebury Press, 2003. ISBN 0-09-187415-7
- "Panch Phoron Seeds Glossary | Recipes with Panch Phoron Seeds". Tarladalal.com. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
- Mom, Bong (2007-06-07). "Bong Mom's CookBook: Panch Phoran". Bongcookbook.com. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
- Deepika Sahu (10 May 2012). "The power of five seeds".
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