Patricia Locke

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Patricia Locke
Patricia Locke.jpg
Born January 21, 1928
Fort Hall Indian Reservation
Died October 20, 2001(2001-10-20) (aged 73)
Other names Tawacin WasteWin
Alma mater University of California, Los Angeles
Occupation Educator

Patricia A. Locke (Tawacin WasteWin) (January 21, 1928 – October 20, 2001) was an American Indian educator.

Born on the Fort Hall Indian Reservation, Locke was a Standing Rock Sioux, Hunkpapa band also known as Lakota, and Mississippi Band of White Earth Chippewa. She was the daughter of John and Eva (Flying Earth) McGillis; they lived for a time in Parker, Arizona. Her father worked for the Bureau of Indian Affairs.[1] She graduated from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1951. She taught at University of California, Los Angeles, San Francisco State University, Alaska Methodist University, the University of Colorado, and the University of Southern Maine, to name a few.[2]

She was appointed to the Interior Department Task Force on Indian Education Policy. She worked for the American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978. She also helped 17 tribes to establish Indian colleges.[3]

She was married Charles E. Locke from 1952 to 1975; their son is Kevin Locke,[4] and daughter is Winona Flying Earth.[3] She lived on the Standing Rock Reservation and was a Bahá'í for the last 10 years of her life and was later elected to the Bahá'í National Spiritual Assembly of the United States.[5] Locke died in Phoenix, Arizona. Her oral history is held at the Library of Congress.[6][7] She was named posthumously to the National Women's Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls (village), New York.[8]

During that 1993 Parliament of Religions she was among those who, as part of the Native delegation and speaking as a Bahá'í delegate along with then[9] Continental Counsellor Jacqueline Left Hand Bull, attempted to have a resolution adopted by the Parliament named "American Indian Declaration of Vision 1993" which said in part:

One hundred years ago, during the 1893 Parliament of World Religions, the profoundly religious Original Peoples of the Western Hemisphere were not invited. We are still here and still struggling to be heard for the sake of our Mother Earth and our children. Our spiritual and physical survival continues to be threatened all over the hemisphere, we feel compelled to ask you to join us in restoring the balances of humanity and Mother Earth in these ways:

  1. Acknowledgement of the myriad of messengers of the Creator, the Great Mystery, to the peoples of the Western Hemisphere.
  2. Support in promoting, preserving and maintaining our Indigenous languages and cultures.[10]

The resolution was initially adopted by a near-unanimous vote by the delegates yet was ultimately nullified by the Chair of the Council Parliament, who overruled the vote because of a conflict over the Inter caetera Bull and the basic roll of the Parliament to discuss rather than take action.[11]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bahai News - Late Indian activist helped teach tribes
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b "Patricia Locke, 73, Champion of American Indians", The New York Times, MATT SEDENSKY, November 9, 2001
  4. ^ Hoop dancing and world citizenship: meet Kevin Locke
  5. ^
  6. ^ Reminiscences of Patricia Locke, Chippewa General (Open Library)
  7. ^ Library of Congress LCCN Permalink 85113409
  8. ^ National Women's Hall of Fame Patricia Locke
  9. ^ Served from 1988 to 2001 - see "House of Justice appoints 11 Counsellors to fill vacancies on Continental Boards, pays loving tribute to retiring Counsellors". Bahá'í News (689): p. 1. August 1988. ISSN 0195-9212.  and Barrett, David B.; Todd Michael Johnson (2001). "Who's Who in the Non-Christian world, AD 1900- AD2000". In . Guidry, Christopher R; Crossing, Peter F. World Christian Trends, AD 30-AD 2200: Interpreting the Annual Christian Megacensus (illustrated ed.). William Carey Library. p. 354. ISBN 9780878086085. 
  10. ^ Addison, Donald Francis; Christopher Buck (2007). "Messengers of God in North America Revisited: An Exegesis of `Abdu'l-Bahá's Tablet to Amír Khán". Online Journal of Bahá'ì Studies 1 (2007): 180–270. ISSN 1177-8547. Retrieved 11-9-12.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  11. ^ Taliman, Valerie (September 1993). "Parliament's chair nullifies "Vision" as delegates leave". News From Indian Country. Archived from the original on August 30, 2008. Retrieved 11-9-12.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  12. ^ List of MacArthur Fellows